Educational system in Latvia
Pre-school education up to 5
years
“Kindergarten”
From 1.5 years (with
the exception also
more younger).
Children admit to
these institutions.
To children create
conditions in the form
of games for social,
intellectual,
emotional
and
mental growth.
Pre-school education – level 0
5-6 years old children
have to participate in pre
school programmes
provided by general
education
establishments as a part
of the compulsory basic
education.
This education is
obligatory.
The objective of the preschool education is to
foster general
development of children
and their readiness to
enter primary stage of
the basic education.
Basic education level 1 and 2
9-year single
structure basic
education is
compulsory for all
children from the age
of 7 to 16.
Basic education is
obligatory.
The curriculum is
determined by the
national basic
education standard.
9-year single structure basic education is compulsory for
all children from the age of 7. The curriculum is
determined by the national basic education standard. The
Ministry of Education and Science supervises and
determines the content of the final national examinations.
Pupils, who have received evaluation in all subjects of the
compulsory education curriculum, national tests and
examinations, receive a Certificate of the basic education
and a statement of records that qualify them and serve as
a screening criterion for admission for further education
and training in secondary level educational programmes.
In case a pupil has not received evaluation in any of the
subjects or centralized national tests and examinations,
he/she receives a school report giving the right to continue
education and training in basic vocational education
programmes.
Tests
At the end of the third
class pupils pass
tests – Native
language,
Mathematic, Sciens.
In this year pupils
already passed over
tests.
Tests at the end of the 6th
class
At the end of the
6th class pupils
pass over testsLatvian language,
Mathematics,
Sciens.
The mark on the
test influences an
annual mark in the
end of the year.
At the end of 9 class pupils pass
examinations- Latvian language,
Mathematics, Foreign languages (English,
Russian, German, French), History.
Receive a Certificate of the Basic
education.
Graduation party in Izvalta Basic
School
Grading System
*Educational achievement are assessed in a ten-point system. 10 with
distinction 9 excellent, 8 very good, 7 good, 6 almost good, 5
satisfactory, 4 almost satisfactory, 3 weak, 2 very weak, 1 very very
weak.
*The basic shool day comprises 5 lessons in grades 1-3 up to 8 lessons
in grade 9. The school year 34 weeks long in first grade and 37 weeks
in grade 9 per year. Compulsory curriculum includes 4 subjects areas.
Introduction to tehnologies and science; Languages, Art, Man and
society. The curricumlum for compreshensive education is defined by
20 subject standards.
*The Secondary School year comprise 35 weeks in 10-11 grade and 38
weeks in grade 12 with not more than 36 lessons per week and 8
lessons per day. The compulsory curriculum of 3 year general up per
secondary schools in determined dy the National Standard in the four
standardised educational profiles: 1- comprehensive education without
intensive teaching of any partycular subject and 2-the humanities and
social sciences programme; 3- the mathematics, natural science and
tehnical science programme;4- the vocational programme, where the
general education curriculum places emphasis on subjects in these
particular fields.
General upper Secondary Education
level 3
General upper Secondary
Education – 3 years.
( Secondary School,
Gymnasia).
The obligatory educational
is stipulated by
education”s programmes,
school can offer choice
subjects. At the end of
12th class pupils pass
examinations. Receiv a
Certificate of Secondary
education.
Vocational Secondary Education
Vocation Secondary
Education is
mastered in
Vocational Secondary
School or In
Vocational School.
Vocational education:
2-3years.
Receive a Certificate
of the Professional
Basic Education.
4 – years Vocational Secondary Education.
Obtain a Certificate for professional education
and diploma for the professional secondary
education.
Can continue educational in the highest
establishments.
Post – Secondary non – tertiary
vocational education – level 4
Vocational continuing or in-service training programmes
can be acquired also after graduating general secondary
or vocational education and training institutions (duration
1-2 years) or in vocational upgrading/ development
programmes (duration not less than 160 study hours,
which may be considered as a part of the qualification).
These programmes are focused towards mastering purely
professional skills and knowledge in line with the
requirements of the respective qualification level. The
study process, assessment of achievements are organized
in a similar manner as it is done in vocational secondary
education and training programmes.
Higher education
5 level
The Higher education can be obtain
in Colleges that carries out the 1st
level of the highest professional
education.
The Higher Schools.
The Higher schools carry out
academic and professional
programmes. Universities divide in
university type and ununiversity
type.
University is an institution of higher
education and researchwhich grants
academic degrees in a variety of
subjects and provides both
undergraduate education and
postgraduate education
Ununiversities, they are oriented to
mastering of the professional skills and
national economy skills.
Arvid Barshevskis is
chancellor of
Daugavpls University
Arvid Barshevskis
is chairman of the
board Higher
School chancellors
of Latvia.
Arvid Barshevskis
is graduate of
Izvalta Secondary
School.(1983.year)
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Izglītības sistēma Latvijā