Review of Figurative Language (Simile, Metaphor, Allusion, and Personification) 1.8.2010 Reviewing Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Personification Allusion Do Now: Your BFF Describe your best friend. Be sure to describe them by comparing them to other objects. For example, “My mom is as beautiful as a hibiscus flower early in the morning when the dew rests upon it.” Literal vs. Figurative Language Literal language means what it says. I have a headache. I got a sunburn today. Figurative Language expresses more than the literal meaning. Example: 1. I feel like my head is going to explode. 2. I roasted in the sun. Review of Figurative Language Simile is a comparison between two unlike things that uses like or as. That boy is as hot as a fire cracker hitting my finger. That boy is like an illegal firework burning a hole in the backpack. Metaphor is a comparison between unlike things without the use of like or as. That boy is a fire cracker hitting my finger. That boy is an illegal firework burning a hole! More Figurative Language Personification is when nonhuman subjects are given human characteristics. The tree danced in the wind. The basketball sprinted quickly down the court. Allusion is a reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or some other branch of culture. At least Johnny knew how to find an apple tree. “I am a Rock” Paul Simon A winter's dayin a deep and dark December I am aloneGazing from my window to the streets below On a freshly fallen silent shroud of snow. I am a rock, I am an island. I've built walls, A fortress deep and mighty That none may penetrate I have no need of friendship friendship causes pain It's laughter and loving I disdain I am a rock, I am an island “I am a Rock” Paul Simon Don't talk of love but I've heard the word before It's sleeping in my memory I won't disturb the slumber of the feelings that have died If I never loved I never would have cried I am a rock, I am an island I have my books and my poetry to protect me I am shielded in my armor Hiding in my room, safe within my womb, I touch no one and no one touches me. I am a rock, I am an island And a rock feels no pain, and an island never cries. “Under the Bridge” Red Hot Chili Peppers Sometimes I feel Like I don’t have a partner Sometimes I feel Like my only friend Is the city I live in The city of angels Lonely as I am Together we cry I drive on her streets Cause she’s my companion I walk though her hills Cause she knows who I am She sees my good deeds And she kisses me windy I never worry Now that is a lie I don’t ever want to feel Like I did that day Take me to the place I love Take me all the way “Stay Human” Michael Franti Starvation is a rebel I’m bringin’ food to the people like a widow Bringin’flowers to a grave in the middle Of the city isolation is a riddle To be surrounded by a million other people But feel alone like a tree in the desert Dried up like the skin of a lizard But full of color like the spots of a leopard Drum and bass pull me in like a shepherd Scratch my itch like a needle on a record Full of life like a man gone to Mecca Sky high like an eagle up soaring I speak low but I’m like a lion roaring Baritone like a Robeson recordin’ I’m givin’ thanks for bein’ human every morning… “Stay Human” Michael Franti Be resistant The negativity we keep it at a distance call for backup and I’ll give you some assistance Like a lifesaver deep in the ocean stay afloat here upon the funky motion Rock and roll upon the waves of the season Hold your breath and your underwater breathin’ To be rhymin’ without a real reason Is to claim but not practice a religion If television is the drug of the nation Satellite tv is immaculate reception Beaming in they can look and they can listen So you see don’t believe in the system To legalize you or give you your freedom You want rights ask ‘em, they’ll read ‘em But every flower gotta right to be bloomin’… Stay human… “Stay Human” Michael Franti (Chorus) Because the streets are alive with the sound of Boom Bap Can I hear it once again! Boom Bap tell your neighbor tell a friend every box gotta right to be boomin’ because the streets are alive with the sound of Boom Bap can I hear it once again! Every flower gotta right to be bloomin’! Stay Human! It’s your turn! Now you try!!! Look at the quotes. Decide whether each example shows a simile, metaphor, personification, or allusion. In case you don’t know this famous nursery rhyme….read it! There was an old woman who lived in a shoe. She had so many children she didn't know what to do. She gave them some broth without any bread. She whipped them all soundly and put them to bed. Figurative Language Examples What type of FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE is each example? Explain. (Simile, Metaphor, Personification or Allusion) 1. “Until then I am a red balloon, a balloon tied to an anchor” 2. “There Was an Old Woman. She Had So Many Children She Didn’t Know What to Do. Much like another I had read of who lived in a shoe…” 3. “…Angel Vargas learned to fly and dropped from the sky like a sugar donut, or like a falling star, and exploded down to earth without a sound.” 4. “My house was small and red with tight steps in front and windows so small you’d think they were holding their breath. Bricks are crumbling in places, and the front door has such swollen skin you have to push hard to get in.” 5. “There’s the wide puffy cloud that looks like your face when you wake up after falling asleep with all your clothes on” 6. “My mother’s hair is the smell of warm bread before you bake it.” A Red, Red Rose A Red, Red Rose By: Robert Burns My love is like a red, red rose, That's newly sprung in June; My love is like the melody That's sweetly played in tune. As fair you are, my favorite girl, So deep in love am I; And I will love thee still, my dear, Till all the seas go dry. Till all the seas go dry, my dear, And the rocks melt with the sun: I will love thee still, my dear, While the sands of life shall run. And fare thee well, my only love, And fare thee well awhile! And I will come again, my love, If it were ten thousand miles!