Imagery
• Language that appeals to the senses.
Descriptions of people or objects stated in
terms of our senses.
• Sight
• Hearing
• Touch
• Taste
• Smell
Identify the imagery used in the following. Is it sight, sound, taste, touch,
or smell?
1. He was a shaggy, thick-fellow; his coat was greasy about the lapels and
pockets, and his hand splayed over the cane's crook with a futile sort
of clinging.
2. a ginger cat, very tall and thin
streaked glass, flashing with sunlight
3. strong melodious songs
crackling splinters of glass and dried putty
4. soft shapes...inside the hard bodies
5. juicy and tart
6. rolling rumble and crash
Simile
• A figure of speech which involves a direct
comparison between two unlike things,
usually with the words like or as.
Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are
strong as iron bands.
Create an original simile for each of the
following adjectives.
1. Comforting
2. Tall
3. Soft
4. Smart
5. Happy
Metaphor
• A figure of speech which involves an implied
comparison between two relatively unlike
things using a form of be. The comparison is
not announced by like or as.
Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through
the dessert.
Write what is being compared in numbers 1-4.
1. They say that life is a highway and its milestones are the years,
And now and then there’s a toll-gate, where you buy your way with
tears.
It's a rough road and a steep road, and it stretches broad and far,
But at last it leads to a golden town, where the golden houses are.
(Joyce Kilmer, "Roofs")
2. Now that you're gone I can see
That love is a garden if you let it go.
It fades away before you know,
And love is a garden--it needs help to grow.
(Jewel and Shaye Smith, "Love Is a Garden," 2008)
3. Words are the weapons with which we wound.
4. The test was a walk in the park.
Alliteration
• Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the
beginning of words or within words.
Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while
she waited for Walter to waken.
Identify the alliteration in the following sentences. Find ONE example
of alliteration in each excerpt.
I saw lingering, late and lightless,
A single swan, swinging, sleek as a sequin.
--W.R. Rodgers, "The Swan“
In hundreds of houses sleepy women woke sleepier children.
--Ester Forbes, Johnny Tremain
Homeless, they have a hundred homes. They flit from furnished
room to furnished room, transients forever.
--O. Henry, "The Furnished Room"
Personification
• A figure of speech which gives the qualities of
a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.
Example: “The wind yells while blowing."
The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
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List A
Sun
Moon
Stars
Sky
Sea
Stone
Night
Mountain
Dawn
Morning
Lake
Flower
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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List B
Tells
Shows
Teaches
Listens
Remembers
Brings
Looks
Dances
Dreams
Guides
Takes
wonders
Example 1
Night wonders what happens during the
day
Dawn listens intently
Morning creeps up on the sleeping town
Afternoon rages in a blaze of light
Evening pulls the covers over the day
Onomatopoeia
• The use of words that mimic sounds.
Example: The firecracker made a loud kaboom!
Write the examples of onomatopoeia in each of the following:
1. From the thick grass at the foot of the bush came a low hiss--a
horrid cold sound that made Rikki-Tikki jump back two clear
feet.
--Rudyard Kipling, "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi"
2. The whing of father's racquet and the whack of brother's bat on
cousin's ball.
--Isabella Gardner, "Summer Remembered"
3. You could hear the tinkle of ice in a lemonade pitcher. In the
distant kitchen, because of the heat of the day, someone was
preparing a cold lunch. Someone was humming under her breath,
high and sweet.
--Ray Bradbury, The Martian Chronicles
4. See how he dives
From the rocks with a zoom!
--William Jay Smith, "Seal"
Hyperbole
• An exaggerated statement used to heighten
effect. It is not used to mislead the reader,
but to emphasize a point.
Example: She’s said so on several million
occasions.
1. He runs a mile in nothing flat.
He can run right out from under his hat.
---John Ciardi, "Speed Adjustments"
2. If I read a book and it makes my whole body so
cold no fire can warm me, I know that is poetry.
---Emily Dickenson, Letter to Col. Thomas
Higginson
3. Write your own hyperbole on
1. loud
2. cold
3. late
Pun
The usually humorous use of a word in such
a way as to suggest two or more of its
meanings or the meaning of another word
similar in sound.
• Example: He had a photographic memory
which was never developed.
.
Create an illustration of the one of the following puns. Explain the meaning
of the pun.
1. A bicycle can't stand alone because it is two-tired.
2. When a clock is hungry it goes back four seconds.
3. You feel stuck with your debt if you can't budge it.
4. He often broke into song because he couldn't find the key.
5. Every calendar's days are numbered.
6. When you've seen one shopping center you've seen a mall.
7. Bakers trade bread recipes on a knead to know basis.
8. Santa's helpers are subordinate Clauses.
Idioms
• An idiom or idiomatic expression refers to
a construction or expression in one
language that cannot be matched or
directly translated word-for-word in
another language.
Example: "She has a bee
in her bonnet," meaning
"she is obsessed,"
cannot be literally
translated into another
language word for word.
School would be
a _______ if
there were no
tests or
homework.
My older brother is
like a __________
always telling me
how to improve my
curveball even
though I don't want
his advice.
The prince found
______________
__________
when he met
Cinderella at the
ball.
Exhausted from my
long hike through the
park, I decided to
_________________
right after dinner.
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Bellwork for February 21, 2011