Convegno internazionale « Garantire la qualità dell’Istruzione e
Formazione Professionale
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Contribution: Tina Bertzeletou CEDEFOP - Senior VET expert on Quality Assurance
2 December, 2010 – Rome
Who we are?
staff ca. 130 employees, many of them VE experts
budget ca.18,5 mio
What we do:
gather information, research, analyse
provide evidence and new insights
inform, advise
support the development of common
European tools and principles/approaches
encourage debate & mutual learning
Gathering
information
Analysis
Sharing
expertise
Who do we work with/support?
the European Commission & the European Parliament
Member States
national and European social partners
other partners (Eurostat, sister agencies, OECD, ILO, etc.)
Tina Bertzeletou
2
Evidence based policy
making
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
What we do ?
As part of our mission to support enhanced European cooperation in VET
policy development, we have made a substantial contribution to the
conceptual development, design and implementation of the European tools:
 the European Qualifications Framework (EQF)
 the European Credit System for VET (ECVET)
 Europass, the common principles and guidelines for validating non-formal
and informal learning
 the European Quality Assurance Reference Framework
(EQARF/EQAVET)
 coordination mechanisms for lifelong guidance, teachers and trainers in
VET.
These tools and principles promote the transparency of education and
training systems and support mobility of learners and citizens.
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
'Europe 2020: a European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth‘
( European Council June 2010)
The Europe 2020 Strategy is the strategy to go out of the crisis and
prepare EU economy for the next decade
Three priority areas:
 smart growth (fostering knowledge, innovation, education and digital
society)
 sustainable growth (making our production more resource efficient
while boosting our competitiveness)
 inclusive growth (raising participation in the labour market, the
acquisition of skills and the fight against poverty)
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Europe 2020: Consolidation and deepening of Education/VET Reforms
Building on Education and training 2020 and to support the Europe 2020 strategy, the European Commission's
communication, 'A new impetus for European cooperation in VET to support the Europe 2020 strategy' looks to
spur on reforms begun under the Lisbon strategy.
It emphasises the need to implement common European instruments and principles, encourage more adults to take
up continuing training and to value better the skills and competences people acquire at work or in their lives.
Europe 2020 sets targets for education and training.
 Limiting the number of early education and training leavers to less than 10% (more inclusive VET).
 At least 40% of Europe’s 30 to 34 year-olds should attain tertiary or an equivalent level of knowledge, skills and
competence (Youth on the move).
Europe 2020 sets a target for research.
 Improve conditions for research and development and raising combined public and private investment to 3% of
GDP (Innovation Union).
Europe 2020 sets targets for employment/social inclusion.
 Promote social inclusion by reducing poverty, by lifting at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and
exclusion (European platform against poverty).
 Raise to 75% the employment rate for women/men aged 20 to 64, including greater participation of young people,
older workers, low-skilled workers and better integration of legal migrants (An agenda for new skills and jobs).
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
A new policy framework
EUROPE 2020 reinforces the role of VET
Youth on the move
An agenda for new skills and jobs
Education & Training 2020
New skills for new jobs initiative
A new impetus for VET
Cooperation in VET
2010-2020
Common objectives
Shared priorities
Deliverables
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Long-term strategy for reform
Short-term actions to address urgent needs
For VET as a main pillar of lifelong learning to become
• attractive, innovative and of high quality,
• easily accessible and inclusive, flexible and permeable,
• comprehensive and consistent
• relevant to the demands of a knowledge based economy
to help people move easily into and between jobs and
to contribute to economic development and competitiveness
requires continued cooperation and monitoring of shared priorities in
VET with clearly defined milestones and targets adjusted to the context
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
What does this imply?
Comprehensive qualification frameworks
Improved skills anticipation and better use of results in VET;
common language between learning outcomes & job requirements
Applying European instruments consistently and coherently; developing a skills
passport based on Europass; wider use of validation and guidance
Bringing partners together – wider partnerships: shared responsibilities and
funding  learn from models used during the crisis
Better links, coherence and synergy between education & training, employment,
social and economic policies
Fostering transparency, excellence, quality and relevance of IVET and CVET
through quality assurance, quality of teachers and trainers/ VET professionals
and labour market relevance.
Tina Bertzeletou
8
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
A European labour market …
…requires well established
European labour market information and intelligence
New skills for new jobs initiative: a systemic approach
Every 2 years quantitative demand and supply forecasts across Europe (Cedefop)
Qualitative and quantitative EU-sector and cross-sector studies (DG Employment)
European sector skills councils foreseen
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Labour market changes
According to the forecasting of future skills needs up to 2020 carried out by
Cedefop in February 2010, there will be:
 15,6 millions new jobs in the EU for tertiary graduates
 3,7 million new jobs for secondary level graduates and
 12 million jobs less for those with no or low qualifications.
Low levels of educational attainment and insufficient skills are major causes
of poor labour market performance by young people and a threat to older
workers and those marginalised in society who risk losing, or cannot find a
job.
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Changing profile of the European
workforce
Most of the 2020 labour force already in work:
Fewer young people into the labour market  less demand for initial VET
More older workers, longer working lives  more demand for continuing
training, up-skilling or re-training
Changes in population and labour force by age, 2010-20, EU-27+
Labour Force EU 27+ by age groups
2020 EU27+
Millions
55-64
15%
8
Popul a ti on
6
15-24
10%
La bour force
4
25-34
24%
2
0
-2
45-54
26%
-4
-6
-8
15 - 24
25 - 34
Source: Cedefop, 2010 (IER estimates from StockMOD).
Tina Bertzeletou
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35 - 44
45 - 54
55 - 64
35-44
25%
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Too many young people
without sufficient qualifications
Population aged 18-24 with at most lower secondary education and not in further education or training, 2003-2009
(% of population aged 18-24)
60
50
40
2003
30
2009
20
EU Benchmark 2010
10
0
SK
PL
SI
CZ
LU
LT
AT
FI
DK SE
NL BE DE HU
IE
CY
FR EE
LV EU- EL BG UK RO
27
IT
ES
PT MT
HR CH MK NO IS
TR
Eurostat, Labour Force Survey, date of extraction 18.8.2010
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Key findings
Employment in 2020: 235 million (~ pre-crisis peak, 2008)
7 million new jobs + 73 million jobs due to replacements
Jobs becoming more knowledge- and skills-intensive
Impact of globalisation and technological change:
sectoral employment structure
demand for new and different types of skills
Jobs employing highly qualified people: > 1/3
Jobs requiring medium-level qualifications: ~ 1 out of 2
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Qualification demands are rising
80 million job openings, 2010-2020
Low qualifications
Million jobs
Elementary occupations
Plant and machine operators and
assemblers
Medium qualifications
High qualifications
250
200
22%
29%
35%
49%
50%3
50%
21%
15%
150
Craft and related trades workers
100
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers
50
29%
Service workers and shop and market
sales workers
Clerks
Technicians and associate
professionals
Professionals
Legislators, senior officials and
managers
Low qualification
Medium qualification
High qualification
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-2,000
0
2,000
4,000
6,000
8,000
10,000
12,000
14,000
16,000
Better job opportunities
for the better qualified
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
2001
2000
0
A case for adult learning …
Participation in lifelong learning by highest educational level, 2009 (%)
18
17%
17
16
15
14
13
Still less than 10% of the 25-64 year-olds in lifelong learning.
12
11
10
9%
9
8%
8
7
6
5
4%
4
3
2
Adult participation in lifelong learning (4 weeks prior to the survey), 2009
(% of population aged 25-64)
1
0
Lower than upper secondary
Upper secondary and post
secondary non tertiary
Tertiary
Total
Data Source: Eurostat, LFS
Notes: Data refer to the participation in the 4 weeks prior to the survey
Data are provisional
35
30
25
20
2020 EU benchmark
15
2010 EU benchmark
10
5
R
TR
H
H
O
M
K
N
IS
C
O
U
G
B
R
H
SK
EL
LT
PL
LV
IT
M
T
IE
FR
PT
E
Z
C
Y
B
C
EE
ES
EU
27
D
E
LU
L
SI
A
T
K
N
U
FI
K
D
SE
0
Source: Eurostat, Labour Force Survey, 2007
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
VET has a crucial role to play
More focus on broadening and reinforcing adults’ skills:
More and varied VET offers for people in different employment statuses
also to low skilled, older workers, migrants (support measures, e.g. learning reps)
Quick response to short-term labour market needs
(e.g. greening skills for traditional jobs)
More opportunities to stretch skills at work for all
Learning conducive workplace (work organization, challenging tasks)
Flexible routes to skills and competences:
Access, progression and qualifications through several routes:
less linear approach to learning
Flexible learning environments: various modes of delivery, times and methods
adjusted to learner needs (individualized learning paths)
Tina Bertzeletou
16
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
VET has a crucial role to play
Providing a sound basis for young people
Provide young people with flexible pathways and high quality training that
anticipate and respond to labour market needs (longer-term)
standards, curricula, methodology
reinforced cooperation with enterprises – work based learning
educational leadership and highly-qualified teachers and trainers
Develop the right skills mix to allow progression and occupational mobility:
key competences + transferable occupational + specialised skills
more focus on entrepreneurship/capacity to manage change
workplace learning, experience abroad
Training tailored to allow all learners develop their strengths
(fostering high talent and being inclusive)
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
The Eight Key Competences
1. Communication in the mother tongue
2. Communication in foreign languages
3. Mathematical competence and basic competences in science/technology
4. Digital competence
5. Learning-to-learn
6. Social and civic competence
7. Initiative taking and entrepreneurship
8. Cultural awareness and expression
Source: http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/2010/doc/basicpaper2004.pdf
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
One of the 8 Key Competences: Sense of Initiative and
Entrepreneurship
….the ability to turn ideas into action;
includes creativity, innovation and risk taking, the ability to
plan and manage projects…
 a lot of projects and partnerships with NGOs etc;
 the overall ethos for initiative??
 support for creativity, innovation?
Source: http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/2010/doc/basicpaper2004.pdf
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Key competences – teachers & learning
environment
Cross-curricular
key competences:
Digital;
Social and Civic;
Entrepreneurship;
Cultural;
Learning to Learn
Working with local community; parents; enterprises; NGOs; other schools…
Learner’s experience…. And development of key competences…
Source: http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/2010/doc/basicpaper2004.pdf
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
“Learning Communities”
Vision:
shared values;
objectives, expectations and
competency
needs
Leadership:
Shared;
“tools and responsibilities
for learning”
“Learning Communities”
Ethos:
Open, based on dialogue;
professional; focus on (mutual!)
learning
Teachers:
Informed, trusted; collaborative;
expertise valued and shared
Source: http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/2010/doc/basicpaper2004.pdf
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Teacher are lifelong learners, too!
INITIAL
-
INDUCTION - CONTINUING
An opportunity!
Personal, social,
professional development
by
Mentoring
level of
Peer support;
qualification;
Expertise
theory /
Self-reflection
practice;
core skills
Learning
needs;
Effective
means;
School
development
Source: http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/2010/doc/basicpaper2004.pdf
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Study visits programme for education and
vocational trainings specialists
 A LLP programme coordinated by Cedefop
 Stay of 3-5 days in a host country (choice of 31 countries);
 Group of 10-15 specialists from 7-10 different countries in Europe (out of 33
countries);
 Examine a theme of education and vocational training and exchange
experience in the group and with hosts;
 250 study visits with about 2500 participants per year;
 Apply at the National Agency of the country (2010: two application rounds);
Indire, Agenzia Nazionale LLP Italia [email protected]
 See http://studyvisits.cedefop.europa.eu
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Study Visits: Quality assurance mechanisms in
schools and training institutions
Group
Round
2
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Title of the visit
L
Country
Date
62
Internal and external evaluation – Prerequisite for
schools improvement
EN
Lithuania
27/09/10
01/10/10
63
Mécanismes et instruments d’assurance qualité
dans l’enseignement
FR
Romanie
11/10/10
15/10/10
64
Instrumente zur Qualitätssicherung im
österreichischen Bildungssystem
DE
Österreich
08/11/10
10/11/10
65
How to improve quality in school education
EN
Germany
29/11/10
03/12/10
66
Improving quality: internal and external evaluation in
autonomous schools
EN
Germany
29/11/10
03/12/10
67
Needs and experiences of quality assurance in the
secondary school
EN
France
17/01/11
20/01/11
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Round
1
195
How to implement quality management in operative
autonomous schools
EN
Germany
21/03/11
25/03/11
196
Quality assurance and governance in education and
training
EN
Netherlands
21/03/11
24/03/11
197
Autonomy of schools and responsibilities of the Czech
school inspectorate
EN
Czech Republic
04/04/11
08/04/11
198
Evaluation als Mittel zur Beeinflussung von Schulqualität
DE
Polen
11/04/11
15/04/11
199
Improving schools and education systems in
Sunnhordland through cooperation
EN
Norway
02/05/11
06/05/11
200
Linking activities - Strategies for quality development in
general education
EN
Germany
09/05/11
13/05/11
201
Improving quality in schools through external evaluation
EN
Germany
16/05/11
20/05/11
202
Quality in-service teacher training
EN
Spain
16/05/11
20/05/11
203
Quality work in education - Relations between teachers
and students
EN
Sweden
23/05/11
27/05/11
204
Qualitätsanalyse NRW: Erfahrungen mit
externer/interner Evaluation in Schulen
DE
Deutschland
23/05/11
27/05/11
Tina Bertzeletou
25
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Study Visits: Measures to improve efficiency in education
and training institutions
Round
2
Round
1
68
School evaluation for quality improvement
EN
Portugal
15/11/10
19/11/10
69
Improving opportunities for pupils through more
effective schools
EN
United Kingdom
28/02/11
04/03/11
205
Application of educational innovation by a regional
network of schools
EN
France
28/03/11
01/04/11
206
Formación por competencias en Castilla y León
ES
España
28/03/11
01/04/11
207
Equity in educational success
EN
Portugal
03/05/11
06/05/11
Tina Bertzeletou
26
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Study Visits: Implementing common European instruments
and tools, principles and frameworks for lifelong learning
Quality assurance systems, frameworks and approaches
Round
1
103
Using and improving quality assurance systems in VET
EN
Netherlands
22/11/10
25/11/10
Round
2
240
Supporting excellence through frameworks, instruments
and tools
EN
United Kingdom
02/05/11
06/05/11
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27
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Lifelong Learning
General School Education
Higher Education
Quality Assurance
VET
Tina Bertzeletou
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Informal - Adult Learning
From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Cedefop work on Quality Assurance in VET
 Provision of technical and scientific support to the EU Commission for the
implementation of the EQARF/EQAVET Recommendation
 Comparative analyses and studies on Quality and sector related issues
 Organization of events linked to Quality in VET
 Co-operation with Member States, Academics and Social Partners
 Virtual Community on QA in VET: http://communities.cedefop.europa.eu/quality
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Quality related studies
Assuring the quality of VET systems by
defining expected outcomes, A crosscountry analysis in seven Member
States
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Quality related studies
Accreditation and quality assurance
in vocational education and training,
Selected European approaches
Quality in VET in European SMEs A review of
the food processing,
retail and tourism sectors in Germany, Ireland
and Greece
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Quality related studies
Quality in VET in European
SMEs, A review of the food
processing, retail and tourism
sectors in Bulgaria, the Czech
Republic, Romania and Slovakia
Quality assurance in the
social care sector, The role
of training
Tina Bertzeletou
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From Lisbon to Europe 2020: A new decade for VET
Cedefop
Europe 123, GR-570 01 Thessaloniki (Pylea)
Postal address: PO Box 22427, GR-551 02
Thessaloniki
Tel. (30) 23 10 49 01 24
Fax (30) 23 10 49 01 17
More information can be found on:
http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/
http://communities.cedefop.europa.eu/quality
Email: [email protected]
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