6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
A Comparative Analysis of English
and Spanish Adjectives as Part of a
Collocation Pattern in a Special
Language Discourse
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
 THEORETICAL
BRACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTS
 CONCLUSIONS
A Comparative Analysis of English
and Spanish Adjectives as Part of a
Collocation Pattern in a Special
Language Discourse
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
1.
Classification of adjectives according
morphological and semantic features
BACKGROUND
2.
Collocation patterns
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
3.
Specialist’s collaboration
 THEORETICAL
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTS
 CONCLUSIONS
to
their
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
Two main Concepts
 OBJECTIVES
 THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTADOS
 CONCLUSIONES
COLLOCATION
PHRASEOLOGY
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
 THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTS
 CONCLUSIONS
Morphology of Adjectives
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
Derivate Adjectives
Morphology of Adjectives
Non Derivate
Adjectives
Verb
Noun
Double
Derivate
English
-ate, -ible/-able,
-ive, -ate/-ete, ent/
-ant.
–ic, -ory/ary, ative/-itive, oso/eous/ious,
-ful, -less, -ly,
-y, -ish, -(i)an,
-ese, -al/ial/
ical, -oid,
-ate/-ete, o
–some
bi-, de-, dis, in/im-,
mis-, mono, multi-,
non-, out-,
over-, poly-,
pre-, re-,
semi-, sub-,
sur-, trans-,
un-.
actual, afraid, bright,
certain, broad,....
Spanish
–ado/ada,
–ible/-able,
-ivo/-iva, -or
-ora, -nte/-nta, oso/-osa
-ico/-ica, -al,
-ar, -oso/-osa, ero/-era, -ista, ismico/-ica,
-io/-ia, -ito/
-ita, -eo/-ea,
-ido/-ida,
-oide.
bi-, co-, de-,
dis-, en-,
hete-, hexa, hidro-,
homo-, i-,
in-/im-,
inter.-,
mono-.
abstracto, dual, capaz,
cierto,
largo, bueno,….
Table 1. Morphology of Adjectives in English and Spanish
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
 THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTS
 CONCLUSIONS
Morphology of Adjetives
Semantics of Adjectives
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
Nominal Adjectives
Place, origin
Semantics of
Adjectives
Adjectives
generic,
public,
remote,
circular- global, local
Size, magnitude
partial,
infinito
spatial
-
entero,
Time
initial, primary, prime,
terminal – habitual
Physical Features
(shape, weight, colour,
temperature)
continious,dual,binary, milti,
parallel,
similar,
simple,
visual, virtual - flexible, largo,
interno, mono
Instrument
cellular, mobile, numerical,
technical,
statistical
–
analítico,
electrónico,
informático
Age
primary – anterior, mayor
Purpose
comerciales,
funcional
empresarial,
Value
capaz,cierto,
exacto, fiable
Result
aleatorio,
exponencial
asíncrona,
Model
analytical,
developmental,
automatic, metric, procedural
– lógico, matemático
Constituents
programatic-digital,
hexadecimal, factorial,
Table 2. Semantics of Adjectives
Aptitude
features
feelings)
and behavioural
(cognition
and
dinámico,
dominant, powerful, dynamic,
real, sensitive – básico,
bueno, complejo, estable,
experto, inteligente
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
 THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTADOS
 CONCLUSIONES
Morphology of Adjectives
Semantics of Adjectives
Combinatorial Patterns
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
English
Combinatorial Pattens
Spanish
Specialized Noun + Specialized
Adjective
embedded databases,
embedded scripting,
virtual inheritance,
encrypted element,
underlying library
plataforma incrustada,
herencia virtual,
entornos embebidos,
implementación subyacente
Non Specialized Noun +
Specialized Adjective
complex type,
mobile users,
executable structure,
functional value
tipo complejo,
usuarios móviles,
estructura ejecutable,
valor funcional
Specialized Noun+ Non
Specialized Adjective
neighbouring pixels,
current template,
actual code,
available plug-ins,
random bits
píxeles vecinos,
plantilla actual,
código actual,
plug-ins disponible,
bits aleatorios
Non Specialized Noun+ Non
Specialized Adjective
complex task,
real engine,
real world,
effective access
tareas […] complejas,
motor real,
mundo real,
acceso efectivo
Table 3. Combinatorial Pattens
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
MOBILE- MÓVIL
 THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTS
Selected nouns:
network, system, agent
agente, teléfono, dispositivo
Nominalization (metonym)
 CONCLUSIONS
Specialzed information
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
 THEORETICAL
EMBEDDED-INCRUSTADO/EMBEBIDO
BACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTS
 CONCLUSIONS
2 words in Spanish:
“incrustado” and “ embebido”
Metaphorical meaning in both languages
due to specialized discourse
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
 THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTS
 CONCLUSIONS
VIRTUAL- VIRTUAL
Specialized meaning that overlap with the original
terminology concept
No combinatory restrictions for both specialized
and non specialized nouns
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
When developing software for handheld computers such as the iPAQ, Palm, and Visor, you often face challenges
that are at odds with each other. On one hand, users expect applications with resource-hungry GUIs that can be
manipulated via stylus, virtual keyboard, and the like. On the other hand, you must contend with the space and
processing constraints that are normal in the embedded world. In part due to issues such as these, Linux is
increasingly becoming the preferred platform for embedded devices such as handheld computers. Not only is
Linux resource friendly (and because these systems have little Flash and RAM, they need a resource-friendly
solution) but it is also cost effective (there are no per-device royalties required when using Linux).
A menudo las personas que desarrollamos software para handhelds como iPAQ, Palm, y Visor, nos enfrentamos a
retos que chocan entre sí. Por una parte, los usuarios piden aplicaciones con interfaces gráficas de usuario (GUI)
devoradoras de recursos que puedan controlarse mediante punteros, teclados virtuales o métodos similares. Por otra
parte, debemos enfrentarnos a las restricciones de espacio y procesamiento características del mundo de la
tecnología integrada. En parte como resultado de este tipo de problemas, Linux se está convirtiendo gradualmente
en la plataforma preferida para los dispositivos integrados, como son los handheld. No solamente es una
plataforma que aprovecha mejor los recursos (tengamos en cuenta que estos sistemas tienen cantidades limitadas
de memoria Flash y RAM, y por tanto necesitan soluciones que aprovechen al máximo los recursos disponibles)
sino que es más rentable (no es necesario pagar royalties por cada dispositivo en el que se instala Linux).
6th International Contrastive Linguistics Conference ICLC6
Berlin September 30 - October 2, 2010
 INTRODUCTION
 OBJECTIVES
 THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND
 CORPUS ANALYSIS
AND
METHODOLOGY
 RESULTS
 CONCLUSIONS
1.
High level of content domain
2.
Specialized language ability to select appropriate adjectives
3.
Collocation = single cognitive element
4.
Relevant usage of specialized adjectives
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