Figurative Language EQ: How does figurative language affect the meaning of literature? January 2008 What is figurative language? It is spoken or written language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary or literal meaning of the words. Used well, figurative language adds to the text, and can change the mood and tone of the piece. However, used incorrectly, figurative language can be confusing or downright silly. January 2008 What are the different types? Don’t write yet… the definitions follow! Simile Hyperbole Metaphor Personification Onomatopoeia January 2008 Alliteration Idioms Irony Allusion Imagery Simile – a comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” My cat is as gentle as a lamb. His words stung like bee stings. Metaphor – a figure of speech that uses associates to state that two unlike things are similar. The surfer rode his stead of the waves. My cat is a lamb. Hyperbole – an extreme exaggeration to emphasize a point. The earth shook as he crossed the room. She wears a pound of makeup. Personification a figure of speech in which an inanimate object or idea is given human qualities. The wind growled as it moved through the trees. Fear knocked on the door. Onomatopoeia – words that imitate sounds. Crash! Went the window Plop, plop, fizz, fizz, oh what a relief it is! January 2008 Alliteration – the repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of words. She sells seashells by the seashore. In the middle of the moon... Idioms – a statement that is not literally true. Give me a hand. Hold your tongue. Irony - a figure of speech that refers to a difference between the way something appears and what is actually true. The weather forecaster was unexpectedly caught in a sudden rain storm. Allusion – an instance of indirect reference Sally didn't like to spend money. She was no Scrooge, but she seldom purchased anything except the bare necessities. Imagery – the use of descriptive writing which appeals to the five senses. Thomas couldn’t recall having been in a more shadowy place, nor had he ever felt such a silence that seemed to wait. January 2008 Let’s look at an example: The problem is, you'd think a reimagining of a famous fairy tale would tickle one's ... oh ... imagination. Alas, the attempts by writer Leigh Dunlap and director Mark Rosman to modernize this fable fall flatter than Cinderella's arches after a night of dancing on glass slippers. From 'Cinderella Story' takes a promising premise and lays a big fat pumpkin, 07/16/04. By Winda Benedetti, Special To The Postintelligencer January 2008 The greeted me like an old, familiar friend, reaching its low branches out in an embrace. 1. 2. 3. 4. January 2008 What is the mystery word? What figurative language is used? What is the mood of the sentence? How does the figurative language affect the mood of this sentence?