Imagery • Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. • Sight • Hearing • Touch • Taste • Smell Identify the imagery used in the following. Is it sight, sound, taste, touch, or smell? 1. He was a shaggy, thick-fellow; his coat was greasy about the lapels and pockets, and his hand splayed over the cane's crook with a futile sort of clinging. 2. a ginger cat, very tall and thin streaked glass, flashing with sunlight 3. strong melodious songs crackling splinters of glass and dried putty 4. soft shapes...inside the hard bodies 5. juicy and tart 6. rolling rumble and crash Simile • A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands. Create an original simile for each of the following adjectives. 1. Comforting 2. Tall 3. Soft 4. Smart 5. Happy Metaphor • A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert. Write what is being compared in numbers 1-4. 1. They say that life is a highway and its milestones are the years, And now and then there’s a toll-gate, where you buy your way with tears. It's a rough road and a steep road, and it stretches broad and far, But at last it leads to a golden town, where the golden houses are. (Joyce Kilmer, "Roofs") 2. Now that you're gone I can see That love is a garden if you let it go. It fades away before you know, And love is a garden--it needs help to grow. (Jewel and Shaye Smith, "Love Is a Garden," 2008) 3. Words are the weapons with which we wound. 4. The test was a walk in the park. Alliteration • Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken. Identify the alliteration in the following sentences. Find ONE example of alliteration in each excerpt. I saw lingering, late and lightless, A single swan, swinging, sleek as a sequin. --W.R. Rodgers, "The Swan“ In hundreds of houses sleepy women woke sleepier children. --Ester Forbes, Johnny Tremain Homeless, they have a hundred homes. They flit from furnished room to furnished room, transients forever. --O. Henry, "The Furnished Room" Personification • A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Example: “The wind yells while blowing." The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell. • • • • • • • • • • • • • List A Sun Moon Stars Sky Sea Stone Night Mountain Dawn Morning Lake Flower • • • • • • • • • • • • • List B Tells Shows Teaches Listens Remembers Brings Looks Dances Dreams Guides Takes wonders Example 1 Night wonders what happens during the day Dawn listens intently Morning creeps up on the sleeping town Afternoon rages in a blaze of light Evening pulls the covers over the day Onomatopoeia • The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud kaboom! Write the examples of onomatopoeia in each of the following: 1. From the thick grass at the foot of the bush came a low hiss--a horrid cold sound that made Rikki-Tikki jump back two clear feet. --Rudyard Kipling, "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi" 2. The whing of father's racquet and the whack of brother's bat on cousin's ball. --Isabella Gardner, "Summer Remembered" 3. You could hear the tinkle of ice in a lemonade pitcher. In the distant kitchen, because of the heat of the day, someone was preparing a cold lunch. Someone was humming under her breath, high and sweet. --Ray Bradbury, The Martian Chronicles 4. See how he dives From the rocks with a zoom! --William Jay Smith, "Seal" Hyperbole • An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Example: She’s said so on several million occasions. 1. He runs a mile in nothing flat. He can run right out from under his hat. ---John Ciardi, "Speed Adjustments" 2. If I read a book and it makes my whole body so cold no fire can warm me, I know that is poetry. ---Emily Dickenson, Letter to Col. Thomas Higginson 3. Write your own hyperbole on 1. loud 2. cold 3. late Pun The usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound. • Example: He had a photographic memory which was never developed. . Create an illustration of the one of the following puns. Explain the meaning of the pun. 1. A bicycle can't stand alone because it is two-tired. 2. When a clock is hungry it goes back four seconds. 3. You feel stuck with your debt if you can't budge it. 4. He often broke into song because he couldn't find the key. 5. Every calendar's days are numbered. 6. When you've seen one shopping center you've seen a mall. 7. Bakers trade bread recipes on a knead to know basis. 8. Santa's helpers are subordinate Clauses. Idioms • An idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language. Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word. School would be a _______ if there were no tests or homework. My older brother is like a __________ always telling me how to improve my curveball even though I don't want his advice. The prince found ______________ __________ when he met Cinderella at the ball. Exhausted from my long hike through the park, I decided to _________________ right after dinner.