Unit 5
Naming customs
Part I: More information about the
Part II: More skills about Practical
Part III: Practice makes perfect--Practical training
Part I
 More information about the Text
1).Naming a child
a. China
b. Europe or America
c. Western Africa
2). a song — Loneliness knows me by name
3). AT&T Language Line
Naming a child
 China
In Chinese culture, a person’s name has an important role
to play in determining his/her destiny. Because of this,
Chinese parents will often spend a long time choosing their
child’s name.
A typical Chinese name has three words, in principle these
are the family name, a name indicating the child’s
generation and a personal name, though often the second
‘principle’ is not followed.
Naming a child must take into consideration five principles:
the name must have a favourable meaning (particularly
favoured are meanings reflecting wealth or well-being) and
names with negative possibilities should be avoided, the
name must sound pleasant when spoken, the name must
reflect favourable mathematical calculations, it must be
harmonious with regard to yin and yang, and it must
possess one of the five elements of metal, water, wood,
fire and wood.
When written, each Chinese name has a certain number
of brush strokes, and each character’s number of brush
strokes corresponds to a certain element. A two stroke
character is associated with wood, three and four stroke
fire, five and six strokes earth and nine and
ten strokes water. The total number of strokes
in a name can determine a persons fortune:
for example twelve strokes bespeaks a life
of illness and failure, while 81 strokes
presages prosperity and a happy future.
 Europe or America
For those who live a normal life in Europe or America, they
have a given name their parents decided on and a family
name or surname which they took from their father, who
took the name from his father. As we begin doing research
we assume that this family name was given from father to
son for as far back as we can extend a family.
 Germany
 In central and southern Germany during the 1700s you find
most of the boy children had the name Johann with a
second given name. The child would use the middle name
that was unique in daily life unless he was given a single
name Johannes. Likewise all daughters in a family might
have dual given names with the first name being Maria or
Anna for most of the children. A hundred years earlier in
these same areas the boys were generally called by dual
given names with the first part of it Hans instead of Johan.
 In northern and north eastern German areas, including
much of the territories that are now part of Prussia, the
Germans in the mid-1800s gave their children 3-5 given
names, following the pattern of the nobility in those areas.
It seemed the person was more important the more
names he was given. To distinguish which of the
many names a person would use in his day to
day dealings the minister would underline the
preferred name. Often in a marriage record
the names will be in a slightly different order
or might be simplified from how they are listed
in a birth record.
 Western Africa
Surnames are often not the same for all
persons in a family. Often each child is
given a different surname, which may be
different from that of the parents or
Sometimes the father's given name is
given to his son as a surname.
Married women did not take their
husband's surnames until recently. They
now will often retain their maiden name
until the marriage is registered.
Loneliness knows me by name
— Westlife
 loneliness is always looking for a friend
it found me once and it has been around since then
loneliness is never waiting by the door
it sweeps right through and it will never be ignored
why, why was i chosen?
why am i left without?
the love of my life, the love that i need
the love that they say is in life for free
the love of my dreams, the love that i want
AT&T Language Line
 Language Line Services remains the
leader in providing over-the-phone
interpretation and document translation
services in more than 140 languages.
 For public and private clients alike,
Language Line Services partners with
the largest organizations in:
Language Line Services provides the
best language services by investing in
only the most skilled interpreters,
translators and instructors.
Part II
 More skills about Practical Writing
 1) Use the given information to write the e-mail.
 2) Use the given information to write an order form
Use the given information to write the e-mail.
 发件人: Anne Lu
邮件地址: Anna@sohu.com
收件人: Len Liu
邮件地址: Len@sina.com.cn
抄送至: Ron@online.sh.cn
内容: 感谢贵方9月10日的订单.我方接受你方提出的条件.
 From:Anna@sohu.com
 To : Len@sina.com.cn
 Cc:
 Subject : Acceptance of the terms
 Dear Sirs,
 Thank you for your order of September 10. We have
accepted the terms you proposed.
 We’ve always tried to meet the reasonable requirements of
your company.
 However, this concision is exceptional and future orders
can be executed only on our normal trade terms.
 Sincerely yours,
 Anne Lu
Use the given information to write an order form.
订单发给:太阳有限公司 美国纽约123信箱
订单号: 999
订单日期: 2005年3月3日
订购货物如下: 1. 1000张 木桌 , 单价为25美元
2. 500张 扶手椅 , 单价为10美元
通知人: Mr.Stone
Great Wall Company Ltd.
1 0 Nonglinxia Road, Guangzhuo, P.R. China
To: Sun co. Ltd.,
Order No. 999
P.O. Box :123
Date : 3rd March, 2005
New York, USA
Delivery Date : July, 15th, 2005
Terms: 30 days from receipt
Great Wall Company Ltd. : Mr. Stone
Unit price
1000 sets
wooden Table
Arm Chair
Total : $30000
Part III
 Practice makes perfect
 1).Sharpen your mouth
 2).Sharpen your brain
What does your name reflect?
 1.It reflects my parents’ expectations.
 2.It shows my family’s values.
 3.It offers guidance.
 4.It represents a fortune teller’s prophecy.
 5. It says something about the values of
Chinese culture.
What can a good name mean to a child?
 1. the hope placed by my parents.
 2. the outline for my striving aim.
 3. good luck and health.
 4. a long life span.
 The differences between Chinese
names and western people’s names.
 why these differences come about?
Some questions
 1.Have you ever been in a situation
where you couldn’t understand what
people were saying?
 2.How did you feel when you were in
such a situation?
 3.What kinds of measures do you take
to help others understand what you are
 4.Suppose you go to a foreign
country and can not speak the
properly. How might you manage
in your everyday life, doing things
such as living, eating or traveling, etc?

Unit 5