Unit 5 Naming customs Contents Part I: More information about the Text Part II: More skills about Practical Writing Part III: Practice makes perfect--Practical training Part I More information about the Text 1).Naming a child a. China b. Europe or America c. Western Africa 2). a song — Loneliness knows me by name 3). AT&T Language Line Naming a child China In Chinese culture, a person’s name has an important role to play in determining his/her destiny. Because of this, Chinese parents will often spend a long time choosing their child’s name. A typical Chinese name has three words, in principle these are the family name, a name indicating the child’s generation and a personal name, though often the second ‘principle’ is not followed. Naming a child must take into consideration five principles: the name must have a favourable meaning (particularly favoured are meanings reflecting wealth or well-being) and names with negative possibilities should be avoided, the name must sound pleasant when spoken, the name must reflect favourable mathematical calculations, it must be harmonious with regard to yin and yang, and it must possess one of the five elements of metal, water, wood, fire and wood. When written, each Chinese name has a certain number of brush strokes, and each character’s number of brush strokes corresponds to a certain element. A two stroke character is associated with wood, three and four stroke fire, five and six strokes earth and nine and ten strokes water. The total number of strokes in a name can determine a persons fortune: for example twelve strokes bespeaks a life of illness and failure, while 81 strokes presages prosperity and a happy future. Europe or America For those who live a normal life in Europe or America, they have a given name their parents decided on and a family name or surname which they took from their father, who took the name from his father. As we begin doing research we assume that this family name was given from father to son for as far back as we can extend a family. Germany In central and southern Germany during the 1700s you find most of the boy children had the name Johann with a second given name. The child would use the middle name that was unique in daily life unless he was given a single name Johannes. Likewise all daughters in a family might have dual given names with the first name being Maria or Anna for most of the children. A hundred years earlier in these same areas the boys were generally called by dual given names with the first part of it Hans instead of Johan. In northern and north eastern German areas, including much of the territories that are now part of Prussia, the Germans in the mid-1800s gave their children 3-5 given names, following the pattern of the nobility in those areas. It seemed the person was more important the more names he was given. To distinguish which of the many names a person would use in his day to day dealings the minister would underline the preferred name. Often in a marriage record the names will be in a slightly different order or might be simplified from how they are listed in a birth record. Western Africa Surnames are often not the same for all persons in a family. Often each child is given a different surname, which may be different from that of the parents or grandparents. Sometimes the father's given name is given to his son as a surname. Married women did not take their husband's surnames until recently. They now will often retain their maiden name until the marriage is registered. Loneliness knows me by name — Westlife loneliness is always looking for a friend it found me once and it has been around since then loneliness is never waiting by the door it sweeps right through and it will never be ignored why, why was i chosen? why am i left without? the love of my life, the love that i need the love that they say is in life for free the love of my dreams, the love that i want AT&T Language Line Language Line Services remains the leader in providing over-the-phone interpretation and document translation services in more than 140 languages. For public and private clients alike, Language Line Services partners with the largest organizations in: Finance Healthcare Insurance Telecommunications Transportation Utilities Entertainment Manufacturing Travel Language Line Services provides the best language services by investing in only the most skilled interpreters, translators and instructors. Part II More skills about Practical Writing 1) Use the given information to write the e-mail. 2) Use the given information to write an order form Use the given information to write the e-mail. 发件人: Anne Lu 邮件地址: [email protected] 收件人: Len Liu 邮件地址: [email protected] 抄送至: [email protected] 主题:接受交易条件 内容: 感谢贵方9月10日的订单.我方接受你方提出的条件. 我方总是尽量满足贵公司的合理要求. 不过,这一让步是例外,日后的订单只能根据我们正常的 商贸条件执行. From:[email protected] To : [email protected] Cc: [email protected] Subject : Acceptance of the terms Dear Sirs, Thank you for your order of September 10. We have accepted the terms you proposed. We’ve always tried to meet the reasonable requirements of your company. However, this concision is exceptional and future orders can be executed only on our normal trade terms. Sincerely yours, Anne Lu Use the given information to write an order form. 订单 长城有限公司 中国广州农林下路10号 订单发给:太阳有限公司 美国纽约123信箱 订单号: 999 订单日期: 2005年3月3日 订购货物如下: 1. 1000张 木桌 , 单价为25美元 2. 500张 扶手椅 , 单价为10美元 通知人: Mr.Stone 要求发货日期:2005年7月15日 支付条件:收到发票30天内 order Great Wall Company Ltd. 1 0 Nonglinxia Road, Guangzhuo, P.R. China To: Sun co. Ltd., Order No. 999 P.O. Box :123 Date : 3rd March, 2005 New York, USA Delivery Date : July, 15th, 2005 Terms: 30 days from receipt Great Wall Company Ltd. : Mr. Stone Quantity Description Unit price 1000 sets wooden Table $25 Arm Chair $10 500 sets Total : ＄30000 Part III Practice makes perfect 1).Sharpen your mouth 2).Sharpen your brain What does your name reflect? 1.It reflects my parents’ expectations. 2.It shows my family’s values. 3.It offers guidance. 4.It represents a fortune teller’s prophecy. 5. It says something about the values of Chinese culture. What can a good name mean to a child? 1. the hope placed by my parents. 2. the outline for my striving aim. 3. good luck and health. 4. a long life span. discussion The differences between Chinese names and western people’s names. why these differences come about? Some questions 1.Have you ever been in a situation where you couldn’t understand what people were saying? 2.How did you feel when you were in such a situation? 3.What kinds of measures do you take to help others understand what you are saying? 4.Suppose you go to a foreign country and can not speak the language properly. How might you manage in your everyday life, doing things such as living, eating or traveling, etc?