Lesson 1 Greetings and Introducing Myself
처음 만나는 사람에게 인사한 후 자신을 소개할 때
Key Expression 1 Let me introduce myself first. 제 소개 먼저 할께요.
Allow me to introduce myself. 제 소개 할 수 있게 해주세요.
Why don’t I introduce myself? 제 소개 먼저 할까요?
Let
me
V원형
---하게 해 주세요/---할께요
Let me tell you the truth. 사실을 말할께요.
Let me ask several questions. 몇가지 질문
좀 할께요.
Let me drink some water first. 물 좀 먼저
마시고요.
Allow me
to V원형
---하도록 허락해 주세요
Allow me to read your report. 보고서를 읽을
수 있게 해주세요.
Allow me to use your computer. 컴퓨터 좀
사용할께요.
Allow me to leave early 일 찍 퇴 근 할 수
있도록 해 주세요.
Why don’t I
V원형
--할까요?/---하는 건 어떨까요?/---하지요
Why don’t I start then? 그럼 시작할까요?
Why don’t I give you my e-mail address? 제 이 메일 주소를 알려드리지요.
Why don’t I come over to your place? 집에 놀러갈까요?
Vocabulary
Truth 사실, 진실
Several 몇가지의
Leave early 일찍 떠나다
Come over 놀러가다, 들리다
Exercise
1. 먼저 가격 좀 확인할께요. (let, check, price)
Let me check the price first.
2. 책좀 빌려 가게 해주세요. (allow, borrow)
Allow me to borrow your book.
3. 이일에 대해 설명할께요. (let, explain)
Let me explain this.
4. 제가 거실 청소하는 건 어떨까요? (why don’t I, clean, living room)
Why don’t I clean the living room?
5. 내가 저녁 준비할까? (why don’t I, prepare for, dinner)
Why don’t I prepare for the dinner?
Key Expression 2
I’m Christopher Collins. 저는 크리스토퍼 콜린스인데요.
My name is Christopher Collins. 제 이름은 크리스토퍼 콜린스입니다.
I’m 사람 이름 = My name is 사람 이름
I’m Nancy Lopez.
= My name is Nancy Lopez.
I’m Teresa Galloway.
= My name is Teresa Galloway.
I’m Sally Goldman.
= My name is Sally Goldman.
미국에서 널리 쓰이는 애칭
Chris
Mike
Dave
Will
( Christopher)
( Michael)
( David)
( William)
Barbie ( Barbara)
Beth/Liz ( Elizabeth)
Sue
( Susan)
Tom
Andy
John
Nick
( Thomas)
( Andrew)
( Jonathan)
( Nicholas)
Cathy
Judy
Pat
( Catherine)
( Judith)
( Patricia)
Exercise
: Introduce Yourself
1. Sandra Harbert
I’m Sandra Harbert. My name is Sandra Harbert.
2. John Taylor
I’m John Taylor. My name is John Taylor.
3. Andy Galloway
I’m Andy Galloway. My name is Andy Galloway.
4. Steve Whitman
I’m Steve Whitman. My name is Steve Whitman.
5. Judy Larson
I’m Judy Larson. My name is Judy Larson.
Key Expression 3
How do you do? 처음 뵙겠습니다.
Key Expression 4
It’s nice to meet you. 만나서 반갑습니다.
I’m glad to meet you. 만나게 되어 기쁩니다.
I’m pleased to meet you. 만나서 기쁩니다.
Be Verb and Pronouns
I
am
I’m
my
me
You
are
You’re
your
you
He
is
He’s
his
him
She
is
She’s
her
her
It
is
It’s
its
it
We
are
We’re
our
us
They
are
They’re
their
them
Exercise: Be verb
A: Why don’t you introduce yourself first?
B: Oh, I’m Janette Jackson.
1. her
/ Jane Ponda.
2. him
/ Tim Robins
3. yourself
/ Michelle Galloway
4. the woman over there
/ Mary Kellog
5. the man with long hair
/ Hans Whitman
Exercise
A: You must be new here, aren’t you?
B: Yes, I am. Let me introduce myself first. My name is Janette.
A: I’m Alex. It’s nice to meet you.
B: Same here.
1.
Why don’t I introduce myself? / Nancy / Jane
/ I’m glad to meet you / Nice to meet you
2. Let me introduce myself. / Kerry / Andy
/ Nice to meet you
/ Pleased to meet you
3. Allow me to introduce myself. / Jack / Liz
/. It’s nice to meet you / Same here
/ Steve
Dialogue 처음 만나는 사람에게 인사한 후 자신을 소개하는 대화
A: How do you do? Let me introduce myself first. I’m Christopher Collins,
but call me Chris.
처음 뵙겠습니다.
제 소개 먼저 할께요. 저는 크리스토퍼 콜린스인데요,
그냥 크리스라고 부르세요.
B: Hello, Chris. I’m Susan. Nice to meet you.
안녕하세요 크리스. 저는 수잔입니다. 만나서 반가와요
Vocabulary
Let ---하게 하다, ---하도록 허락하다
Introduce 소개하다
Call 이름을 부르다
Lesson 2 Introducing Others
다른 사람을 소개할 때 하는 대화
Key Expression 1
May I introduce my co-worker to you? 제 동료를 소개해도 될까요?
I’d like you to meet my co-worker. 제 동료 한번 만나보세요.
Do you mind if I introduce my co-worker to you? 제 동료를 소개하는 게 혹시
껄끄러우신가요?
Let me introduce my co-worker to you. 제 동료를 소개할께요.
May I V원형
---해도 될까요?
May I introduce my wife to you? 제 부인을 소개해도 될까요?
May I open the window? 창문을 열어도 되까요?
May I have your phone number? 전화 번호 좀 알 수 있을까요?
I’d like 목적어
to부정사
--가 ----하기를 바라다
I’d like you to meet my boy friend. 제 남자 친구 소개할께요.
I’d like you to water this plant. 이 식물에 물 주기를 바란다.
I’d like him to forget about the accident. 그가 그 사고는 잊기를 바란다.
Do you mind if I 동사 원형
제가 ---한다면 꺼려 지세요?
Do you mind if I turn up the volume? 제가 소리를 크게 하면 싫으세요?
Do you mind if I smoke in this room? 이 방에서 담배 피워도 괜챦으시겠어요?
Do you mind if I seat in this class? 이 수업 청강해도 괜챦겠어요?
Vocabulary
Would like = want
Water 물을 주다
Mind 꺼려하다
Turn up 소리를 크게 하다
Volume 소리의 크기
Seat in 청강하다
Exercise 1
1. 앤더슨씨를 소개해도 될까요? (Mr. Anderson, May)
May I introduce Mr. Anderson to you?
2. 제 부인을 소개할께요. (Let, my wife)
Let me introduce my wife to you.
3. 제 동료 위트만씨를 소개하겠습니다. (May, Mr. Whitman, co-worker)
May I introduce my co-worker Mr. Whitman to you?
4. 우리 회사 매니져를 소개해 드릴께요. (Let, my manager)
Let me introduce my manager to you.
5. 제 사촌 동생 앤디를 한번 만나 보시지요. (would like to, meet, Andy)
I would like you to meet my cousin Andy.
Exercise 2
1. 제 여자 친구를 소개해도 될까요? (May, introduce, girl friend)
May I introduce my girl friend to you?
2. 제가 창문을 열어도 괜챦으시겠어요? (mind)
Do you mind if I open the window?
3. 제 친구 Sally를 한번 만나 보시지요. (would like to, meet)
I would like you to meet my friend Sally.
4. 이 책 한번 읽어 보기 바란다. (would like to, read)
I’d like you to read this book.
5. 오늘 밤에 전화해도 될까요? (May)
May I call you tonight?
Key Expression 2
This is Nancy Lopez and she is a programmer. 이분은 낸시 로페즈이고요,
프로그래머입니다.
This is my cousin, Andy Williams. 얘는 내 사촌 앤디 윌리엄스야.
This is my co-worker James. 이 분은 제 동료 제임스입니다.
This is 사람 이름 and he/she is 직업
이 사람은 ---인데 직업은 ----입니다. 제 3자를 소개할 때
This is Frank Sinatra and he is a singer.
이 사람은 프랭크 시나트라인데요, 가수에요.
This is Mike Whitman and he is a professor.
이 사람은 마이크 위트만인데요 교수에요.
This is Steve Coleman and he is a lawyer.
이 사람은 스티브 콜만인데, 변호사에요.
This is 직업, 관계을 나타내는 명사 + 사람 이름
This is my mentor, Beth. 내 멘토 베스야.
This is my English teacher, Barbara Galloway.
이 분은 제 영어 선생님 바바라 갤로웨이에요.
This is one of my co-workers, Mr. James.
이 사람은 제 동료중 한명인 제임스입니다.
Vocabulary
Mentor 상담자
Co-worker 동료
직업을 나타내는 명사
A shop sales person
A hotel clerk
A salesman = A sales representative = A sales clerk
A plumber
A postal worker
A bank officer
A teller
An auto mechanic
A travel agent
A financial adviser
An accountant
A real estate agent
An insurance agent
A flight attendant
A tour guide
A florist
A hairdresser
A receptionist
A secretary
An engineer
Useful Expressions
What do you do? 무슨 일 하세요?
What’s your occupation? 직업은 무엇인가요?
What do you do for a living? 무슨 일 해서 먹고 사세요?
Who do you work for? 어디서 일하세요?
I work for Delta airlines. 저는 델타 항공사에서 일해요.
Exercise: Be verb
A: What do you do?
B: I’m a flight attendant.
1. you
/ hairdresser
2. she
/ teller
3. he
/ mechanic
4. they / insurance agents
5. she
/ tour guide
Exercise
A: Wanda, Let me introduce someone. This is Janette, my cousin. Janette,
this is Wanda, a new manager.
B: Hello, Janette. I’m pleased to meet you.
1. Jenny / Kate / a girl friend / Kate / Jenny, my co-worker / Kate
/ Nice to meet you
2. Jane / Anna
/ my classmate
/ Glad to meet you.
/ Anna
/ Jane, my sister / Anna
3. Rita / Alex
/ my advisor / Alex / Rita, my colleague / Alex
/ I’m happy to meet you
4. Molly / Andy / my roommate / Andy / Molly, a math teacher / Andy
/ I’m pleased to meet you
Dialogue
다른 사람을 소개할 때
A: Mr. Collins. Ma y I introduce my co-worker to you?
콜린스씨, 제 동료를 소개해도 될까요?
B: Sure. 물론이지요.
A: This is Nancy Lopez and she is a programmer.
이 분은 낸시 로페즈이고 프로그래머 일을 하고 있습니다.
C: Glad to meet you Ms. Lopez. My name is Chris Collins.
만나서 반갑습니다. 로페즈씨. 저는 크리스 콜린스라고 합니다.
Vocabulary
Co-worker 동료
Programmer 푸로그래머
Today’s Expression
Absolutely
Lesson 3 How are you doing?
어떻게 지내는지 물어 볼 때
Key Expression 1
It’s been a long time. 오랜만이야
Long time no see 오랫동안 못 만났지.
We haven’t seen each other for a long time. 오랫동안 서로 못봤지.
I haven’t seen you for a long time. 오랫동안 못 만났었지.
I haven’t seen you for years. 수년간 못 만났지.
It’s been years since we’ve met last time. 지난번에 만나고 이게 얼마만이니?
Vocabulary
For a long time 오랫동안
For years 수년간
It’s been years ---한지 오래 되었다.
We haven’t PP for a long time
오랫동안 ---하지 못했지
I haven’t seen this movie for a long time. 오랫동안 이 영화를 못 봤지.
I haven’t tired a nice Vietnamese food for a long time.
오랫동안 괜챦은 베트남 음식 못먹어 봤지.
I haven’t seen such a nice movie for a long time. 오랫동안 이렇게 괜챦은 영화는
본적이 없다.
It’s been years
---한 이래로 오래 되었지
since 주어 과거 동사
It’s been years since I rode a horse in 1981.
1981년에 말을 타 본 이래로 말을 타본 게 정말 오래 되었다.
It’s been years since I visited the states last time.
지난 번에 미국을 방문한 이래로 미국에 가 본게 정말 오래 되었다.
It’s been years since I saw you last time at the convention.
지난 번에 박람회에서 너를 보고 정말 오랜만이다.
Exercise
1. 지난 번에 맥주를 마시고는 정말 오랜만이다.
.
(It’s been years, drink)
It’s been years since I drank year last time.
2. 오랫동안 소설책을 읽을 기회가 없었다.
(have a change, for a long time)
I haven’t had a chance to read a novel for a long time.
3. 오랫동안 골프를 치지 못했다. (play, for ages)
I haven’t played gold for ages.
4. 우리가 학교를 졸업한 이후 정말 오랜만이다. (It’s been years, graduate)
It’s been years since we graduated from the school.
5. 아주 오랫동안 영화를 보지 못했다. (for a long time, see)
I haven’t seen movies for a long time.
Key Expression 2
How have you been? 그동안 어떻게 지내셨어요?
Key Expression 3
How are you? 어떻게 지내세요?
How are you doing? 어떻게 지내고 계세요?
How’s it going with you? 잘 지내고 계신가요?
How’s everything? 두루 평안하세요?
How are things these days? 요즘 어떠세요?
How are you getting along these days? 요즘 어떻게 지내세요?
Key Expression 4
Not good/Not that great 썩 좋지는 않아요
So so 그저 그래요.
I’m doing OK. 괜챦아요.
I’m fine. I’m just fine. 잘하고 있어요.
Pretty well. 꽤 좋아요.
It’ been great. 아주 좋아요.
It’s never been better. 더할 나위 없이 좋아요.
Vocabulary
Go 일이 진행되다
Get along 지내다. 사귀다
Never been better 더 좋을 순 없다
Exercise
Complete the following conversation.
1. A: How are you doing? B: 그리 썩 좋지는 않아요.
B: Not that good
2. A: How’s it going? B: 더할 나위 없이 좋아요. (can’t)
B: It can’ t be better
3. A: How’s the world treating you? B: 꽤 좋아요
B: Pretty well
4. A: How’s everything? B: .좋아요 (fine)
B: I’m just fine.
5. A: How are you getting along these days? B: 더할 나위 없이 좋아요.
B: It’s never been better.
Exercise
A: Hey Nancy, It’s been a long time. How have you been?
B: I’ve been doing OK. How are you?
A: I’m just fine. I just moved to a different company
and I’m enjoying working there.
1. Kate
/ How are you doing?
/ Never been better
2. Andy
/How’s it going with you?
/ It’s great.
3. Alex
/How are you?
/ I’m just fine.
4. Sally
/How are you getting along these days?
/I’m doing OK.
Exercise
A: Hello Kim, How are you enjoying your work?
B: So far so good
A: Good for you
1. project
/ so far so good
/ good for you
2. job
/ I like it very much
/ good for you
3. work
/ can’t be better
/ good for you
4. final report
/ I’m tired of it
/ sorry for that
Dialogue 어떻게 지내는 지 물어 볼 때
A: Hey Nancy, It’s been a long time. How have you been?
안녕 낸시, 오랜만이다. 어떻게 지냈니?
B: I’ve been doing OK. How are you?
잘 지냈어. 넌 어떻게 지내니?
A: I’m just fine. I just moved to a different company
and I’m enjoying working there.
좋아. 다른 회사로 옮겼는데, 거기서 즐겁게 일하고 있어.
Vocabulary
Do OK 잘 하고 있다, 잘 지내고 있다
Move 옮기다
Enjoy + Ving 즐기다
Today’s Expression
Let me sleep on it
Lesson 4 Good Bye
만났다가 헤어질 때 하는 인사
Key Expression 1
I have to go now. 가봐야 해요.
I’ve got to get going. 가봐야 겠는 걸요.
I should take off now. 지금 떠나야 해.
I have to
---해야만 해요.
V원형
I have to leave now. 지금 떠나야 해요.
I have to quit smoking. 담배를 끊어야 해요.
I have to finish this report by noon. 정오까지 이 보고서를 끝마쳐야 해요.
I have got to get V-ing
---해야 겠어요.
= I’ve gotta get V-ing
I’ve gotta get going. 가봐야 겠는걸요.
I’ve gotta get sleeping now. 지금 잠을 청해봐야 겠는걸요.
I’ve gotta get it done by 2 o’clock. 두시까지 그 일이 끝나야해요.
I should
---해야만 한다
V원형
I should wake up early tomorrow. 내일은 일찍 일어나야 한다.
I should try s healthier diet. 더 건강식을 먹어야 한다.
I should write a letter to my parents. 부모님께 편지를 써야 한다.
Vocabulary
Have got to = have to ----해야만 한다
Quit 끊다
By + 시간 표현 ----까지
Wake up 깨다
Diet 음식
Exercise
1. 지금 가봐야 겠는걸요. 병원 예약이 있거든요. (have to, go, doctor’s appointment).
I have to go now. I have a doctor’s appointment.
2. 두시까지 이 일을 끝마쳐야 한다. (should, complete, work)
I should complete this work by 2 o’clock.
3. 다시한번 가격을 확인해보아야 한다. (double-check, price, have to)
I have to double check the price again.
4. 이 책을 내일 아침까지 읽어야 한다. (should, by)
I should read this book by tomorrow morning.
5. 보고서를 이번 금요일까지 제출해야 한다. (have to, submit, report, by)
I have to submit this report by this Friday.
Key Expression 2
It’s been nice meeting you. 그동안 만나서 반가왔습니다.
I was quite happy to meet you. 당신을 만나 상당히 기뻤습니다.
It’s been my pleasure to talk with you. 당신과 얘기를 나누게 된 것이
제 기쁨입니다.
I was very glad to meet you. 만나서 매우 반가왔습니다.
I was quite happy/glad to 동사원형
---하게 되어 매우 기뻤습니다.
I was happy to get a chance to study abroad. 외국에서 공부할 기회를 얻게 되어
기뻤다.
I was happy to receive an award for the best employee.
우수 사원에게 주는 상을 받게 되어 기뻤다.
I was happy to get a postcard from Jerry. 제리한테서 온 엽서를 받고 기뻤다.
Key Expression 3
Let’s keep in touch. 연락하고 지내요.
Take care. 몸 조심하세요.
I’ll catch you later. 나중에 연락할께요.
Take it easy. 잘 지내.
Bye (Good bye) 안녕
So long 안녕
I’ll call you. 전화 할게.
Be Verb – Past
I
He
She
They
We
was
was
was
were
were
Exercise
1. 그동안 만나서 반가왔습니다. (nice)
It’s been nice meeting you.
2. 그 회사의 입사 통지서를 받고 매우 기뻤다. (happy, admission)
I was quite happy get an admission from the company.
3. 연락하고 지내요. (touch)
Let’s keep in touch.
4. 나중에 연락할께요. (catch)
I’ll catch you later.
5. 승진하게 되어 기뻤다. (get promoted)
I was very glad to get promoted.
Exercise
A: Oh, It’s already 1:30. I’ve gotta get going.
I have a doctor’s appointment at 2:00.
B: Oh, O.K. It’s been nice meeting you. Let’s keep in touch.
1. I have to go now.
I was very glad to see you
/ I have to return this book to the library.
/ Take care
2. I’ve gotta get going
It was nice talking with you.
/ I have a presentation in 10 minutes.
/ I’ll catch you later.
3. I’d better take off now
It’s been nice meeting you
/ My husband is coming home early today.
/ Take it easy
4. I really have to go now.
I was happy to meet you
/ I have so many works to do.
/ Let’s keep in touch
5. I’ve gotta leaving now
It’s been nice meeting you
/ My class will start in 5 minutes.
/ See you later
Dialogue 만났다가 헤어질 때 하는 인사
A: Oh, It’s already 1:30. I’ve gotta get going.
I have a doctor’s appointment at 2:00.
아, 벌써 한시 반이네요. 가 봐야 겠는걸요. 두시에 병원 예약이 되어 있거든요.
B: Oh, O.K. It’s been Nice meeting you. Let’s keep in touch.
네. 만나서 반가왔습니다. 계속 연락하며 지내지요.
Vocabulary
Gotta = got to = have to ---해야 한다.
Appointment 약속, 예약
Keep in touch 연락을 취하다, 연락하다
Today’s Expression
Don’t take it back. 취소하지 마
Lesson 5 Interviewing Others and Being Interviewed
다른 사람의 개인 정보를 물어 볼 때
1. Name
Question
Could I have your name?
May I have your first name?
Could I have your last name?
Excuse me, what is your name please?
Answer
My name is Sally Ginet.
It’s Sally Ginet.
2. Spelling
Question
Excuse me, but how do you spell your first/last name?
How is your first/last name spelled?
Answer
It’s S-A-L-L-Y
Exercise
A: What’s your name?
B: My name is Jane Whitman.
A: How do you spell your last name?
B: It’s W-H-I-T-M-A-N
1. her name / Her name, Sally Smith
/ sir name
2. your name / My name, Catherine Jones
/ family name / J-O-N-E-S
3. his name
/ last name
/ B-R-O-W-N
/ sir name
/ J-E-N-K-I-N-S
/ His name, David Brown
4. your name / My name, Peter Jenkins
/ S-M-I-T-H
3. Address
Questions
Could/Can/May I have your address, please?
Could you tell me your address please?
Where do you live?
What is your address please?
Answer
No problem, I live at Hyundai apartment, Kaegpo, Kang Nam, Seoul
Sure, My address is .Hyundai apartment, Kaegpo, Kang Nam, Seoul
It’s Hyundai apartment, Kaegpo, Kang Nam, Seoul
Korean
western
Apartment
City area
City, state
Country
Postal code
Apartment
street name
city, state
country
zip code
4. Phone Number
Question
Could I have your telephone number please?
How can I reach you?
May I have your phone number?
Answer
It’s 726-4000.
My phone number is 726-4000.
5. Occupation
Question
What do you do for a living?
What is your occupation?
Where do you work?
Answer
I work for Samsung.
I work as a director.
I work at Samsung in Pundang.
: company name
: position name
: company place
Exercise
A: Where do you live?
B: I live at 312 Maple ave.
A: How can I reach you?
B: Just call me. My phone number is 607-2985.
1. What’s your address?
/ 415 Main street / call me
/ My phone number is 142-4567
2. May I have your address? / 123 River street, Boston, Massachusetts. /e-mail me
/ My e-mail address is [email protected]
3. Where do you live?
/ 469 Michel street, Ithaca, NY
/ My apartment number is 4B
/ drop by my place
4. Can you tell me your address? / 723 College Ave. / fax me
/ my max number is 213 –4576.
6. Social Security Number
Question
What is your social security number?
Answer
It’s 118-82-6496
7. Nationality
Question
Where were you born?
What is your nationality?
Where are you from?
Answer
I was born in London.
My nationality is Korean.
I am Korean.
I’m from Korea
Be Verb –Interrogatives
Are
Is
Is
Are
Are
Am
you
he
she
they
we
I
Exercise
A: Are you Susan Miler?
B: Yes, I am.
A: Are you American?
B: No, I’m not. I came from England.
A: Oh, so you are British.
1. Mrs. Grant
/ British
/ Brazil
/ Brazilian
2. Carlos Martinez
/ French
/ Spain
/ Spanish
3. Peter Jones
/ American
/ Canada
/ Canadian
4. Maria Black
/ Irish
/ Germany
/ German
5. Nicole Kidman
/ Swedish
/ Australia
/ Australian
Exercise
A: I need some personal information before processing this loan application.
B: No problem.
A: First, may I have your first name?
B: Sure, My first name is Anna.
A: OK, then what is your last name?
B: It’s Galloway.
A: Excuse me, but how is your last name spelled?
B: Oh, it’s G-A-L-L-O-W-A-Y.
A. Now, I need your address. Where do you live?
B: I live at Samsung, KangNam, Seoul.
A: How can I reach you?
B: My phone number is 526-4727 and usually I’m free after lunch.
A: Now, what do you do?
B: I’m a lawyer and I work for Hyundai.
1. Jim
/ Hwang / H-W-A-N-G
/ Kaepo, KangNam, Seoul
an accountant
/ work at Microsoft in Seoul
2 Janet / Samson / S-A-M-S-O-N
professor / work for Yonsei University
3. Jenny / Raven
a receptionist
/ 3461-2353
/
/ Shinchon , Sedaemon, Seoul / 712-5432 / a
/ R-A-V-E-N
/ Mapo, Sedaemon, Seoul
/ work for a hosipital
/712-4536
/
Today’s Expression
Hang in there
Lesson 6 Likes and Dislikes 1
Key Dialogue 1
Question
What do you usually do when you have some free time? 한가한 시간에 주로 뭘
하세요?
What do you usually do when you get free time? 시간이 나면 주로 뭘 하세요?
What do you do in your spare time/ your free time?
여가 시간에 주로 뭐 하세요?
What do you do when you get/have some time off?
시간이 나면 주로 뭘 하세요?
Answer
I usually watch TV programs.
What do you usually do when/after/before… 주어 동사
---하면/---한 후에/---하기 전에 주로 뭘 하세요?
What do you usually do when you get some time off? 시간이 나면 주로 뭘 하세요?
What do you usually do after you finish writing a report?
보고서 쓰는 일이 끝나면 주로 뭘 하시나요?
What do you usually do before you go to work? 일하러 가기 전에 주로 뭘
하시나요?
What do you usually do during your free time/in your free time
---하는 동안/---에 주로 뭘 하시나요?
What do you usually do during the weekend? 주말에 주로 뭘 하세요?
What do you usually do during the vocation? 방학때 주로 뭘 하세요?
What do you usually do in your spare time? 여가 시간에 뭘 하시나요?
I usually
주어 동사
전 주로 ---를 해요
I usually play tennis. 전 주로 테니스를 쳐요.
I usually listen to music. 전 주로 음악을 들어요.
I usually read a newspaper. 전 주로 신문을 읽어요.
Vocabulary
Time off 일을 하지 않다
Spare time 여가 시간
Exercise
A: What do you usually do when you have free time?
B: I usually ride a bicycle.
1. in your free time
/ work out at the gym.
2. when you get some time off
/sleep all day
3. during your vocation
/read some books
4. in your spare time
/go shopping
5. when you get some free time
/listen to music
Key Dialogue 2
Question
What do you like doing when you have some time?
What do you like
V ing
What do you like doing when you have free time?
시간 있을 때 뭐 하는 거 좋아하세요?
What do you like eating when you watch TV?
TV볼 때 뭐 먹는 거 좋아하세요?
What do you like buying when you go shopping?
쇼핑 가서 뭐 사는 것 좋아하세요?
Answer
I like watching TV. TV보는 거 좋아해요.
I like eating some snacks. 과자 먹는 거 좋아해요.
I like
Ving
----하는 걸 좋아해요.
I like playing computer games. 저는 컴퓨터 게임하는 거 좋아해요.
I like buying fashionable clothes. 저는 화려한 옷 하는 걸 좋아해요.
I like eating strawberries. 저는 딸기 먹는 걸 좋아해요.
Exercise
1. 저는 주로 등산을 해요 (climb)
I usually climb a mountain.
2. 시간이 나시면 주로 뭘 하세요? (get some time off)
What do you usually do when you get some time off?
3. 저는 주로 운동센터에서 운동해요. (fitness center, work out)
I usually work out at the fitness center.
4. 한가할 때 뭐 하는 것 좋아하세요? (like)
What do you like doing when you have some free time?
5. 저는 TV보는 것 좋아해요.
I like watching TV.
Exercise
A: Susan, what do you usually do when you have some free time?
B: Nothing much. I usually watch TV programs. How about you?
What do you like doing when you have some time?
A: I like playing computer games.
1. in your free time
/ I usually read books
/ I like riding a bicycle
2. when you get some time off / I usually taking a walk
3. in your spare time
/ I like cooking
/ I usually clean my room / I like singing songs
4. when you have some free time / I usually hang out with my friends / I like
drawing a picture.
5. in your free time
/ I usually log in the computer
/ I like go shopping
Describe your Daily Routine
Question
What time do you usually get up?
leave for work/school?
get to work
have lunch
get off work?
get home?
go to sleep?
Answer
I usually get at up at 6:00.
I read newspaper at 7:00.
She/he reads newspaper at 6:00.
They/we read newspaper at 6:30
Exercise
Describe Jane’s daily routine.
6:00 get up
6:30 take a shower
7:00 put on a make up
7:20 have breakfast
7:40 get dressed
8:00 get ready for work
8:20 take a bus
9:00 get to work
Describe your daily routine.
Exercise
A: What do you do?
B: I’m a receptionist. I work for a Kim’s dental clinic.
A: What time do you go to work?
B: I usually go to work at 7:00.
A: When do you have lunch?
B: I usually have lunch at 12:30.
A: When do you get off work?
B: I usually go home at 7:00
A: Nice.
1. a lawyer
/ a law firm
/ at 1:00
/ at 6:00
2. a teller
/ Wells Fargo bank / at 9:00
/ at 12:00
/ at 5:00
3. a telemarketer / LG home shopping / at 11:00
/ at 2:00
/ at 9:00
4. a secretary
/ at 12:30
/ 6:30
/ Nice company
/ at 10
/ at 8:30
Dialogue 상대방의 취미를 파악할 때 사용하는 대화
A: Susan, what do you usually do when you have some free time?
수잔, 넌 한가한 시간에 주로 뭘 하니?
B: Nothing much. I usually watch TV programs. How about you?
별로 하는 일은 없어. 주로 테레비젼 보거든. 너는 어떠니?
What do you like doing when you have some time?
너는 시간 날 때 뭐 하는 거 좋아하니?
A: I like playing computer games.
나는 컴퓨터 게임하는 거 좋아해.
B: Do you like computer games?
A: Oh, yes, I love them.
Vocabulary
Free time 여가 시간, 한가한 시간
Usually 보통
Play computer games 컴퓨터 게임을 하다
Today’s Expression
Neat
Lesson 7 likes and Dislikes 2
상대의 선호도를 파악할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Do you like TV programs?
Answer
Yes, I do.
I love them.
I’m crazy about them.
No, I don’t.
I don’t like them.
I don’t care for them.
I can’t stand them.
Love Scale
I hate it.
I don’t like it.
I don’t care for it.
I kind of like it.
It’s OK.
It’s not that bad.
I love it a lot.
I’m crazy about it.
I like it very much.
I’m hooked on it.
Verb
I like TV programs.
He/he likes TV programs.
They like TV programs.
We like TV programs.
You like TV programs.
Do you like TV programs?
Does he/she like TV programs?
Do they like TV programs?
Do we like TV programs?
Do I like TV programs?
Exercise
A: Do you like popcorns?
B: Yes, I do. I love them a lot.
1. you /baseball
/ I’m hooked on it.
2. she / disco
/ hate it
3. he
/ kind of like it
/ working over time
4. you / documentaries
/ crazy about them
5. they / adventure movies
/ can’t stand for them
Key Conversation 2
Question
What kind of TV programs do you like? 어떤 TV프로를 좋아하세요?
What sort of TV programs do you like? 어떤 종류의 프로그램을 좋아하세요?
What type of TV programs do you like?
Answer
I like sitcoms. 저는 시트콤이요.
What kind of 명사
do you like?
어떤 종류의 ----를 좋아하세요?
What kind of music do you like? 어떤 종류의 음악을 좋아하세요?
What sort of sports do you like? 어떤 종류의 스포츠를 좋아하세요?
What type of books do you like? 어떤 종류의 책을 좋아하세요?
KINDS/TYPES/SORTS
TV program
Soap opera 연속극
Documentaries 다큐멘타리
Variety shows 쇼
Cartoons 만화
Game show 게임 쇼
comedies 코미디
commercials 광고
talk shows 토크 쇼
news 뉴스쇼
TV special 특별 제작 프로그램
Books
Fiction 실화
Fantasy novels 팬터지 소설
Nonfiction 소설
Movies
Romantic comedies 로맨틱 코메디
Westerns 서부 영화
Adventures 탐험극
SF 공상 과학 영화
Horror 공포 영화
Action
Thriller
Exercise
A: Do you like music?
B: Yes, I love it.
A: What kind of music do you like?
B: I like rock music.
1. TV shows
/ love them
/ TV shows
2. sports
/ I’m crazy about them / sports
/ baseball
3. movies
/ I like them
/ westerns
/ movies
4. Italian food / I’m crazy about it
/ dramas
/ Italian food
/spaghetti
Exercise
Interview
Ask your family members the following questions.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
What kind of sports do you like?
What kind of books do you like?
What kind of weather do you like?
What kind of movies do you like?
What kind of food do you like?
What kind of woman do you like?
Key Conversation 3
Question
What is your favorite TV program?
What is your favorite?
Answer
“Friends” is my favorite.
My favorite is “Friends”.
I like game shows the most.
What’s your favorite
명사?
제일 좋아하는 ---는 무엇인가요?
What is your favorite song? 제일 좋아하는 노래는 뭔가요?
What is your favorite sport? 제일 좋아하는 스포츠는 뭔가요?
What is your favorite food? 무슨 음식을 제일 좋아하세요?
B: “Sex on the city” is my favorite. 섹스 온 더 시티가 제가 제일 좋아하는 거에
요.
Exercise
1. 제일 좋아하는 책은 뭔가요?
What is your favorite book?
2. 저는 농구를 제일 좋아해요.
Baseball is my favorite.
3. 제일 좋아하는 요일은 뭔가요? (day of the week)
What is your favorite day of the week?
4. 저는 핑크색을 제일 좋아해요. (favorite color)
My favorite color is pink.
5. 무슨 음식을 제일 좋아하세요?
What is your favorite food?
Exercise
A: Do you like pop songs?
B: Yes, I do.
A: Who is your favorite singer?
B: Elton John is my favorite singer.
1. Movies / who / favorite movie star / Drew Berrymore /movie star
2. Basketball /who / favorite basketball player / Jerry McGuire
/basketball player
3. classical music / who / favorite musician / Mozart /musician
4. Cheese /what /favorite cheese /Brie /cheese
Dialogue 상대의 선호도를 파악할 때
A: Do you like TV programs.
B: Yes, I do. I like TV programs.
A: What kind of TV programs do you like?
B: I like sitcoms. 저는 시트콤이요.
어떤 TV프로를 좋아하세요.
A: What’s your favorite then? 제일 좋아하는 것 뭔가요?
B: “Sex on the city” is my favorite. 섹스 온 더 시티가 제가 제일 좋아하는 거에
요.
Vocabulary
What kind of 어떤 종류의
Favorite 제일 좋아하는 것
Today’s Expression
It’s been a long day.
Lesson 8 Where do you live?
현재 어디서 사는 지 알고 싶을 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Where do you live? 어디 사세요?
Where are you living now? 지금 어디서 사니?
Answer
I live in the city. 도시에서 살아.
I live in the suburbs. 교외에서 살아.
I live in the downtown hotel. 다운타운에 있는 호텔에 있어.
I live downtown. 다운타운에 살아.
Houses
One bedroom apartment
Two bedroom apartment
Studio
Utility house
Town house
Dorm
Sorority
- Fraternity
Sublet
Exercise
A: Hey Chris, Where do you live now?
B: I live downtown. So it’s really convenient to commute
1. Sarah
at night.
/ I just moved to a new apartment in the suburbs / It’s very quiet
2. Anna / I live in downtown studio / Everything is within walking
distance.
3. Jack
night.
4. Irene
5. Nancy
/ I just move to a sorority house / We have a party almost every
/ I live in a new house in the countryside. / It’s very spacious.
/ I live in a sublet apartment
/ It’s conveniently located though.
Vocabulary
Convenient 편리한
Walking distance 걸어갈 수 있는 거리
Countryside 시골
Spacious 넓직한
Located 위치해 있는
Key Conversation 2
Question
How do you get to your office? 사무실에 어떻게 가세요?
How do you go to your office?
Answer
I take a bus. 버스타고 가요.
I take a subway. 지하철 타요.
I walk to my office. 사무실까지 걸어가요.
I drive. 저는 운전해요.
A friend of mine gives me a ride. 제 친구중에 한명이 태워 줘요.
I use a car pool. 카풀을 이용해요.
Exercise
A: Young, how do you get to your office?
B: I usually take a subway.
A: How long does it take?
B: It takes about 30 minutes.
1. Jerry
/ I drive to work
/ only half an hour.
2. Sally
/ I take a train
/ about an hour
3. Bill
/ I. walk to my office
/ only 25 minutes
4. Susan
/ I take a bus
/ about 50 minutes
5. Andy
/ a colleague of mine gives me a ride
/ only 15 minutes
Key Expression
I have a hard time commuting to my office. 내 사무실까지 통근하느라 어려움
을 겪고 있다.
I have a difficulty/trouble in commuting to my office.
It’s difficult/hard to commute to my office. 사무실까지 통근하는 게 힘들다.
I have a hard time
---하느라 힘들다
(in)
Ving
I have a hard time in studying English. 영어 공부하느라 힘들다.
I have a hard time in managing my own business.
내 사업체를 꾸려가느라 힘들다.
I have a hard time in babysitting. 아이 돌보느라 힘들다.
It’s difficult
---하는 것이 힘들다
to V원형
It’s difficult to write a report in English. 영어로 보고서를 쓰는 것이 힘들다.
It’s difficult to cook everyday. 매일 음식 장만을 하는 것이 힘들다.
It’s difficult to play computer games during the office hour.
근무 시간에 컴퓨터 게임을 하기는 힘들다.
Exercise
1. 직원들이 야근하느라 어려움을 겪고 있다. (have a hard time, work over time)
The employees are having a hard time working over time.
2. 샐리는 아픈 언니를 간호하느라 어려움을 겪고 있다.
(sick sister, take care of, have a difficulty)
Sally is having a difficulty in taking care of her sick sister.
3. 매일 회의를 하기는 힘들다. (It’s difficult)
It’s difficult to have a meeting everyday.
4. 직원들이 납기일을 맞추느라고 어려움을 겪고 있다.
(have a hard time, meet the deadline)
The employees are having a hard time to meet the deadline.
5. 바로바로 전자 메일에 답장을 해 주는 것은 어렵다.
(It’s difficult, respond, right away)
It’s difficult to respond to an e-mail right away
Dialogue
현재 어디서 사는 지 알고 싶을 때
A: How are you doing?
B: Pretty good. How about you?
A: I have a hard time commuting to the office.
B: Where do you live?
A: I live in the suburbs.
B: How do you get to the office then?
A: I take a bus, and then transfer to the subway.
Vocabulary
Have a hard time ---하느라 어려움을 겪다
Commute 통근하다
Suburbs 교외
Downtown 시내
Transfer 갈아 타다
Today’s Expression
I suppose so.
Lesson 9 Expressing your Ability
자신이 할 수 있는 것과 할 수 없는 것이 무엇인지에 대해 말할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Can you speak foreign languages?
Are you able to speak foreign languages?
Are you capable of speaking foreign languages?
Are you comfortable with speaking in English?
Answer
Yes/Sure I can. I can speak foreign languages.
Can you
동사 원형
---할 수 있으세요?
Can you play golf? 골프 칠 줄 아세요?
Can you make a slide for a presentation? 발표용 슬라이드를 만들 줄 아세요?
Can you drive a car? 운전 할 줄 아세요?
Are you able to
동사 원형
---할 줄 아세요, ---할 수 있겠어요?
Are you able to make it to the party? 파티에 시간 맞춰 올 수 있겠어요?
Are you able to get it done by 2:00? 두시까지 끝낼 수 있겠어요?
Are you able to prepare for the dinner alone?
혼자서 저녁 식사 준비를 할 수 있겠어요?
Are you capable of
---할 수 있겠어요?
Ving
Are you capable of finishing it in time? 시간내에 그걸 끝낼 수 있겠어요?
Are you capable of reading all the chapters tonight?
오늘 밤에 그 챕터를 다 읽는 게 가능하겠어요?
Are you capable of picking him up at the airport tomorrow morning?
내일 아침에 그 사람을 공항에서 데려 오는 게 가능하겠어요?
Exercise
1. 나를 공항까지 데려다 줄 수 있겠어요? (can, give a ride)
Can you give me a ride to the airport?
2. 이걸 다 삼십분안에 타자칠 수 있겠어요? (able, type, everything)
Are you able to type everything in 30 minutes?
3. 오늘 밤에 국제 전화를 걸어 줄 수 있겠어요? (make a call, capable)
Are you capable of making an international call tonight?
4. 사무실을 혼자서 청소할 수 있겠어요? (clean, can, by yourself)
Can you clean the office by yourself?
5. 책 세권을 이틀안에 읽을 수 있겠어요? (capable)
Are you capable of reading three books in two days?
Exercise
A: Let’s go skating tomorrow.
B: I can’t.
A: Why not?
B: I can’t skate.
A: The, can you ski?
B: Yes, I can.
1. play tennis
/ play tennis
/ play basketball
2. go skiing
/ ski
/ swim
3. play chess
/ play chess
/ play a computer game
4. play hockey / play hockey
/ play darts
Key Conversation 2
Question
How good is your English? 영어를 얼마나 잘하세요?
Are you good at English? 영어 잘 하세요?
Answer
I’m very good at it. 아주 잘해요.
I’m an expert in this field. 전 이 분야 전문가에요.
I’m not good at computers. 전 컴퓨터는 별로에요/젬병이에요.
I’m poor at computers.
How 형용사
is
---가 얼마나 ---하세요?
명사
How bright is the room? 방은 얼마나 환한가요?
How big is the bag? 그 가방은 얼마나 큰가요?
How beautiful is she? 그 여자가 얼마나 예쁜가요?
Exercise
1. 그 시험은 얼마나 어려운가요? (difficult, exam)
How difficult is the exam?
2. 저는 그 분야 전문가에요. (expert, in this field)
I’m an expert in this field.
3. 하이야트 호텔이 여기서 얼마나 먼가요? (far, from here)
How far is Hyatt hotel from here?
4. 저는 숫자에 아주 밝아요. (numbers, be good at)
I’m good at numbers.
5. 그 책은 얼마나 재미있나요? (interesting)
How interesting is the book?
Exercise
A: Are you good at sports, Alex?
B: No, I’m not good at sports. I wish I could play sports well.
A: Don’t worry. Instead, you are really good at math, aren’t you?
1. cooking
/ cooking
/ cook
/ cleaning the room
2. signing
/ signing
/ sign a song
/ dancing
3. computer games / computer games / play computer games / web surfing
Dialogue 자신이 할 수 있는 것과 할 수 없는 것이 무엇인지에 대해 말할 때
A: Let me ask you a couple of question. Can you speak any foreign
languages?
몇가지 질문 좀 할께요. 외국어 할 줄 아는 것 있으세요?
B: Sure I can. I can speak English, Japanese, and a little bit of Spanish.
네, 물론이지요. 저는 영어와 일본어, 그리고 약간의 스페인어를 할 줄 알아요.
A: That’s very impressive. How good is your English?
대단하시군요. 영어는 얼마나 잘하시나요?
B: I think I’m very good at it. People say I’m quite fluent.
아주 잘한다고 생각해요. 사람들이 저더로 유창하다고 그러더군요.
Vocabulary
Foreign 외국의
A little bit of 약간의
Impressive 인상적인
Be good at 잘하다
Fluent 능통한, 유창한
Today’s Expression
Now you’re talking.
Lesson 10 How often do you exercise?
어떤 행동을 얼마나 자주 하는지 물어 볼 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Do you ever work out at the gym? 체육관에서 운동할 때가 있기는 하니?
When was the last time you work out at the gym?
언제 체육관에서 마지막으로 운동했니?
Answer
I usually exercise at my place. 난 주로 우리 집에서 운동해.
Hardly ever. 거의 없어.
Do you ever
V원형
---하기는 하니?, ---할 때가 있니?
Do you ever clean your room? 네 방을 청소하기는 하니?
Do you ever respond to the e-mails? 전자 메일에 답장을 하기는 하니?
Do you ever go out and take a walk? 밖에 나가서 산책을 하는 때가 있니?
Key Conversation 2
Question
How often do you go to the fitness center?
How many times do you go to the fitness center?
How frequently do you go to the fitness center?
Answer
I usually/sometimes/rarely/hardly go to the fitness center.
I go to the fitness center once a week.
How often do you
얼마나 자주 ---하세요?
V원형
How often do you write a report? 얼마나 자주 보고서를 쓰세요?
How often do you go to a concert? 얼마나 자주 콘서트에 가세요?
How often do you go to the book store? 얼마나 자주 서점에 가세요?
Frequency Adverbs
Never
Hardly ever
Rarely
Sometimes
Often
Usually
I never go to the gym.
Once a week 일주일에 한번
Twice a week 일주일에 두번
Three times a week 일주일에 세번
Four times a week 일주일에 네번
I go to the gym once a week.
Every other day 이틀에 한번
Every other week 이주에 한번
Bi weekly 이주에 한번
Every two weeks 이주에 한번
Once in a while 가끔씩
I go to the gym every other day.
Exercise
1. 한달에 한번
Once a month
2. 두달에 한번
bi-monthly, every other month, every two months
3. 한달에 두번
twice a month
4. 한달에 네번
four times a month
5. 가끔씩
once in a while
Exercise
1. 직업 훈련에 참석하시기는 하나요? (training session)
Do you ever attend a training session?
2. 얼마나 자주 보고서를 쓰세요?
How often do you write a report?
3. 다른 동료들과 이야기해 보려는 노력을 하기는 하시나요? (colleague)
Do you ever try to talk with other colleagues?
4. 얼마나 자주 병원에 가세요?
How often do you go to the hospital?
5. 시어머니한테 전화를 하기는 하나요? (mother in law)
Do you ever call your mother in law?
Exercise
A: How often do you wash your car?
B: I wash my car once a week.
1. go shopping
/ go shopping
/ every other week
2. clean your carpet
/clean my carpet / once a month
3. write a letter
/ write a letter
4. draw up a contract
/write a contract / about twice a week
5. visit your parents
/ visit my parents / every other month
/ almost every day
Key Conversation 3
Question
How many hours do you work out?
How long do you work out?
Answer
About an hour, I guess.
For two hours
How many hours
몇시간 동안 ----하세요?
do you V원형
How many hours do you watch TV a day? 하루에 몇시간이나 TV를 보세요?
How many hours do you work a week? 주당 몇시간 일하시나요?
How many hours do you spend preparing for dinner?
저녁 준비하시는데 몇시간 정도 쓰시나요?
Exercise
A: John how do you spend your free time?
B: I usually read a book.
A: How many hours do you usually read a book?
B: About two hours a day.
1. Ann
/ watch TV
/ watch TV
/ for three hours, I guess
2. Andy / listen to music / listen to music / about 3 hours
3. Bill
/ take a nap
4. Sally / take a walk
/ sleep
/ about an hour
/ take a walk
/ about an hour
5. Mandy / play computer games/ play computer games
/ for two hours at least
Exercise
Answer the following questions.
1. How often do you wash your car? (three times a week)
________________________________________________________
2. How often do you surf the Internet? (almost everyday)
_________________________________________________________
3. How often do you go to a karaoke bar? (about twice a month)
_________________________________________________________
4. How often do you read a novel? (never)
_________________________________________________________
5. How often do you climb a mountain? (once a year)
_________________________________________________________
6. How often do you jog in the morning? (rarely)
__________________________________________________________
7. How often do you have a blind date? (once a week)
_________________________________________________________
Dialogue 어떤 행동을 얼마나 자주 하는지 물어 볼 때
A: Do you ever work out at the gym?
B: Hardly ever. I usually exercise at my place. How about you?
A: I work out a lot at the fitness center on the 32nd Ave.
B: How often do you go to the fitness center?
A: About three times a week
B: How many hours do you work out once you go to the fitness center?
A: About an hour, I guess.
Vocabulary
Work out 운동하다 = exercise
Hardly ever 좀처럼 –하지 않다
Gym 체육관
Once 일단 ---하면
Today’s Expression
Let me put it this way.
Lesson 11 What are you doing?
지금 어떤 행동을 하고 있는 지 물어 볼 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Please, help me clean the basement. 지하실 청소하는 것 좀 도와 주세요.
Could you help me clean the basement?
지하실 청소하는 것 도와주실 수 있나요?
Response
Well, I’m kind of busy now. 글쎄, 지금은 좀 바쁜데.
I’m afraid I cannot. I’m in the middle of something.
미안하지만 안되겠는걸요. 지금 뭔가를 하고 있는 중이거든요.
I’m sorry but I cannot. 미안하지만 안되겠는걸요.
Help me
V원형
내가 ---하는 것 좀 도와 주세요.
Help me review yesterday’s physics class.
어제 했던 물리학 수업 복습하는 것 좀 도와줘.
Help me push this heavy door. 이 육중한 문 여는 것 좀 도와주세요.
Please help me take out this jammed paper from this copier.
이 복사기에 낀 종이 꺼내는 것 좀 도와주세요.
Make/Have 목적어
---하게 시키세요.
동사 원형
Make him wash the floor. 그 사람한테 바닥을 닦으라고 시키세요.
Have her review this document. 그 여자한테 이 문서를 검토하게 하세요.
Have the employees recycle the used paper.
직원들이 종이를 재활용할 수 있게 해주세요.
Exercise
1. 이 보고서 20부만 복사해 주세요. (make a copy)
Make 20 copies of this report.
2. 식사 준비하는 것 좀 도와 주세요. (prepare for the dinner)
Help me prepare for the dinner.
3, 짐드는 사람한테 이 짐을 들라고 좀 시키세요. (have, porter, carry)
Have the porter carry these bags.
4. 집안으로 들어 오세요. (get in)
Get in the house.
5. 채소를 냉장고에 집어 넣는 것 좀 도와 주세요. (put, vegetables, refrigerator)
Please help me put these vegetables in the refrigerator.
Key Conversation 2
Question
What are you doing?
Answer
I’m washing dishes.
Present Continuous
I
S/He
They
You
am
is
are
are
Ving
Ving
Ving
Ving
I usually walk to school but I’m driving today because it is raining.
대개 나는 걸어서 학교에 가는데, 오늘은 비가 와서 운전해 간다.
I usually watch a movie on Friday night, but I’m having a part today at my
house.
나는 대개 금요일에는 영화를 보는데, 오늘은 우리집에서 파티를 한다.
I usually go to the fitness center at this time of the day, but I’m now
shopping in the department store.
나는 대개 이 시간즈음이면 운동하러 가는데,
지금은 백화점에서 쇼핑을 하고 있다.
Exercise
A: What are you doing now?
B: I’m cleaning the room
1. you
/ read a book.
2. you
/ play computer games
3. she
/ help a customer
4. he
/ write a report
5. they
/ look around my office
6. you
/ type
7. he
/ wash his car
Exercise
1. Sue는 대개 아침에 커피를 마신다. (drink coffee, in the morning)
Sue usually drinks coffee in the morning.
2. 나는 지금 런던을 여행하고 있다. (travel)
I’m now traveling London.
3. Andy는 지금 고객과 회의 중이다. (have a meeting, client)
Andy is having a meeting with his client.
4. 나는 주말이면 산에 오른다. (weekends, climb a mountain)
I climb a mountain on weekends.
5. Mike는 동료들과 함께 커피를 마시고 있다. (co-workers)
Mike is drinking coffee with his co-workers.
Exercise
A: Hello, This is Jane.
B: Hi Jane, What are you doing?
A: I’m studying English now. I usually study English after lunch.
B: Great! I usually take a nap after lunch, but I was dishing washes.
1. Kate / Kate
/ take a look at a report
/ watch TV
2. Andy / Andy
/ check my e-mails
/ check my e-mails
/ go to the grocery store /wash my car
3. Sally / Sally
/ clean my room
/ take a walk
4. James / James
/ read a report
/ read a novel
/ clean my room
/play computer games
/ write a paper
/ have a coffee break
/ work
/ read a manual
Dialogue 지금 어떤 행동을 하고 있는 지 물어 볼 때
A: Sue, Please help me clean the basement.
B: Well, I’m kind of busy now, Mike.
A: What are you doing?
B: I’m washing dishes.
A: Can you come downstairs after you finish washing dishes?
B: Sure, maybe in 20 minutes.
Vocabulary
Basement 지하실
Kind of 사실
Wash dishes 설거지하다
Downstairs 아래층
Today’s Expression
Try the store over there.
Lesson 12 What’s this?
사물을 가리킬 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Pam, what’s this? 팸, 이게 뭐니?
Answer
That’s a PDA.
What is this?
What’s that?
What are these?
What are those?
This is a/an 명사
That is a/an 명사
These are 복수 명사
Those are 복수 명사
Other Questions
What is this called in English? 이걸 영어로는 뭐라고 해요?
How do you say that in English? 그걸 영어로는 뭐라고 해요?
What do you call it in English? 그걸 영어로는 뭐라고 해요?
Exercise
A: What is this?
B: This is a PDA phone..
PDA그림
컴퓨터 그림
1. that
/ new notebook computer
2. this
/ brand new sport car
스포츠 카 그림
3. theses
/ comic books
만화책 그림
4. that
/ bag that I bought yesterday
가방 그림
5. those
/ presents for my children
선물 꾸러미 그림
Key Conversation 2
Question
Why did you get it? 왜 구입하셨나요?
What is this for? 뭐에 쓰는 건가요?
What is it used for? 뭐에 쓰이나요?
Answer
To organize my schedule. 스케줄을 잘 관리하려고요.
Key Conversation 3
Question
Where did you get it?
Answer
I bought it at Techno Mart.
To 동사 원형
---하려고요
To open a new business 새로운 사업을 열려고요
To decorate my office
사무실을 장식하려고요
To edit my document
내 문서를 편집하려고요
Exercise
1. 이걸 영어로는 뭐라고 하나요? (called)
What is it called in English?
2. 왜 구입하셨나요? (get)
Why did you get it?
3. 장부를 정리하려고 구입했습니다. (purchase, record a book)
I purchased this to record a book.
4. 파티에 가려고 샀는데요. (buy, go to a party)
I bought this to go to a party.
5. 이 세탁기를 어디서 구입하셨나요? (washing machine)
Where did you purchase this washing machine?
Exercise
A: Why did you quit the job?
B: To start my own business.
1. buy this dishwasher
/ save my time
2. leave early
/ go to the hospital
3.call me
/ reschedule the meeting
4. go to the department store
/ buy a birthday present for my girlfriend
5. go to Barcelona
/ look around Gaudi’s buldings
Exercise
A: What’s this metallic box? What’s it used for?
B: That is my new digital camera. I bought it for the upcoming vacation.
A: Where did you get it?
B: I bought it at K mart.
1. this lotion
/sun block lotion/ I bought it to block the strong lights
/at a department store
2. this package / digital camcorder/ I bought it to record my trip to Europe
/ during the special promotion period
3. this bike
/ mountain bike / I bought it to ride it on the mountains
/ at a bike shop in downtown
4. this small cute thing / cellular phone
/ I bought it to take a picture
/ at a shop next to the bank
5. this box
/ desktop computer
/ at Techno mart
/ I bought it to save my data.
Dialogue
사물을 가리킬 때
A: Pam, what’s this?
B: That’s a PDA.
A: Really? It sure is compact and fabulous. I like the design.
Why did you get it?
B: To organize my schedule and get information whenever I need it.
A: That sounds very useful. Where did you get it.
B: I bought it at Techno Mart.
Vocabulary
Compact 소형의
Fabulous 멋진
Get 사다, 장만하다
Organize 조직하다
Sound ---처럼 들리다
Today’s Expression
He’s taken.
Lesson 13 Can you describe this?
사물을 묘사 할 때
Key conversation 1 -- size
Question
What size is it? 크기는 어떤가요?
How big/small is it? 얼마나 큰가요?
How long/short is it? 얼마나 긴가요?
Answer
It’s kind of big. 큰 편이에요.
It’s kind of small. 작은 편이에요.
It’s pretty short. 꽤 짧아요.
It’s quite long. 꽤 길어요.
Key Conversation 2 - Shape
Question
What shape is it? 어떤 모양이에요?
What is its shape? 모양은 어떼요?
What does it look like? 어떻게 생겼어요?
Answer
It’s
round
flat
It’s
rectangular
straight
a circle.
a rectangle
square
triangular
a square
a triangle
oval
an oval
Exercise
A: How big is it?
B: It’s kind of small.
A: What is its shape?
B: It’s rectangular.
1. quite big
/ flat
2. pretty small
/ triangular
3. really big
/ straight
4. kind of small / triangle
5. pretty big
/ square
Key Conversation 3 - Material
Question
What is it made of? 무엇으로 만들어 졌나요?
What is it made out of?
What kind of material is it made of? 무엇으로 만들어 졌나요?
Answer
It’s made of wood. 나무로 되어 있어요.
It’s composed of plastic. 플라스틱으로 구성되어 있지요.
It comes from metal. 금속으로 되어 있어요.
Wood
glass
plastic
paper
Metal
leather
flour
earth
Key Conversation 4 – Usage
Question
What is it used for? 어디에 사용되나요?
What’s its use? 사용은 어디에 되나요?
Where do you use it?
What do people do with it? 사람들이 그걸로 무엇을 하나요?
Answer
It’s used for hanging clothes.
It’s used to hang clothes.
It’s used for Ving
---하는데 사용된다.
=
It’s used for cutting things.
자르는데 사용된다.
It’s used to V원형
It’s used to cut things.
It’s used for collecting data.
자료를 수집하는데 사용된다.
It’s used to collect data.
It’s used for making a copy.
복사하는데 사용된다.
It’s used to make a copy.
Key Conversation 5
Question
What other features does it have? 어떤 다른 특징들이 있나요?
Can you tell me anything else about it? 다른 특징에 대해 말해 줄 수 있나요?
What other qualities does it possess? 어떤 다른 특징을 지니고 있나요?
Answer
It tastes good. 맛이 있어요.
It’s addicting. 중독성이에요.
It’s liquid. 액체에요.
It’s transparent. 투명해요.
It has a zipper. 지퍼가 있어요.
Exercise
1. 그것은 뭔가를 따뜻하게 하는데 사용돼요, (make it warm)
It’s used to make it warm.
2. 어떤 다른 특징들을 가지고 있나요? (features)
What other feature does it have?
3. 그건 나무로 되어 있는데요. (made of)
It’s made of wood.
4. 그건 뭐 하는데 사용되나요? (used for)
What is it used for?
5. 다른 특징들에 대해서도 말해 줄 수 있나요? (anything else)
Can you tell me anything else about it?
Exercise
I’m thinking about something. Can you guess what it is?
A: 설명해 볼 수 있겠어요? (describe)
Can you describe it?
B: 물론이지요. 뭘 알고 싶으세요?
Sure, What would you like to know?
A: 얼마나 크지요?
How big is it?
B: 꽤 커요.
It’s quite big.
A: 모양은 어때요?
What does it look like?
B: 대개 사각형이지만 둥그렇기도 하지요.
It’s usually rectangular, but sometimes it is round.
A: 뭘로 만들어졌나요?
What is it made of?
B: 대개 나무로 만들어져 있지요. (made of)
It is usually made of wood.
A: 뭐하는 데 사용되나요? (used for)
What is it used for?
B: 주로 음식을 차리는 것에 사용되지요.
It’s usually used to serve a meal.
A: 다른 특징 뭐 말해 줄 것 있으세요? (feature)
What other features does it have?
B: 의자가 항상 함께 따라 다녀요. (come with)
It always comes with chairs.
A: 아 알겠어요. 식탁이지요?
Oh, I see. Isn’t it a table?
B: 네 맞아요.
You got it.
Dialogue
사물을 묘사할 때
A: I’m thinking about something. Can you guess what it is?
B: Okay. Can you describe it?
A: Sure. What do you want to know?
B: It’s kind of small.
A: What is its shape?
B: It’s a rectangle shape and it has a monitor.
A: What is it made of?
B: I’m not sure but maybe it is made of plastic.
A: What is it used for?
B: It’s used for processing data and playing games as well.
A: Ah… It s a note book computer!
B: Right, good job.
Vocabulary
Guess 추측하다
Describe 묘사하다
Shape 모양
Rectangle 직사각형
Be made of ---로 만들어졌다.
Process 처리하다
Today’s Expression
She has a lot of class.
Lesson 14 What are you wearing?
입고 있는 옷을 묘사할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Sarah, are you ready for the party? 파티에 갈 준비가 되었나요?
Are your ready to go to the party?
Are you all set for the conference? 회의 준비가 다 되었나요?
Answer
I’m almost done. 거의 끝났어요.
It’s almost finished. 거의 끝났어요.
It’s almost completed. 거의 끝났어요.
I’m in perfect condition. 완벽한 컨디션이에요. 다 준비가 되었어요.
No, but I’ll be finishing up in an hour. 아니요, 하지만 한시간안에 끝날 거에요.
I’m done. 저는 끝났어요.
Are you ready for 명사
= Are you ready to 동사
Are you ready to go camping? 캠핑갈 준비가 다 되었나요?
Are you ready to board the plane? 비행기 탈 준비가 다 되었나요?
Are your ready for the upcoming presentation?
다가오는 발표 준비 다 되었나요?
Exercise
A: Sarah, are you ready for the party?
B: Yes, I’m almost done.
1. the presentation
/ Sure, I’m almost done.
2. the final exam
/ No, not yet. I have to sit up all night.
3. the wedding
/ Sort of.
4. the interview
/ Yes, I’m really nervous about it.
5. the meeting
/ No, not yet, but I’ll be done in 20 minutes.
Key Conversation 2
Question
What are you wearing?
Answer
I’m wearing a white shirt.
I’m wearing a purple sundress.
Kinds of Clothes
jacket 웃옷
rain coat 비옷
overcoat 오버, 겉옷
dress shirt 와이셔츠
dress 원피스
shorts 반바지
blazer 스포츠 재킷
overalls 멜빵바지
pants 바지
suit 정장, 투피스
Exercise
1. 잭은 회색 양복에 분홍색 타이를 맸어. (wear, suit)
Jack is wearing a gray suit and a pink tie.
2. 매니져는 빨간 드레스와 검정 가디건 스웨터를 입고 있어. (cardigan)
The woman is wearing a red dress and a black cardigan.
3. 나는 점박이 무늬가 있는 셔츠를 입을 거야. (polka dot shirt)
I’ll wear a polka dot shirt.
4. 나는 오늘 밤에 데님 바지와 와이셔츠를 입을 거야. (denim pants, dress shirt)
I’ll wear denim pants and a dress shirt.
5. 나는 내일 반바지를 입을 거야. (shorts)
I’ll wear shorts.
Exercise
Plural nouns
A: Excuse me. I’m looking for a jacket.
B: Jackets are next to the fitting room.
A: Thanks.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
shirt
dress
tie
hat
skirt
Exercise
A: Excuse me. I found this shirt in the washing machine. Is this yours?
B: Yes, it’s mine. Thank you.
1. shorts
2. raincoat
3. hat
4. jogging suit
5. pants
Exercise
A: Susan, do you want me to pick you up?
B: That’s very kind of you.
A: When do you think you’ll be ready?
B: Let’s meet at the lobby at 5:00.
1. in front of the library
/ at 5:45
2. on the third floor
/ ten minutes later
3. in the cafeteria
4. next to the bookstore / at 7:00
/ at noon
Dialogue 입고 있는 옷을 묘사할 때
A: Sarah, are you ready for the party?
B: I’m almost done. What are you wearing, John?
A: I’m wearing a white shirt, striped pants, and a red sweater.
How about you?
B: I’m wearing my favorite outfit. Jeans and a vest.
A: Wow, it must be a great party. When are you leaving then?
B: In 10 minutes
A: Do you want me to pick you up?
B: Yes, please.
Vocabulary
Be ready 준비가 되다
Almost done 거의 끝나다
Striped 줄무늬의
Outfit 복장
Vest 조끼
Pick up 마중 나오다
Today’s Expression
I’ll buy that.
Lesson 15 What does she look like?
사람을 묘사할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Do you know anything about her? 그 여자에 대해 아는 것 있으세요?
How is she? 그 여자 어때요?
What is she like? 그 여자 어때요?
What kind of person she is? 그 여자 어떤 사람이에요?
What kind of personality does she have? 그녀는 성격이 어떤가요?
Answer
I heard that she is quite ambitious and hardworking.
Personality Words
optimistic 낙천적인
pessimistic 비관적인
active 활발한
passive 수동적인
shy, bashful 수줍음을 타는
lonely 외로운
kind, friendly 친절한
frustrated 좌절한
lazy 게으른
timid 겁많은
picky, fussy 까다로운
curious 호기심이 강한
easy going 태평스러운
organized 잘 조직된
sarcastic 잘 비꼬는
disappointed 실망하는
rebellious 반항적인
approachable 사귀기 쉬운
stubborn 고집 센
arrogant 거만한
naïve 순진한
tense, nervous 신경이 날카로운
sensitive 민감한
gloomy 우울한
innocent, pure 친절한
boring 재미 없는
bold 대담한
brave, courageous 용감한
impulsive 충동적인
diligent 부지런한
intelligent 똑똑한
moody 기분이 자주 바뀌는
distressed 괴로운
crazy, out of one’s mind 정신 없는
considerate 이해심이 많은
Exercise
1. 우리 상사는 꽤 배우 고집이 세고 비꼰다. (supervisor)
My supervisor is quite stubborn and sarcastic.
2. 내 남편은 이해심이 많고 사귀기가 쉽다.
My husband is considerate and approachable.
3. 내 룸메이트는 수줍을 잘 타지만 매우 낙천적이다.
My roommate is shy but he is very optimistic.
4. 우리 사장님은 매사에 민감하시며, 신경이 날카로우시다.
The president is sensitive to everything and tense.
5. 나는 겁이 많지만 호기심도 많다. (as well as)
I’m curious as well as timid.
Key Conversation 2
Question
What does she look like? 그 여자가 어떻게 생겼나요?
How does she look?
Can you describe her? 그 여자에 대해 설명해 주실 수 있으세요?
Answer
She is the tall one with long black hair. 키가 크면서 머리는 길고 검은색이에요.
She is slim with curvy blonde hair. 곱슬거리는 금발 머리의 마른 여자에요.
Key Conversation 3 – Age
Question
How old is she? 얼마나 나이가 들었나요?
What’s her age? 몇 인가요?
How old might she be? 몇 살쯤 되었을까요?
Answer
She is 41 years old. 41살이에요.
She is in her early 20s. 20대 초반이에요.
She is in her late 30s. 30대 후반이에요.
She is in her mid 40s. 40대 중반이에요.
She is kind of young. 젊은 편이에요.
She is pretty old. 꽤 나이가 들었어요.
Key Conversation 4 – Hair, Eyes
Question
Can you describe her hair?
Can you describe her eyes?
What color is her hair?
What color is her eyes?
Answer
She has wavy blonde hair.
Her hair is blonde. = It’s blonde.
Her eyes are brown. = They are brown.
Hair
back
dirty blonde
gray
dyed
straight
brown/brunette
auburn
silver
permed
wavy
blonde
curly
receding
Eyes
black
green
droopy
round
brown
blue
narrow
hazel
beady
Exercise
1. 제리는 적갈색의 굽슬거리는 머리이다.
Jerry has wavy auburn hair.
2. 앤은 금발의 파마 머리이다.
Ann has permed blonde hair.
3. 앤디의 눈은 갈색이다.
Andy’s eyes are brown.
4. 메리는 처진 녹색 눈을 하고 있다.
Mary has droopy green eyes.
5. 제임스 머리는 검정 직모이다.
James has straight black hair.
Key Conversation 5 – Height
Question
How tall is she/he? 얼마나 크지요?
Answer
She is kind of tall. 큰 편이에요.
He is pretty tall. 꽤 커요.
Her height is about 164. 키가 164에요.
Key Conversation 6 – Weight
Question
What is her/his figure like? 몸은 어때요?
How’s her/his figure keeping?
Answer
She is kind of slim. 날씬한 편이에요.
He is pretty in good shape. 꽤 몸매가 좋아요.
She is pretty muscular. 꽤 근육질의 몸매에요.
Her weight is about 82 pounds. 몸무게가 82파운드에요.
Body
Slim, thin, slender, underweight 날씬한
Obese, chubby, overweight 뚱뚱한
On the thin side 마른 편
On the short side
작은 편
Voluptuous 늘씬한
Well built, muscular 근육이 잘 발달된
skinny 마른
big-boned 뼈가 큰
on the heavy side 뚱뚱한 편
on the tall side 큰 편
plain 보통
Face
Wrinkled 주름살이 진
Pimply 여드름이 많은
Tanned 그을린
pale 창백한
dimpled 보조개가 있는
Exercise
1. 샐리는 키가 크고 마른 편이다. (on the thin side)
Sally is kind of tall and on the thin side.
2. 새로 온 매니져는 키가 작으면서 약간 뚱뚱한 편이다. (chubby)
The new manger is kind of short and a little bit chubby.
3. 그 접수계원은 얼굴색이 창백하고 말랐다. (receptionist, pale, skinny)
The receptionist is pale and skinny.
4. 앤디는 몸매가 좋지만 키는 작다.
Andy is really in a good shape but he is short.
5. 내 친구들은 다 날씬하고 키가 크다. (slender)
All of my friends are slender and tall.
Exercise
A: Who’s the woman?
B: The one with a bunch of folders in front of the elevator?
She is the new secretary in our department.
A: She seems to be quite friendly and attractive.
1. in a black dress
/ boss
/ ambitious and intelligent
2. with glasses
/ staff
/serious and hardworking
3. with short black hair
/ trainee
/ kind but a little shy
4. carrying a briefcase
/ accountant
/ strict and picky
Exercise
A: Excuse me, do you know where I can find Mr. Park?
B: Which one? What does he look like?
A: He is in his forties and he is a good looking man with glasses.
B: I guess he’s the one who works in Marketing. It’s on the fifth floor.
1. Steve
/ about 25
/ a tall and handsome
/ Accounting
2. Mike
/ in his thirties
/ a smart and thoughtful / Public Relations
3. Brian
/ in his late forties/ an easygoing and cheerful
/ Sales
4. Andrew
Personnel
/ about 50
/
/ an honest and generous
Dialogue 사람을 묘사할 때
A: Have you heard about the new manager in Marketing?
B: No, I haven’t. Do you know anything about her?
Where does she come from?
A: I heard that she once worked for NewCom and she is quite ambitious.
B: Who? What does she look like?
A: She is the tall one with long black hair. She is talking to Paul right now.
B: You mean the slim woman wearing a black suit?
A: Yes, you’re right.
Vocabulary
Work for ---에서 일하다
Ambitious 야심이 있는
Hardworking 근면한
Slim 마른
Today’s Expression
What’s the big deal?
Lesson 16 Would you like to come?
누군가를 초대하고 그 초대에 응대할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Do you have any plans for next Friday? 다음 금요일에 약속있니?
Are you doing anything on Friday night? 금요일 밤에 계획 있어요?
Do you have any arrangements this weekend? 이번 주말에 약속있나요?
Answer
I’m not sure. 잘 모르겠는데요.
Let me check my schedule. 스케줄 좀 확인해 볼께요.
Nothing special 특별한 건 없어요.
Not yet 아직은 없어요.
I have to go to a training session. 훈련 세션에 가야 해요.
Key Conversation 2
Question
Would you like to join us? 합류할래? 함께 할래?
How would you like to join us?
Do you want to join us?
Answer
That sounds good.
I’d love to, but I can’t.
Would you like to
---할래?
동사 원형
Would you like to go out on Saturday night? 토요일밤에 어디 갈래?
Would you like to see a movie on Friday night? 금요일밤에 영화 보러 갈래?
Would you like to have something to drink? 뭐 마실거 줄까?
Responding to an Invitation
Accepting the Invitation
Sure
That sounds good
Why not?
Great.
That sounds like fun.
Refusing the Invitation
I’m afraid I can’t.
I’d love to but I can’t.
I’m going away with my friends
this weekend.
I have a previous arrangement.
I have another plan.
I’ll be out of town next week.
I promised Jane to help her clean
her house.
Exercise
A: Would you like to have dinner with me tonight?
B: Sorry, but I have to meet with my client.
A: Then, are you free this weekend?
1. come over my place
/ I’d love to, but I have a previous engagement.
2. play soccer with me
/ Sorry, but I have to finish up a final report
3. go shopping
/ Well, I have another plan
4. go to a concert
/ I’d like to, but I promised to visit my parents
5. take a city tour
/ Sorry, but I have to go see a doctor
Key Conversation 3
Question
Why don’t I stop by your place after meeting the client?
Answer
Great..
Why don’t I
내가 ---하지 뭐.
동사 원형
Why don’t I give you a ride? 내가 태워다 주지 뭐.
Why don’t I start now? 지금 시작하지 뭐.
Why don’t I tell you the story? 이야기 들려 주지 뭐.
Exercise
1. 다음 금요일에 미술 전시회에 함께 갈래요? (how, art exhibition)
How would you like to go to an art exhibition next Friday?
2. 내가 표를 예매하지 뭐. (reserve)
Why don’t I reserve a ticket?
3. 이번 주말에 특별한 계획 있으세요? (plan)
Do you have any plans this weekend?
4. 저도 그러고 싶지만, 다른 계획이 있는데요. (another plan)
I’d love to, but I have another plan.
5. 이번 주말에 지방 내려가는데요. (out of town)
I’ll be out of town this weekend.
Exercise
A: Do you have any plans this weekend?
B: Not really. What’s up?
A: Well, I’m going to Boston with my classmates. Do you want to join us?
B: Well, I’d like to but I have to finish up my report.
A: That’s too bad. Next time then.
1. go to the movies
/ That sounds good
/ Would you like to join us
/ Great. Let’s meet at my place
2. have a party on Saturday / Would you like to come
/ I afraid I can’t. I have a previous appointment.
/ That’s too bad.
3. go shopping / How would you like to join us
/ Sure. That sounds like fun. Where are you going?
/ We’re going to Nordstrorm.
4. go to the bookstore
/ Do you want to join us
/ That’s a great idea. I’d like to buy some books.
/ Good. See you then in front of Barns & Nobles at 2:00.
Dialogue
누군가를 초대하고 그 초대에 응대할 때
A: Sam, do you have any plans for next Friday?
B: I’m not sure. Let me check my schedule. Why?
A: There’ll be a birthday party for Jerry at my place.
Would you like to join us?
B: I’d love to, but I can’t. I have an important meeting with a client.
A: That’s too bad. It’s going to be really exciting.
B: Well, why don’t I stop by your place after meeting the client?
A: Great. See you then.
Vocabulary
Place 집
Would you like to = do you want to
Today’s Expression
Let’s go dutch.
Lesson 17. What’s wrong with the printer?
문제가 생겼을 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
How’s your report coming along? 보고서 어떻게 되어가고 있나요?
How’s your report going? 보고서 어떻게 되어 가요?
Are you done with your report? 보고서 다 끝났어요?
Have you finished your report? 보고서 다 썼어요?
Answer
It’s done this morning. It’s finished this morning.
It’s almost done.
It’s half done.
It’s still in the initial stage.
I’m still working on it.
다 끝났을 때
거의 끝났을 때
중간 정도 끝났을 때
진척이 되지 않았을 때
아직 하고 있을 때
Are you done with 명사?
---가 다 끝났나요?
Are you done with your presentation materials? 발표 준비 자료 다 만드셨어요?
Are you done with your final report? 기말 보고서 따 끝냈니?
Are you done with the project? 프로젝트 다 끝냈니?
Exercise
A: Chris, how’s your term paper coming along?
B: It was finished this morning.
A: Wow, that early? When is the term paper due?
B: Next Monday.
1. your final paper
paper
/ I haven’t started yet.
/ Really?
/ the final
2. your annual report
/ It’s almost finished
/ I’m glad to hear that / the
annual report
3. your essay
/ It’s almost done
/ Really? / the essay
4. your research paper
/ I’m still working on it
/ Still? / the research
paper
Key Conversation 2
Questions
What’s wrong with the printer? 이 컴퓨터 무슨 문제라도 있나요?
What is the matter with this printer?
What’s the problem with the printer?
Why is the printer not working? 프린터가 왜 작동안하지?
Answer
It keeps jamming. 종이가 계속 껴요.
It is out of order. 고장났어요.
It’s broken. 고장 났어요.
It’s not working properly. 잘 작동이 안되요.
It’s not operating well. 잘 작동이 안되네요.
I can’t turn it on. 켜지지가 않네요.
Exercise
1. 기말 보고서 어떻게 되어 가세요? (come long, final term paper)
How’s your final report coming along?
2. 이 컴퓨터 뭐가 왜이래요? (matter)
What’s the matter with this computer?
3. 잘 작동이 안돼요. (work properly)
It’s not working properly.
4. 보고서는 언제가 마감인가요? (due)
When is the report due?
5. 다시 고장났어요. (broken)
It’s broken again.
Exercise
A: This computer is driving me crazy.
B: What’s wrong with the computer?
A: It keeps freezing.
B: Well, let me give it a look.
1. This fax machine
/ the fax machine
/ It’s not working at all
2. This printer
/ the printer
/ It keeps jamming.
3. This dishwasher
/ the dishwasher
/ It is broken again
4. My car
/ your car
/ The engine is causing a
problem again.
Exercise
Match the following complaints and the responses.
Complaints
1. John! I want my history note book back. You’ve had it too long.
2. You’re late again to the meeting. This is already the fourth time. I think we
need to talk about this.
3. You promised to come home early today. How come you are late again?
4. This is a second reminder that your electricity bill is over due. Unless you
pay it by next Tuesday, the electricity will be disconnected/
5. Please turn down the volume. I’m trying to prepare for the exam.
Responses
1. I’m so sorry. I didn’t know that you have a test. I’ll turn it down right away.
2. My bus was late again and the traffic was too heavy. I’ll take the earlier
bus from now on.
3. I totally forgot about that. I’ll bring it tomorrow when I come to school.
4. That’s strange cause I haven’t received any of the bill. I’ll pay the bill
tomorrow morning.
5. Something unexpected happened at noon. I couldn’t do anything about
that. It was beyond my control. Sorry.
Key Conversation 3
Remark
I’m not good with machines. 나는 기계에 소질이 없어.
Response
Me neither 나도 마찬가지야.
Nor am I. 나도 그래.
Neither am I. 나도 그래.
I’m not either. 나도 역시.
Case1
A: I don’t like cookies.
B: Neither do I.
Case 2
A: I am not that kind of person.
B: Neither am I.
Case 3
A: I cannot do such a thing.
B: Neither can I.
Other responses
Really 정말이에요?
Is that so?
Is that right?
I see 알겠어요.
You said it. 맞아요.
Absolutely 저도 동감이에요.
I know 그러게 말이에요.
That’s true. 맞아요.
So do I. 저도 그래요.
Me too. 저도요.
Neither do I. 저도 그래요.
Me neither. 저도요.
Exercise
1. A: I don’t like chocolate cakes.
B: ___________________________________
저도요.
Neither do I.
2. A: I am not good with numbers.
B: ___________________________________
진짜요?
Really?
3. A: I cannot make a phone call in English.
Neither can I.
B: ___________________________________
저도 못해요.
4. A: He should not say such a thing in front of people.
Absolutely, You are right…
B: ___________________________________
맞아요.
5. A: My brother is going to London tomorrow.
B: ___________________________________
Really, So am I.
진짜요? 저도 가는데요.
Dialogue 문제가 생겼을 때
A: Hello Linda, how’s your report coming along?
B: It’s almost done.
A: I’m glad to hear that.
B: I need a little help though. This printer is driving me crazy.
A: What’s wrong with the printer?
B: It keeps jamming.
A: Have you tried to locate the problem?
B: Well, I’m not good with machines.
A: Me neither
Vocabulary
Come along 되어 가다
Drive ---게 만들다
Crazy 죽을 지경으로, 미치게
Keep 계속 ----하다
Jam 종이가 끼다
Locate 찾다
Today’s Expression
Is that it?
Lesson 18. You’d better take this medicine.
충고할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
What are you planning to take? 뭐를 들을 계획이니?
What are you taking? 뭐를 들을 거니?
What will you take? 뭐를 들을 거니?
Answer
I’ll take an intro to American literature. 미국 문학 개론을 들을 건데요.
I’ll sit in several classes. 몇 개 수업을 청강해 보려고요.
What are you planning to V원형
앞으로 무엇을 ----할 계획인가요?
What are you planning to do this summer vocation?
이번 여름 방학 때 뭐를 할 계획인가요?
What are you planning to buy for a birthday present?
생일 선물로 뭘 사실 건가요?
What will are you planning to wear for tonight’s party?
오늘 밤 파티에 뭘 입을 계획이신가요?
Future Tense
I will leave for London tomorrow.
I’m leaving for London tomorrow.
I’m going to leave for London tomorrow.
Key Conversation 2
Question
I have to take one science course but I’m not sure which one.
과학 수업을 하나 들어야 하는데, 뭘 들어야 할 지 모르겠어요.
I’m not sure which science course I should take.
무슨 과학 수업을 들어야 할 지 모르겠어요.
Answer
How about a chemistry class with Dr. Wayne?
웨인 박사님이 가르치는 화학 수업어때요?
What about a chemistry class?
화학 수업은 어때요?
Exercise
A: Jane, what are you doing here?
B: Well, I would like to buy a book but I’m not sure which one.
A: How about a fantasy novel?
1. buy a sweater / why don’t you buy
/ a pink sweater
2. watch a movie/ How about
/ The terminal
3. rent a car
/ a brand new car
/ How about
4. buy a present / What about
/ a CD player
5. wear a beautiful dress tonight / How about
/ the black dress
Key Conversation 3
Remark
You might want to check with other students.
You had better want to check with other students.
It would be better to check with other students.
You should check with other students.
Response
Absolutely
I’ll.
You are right. I’ll do that.
You might want to
아마 ---하고 싶으실 걸요
동사 원형
You might want to review it with me. 아마 나하고 검토하는게 좋을 걸요.
You might want to come a little bit early. 약간 일찍 오는 게 좋을 걸요.
You might want to talk to your supervisor. 상사한테 말하는 게 좋을 걸요.
You’d better
동사 원형
---하는 게 좋을 거에요.
You’d better have a written permission. 허가서를 받는 게 좋을 거에요.
You’d better hand in this report before the deadline.
이 보고서를 마감일 전에 제출하는 게 좋을 거에요.
You’d better eat a healthier diet. 보다 건강식을 먹는 게 좋을 거에요.
It would be better to 동사 원형
---하는 게 더 나을 거에요.
It would be better to call me before lunch. 점심시간 전에 전화하는게 더 나을 거
에요.
It would be better to leave her alone. 그 여자를 그냥 혼자 두는게 나을 거에요.
It would be better to take a subway. 전철 타는게 좋을 거에요.
You should 동사 원형
You should talk to a doctor about that. 그 것에 대해 의사한테 말해야 해요.
You should get up early. 일찍 일어나야만 해.
You should exercise regularly. 규칙적으로 운동해야 해.
Vocabulary
Review 검토하다
Supervisor 상사
Permission 허가, 허락
Diet 음식
Exercise
1. 꼭 자기전에 이 약을 먹어야 해요. (take this medicine)
You should take this medicine before you go to bed.
2. 이 책을 읽어 보는 게 좋을 것 같다. (had better)
You’d better read this book.
3. 아마 1년에 한번은 정기적으로 건강 검진을 받는 게 좋아요.
(may want to, regular health checkup)
You may want to get a regular health check-up.
4. 우리가 준비 모임을 갖는 게 좋겠어요. (had better, prep meeting)
We’d better have a prep-meeting.
5. 서비스 센터에 전화하는게 좋겠어요. (it would be better)
It would be better to call the service center.
Exercise
A: My computer is down. What should I do?
B: I guess you’d better call the maintenance.
1. A: I have a severe headache.
B: 이 약을 먹는게 좋겠어요. (take this pill)
You’d better take this pill.
2. A: The heater isn’t working properly.
B: 6시까지 꼭 고쳐야 해요. (fix)
You should fix it by 6:00.
3. A: Our sales are decreasing.
B: 회의를 소집해야 겠어요. (call a meeting)
We should call a meeting.
4. A: I can’t find my cellular phone
B: 먼저 수한테 물어 보는 게 좋겠어요.
You might want to ask Sue first.
5. A: I’m so depressed.
B: 좀 쉬는 게 좋겠어요. (take a rest)
You’d better take a rest.
Dialogue
충고할 때
A: I’m planning my schedule for next semester.
B: So, what are you planning to take?
A: I hope to take an Intro to American Literature.
B: Sounds good but you’d better plan the courses in your major first.
A: Well, I have to take one science course, but I’m not sure which one.
B: How about a chemistry class?
A: With Dr. Wayne?
B: Yes, but you might want to check with other students
who took that course before you sign up for the class.
Vocabulary
Semester 학기
Take 학점이수하다
Major 전공
Chemistry 화학
Sign up 등록하다
Today’s Expression
Are you out of your mind?
Lesson 19. Do you mind if I use your computer?
무엇인가를 요청할 때
Key conversation 1
Question
Could you pick him up at the airport?
공항에서 그를 데려 올 수 있으시겠어요?
I wonder if you can pick him up at the airport.
공항에 그를 데리러 나갈 수 있을는지 모르겠어요.
Answer
No problem. 아무 문제 없어요,
Sure. 그럼요.
OK. 좋아요
Could you 동사 원형
---해 줄 수 있으시겠어요?
Could you tell me the truth? 사실을 말해 줄 수 있겠어요?
Could you bring some more chairs? 의자를 좀 더 가져다 주실 수 있으세요?
Could you turn it down a little bit? 소리 좀 줄여 줄 수 있으세요?
I wonder if you can 동사 원형
---해 줄 수 있을는지 모르겠어요.
I wonder if you can pick up my copies.
내가 복사 맡긴 것 찾아다 줄 수 있을는지 모르겠어요.
I wonder if you can proofread this document for me.
나를 위해 이 문서를 교정 봐 줄 수 있는지 모르겠네요.
I wonder if he can help me. 그가 나를 도와 줄 수 있을는지 모르겠어.
Exercise
1. TV를 좀 꺼 주실 수 있나요? (turn off)
Could you turn off the TV?
2. 이 차트를 함께 훑어 봐 주실 수 있을는지 모르겠어요. (go over, chart)
I wonder if you can go over this chart with me.
3. 마감일을 맞춰 주실 수 있으세요? (make the deadline)
Could you make the deadline?
4. 다시 한번 제 보고서를 바 주실 수 있을는지 모르겠어요.
(take a look at my report)
I wonder if I can take a look at my report again.
5. 회의 시간이 바뀌었다는 전자 메일을 직원들에게 보내 주실 수 있겠어요?
(send, about the change of the meeting time)
Could you send an e-mail to the employees about the change
of the meeting time?
Exercise
A: Jack, are you busy tomorrow night?
B: Well, let me check my schedule.
A: Could you give me a ride to the airport then?
B: I’d be glad to. What time?
1. help me move out
/ Sure, what time?
2. come to my party
/ I’m sorry I can’t. I have to finish my report.
3. bring me your history notebook
4. pass this package to Gloria
/ No problem
/ I’m afraid I can’t.
Key Conversation 2
Question
Do you mind if I use your computer? 컴퓨터를 좀 사용해도 될까요?
Would it be OK if I use your computer?
Would it be OK for me to use your computer?
Answer
Of course not. 물론이지요.
Go ahead. 그렇게 하세요.
Not at all. 네 그러세요.
Do you mind if I 동사
---하는 게 혹시 싫으세요? ---해 주실 수 있으세요?
Do you mind if I smoke? 담배 피워도 될까요?
Do you mind if I borrow your digital camera?
디지털 카메라를 좀 빌려도 될까요?
Do you mind if I hand in this business proposal tomorrow?
사업 제안서를 내일 제출해도 될까요?
허락
거절
No, I don’t.
No, of course not.
Not at all.
No problem.
I’m sorry, but I do.
Well, I’d rather you don’t.
Yes, I’m afraid I do.
Would it be OK for me to V원형
내가 ---해도 좋을 까요?
Would it be OK for me to go with you? 내가 함께 가도 좋을까요?
Would it be OK for me to drive your car? 당신 차를 제가 운전해도 될까요?
Would it be OK for me to sit in your class? 수업에 청강해도 될까요?
Exercise
다음의 상황에 맞는 요청을 완성하시오.
1. You want a classmate to lend you his notebook. (Could you)
Could you lend me your notebook?
2. You want to use your mother’s car on Friday night. (Do you mind if)
Do you mind if I use your car on Friday night?
3. You want your brother to give you a ride to the hospital
(I wonder if you can)
I wonder if you can give me a ride to the hospital.
4. You want your husband to bring you some coffee. (Could you)
Could you bring me some coffee?
5. You want to use your roommate’s umbrella. (Would it be OK)\
Would it be OK for me to use your umbrella?
Exercise
Make a request using the following expressions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
give me a hand
help me out
get me a pen
water the plant
walk the dog
take care of my garden while I am away
Ask for permission using the following expressions
1.
leave work early. I feel exhausted.
2.
take a day off. I’m so tired
3.
borrow your camera. Mine is out of order.
4.
take a break. I can’t concentrate.
5.
use your car. Mine is in the garage.
6.
sleep over at Jane’s place. We have to review the class materials
together.
Dialogue
무엇인가를 요청할 때
A: Susan, could you do me a favor?
B: Sure, what do you want me to do?
A: Could you go to the airport and pick up my cousin?
B: No problem. Anything else?
A: Well, do you mind if I use your computer?
My computer is out of order now.
B: Of course not, go ahead. My notebook is on my desk.
Vocabulary
Favor 호의
Out of order 고장
Today’s Expression
He is attached.
Lesson 20. What do you think of the movie?
의견에 대해 말할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Have you ever seen the movie? 이 영화 본 적 있으세요?
Have you ever been to Paris? 파리에 가 본적 있으세요?
Have you ever spent this much money? 이렇게 많은 돈을 써 본 적 있으세요?
Answer
Yes, I have. 네 있어요.
Yes, several times. 네, 몇번 있어요.
Have you (ever) PP
---해 본적 있어?
Have you ever visited a branch office? 지사를 방문해 본적 있으세요?
Have you even eaten Thai food? 타이 음식을 먹어 본 적 있으세요?
Have you ever read John Grisham’s novels?
존 그리샴의 소설을 읽어 본 적 있으세요?
완료 시제
Have
Have
Have
Have
Have
PP ---해 본 적이 있다
taken
eaten
looked
read…
Key Conversation 2
Question
What do you think of the movie? 이 영화 어떻게 생각하세요?
What would you say about the movie? 영화에 대해 뭐라 말씀하시겠어요?
How did you like it? 영화 어땠어요?
How do you feel about the movie? 그 영화 어떠셨어요?
What did you like about it? 그 영화 어땠어요?
Answer
It was terrific.
It was one of the best.
It wasn’t bad at all.
It was pretty good.
It was exciting.
It didn’t live up to my expectation.
It was terrible
It was a total disappointment.
It was too violent.
Exercise
1. 남자친구를 집으로 데려온 적 있으세요? (take)
Have you ever taken your boyfriend to your place?
2. 그 영화는 제 기대에는 못 미치던데요. (live, expectation)
The movie didn’t live up to my expectation.
3. 그 콘서트 어떠셨어요? (concert, like)
How did you like the concert?
4. 정말 멋진 공연이었어요. (dazzling performance)
It was a really dazzling performance.
5. 그런 대단한 공연을 근래에 못본 것 같아요.
(outstanding performance, have seen)
I don’t think I have seen such an outstanding performance these days.
What do you think of 명사
---에 대해 어떻게 생각하나요?
What do you think of the new manager’s presentation this morning?
오늘 아침 새 매니져의 발표 어땧어요?
What do you think of his proposal? 그의 제안에 대해 어떻게 생각하세요?
What do you think of Tom Cruise’s new movie?
탐 크루즈의 영화에 대해 어떻게 행각하세요?
Exercise
A: Have you seen ‘Love Actually’ that stars Hugh Grant?
B: Yes, I saw it on video.
A: What did you think of it?
B: I thought it was terrific.
1. Moulin Rouge
/ Nicole Kidman / How did you like it
/ fabulous
2. The Uninvited
/ Jeon Jihyun
/ What did you think of it
/ a total disappointment
3. ‘Mission Impossible/
4. Friends
/ Tome Cruise
/ great
/ What did you like about it
/ Jenifer Aniston / How did you like it
/ pretty good
Key Conversation 3
Remark
I enjoyed the movie.
Response
So do I.
I enjoyed the movie.
 So did I.
I love this kind of music.  So do I.
He hates this kind of movie.
 So do I.
She can speak English
 So can I.
Dialogue
의견에 대해 말할 때
A: Have you seen ‘Love Actually’?
B: Yes, I saw it on video.
A: What do you think of the movie?
B: Well, it wasn’t bad at all. Actually it was a pleasant surprise.
How did you like it?
A: It was pretty good I guess. I thought it was just a dumb love story
but it was more than that.
B: I agree. Since my expectation wasn’t too high,
I even felt it was quite good.
Vocabulary
Pleasant 즐거운
Dumb 바보스러운
Expectation 기개
Today’s Expression
You are pissing me off.
Lesson 21 Where is my file?
사물의 위치를 나타낼 때
Key Expression 1
Did you happen to see my file? 혹시 제 파일 보셨어요?
Did you accidentally see my file?
Did you happen to 동사 원형
우연히 ---하셨어요?
Did you happen to hear the rumor? 그 소식 우연히 들으셨어요?
Do you happen to know his phone number? 혹시 그 사람 전화 번호 아세요?
Do you happen to know where the stockholder’s meeting is taking place?
어디서 주주 총회가 열리는 지 알고 계신가요?
Key Expression 2
I thought that I put it on the desk. 책상위에 놓아 둔 줄 알았는데…
I thought that 주어 동사
---한 줄 알았는데… (사실은 그렇지 않다)
I thought that you won the game. 그 게임에서 당신이 이긴 줄 알았는데요.
I thought that you went on a trip to Hawaii.
나는 네가 하와이로 여행간 줄 알았는데…
I thought that Jenny likes you. 제니가 너 좋아하는 줄 알았는데.
Key Expression 3
Where is your car? 차는 어디 있나요?
Where are their cars? 차들은 어디에 있나요?
Where would that be? 어디 있을까요?
Could you tell me where is your car? 차가 어디에 있나요?
Where is 단수 명사
Where are 복수 명사
Exercise
주어진 단어를 이용하여 다음과 같이 where의문문을 만드시오.
Where is an umbrella? Where are the books?
1. dishwasher
Where is a dish washer?
________________________________
2. comb
Where is a comb?
________________________________
3. pants
Where are pants?
________________________________
4. ball
5. boxes
Where
is a ball?
________________________________
Where are boxes?
_________________________________
Exercise
1. 혹시 그 사람 전자 메일 주소 아세요?
Do you happen to know his e-mail address?
2. 오늘 월급을 인상해 주시는 줄 알았는데요. (get a raise)
I thought that we’ll get a raise today.
3. 혹시 그 사람 직업이 뭔지 아세요? (do for a living)
Do you happen to know what he does for a living?
4. 나는 우리가 신상품을 곧 내게 되리라 생각했다. (release)
I thought that we will release a new product soon.
5. 20대 초반에 그가 그린 그림을 본 적이 있으세요? (in his early 20s)
Do you happen to see his paints in his early 20s?
Key Expression 3
The file is in my car.
The book is on the table.
Your notebook is between the chair and the TV.
The trashcan is behind the table.
The plant is in front of the sofa.
The TV is next to the potted plant.
The dog is under/below the table.
The bags are on the top of the bookshelf.
The picture is above the sofa.
The book is beside the sofa.
그림이 필요
차속에 파일이 들어 있는 그림
책이 테이블 위에 놓여 있는 그림.
공책이 의자와 TV사이에 있는 그림.
쓰레기통이 테이블 뒤에 있는 그림.
화분이 소파 앞에 놓여 있는 그림
TV가 화분 옆에 있는 그림
개가 테이블 밑에 있는 그림.
가방들이 책장 꼭대기에 놓여 있는 그림
그림이 소파위에 걸려 있는 그림
책이 소파옆에 있는 그림
Exercise
아래의 그림을 보고, 다음과 같이 대화를 완성하세요.
A: Where is the book?
B: It’s on the table.
1. 램프가 책장위에 놓여 있는 그림
Where is the lamp?
A: __________________________
B: __________________________
It’s on the bookshelf.
2. TV가 소파옆에 있는 글림
Where is the TV?
A: __________________________
It’s next to the sofa.
B: __________________________
3. 안락의자 (rocking chair)밑에 신문이 놓여 있는 그림
Where is the newspaper?
A: ___________________________
B: ___________________________
It’s under the rocking chair.
4. 공이 책장 앞에 놓여 있는 그림
Where is the ball?
A: ____________________________
It’s in front of the table.
B: ____________________________
5. 양말이 TV와 소파 사이에 끼여 있는 모습.
Where are socks?
A: ____________________________
B: ____________________________
They are between the TV and the sofa.
6. 우산이 쓰레기통 뒤에 있는 모습
Where is the umbrella?
A: ____________________________
It’s behind the trashcan.
B: ____________________________
7. 그림이 TV위에 걸려 있는 모습
Where is the picture?
A: ____________________________
B: ____________________________
It’s above the TV.
Exercise
Describe the following room.
책장 위에 꽃병
책장
소파위에 라디오와 컵
소파옆에
작은 테이블
소파 소파 옆에 쓰레기통
램프
램프 옆에 화분
화분앞에 안락의자
소파 앞에 테이블
테이블 위에 신문,
TV밑에 리모콘
TV
CD player위에 책 두권
TV옆에 CD player과 스피커
안락의자 밑에 슬리퍼
안락의자 옆 다른 의자 하나
스피커 옆에 우산
1.
Where is the table?
It’s between the bookshelf and the sofa.
2.
Where is a cup?
It’s on the table.
3.
Where is the rocking chair?
It’s in front of the plant.
4.
Where is the umbrella?
It’s next to the speaker.
5.
Where are books?
They are on the CD player.
6.
Where is the newspaper?
It’s on the sofa table.
7.
Where is the trashcan?
It’s between the lamp and the sofa.
8.
Where is the remote control?
It’s under the TV.
9.
Where is the potted plant?
It’s in front of the rocking chair.
10. Where is the vase?
It’s on the
bookshelf.
Pretend that you’ve lost the following items. Listen carefully what I tell you
and place them in the correct location in the picture above..
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
a purse
a ball
a folder
a notebook
a scarf
a comb
a magazine
책장 위에 꽃병
책장
소파위에 라디오와 컵
소파옆에
작은 테이블
소파 밑에 지갑
공
램프
램프 옆에 화분
소파 앞에 테이블
테이블 위에 신문, 테이블 옆에 안락 의자
소파테이블옆 잡지
안락의자 밑에 슬리퍼
바구니
바구니안에 공책
바구니뒤에 스카프
TV위에 리모콘
TV
전축 책 두권
TV옆에 전축과 스피커
소파 소파 옆에 쓰레기통
안락의자 옆에 다른 의자 하나
안락의자 위에 파일 폴더
다른 의자 하나 위에 빗
스피커 옆에 우산
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
A purse is under the sofa.
A ball is between the trashcan and the lamp.
A folder is on the rocking chair.
A notebook is in the basket.
A scarf is behind the basket.
A comb is on the chair.
A magazine is beside the table.
Key Expression 4-- Places around Town
Question
Where are you going?
Answer
I’m going to the bookstore.
Exercise
Appliance store
Book store
Child dare center
Computer store
Laundromat
Parking lot
Movie theater
Convenience store
Drug store
Dry cleaners
Music store
Trash container
Barber shop
Bus station
Clothing store
Clinic
Garage
Pet shop
Jewelry store
Department store
Gas station
Museum
Auto dealer
Bus stop
Dialogue
사물의 위치를 나타낼 때
A: Hey Ron, did you happen to see my file?
B: I don’t think so. Why?
A: I thought that I put it on the desk, but I can’t find it.
B: Did you look inside your car?
A: Yes, I did, but it wasn’t in my car. Where would that be?
B: Sarah, just calm down and look around. The file must be in this room,
because you haven’t gone out of the office since you got here,
A: Well, well, well… I got it. It’s under the table.
Vocabulary
Happen to 우연히 ---하다
Put ---에 놓다
Inside ---안에
Calm down 진정해
Look around 둘러 봐
Today’s Expression
Don’t take it personally.
Lesson 22. Could you tell me how to get there?
길을 물어 볼 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
I’m looking for a post office. Are there any around here?
Where is the post office?
Answer
Yes, there’s one on Main Street.
It’s in front of the library.
It’s right over there.
It’s across from the street.
I’m looking for 명사
---를 찾고 있는데요. 어디있는 지 가르쳐 주세요.
I’m looking for a trash container.
저는 쓰레기차를 찾고 있는데요.
I’m looking for a bus stop. 저는 버스 정류장을 찾고 있는데요.
I’m looking for a place to drink coffee. 커피를 마실 수 있는 곳을 찾고 있는데요.
I’m looking for a place to buy a nice picture.
괜챦은 그림을 살 수 있는 곳을 찾고 있는데요.
Exercise
1. 그건 도서관 앞에 있어요.
It’s in front of the library.
2. 저는 가벼운 자켓을 살 수 있는 곳을 찾고 있는데요. (light weight jacket)
I’m looking for a light weight jacket.
3. Maple 가에 하나 있어요.
There’s one on Maple street.
4. 저는 약국을 찾는데요, 여기 어디 하나 있나요?
I’m looking for a drugstore. Are there any around here?
5. 아이들 서점은 길 건너편에 있어요. (children’s book store)
Children’s bookstore is across from the street.
Key Conversation 2 – Giving Directions
Question
Could you tell me how to get there?
Excuse me, do you know where is Macy’s book store?
Excuse me, where can I find Macy’s book store?
Answer
Walk along this street and turn right on Pine street.
There’s a post office on your left.
It’s between the bakery and the bookstore.
Giving Directions
1. First, you have to _____________________
To begin, you need to __________________
Direction Expressions
2. Next, you must ________________________
After that, you have to ___________________
Direction Expressions
3. Then you will see it _____________________
It’s _________________________________
You will find it _________________________
Location Expressions
Direction Expressions
Go straight for five bocks
Go straight for _________ blocks
Go up Maple street for 3 blocks.
Go up ________ street
Go down this road until you reach a big white house.
Go down ____ street until you reach ___
Go up this street until you hit the clock tower.
Keep walking until you past Macdonald.
Keep going until you past 건물 이름
Turn right at Maple street.
Turn right at ________ street.
Make a left at Maple street.
Make a left at ________ street.
Go around the corner of Maple and Macy street
Go around the corner of ___and __ street.
Exercise
1. 우선 파워 버튼을 누르세요. (first, push)
First push the power button.
2. 첫번째 모퉁이에서 왼쪽으로 돌으세요. (corner, make)
Make a left turn at the first corner.
3. 세번째 교차로에서 오른쪽으로 돌으세요. (intersection)
Turn right at the third intersection.
4. 삼거리에서 왼쪽으로 돌으세요. (fork)
Make a left turn at the fork.
5. 이 길을 따라 쭉 가다가 공원을 지나 가세요. (along the street, go through)
Go along the street and go through the park.
6 지하도를 통해 길을 건넌후에 호텔을 지나 가세요. (underpass, go past)
Go across the street using the underpass and go past the hotel.
Location Expressions
You will find/see it ____________
It will be ____________
on your left.
on your right.
in the middle of this block.
at the end of this block
next to the book store
across from the drug store.
between the laundromat and the appliance store
just past Macdonald, just past Maple street
kitty corner to Macdonald
right in front of you
behind the tall gray building
Confirming
Okay, Let me check. You said ------ (repeat what you heard)
Wait. You said --------- (repeat what you heard)
When you didn’t understand
Excuse me, could you say that again?
I’m sorry. I didn’t follow you. Could you repeat that?
Ending
Thanks a lot. I got it.
Okay. Thank you. I think I can find it.
Exercise
1. 가전 제품 매장이 어디 있는지 혹시 아세요? (appliance store)
Could you tell me where is the appliance store?
2. 2블록 이리로 쭉 내려가다가 오른 쪽으로 돌으세요.
Go down this street for two blocks and turn right.
3. Mason Ave.를 5블록 올라가다가 하얀 성당을 만나면 왼쪽으로 돌으세요.
(cathedral, make a left)
Go down Mason Ave. for 5 blocks and make a left when you see the
white cathedral.
4. Cineplex를 지날 때까지 계속 가다가 오른쪽으로 돌으세요. (keep ing)
Keep going until you past Cineplex and turn right there.
5. 우선 큰 빨간 병원을 찾으세요. (locate)
To begin with, you have to locate the big red hospital.
6. 죄송하지만 잘 못 알아 들었는데, 다시 말해 주시겠어요?
I’m sorry, but I couldn’t get it. Could you repeat that please?
7. 그리고 나서 3블록정도 계속 올라가세요.
After that, go up straight for about 3 blocks.
8. 그러면 Uncle Joe’s 식당 옆에 있을 거에요.
Then, it will be next to Uncle Joe’s restaurant.
9. 백화점은 Charlie 신발 가게와 Kim꽃가게 사이에 있어요. Central park 건너편이
에요.
It’s between Charlie’s shoe store and Kim’s flower shop. It’s across from
Central park.
10. 도심 근처 pine street에 한 곳 있어요. Macy백화점 바로 건너편이에요.
(there’s one)
There’s one on Pine street near downtown. It’s right across
form Macy’s department store.
Exercise
A: Excuse me, where is the library?
B: It’s not far from here. Go straight down and it’s in the middle of the
second block.
It’s next to the student center.
A: Did you say the second block?
B: Yes, that’s right. You can’t miss it.
1. gym
/ in front of the post office
2. music hall
/ across from the main library
3. cafeteria
/ between the bookstore and the education building
4. stadium
/ next to the park
Dialogue
길을 물어 볼 때
A: Excuse me, I’m looking for a post office. Are there any around there?
B: Yes, there’s one on Main Street.
A: Could you tell me how to get there?
B: Walk along this street and turn right on Pine street. There’s a post office
on your left. It’s between the bakery and the bookstore.
A: Thanks a lot.
B: You’re welcome.
Vocabulary
Look for 찾다
Around 주위에
Get 도착하다, 도달하다
Turn right 오른쪽으로 돌으세요.
Bakery 제과점
Bookstore. 서점
Today’s Expression
I guess I have to take off now.
23. What did you do in the library?
과거에 있었던 일에 대해 이야기 할 때
Past Form – Be verb
I was in the library.
I wasn’t in the library.
He/She/It was in the library.
You were in the library.
We/You/They were in the library.
He/She/It wasn’t in the library.
You weren’t in the library.
We/You/They weren’t in the library.
Past Form – Do Verb
Did you go to the library?
Yes, I did.
Yes, he/she didn’t.
Did you go to the library?
No, I didn’t.
No, he/she didn’t.
Key Conversation 1
Question
Where were you Sam?
Answer
I was in the library.
Exercise
A: Where was Jenny last night?
B: She was at work.
1. Sally
2. Jimmy
3. Mary and Louis
4. Rick
5. you
6. you and your sister
/ at the park
/ at the school
/ at the bar
/ at work
/ at the department store
/ at library
Key Conversation 2
Question
Were you in the library?
Answer
Yes, I was.
Key Conversation 3
Question
What did you do in the library?
What did you do over the weekend?
Answer
I studied for an exam.
Past Verb Formation
Regular Verb
Stay
Stayed
Want
Wanted
Live
Lived
Study Studied
Irregular Verb
Make
Made
Get
Got
Go
Went
Take
Took
List – Irregular Verbs
1
Become
Begin
Blow
Break
Bring
Build
Buy
Catch
Choose
Come
Cost
Cut
Do
Draw
Dig
Eat
Became
Began
Blew
Broke
Brought
Built
Bought
Caught
Chose
Came
Cost
Cut
Did
Drew
Dug
Ate
List – Irregular Verbs 2
Fall
Feed
Find
Fly
Flee
Forget
Forgive
Get
Grow
Have
Hear
Hide
Hold
Keep
Know
Lay
Fell
Fed
Found
Flew
Fled
Forgot
Forgave
Got
Grew
Had
Heard
Hid
Held
Kept
Knew
Laid
List – Irregular Verbs 3
Lead
Leave
Lend
Let
Lie
Lose
Make
Mean
Mistake
Pay
Put
Led
Left
Lent
Let
Lay
Lost
Made
Meant
Mistook
Paid
Put
List – Irregular Verbs 4
Ride
Rise
Run
See
Sell
Send
Set
Shake
Shut
Sit
Sleep
Spend
Stand
Steal
Swear
Swim
Take
Think
Understand
Win
Write
Rode
Rose
Ran
Saw
Sold
Sent
Set
Shook
Shut
Sat
Slept
Spent
Stood
Stole
Swore
Swam
Took
Thought
Understood
Won
Wrote
Exercise
1. Mary는 어제 아침에 상사와 말다툼을 했다. (argue, supervisor)
Mary argued with her supervisor last morning.
2. John은 지난 주에 인터뷰를 아주 잘 했다. (do great on the interview)
John did great on his interview last week.
3. Sarah는 지난 주에 동료들과 함께 영화보러 갔다. (go to the movies)
Sarah went to the movies with her co-workers.
4. Young은 지난 달에 부장으로 승진했다. (promote, manager)
Young got promoted to a manager.
5. Phobe는 어젯밤에 기말 보고서를 완성했다. (complete)
Phobe completed her final report last night.
Exercise
A: Tom stayed up all night but he couldn’t finish his report.
B: Oh, I didn’t know that.
1. Jane / apply for the position in the marketing department
2. Kerry / prepare for the exam last night
3. Jim
/ get up early this morning
4. Candy / buy a new house last month
5. Ray
/ start a new job two months ago
Exercise
A: How was your vocation?
B: It was terrific.
A: Where were you Saturday evening?
B: I was at the museum.
A: What did you do there?
B: I looked around the paints and sculptures.
1. great
/ Friday night
2. OK
/ Saturday morning
3. wonderful
./ at the gym
/ at the amusement park
/ Sunday morning
/ work out for two hours
/ hang out with my friends
/ at the shopping center
/ buy a sweater
4. Neat
/ Saturday afternoon / at the grocery store / buy some food for my family
5. OK
/ Sunday evening
/ at the theater
6. fine
/ Saturday night
/ at the bar
/ drink beer a lot
7. great
/ Sunday morning
/ at Starbucks
/ talk with my coworkers
/ see a musical
Dialogue 과거에 있었던 일에 대해 이야기 할 때
A: Where were you Sam last night? I tried to catch you but I couldn’t.
B: Me? I was in the library.
A: What did you do in the library?
B: I studied for an exam with Sally.
A: What? Was Sally in the library too?
B: Yes, she was. She went over the class materials with me and then wrote
a report.
Vocabulary
Catch 만나려고 하다
Go over 복습하다
Class material 수업 자료, 수업시간에 배운 것
Today’s Expression
It’s way too expensive.
24. What are you going to do?
앞날의 계획을 이야기 할 때
Key Expression 1
Are you going to attend the conference tonight?
Be going to 동사 원형
---할 예정이다
I’m going to take out a loan. 대출을 받을 예정입니다.
I’m going to apply for the managerial position.
저는 매니져 자리에 지원할 생각입니다.
I’m going to change my hair style. 저는 제 머리 스타일을 바꿀 예정입니다.
I’m going to move to another apartment. 다른 아파트로 이사갈 예정입니다.
Key Expression 2
What are you going to buy?
When are you going to visit my office?
How are you going to get there?
Where are we going to have a meeting?
의문사
are you going to
is he/she going to
are we/they going to
동사 원형
When are you going to do your laundry? 언제 빨래할 건가요?
Where is he going to buy his house? 어디에 집을 살 건가요?
What are they going to propose? 그들이 무엇을 제안할 건가요?
Exercise
Complete the sentences using “be going to”.
1. 언제 차를 자동차 수리 공장에 가져갈 예정인가요? (garage)
When are you going to take your car to the garage?
2. 차를 사실 예정인가요?
Are you going to buy a car?
3. 어떤 드레스를 입을 예정인가요?
Which dress are you going to wear?
4. 오늘 뭐 마시겠어요? 커피요 차요?
What are you going to drink, coffee or tea?
5. 런던에서 열리는 컨퍼런스에 가실 건가요? (hold)
Are you going to the conference held in London?
Key Expression 3
Will you come to the training session?
Will he bring the materials that we need?
Will 주어 동사 원형
---할 건가요?
Will he take me to the concert? 그가 나를 콘서트에 데리고 갈까요?
Will he bring a raincoat? 그가 비옷을 가져 올까요?
Will you go to your hometown this thanksgiving holiday?
이번 추수 감사절에 고향에 갈건가요?
Exercise
A: What are you going to do this weekend?
B: I’m going to go shopping. How about you?
A: I’m going to hang out with a couple of my friends.
1. read some books
/ clean my room
2. watch a video tape
/ play soccer with my friends
3. swim in the swimming pool
/ play cards with my mother
4. eat out with my family
/ finish up my proposal
5. see the movie
/ get a hair cut
Exercise
This is Jaccinta’s schedule for the next week. Look at the schedule and
make up questions using wh-words (what, when, who, where….) and the
responses.
Sunday
Do her homework at Mary’s house
Monday
Go to Jerry’s birthday party
TuesdayHer project is due
Wednesday
Study at the library
Go shopping
Thursday
Have lunch with her parents
Go dancing
Friday
Go on a blind date
Saturday
Go to the park with her class mates
1. What is she going to do on Sunday? (질문은 나중에 나오게 해주세요)
2. Where is she going to do her homework?
3. Who is she going to do her homework with?
4. What is she going to do on Friday?
5. Where is she going On Monday?
6. Where is she going to study on Wednesday?
7. When is she going to have lunch with her parents?
8. What is she going to do on Saturday?
Exercise
A: Are you going to do anything tonight?
B: Yes, I’m going to eat out tonight.
A: Where are you going to eat dinner?
B: I’m going to Uncle Joe’s restaurant.
A: Who are you going with?
B: I’m going there by myself.
A: What are you going to eat?
B: Well, I’m not sure yet, but maybe the chef’s special.
1. go shopping
/buy
/ go shopping
/a sweater
/ Macy’s department store
/
2. study
/ the Olin library
/ by myself
/ Chemistry
/ study
3. exercise/ exercise / the gym next to my house
/ play tennis
4. write a report
/ write a report
/ my lab
/ about the atmosphere contamination
5. read a book
/ read a book
/ study
with
my
sister
/ with my co-workers do
/ with my assistant
/ my place / by myself
/ write about
/ read
/ a novel
Exercise
A: Will you go on a vocation this summer?
B: Yes, I will. I want to relax on the beach.
A: Where are you planning to go?
B: To Hawaii
A: When will you go there?
B: I will leave on the 18th of July.
A: How will you go there?
B: I will drive
A: Great. Where will you stay?
B: I will stay at Hilton hotel.
A: Wow, have a great time.
1. London
/ leave next week
/ take a flight
/ visit a friend of mine
2. Paris
/ leave next month
/ take a train
/ stay at a school housing
3. New York
/ leave this coming Friday
4. Barcelona
/ leave tomorrow
/ get a ride from my friend
5. LA
/ leave next week
/ go there by plane
/ take a bus
/ stay at a motel
/ sublet an apartment
/ rent an apartment for a month
Dialogue 앞날의 계획을 이야기 할 때
A: Are you going to attend the conference tonight?
B: No, I’m not. I’m kind of busy tonight.
A: What are you going to do?
B: I will visit a branch office.
A: Why are you going to the branch office?
B: I have several issues to discuss.
A: Will you then come to the training session next Tuesday?
B: Yes, I will. I’m planning to go to the training session.
Vocabulary
Attend 참석하다
Be going to ---하기로 되어 있다
Branch office 지사
Several 몇 개의
Plan to ---할 계획이다
Training session 훈련 수업
Today’s Expression
Out of the blue
Lesson 25. What’s the weather like in NY?
날씨에 대해 이야기 할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
What’s the weather like in NY? NY의 날씨는 어떤가요?
How’s the weather in NY? NY날씨는 어떤가요?
Answer
It’s pretty cold. It’s freezing cold.
It’s hot.
It’s like a scorcher.
It’s muggy.
It’s humid.
It’s warm.
It’s cool.
It’s clear.
It’s sunny.
It’s cloudy.
It’s rainy.
snowy. It’s foggy.
It’s snowing.
It’s raining.
We’re having a shower.
We’re having a heavy rain.
We’re heaving a heavy snow.
It’s cold and dry
It’s dry.
It’s mild.
It’s bright.
It’s windy.
It’s pouring.
It’s
It’s drizzling.
Exercise
Look at the following pictures and describe the weather.
1. 비가 몹시 오는 사진
It’s heavily raining.
2. 바람이 많이 부는 사진
It’s very windy.
3. 햇볕이 쨍쨍 내리쬐는 사진
It’s sunny and clear.
4. 구름이 잔뜩 낀 사진
It’s quite cloudy.
5. 사람들이 추워 떨며 두꺼운 옷을 입고 걸어 가는 사진
It’s very cold outside.
6. 번개가 치는 사진
There’s a lightning.
7. 사람들이 몹시 더워 하는 사진
It’s like a scorcher.
8. 눈이 몹시 와서 차가 꽉 막힌 사진
We’re heaving a heavy snow.
Exercise
A: What are you doing?
B: I’m looking for my umbrella. It’s raining.
A: Is it raining a lot?
B: Yes, it is.
1. my snow boots
/ snowing
/ snowing a lot
2. my wood coat
/ bitterly cold
/ really cold
3. my sun cap
/ really sunny
/ strong?
4. my raincoat
/ pouring
/ raining a lot?
Key Conversation 2
Question
What’s the temperature?
Answer
It’s 23 degrees Celsius.
It’s 78 degrees Fahrenheit.
It’s 5 degrees below zero Celsius.
It’s 10 degrees above zero Celsius.
Exercise
A: When is your trip to NY, Brenda?
B: It’s in February, Steve. What’s the weather like there?
A: It’s very cold and snowy.
B: I think I need to buy a wool hat and gloves.
1. Sydney
/ January
/ quite warm and sunny / a sundress
2. Key West
/ May
/ pretty hot and sunny
/ a swimsuit
3. London
/ December
/ cold and rainy
/ a raincoat
4. Venice
/ April
/ quite mild and pleasant / a hat
Key Conversation 3
Question
What’s your favorite season?
What season do you like best?
Which season do you like?
Answer
My favorite season is spring.
I like spring best.
Key Conversation 4.
Question
What are you going to do today? 오늘 뭐 하실 거에요?
Answer
It’s getting cold outside. 점점 추워지고 있어요.
It’s getting clearer. 날이 밝아지고 있어요.
It’s getting warmer and warmer. 점점 더 따뜻해 지고 있어요.
I’ll take a walk. 산책하겠어요.
It’s getting 형용사의 비교급/형용사
점점 더 ---해 진다
It’s getting hotter and hotter. 점점 더워져요.
It’s getting dark. 어두워 지고 있어요.
It’s getting cooler. 점점 서늘해 지고 있어요.
Exercise
1. 저는 날이 덥고 습기가 많이 차면 수영장에 가요. (when)
I’m going to a swimming pool when it’s hot and humid.
2. 비가 몹시 많이 올 때면 뭘 하세요? (what)
What do you do when it rains a lot?
3. James는 날이 추울 때면 집에서 만화책을 읽는다.
James reads a comic book when it’s very cold.
4. 나는 기온이 영하로 떨어지면 집에서 잘 나가지 않는다. (temperature)
I don’t go out well when the temperature is below zero Celsius.
5. 나는 날씨가 따뜻하고 햇볕이 많이 들기 때문에 봄을 제일 좋아한다.
(warm and sunny)
I like spring the best because it is warm and sunny
Exercise
A: What are you going to do today?
B: I’m going to the countryside. It’s sunny and clear.
And I think it’s a perfect day to go there. What about you?
A: Um… It’s getting warmer. I think I’m going to the park.
1. stay home and catch up my reading.
/ It’s raining outside
/ read books get darker
/ play computer games
2. wash my car.
/ It’s sunny and dry.
/ wash a car
/ hotter. / go to the swimming pool
3. make a snow man
/ snow
4. go apple picking
/ warm and nice / go outside
/ more humid though
5. sunbathe at the beach
/ play with snow
/ hot and humid
/ colder / stay at home
/ go to the beach
/ go water skiing
/ hotter
/ take a shower
Dialogue
날씨에 대해 이야기 할 때
A: How’s everything there Steven?
B: Oh, great. How are you doing, Jane? What’s the weather like in New York?
A: I’m doing fine but it’s pretty cold, freezing cold. What’s the weather like
in Sydney?
B: Well, it’s sunny, clear, and warm. It’s a really pleasant day.
A: What’s the temperature?
B: It’s 19 degrees Celsius.
A: Wait! What’s your favorite season? Wasn’t it spring?
B: Yes, your’re right. I like spring best.
A: So do I. I’d like to be in Sydney with you.
B: What are you going to do today?
A: Um.It’s getting cold and it’s snowing too. I’d better stay home and
read a book.
Dialogue
Freezing 얼어붙을 듯이 추운
Temperature 기온
Celsius 섭씨
Today’s Expression
He lost his mind.
Lesson 26 making a phone call
전화를 걸어 용건을 말할 때
Key Expression 1
May I speak to Professor Collins?
Is Chris there?
May/Can/Could
I speak to
talk to/with
직함
사람 이름?
---한테, ---하고 전화할 수 있을까요?
Can I speak to Professor Collins? 콜린스 교수와 통화할 수 있을까요?
Can I talk with a person who is in charge of this project?
이 일 담당자와 통화할 수 있을까요?
May I speak to the project manager? 프로젝트 매니져와 통화할 수 있을까요?
Is 사람 이름 there/in?
--- 있어요?
Is Chris in? 크리스 있어요?
Is Mary there? 메리 거기 있어요?
Is Ron in? 론 있어요?
Key Expression 2
Speaking
When the person is in
When the person is out
Speaking
This is she.
This is Chris.
Just a moment please. I’ll get him.
Hold on. I’ll get her.
One moment please. Chris
Just a second please. I’ll call him.
Don’t hang up. I’ll get him.
Key Expression 3
This is Paul Allen from your archeology class.
This is 사람 이름
from
저는 ---에 다니고 있는 ---입니다.
소속
This is John Whitman form SONY.
저는 소니사에 다니고 있는 John Whitman입니다.
This is Max Raven from your class. 저는 선생님 수업을 듣고 있는 맥스 레이븐입
니다.
This is Teresa Rusoo in the planning department.
저는 기회실에 있는 테레사 루소입니다.
Exercise
1. 저는 교수님의 경제학 강의를 듣는 Harry Peterson입니다. (economics)
This is Harry Peterson in your economics class.
2. 이번 프로젝트 담당자와 통화할 수 있을 까요? (May, in charge of)
May I speak to the person who is in charge of this project?
3. Kelly가 지금 안에 있나요?
Is Kelly in?
4. 잠깐만 기다리세요. Chris 바꿔 드릴께요. (hold, get)
____________________________________________________________
5. 저는 마케팅 부서의 조안 롤링입니다.
I’m Joan Rolling in Marketing department.
Exercise
A: Hello, is this the Personnel Department?
B: Yes, how may I help you?
A: Can I talk to Ms. Andy Williams please?
B: Speaking.
A: This is Noam Chomsky from Korealink.
1. Marketing department / May I talk to the project manager? /Speaking
2. Accounting department
/ Is Sally in?
/ This is she.
3. Maintenance department / May I speak with a manager please
/ Speaking
4. Purchasing department
/ Can I talk to Mr. Kim
5. Planning department / Is Brandy there?
/ This is Kim
/ This is he
Exercise
A: Hello
B: Hello, may I talk to Sarah?
A: Just a moment please. I’ll call her. Sarah. There’s a phone call for you.
1. Sandy
/ hold on
/ I’ll get her
/ Sandy
2. Tim
/ Just a second please
/ I’ll connect you / Tim
3. Cathy
/ One moment please
/ I’ll call her
/ Cathy
4. Tom
/ Just a minute please
/ I’ll get him
/ Tom
5. Sam
/ Please hold
/ I’ll connect you / Sam
Key Expression 4
Do you have time to talk now? 지금 얘기할 시간 있으세요?
Can I talk to you now? 지금 얘기할 수 있으세요?
I would like to talk to you, but would it be OK with you?
지금 말을 좀 하고 싶은데 괜챦으시겠어요?
Do you have a minute now? 지금 시간 있으세요?
Do you mind if I interrupt you? 좀 끼어들어도 될까요?
가능할 때
Sure/Yes
I was just 동사ing
Sure, I was reading a book.
곤란할 때
Well, actually
I am in the middle of 명사/Ving
Well, actually I’m in the middle of writing a term paper.
Types of Phone Calls
Collect call
Toll Free call
Domestic call
International call
Long distance call
Local call
Directory assistance
Exercise
A: Hello
B: Hi, Robert. Did I catch you at a bad time?
A: No, not at all. I was just washing the dishes. What’s Up?
B: I’m just wondering if you can come to my place tonight.
A: Sounds good
1. have some popcorns / help me with my homework
/ No problem
2. listen to music
/ can review my annual report
/ Sure
3. have a cup of coffee
/ send me some materials
/ No problem
4. clean my room
5. read a magazine
/ drive me to the airport
/ Well, I’m sorry, but I was about to go out
/ borrow me your digital camera
/ I’d like to, but it’s out of order.
Exercise
Complete the following dialogue
Samy: Hello, May I speak to Hans?
Hans: Speaking.
Samy: Oh, Hans. This is Samy. How are you doing?
Hans: I’m doing OK. What’s up?
Samy: Could you do me a fovor?
___________________________________________________
Hans: My pleasure.
Samy: Thanks..
1. pick up my children in the day care center
2. buy me a textbook in the bookstore
3. drop by my office and take my file to me
4. proofread my report
5. show me your class materials
Dialogue 전화를 걸어 용건을 말할 때
A: Hello, may I speak to Professor Collins please?
B: Speaking
A: This is Paul Allen from your archeology class. Do you have time to talk
now?
B: Sure. I was just reading a fantasy novel. What’s up?
A: I’m just wondering if you can come to the students’ seminar next Monday
and give a talk.
B: Sounds good but let me check my schedule first and then I’ll call you
back later. Can I have your phone number?
A: Sure. It’s 578-0380.
B: No problem.
A: Thank a lot. Good bye
B: Bye
Vocabulary
Speaking 접니다
Archeology 고고학
Fantasy 팬터지
Wonder 의문입니다.
Give a talk 발표하다
Call back 다시 전화해주다
Today’s Expression
I have a crush on you.
Lesson 27. Taking telephone messages
제 3자에게 메시지를 남겨 놓을 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
May I speak to Ms. Anna Graham?
Answer
I’m sorry, but she is not in the office. 죄송하지만 지금 사무실에 안계신데요.
I’m sorry but she is now on vocation. 죄송하지만 휴가가셨는데요.
I’m sorry, but she is on a business trip. 죄송하지만 출장가셨는데요.
I’m sorry, but she is out for lunch. 점심드시러 나가셨는데요.
she is in the hospital. 병원에 계신데요.
she is at work. 일하러 갔는데요.
she is in class. 수업하러 가는데요.
she is away for a conference. 컨퍼런스에 참석하러 가셨는데요.
she is out of town to take care of the branch offices.
지사를 둘러 보러 가셨는데요.
she is on another line. 통화중인데요.
she just stepped out. 막 지금 나갔는데요.
she is not here right now. 지금 안계신데요.
Exercise
A: May I talk to the recruiting manager?
B: I’m sorry but he just stepped out.
1. the director
/ go out for lunch
2. the marketing manager
/ is out of town
3. the loan officer
/ is on another line
4. a sales representative
/ no one, available
5. doctor
/ is away for the operation
Smith
Key Conversation 2
Question
Would you like to leave a message? 메시지를 남기시겠어요?
Do you want me to take your message? 메시지를 받아 놓을까요?
Can I take a message?
May I leave a message? 메시지를 남겨도 되겠습니까?
Could you give her a message?
Answer
Yes, please.
Could you tell him that Joanna Smith from MK Supplies called?
Could you tell her to call Joanna Smith?
조아나 스미스에게 전화하라고 말해 주시겠어요?
Please have her call Joanna Smith. 조아나 스미스한테 전화하게 해주세요.
Could you tell him/her that 주어 동사
---했다고 말해주시겠어요?
Could you tell him that the meeting time has changed?
회의 시간이 바뀌었다고 그에게 알려주시겠어요?
Could you tell her that the concert has been postponed?
콘서트가 연기되었다는 걸 알려 주시겠어요?
Could you tell him that I’ll be out of town for about a month?
약 한달간 서울에 없을 거라고 전해주시겠어요?
Could you tell her/him to 동사 원형
---하라고 전해주시겠어요?
Could you tell her to call me back? 나한테 전화하라고 전해주시겠어요?
Could you tell him to e-mail me the materials that I requested him last week?
지난 주에 보내달라고 요청한 자료를 보내라고 전해주시겠어요?
Could you tell her to bring the chart to the conference?
컨퍼런스에 올 때 그 차트를 가져오라고 말해주시겠어요?
Please have him/her 동사 원형
제발 ---하도록 해주세요.
Please have him return my call. 전화달라고 하세요.
Please have her make the deadline. 제발 데드라인을 지키라고 해주세요.
Please have him call me back. 전화하라고 해주세요.
Exercise
1. Exon Oil의 Bat Lee한테서 전화왔었다고 Kim에게 전해주시겠어요? (could)
Could you tell Kim that Bat Lee from Exon Oil called him?
2. Janet에게 내일 연구실에서 회의를 할 거라는 걸 전해주시겠어요?
(have a meeting laboratory)
Could you tell Janet that we will have a meeting at the laboratory tomorrow
3. Jess한테 야구장에 올 때 꼭 모자를 가져오라고 하세요.
(tell, bring, cap, stadium)
Please tell Jess to bring a cap when he comes to a stadium.
4. Sarah한테 마루를 청소하라고 하세요. (have, floor)
Please have Sarah clean the floor.
5. Mary한테 보고서를 영어로 작성하라고 하세요. (write, tell)
Tell Mary to write a report in English.
Exercise
A: Hello, may I speak with Ms. Jennifer Green, please?
B: Please hold. I’ll see if she is in. Oh, she’s gone for the day.
Can I take a message?
A: Please tell her that Charles Young called about Friday’s meeting.
B: OK. I’ll give her your message.
1. out at the moment
2. not in
/ leave a message
/ Friday’s meeting is cancelled.
/ take a message
/ Paul Johnson called about the school project.
3. not available right now/ leave a message
/ Chris Chung wants to know about the interview schedule
4. not here
/ take a message
/ Tomorrow’s picnic is postponed for a week.
Key Conversation 3
Question
What’s your telephone number? 전화번호는 뭔가요?
Answer
It’s 717-4554.
It’s 526-5678.
It’s 345-7893.
It’s 346`8120.
Other useful Expressions
I’ll give her your message when she gets in. 들어 오시면 메시지 전해 드릴께요.
I’ll give him your message as soon as he gets back.
돌아 오시는 대로 메시지를 전해드릴께요.
I can’t here you very well. 잘 안들리는데요.
You’ve got a wrong number. 전화 잘못 거셨는데요.
I’m sorry, but you have the wrong number.
The connection is really bad. Please hand up and dial again.
연결이 좀 안좋은 것 같아요. 끊고 다시 걸어 주세요.
There is a lot of background noise. Please hang up then I’ll call you back.
시끄러운 소리가 많이 나네요. 끊으면 제가 다시 걸께요.
Could you speak a little louder? 좀 더 크게 말해주시겠어요?
Could you repeat that? 다시 말해주시겠어요?
Could you speak a little slower? 좀 더 천천히 말해 주시겠어요?
Dialogue
제 3자에게 메시지를 남겨 놓을 때
A: Good morning. Unix Advertising. How may I help you?
B: Hello. May I speak to Ms. Anna Graham please?
A: I’m sorry, but she is not in. She is on a business trip.
Would you like to leave a message?
B: Yes, please. Could you tell her that Joanna Smith from MK Supplies
called?
A: Sure. What’s your telephone number?
B: It’s 717-4554. Anyway, when will she return from her trip?
A: She will be back this Saturday night. I’ll give her your message
as soon as she gets back.
B: Thank a lot. Good bye.
A: Good bye.
Vocabulary
Be in 사무실에 있다
Leave a message 메시지를 남기다
Return 돌아오다
Be back = get back 돌아 오다
Give a message 메시지를 전해 주다
Today’s Expression
Get a hold of
Lesson 28 Feelings and emotions
느낌과 감정을 표현하고 싶을 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
How do you feel?
How are you feeling today?
Answer
I feel frustrated.
I feel pleased.
I feel nervous
I feel 형용사
지금 어떤 느낌이다.
I feel happy. 행복하다
I feel bored 지루하다
I feel stupid. 바보가 된 느낌이다.
I get 형용사
어떤 느낌이 들게 되다.
I got mad. 화가 났다.
I got nervous. 초조해 졌다.
I got puzzled. 헛갈리게 되었다.
자주 사용되는 감정의 형용사와 동사의 과거 분사형
happy
nervous
scary
lonely
sad
stupid
mad
angry
jealous
afraid
mad
upset
guilty
bored
puzzled
excited
scared
tired
embarrassed
pleased
relaxed
surprised
frustrated
disappointed
depressed
worried
relieved
Exercise
A: Jason, I have to give a speech in front of many people this Friday.
B: How do you feel about that?
A: I feel very nervous.
1. have a blind date this Saturday
/ excited
2. have a big test
/ confident
tomorrow
3. fail the test again
/ frustrated
4. have a job interview scheduled this coming Monday
5. bump into my ex-boyfriend yesterday
/ a little nervous
/ a bit embarrassed
Key Conversation 2
Question
Why do you feel depressed?
When do you feel depressed?
Answer
Because I failed the final exam.
When I fail the exam I feel depressed.
의문사 do you feel 형용사
왜, 언제… ----하게 느끼세요?
Why do you feel nervous? 왜 초조하게 느껴지세요?
When do you feel happy? 언제 행복하세요?
Why do you feel embarrassed? 왜 당황하시나요?
When do you feel worried? 언제 걱정을 하게 되시나요?
Exercise
1. 저는 친구들이 모임에 늦게 오면 막 화가 나요. (upset, appointment)
I feel upset when my friends are late for an appointment.
2. 왜 Jerry가 지금 당황해 하고 있나요?
Why does Jerry feel embarrassed?
3. 내 친한 친구가 집을 구입했을 때 질투가 났어요. (jealous, purchase)
I felt jealous when my best friend purchased a house.
4. 나는 내 머리를 자랐을 때 당황스러웠다. (have my hair cut)
I felt embarrassed when I have my hair cut.
5. 나는 내 전남편과 마주쳤을 때 깜짝 놀랐다. (shocked, bump into)
When I bumped into my ex-husband, I felt shocked.
Exercise
A: Jill, when do you feel tired?
B: Well, I feel tired after I work for hours.
A: Why are you feeling tired now then?
B: Because I talked with a client for a long time.
1. stupid / when I make a big mistake
/ stupid
/ I put wrong figures in the report
2. bored / when I don’t have nothing to do / bored
/ There’s nothing left to do today
3. embarrassed / when something unexpected comes up
/ embarrassed my girlfriend told me that she wants to break up with me
5. sad
/ when I fail to win
/ sad
/ I didn’t win the bid
Key Conversation 3
Question
What do you do when you feel sad? 슬픈 생각이 들때면 뭐하세요?
Answer
I work out at the gym. 체육관에서 운동해요.
What do you do when you feel 감정 형용사/동사의 과거 분사형?
기분/마음이 ---할 때 뭐하세요?
What do you do when you feel stressed? 스트레스 쌓이면 주로 뭘 하세요?
What do you do when you feel scared? 무섭게 느껴지시면 뭐하세요?
What do you do when you feel guilty? 죄책감이 느껴지시면 뭐 하세요?
I 빈도 부사
동사
usually go shopping.
I usually go shopping.
sometimes
ride a bicycle. I sometimes ride a bicycle.
Exercise
A: I’m really depressed.
B: What happened?
A: My boyfriend wants to break up with me. What do you do when you
feel depressed?
B: I go shopping and spend a lot of money.
1. upset
/ My salary was cut 10 %
2. embarrassed / late to an important meeting
/ upset / go dancing
/ embarrassed
/ go to the movies
3. mad
/ The air conditioner is out again / mad
/ listen to music
4. scared
/ watch a horror movie
/ scared / call people
5. tired
/ arrange the furniture
/ tired
/ take a nap
Dialogue 느낌과 감정을 표현하고 싶을 때
A: Sam, how did you feel when you failed the exam last time?
B: I felt really frustrated. What’s the matter, Joy?
A: I think I may fail the final exam. I was late to the exam because of
the heavy traffic, and then I got very nervous.
B: Well don’t worry that much. It will be OK.
A: What do you do when you feel stressed?
B: I play tennis all day.
A: I guess I’ll try to do that.
Vocabulary
Fail the exam 시험에 낙제하다
Last time 지난번에
Frustrated 실망하다
Heavy traffic 혼잡한 교통
Nervous 초초하다
Stressed 스트레스를 받다
Today’s Expression
Get through a day
Lesson 29. Which one do you like better?
비교할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
What’s the difference between your old and new apartment?
옛날 아파트와 지금의 아파트의 차이점을 뭔가요?
How are they different? 어떻게 다른가요?
How do they differ? 어떻게 다른가요?
What do they have in common? 공통점은 뭔가요?
Answer
My new apartment is much more bright than the last one.
새 아파트가 예전 아파트보다 훨씬 환해요.
It is a lot more expensive than the old one. 훨씬 더 비싸요.
It’s is bigger than the last one. 예전거보다 더 커요.
It is longer than the old one. 예전 거 보다 더 길어요.
Comparison
Adjective
Comparative
Fast
Big
Faster
Bigger
Fancy
Busy
Fancier
Busier
Large
Larger
Convenient
Expensive
Diligent
More convenient
More expensive
More diligent
Exercise
1. 내차가 신형 모델보다 훨씬 더 크다. (big, recent model)
My car is bigger than the recent model.
2. Sally의 남자친구가 Sue의 남자친구보다 더 키가 크다 .(tall)
Sally’s boy friend is taller than Sue’s boy friend.
3. 내 컴퓨터가 Andy 컴퓨터 보다 더 적다. (small)
My computer is smaller than Andy’s.
4. Kate의 차는 내 차보다 훨씬 더 공간이 넓다. (much, spacious)
Kate’s car is much more spacious than my car.
5. 우리 학교가 Henry의 학교보다 더 오래 되었다. (old)
Our school is older than Henry’s school.
6. 이 책이 그 책 보다 훨씬 더 재미 있다. (interesting)
This book is more interesting than that book.
Exercise
A: Your car is more expensive than Jerry’s car, isn’t it?
B: No, it’s not. Jerry’s car is more expensive than my car.
1.Your house
/ spacious
/ Sandy’s house
2. Your cellular phone
/ fancy
/ Mary’s cellular phone
3. Your rocking chair
/ comfortable
/ Henry’s rocking chair
4. Your bathing suit
/ fashionable
/ Karen’s bathing suit
5. Your tool box
/ useful
/ Ben’s tool box
Exercise
A: How do you like your new apartment?
B: It’s OK.
A: Is it more spacious than the last one?
B: No, but it is brighter.
1. your new building
/ can’t be better / modern
/ cozy
2. your new dress
/ It’s OK.
/ pretty
3. your new job
/ so far so good / challenging
/ interesting
4. your new computer
/ it’s wonderful / fancy
/ fast
/ colorful
Key Conversation 2
Question
Which one do you like better, your old apartment or your new apartment?
어떤 게 더 좋으세요, 옛날 아파트요? 아니면 새 아파트요?
Which dress do you like better? 어떤 드레스가 더 좋으세요?
Which dress do you prefer? 어떤 드레스를 선호하세요?
Which dress would you rather buy?
어떤 드레스를 사시겠어요?
I prefer A to B
B보다 A를 더 선호하다
I prefer white wine to red wine. 저는 적포도주보다 백포도주를 더 선호합니다.
I prefer beef to pork. 저는 돼지고기보다 소고기를 선호합니다.
I prefer going to a French restaurant to going to an Italian restaurant.
저는 이태리 식당에 가는 것 보다는 프랑스 식당에 가는 것이 더 좋아요.
I would rather 동사 원형
차라리 ---하겠다.
I would rather buy a PDF. 나라면 차라리 PDF를 사겠다.
I would rather live in a city. 나라면 도시에서 살텐데…
I would rather buy the white sofa. 나라면 차라리 저 하얀색 소파를 살텐데…
I like 명사 better
나는 ---가 더 좋다
I like orange juice better. 난 오렌지 쥬스가 더 좋다.
I like the small bag better. 난 저 작은 가방이 더 좋다.
I like the pink dress better. 난 분홍색 원피스가 더 좋다.
Answer
It’s hard to tell 대답하기 어렵군요.
I’d rather buy a black dress. 저라면 검은색 드레스를 사겠어요.
I prefer the black dress to the yellow dress.
저는 노란색 드레스보다 검은색 드레스가 더 좋아요.
I like the black dress better. 저는 검정 드레스가 더 좋아요.
Exercise
1. 어떤 게 더 좋으세요? 회색 차요? 아니면 검정색 차요?
Which one do you like better, the gray car or the black car?
2. 저는 회색 차보다는 검정색 차가 더 좋아요. (prefer)
I prefer the black car to the gray car.
3. 저라면 회색 차를 사겠어요. (would rather)
I would rather buy a gray car.
4. 도시에서 사시겠어요? 아니면 시골에서 사시겠어요? (would rather)
Where would you rather live, in the city or in the country?
5. 언제 만나는 걸 선호하세요? 세시요 아니면 다섯시요? (meet)
When do you prefer meeting, at three or at five?
6. 저는 기름기가 많은 음식보다는 담백한 음식을 더 좋아해요. (greasy, bland)
I prefer bland food to greasy one.
Exercise
A. Like better
A: Which car do you like better, the fancy one or the plain one?
B: I like the plain one better.
B. Prefer
A: Do you prefer Jazz to Classical music?
B: Yes, I prefer Jazz.
C. Would rather
A: Where would you rather store your furniture, in the basement or in the
warehouse?
B: I would rather store my furniture in the basement.
위의 유형을 참조하여, 다음의 대화를 완성하세요.
1. telephone
/ like better
/ blue one, red one
2. going shopping, shopping on line
3. where, would rather live
/ prefer
/ in an apartment, in a house
4. compact size car, luxurious car/ prefer
5. how, would you rather hand in the resume
/ drop by the office, e-mail it
Dialogue 비교할 때
A: How do you like your new apartment?
B: It’s OK.
A: What’s the difference between your old and new apartment?
B: My new apartment is much more bright than the last one but the
bathroom is smaller.
A: So, which one do you like better, your old apartment or new apartment?
B: Well, it’s hard to tell. Even though it has a lot of light, the rent is a lot
higher than the last one. Plus, utilities are not included in the rent.
A: How’s your new neighborhood?
B: The facilities such as the community center and the library are more
modern and it’s much safer to walk around at night.
Vocabulary
Bright 빛이 많이 들어 환한
Rent 집세
Utilities 전기, 물값등의 이용료
Facilities 설비, 편의 시설
Today’s Expression
In my defense
Lesson 30 I have become lazier now than before
변화에 대해 이야기 할 때
Key Expression 1
How have you changed now from before? 어떻게 변하셨어요?
What is different about the system? 그 시스템 변한 게 뭐가 있는데요>
Could you compare it’s past and present? 현재와 과거를 좀 비교해 주시겠어요?
Have Verb
I have
You have
He/she has
They/we have
Key Expression 2
I’m taller now. 저는 지금 더 커요.
I’m more diligent now. 지금 더 부지런해요.
I have more money now. 돈이 더 많아요.
I have more friends now. 친구가 더 많아요.
Key Expression 3
I have become more lazy now than before. 예전보다 더 게을러 졌다.
I have gotten more lazy now than before.
X have become/gotten 형용사
(어떤 기간 동안) ---게 되었다.
I have become more reliable than before. 전보다 더 믿을만해 졌다.
He has gotten more humorous. 그는 전보다 더 유머러스해졌다.
The company’s system has gotten more efficient now than before.
회사의 시스템이 그 이전 보다 더 효율적이 되었다.
She has become more considerate now than before.
그녀는 더 이해심이 깊어 졌다.
Exercise
1. 연금 정책이 보다 합리적으로 변했다. (policy for the pension, reasonable)
The policy for pension has become more reasonable now than before.
2. 건강 보험 제도가 어떻게 변했나요? (how, insurance policy)
How has the insurance policy changed?
3. 나는 이전 보다 영어를 더 잘 한다. (I, fluent)
I am more fluent in English now than before.
4. 주차 시스템이 믿을 수 없을 만큼 이상하게 변했다. (unbelievably strange)
The parking system has gotten unbelievably strange.
5. 그 아파트 단지는 전보다 좋아졌다. (good, complex)
The apartment complex has become better now than before.
Exercise
A: How has the policy changed?
B: It has become more reasonable now than before.
1. the CEO
/ approachable
2. your son
/ much, tall
3. the parking system
/ complicated
4. the modern dance
/ dynamic
5. people’s attitude toward the president / generous
Key Expression 4
I used to wake up at 6:00. 여섯시에 일어 나곤 했었다.
X used to 동사 원형
---하곤 했었다
I used to play golf on Fridays. 금요일마다 골푸를 치곤 했다.
I used to eat a lot. 밥을 많이 먹곤 했다.
I used to hang out with my friends at the beach when I was younger.
어렸을 때는 친구들과 해변가에서 어울려 놀곤 했다.
X be 동사 used to Ving
---에 익숙하다
I’m used to playing piano. 피아노 치는 것에 익숙하다.
I’m used to taking care of the babies. 아이들을 돌보는 것에 익숙하다.
I’m used to teaching children. 아이들을 가르치는 것에 익숙하다.
Exercise
1. 내가 젊었는 때는 일주일에 적어도 세번은 춤추러 가곤 했었다. (go dancing)
I used to go dancing at least three times a week when I was younger.
2. 그녀는 이태리 음식을 능숙하게 만든다. (be used to, cook)
She is used to cooking Italian food.
3. 논문을 쓰느라고 늦게까지 일을 하곤 했다. (write a paper)
I used to stay up late working on my paper.
4. Jerry는 왕년에 맥주를 매일같이 마시곤 했다. (when he was young)
Jerry used to drink beer everyday when he was young.
5. 나도 왕년에는 많은 남자들이 데이트하자고 졸랐었다. (ask for a date)
Many men used to ask me for a date when I was young.
Key Expression 5
I stopped smoking. 담배를 끊었어.
I started jogging. 조깅을 시작했어.
I began to take up a Chinese class. 중국어 수업을 듣기 시작했어.
I quit the job. 나 그 일을 그만 뒀어.
Exercise
1. 나 노름하던 것 그만 뒀어. (gamble)
I stopped gambling.
2. 영어 공부를 시작했다.
I started to study English.
3. 아이들을 어린이 집에 보내는 것을 그만 두었다. (send, childcare center)
I stopped sending my children to the daycare center.
Exercise
A: Is that true that you like playing the piano? I had no idea.
B: Well, I used to play the piano very well/ a lot.
A: Hmm. How come you don’t play the piano any more?
B: Well, I just stopped playing the piano when I was 13.
1. cook
/ after I got very busy
2. play tennis
/ after I graduated from the high school
3. camp in the mountain / after I got old
4. dance
/ after I got married
5. take pictures / after I started working
Dialogue 변화에 대해 이야기 할 때
A: I guess, I am old now.
B: Why do you think so?
A: I have changed a lot.
B: How have you changed?
A: Well, I have more wrinkles now than before.
B: Have you?
A: Yeh. I also have become lazier now than before.
B: Well, You seem to be very diligent though.
A: No, I used to get up at 6:00 in the morning but now I barely go to work.
B: Any other differences?
A: Hum. I stopped smoking.
Vacabulary
Wrinkle 주름살
Have become 형용사 ---게 되었다
Seem ---인 것 같다
Get up 일어 나다
Barely 겨우 ---하다
Today’s Expression
There must be a catch
Lesson 31. I’d like to reserve a table for 5.
식당을 추천받은 후 전화로 예약할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Can you recommend a good Italian restaurant?
좋은 이태리 식당 좀 추천해 주시겠어요?
I’m looking for a nice restaurant. 저는 괜찮은 식당을 찾고 있는 데요.
Would you suggest a nice restaurant? 괜찮은 식당을 소개해 주시겠어요?
Answer
There’s one around the corner. 모퉁이를 돌아서면 있어요.
Can you suggest/recommend 명사
---를 소개해 주시겠어요?
Can you suggest a restaurant where I can eat the best local food?
이 지역에서 근사한 음식을 먹을 수 있는 레스토랑을 소개해 주시겠어요?
Can you suggest a place to buy a nice picture?
괜챦은 그림을 살 만한 장소를 알려주시겠어요?
Can you recommend a good place to eat dinner?
저녁먹을 근사한 식당을 소개해 주시겠어요?
Key Conversation 2
Question
Should I reserve a table? 제가 예약을 해야 할까요?
Is the table reservation necessary for this restaurant?
이 식당은 예약을 해야 하나요?
Can I reserve a seat? 예약할 수 있을 까요?
Answer
You’d better do that. 그렇게 하는게 좋을 것 같군요.
You should. 네 꼭 하셔야 해요.
Should I 동사 원형
꼭 ---해야 할까요?
Should I go early? 일찍 가야 하나요?
Should I meet them all tonight? 오늘 밤에 그 사람들을 다 만나야 하나요?
Should I hand in this by today? 오늘까지 이걸 꼭 내야 하나요?
Exercise
1. 이 근처에서 좀 덜 비싼 음식을 먹을 수 있는 레스토랑을 소개해 주실 수 있나요?
(recommend, less expensive)
Can you recommend a less expensive restaurant in the neighborhood?
2. 자리 예약을 꼭 해야 해나요? (it, should)
Is it necessary to reserve a table?
3. 옷을 꼭 갖춰 입고 가야 하나요? (formally dressed)
Should I be formally dressed?
4. 저는 한국 식당을 찾고 있는데요.
I’m looking for a Korean restaurant.
5. 꼭 예약을 해야 하나요? (make)
Should I make a reservation?
6. 그것에 대해 이야기를 할 만한 좀 조용한 장소를 소개해 줄 수 있나요?
(talk it over)
Can you recommend a quiet place to talk it over?
Key Conversation 3
Question
Uncle Joe’s restaurant. How may I help you?
Answer
I’d like to reserve a table for five.
다섯명이 앉을 수 있는 자리를 예약하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to reserve a table for two at 6 o’clock.
6시에 2명이 앉을 수 있는 자리를 예약하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to make a reservation for 5 at 7 o’clock.
7시에 5인석 자리를 예약하고 싶은데요
I’d like to reserve 명사
---를 예약하고 싶은 데요.
I’d like to reserve a table on the terrace.
테라스쪽 자리를 예약하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to reserve a table by the window.
창가쪽 자리를 예약하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to reserve a table with an ocean view.
바다가 보이는 쪽 자리로 예약하고 싶은데요.
Exercise
1. 이번 금요일 저녁 8시에 5인석 테이블을 예약하고 싶습니다.
I’d like to reserve a table for 5 at 8 o’clock this Friday.
2. 전망이 좋은 자리를 예약하고 싶은데요. (with a good view)
I’d like to reserve a table with a good view.
3. 호수가 보이는 쪽으로 자리를 예약하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to reserve a table with a lake view.
4. 다음 수요일 저녁 8시에 8명이 앉을 수 있는 좌석을 예약하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to make a reservation for 8 at 8 o’clock next Wednesday.
Key Conversation 4
Question
When are you going to come? 언제 오실 건가요?
What time are you going to come?
Answer
Probably at six to ten.
Time related Expressions
Do you know the time? 몇시인가요?
Do you have the time?
Could you tell me the time?
What time is it now?
What’s the time?
Yes, It’s four.
It’s 11.
It’s eleven forty five.
Time
3:15
3:30
It’s three fifteen.
It’s three thirty.
It’s a quarter after three. It’s half past three.
3:45
It’s three forty five.
It’s a quarter to four.
Exercise
Please tell me that time it is now.
1. 4:00 시계
It’s four o’clock.
2. 4: 15
3. 4:30
It’s half past four.
4. 4:45
It’s quarter to five.
5. 12:00
It’s noon.
Exercise
A: What time does the concert begin?
B: It begins at 7:00
A: At: 7:00? We should hurry up!
B: Why? What time is it now?
A: It’s 6:30.
B: Oh well, I have to change my clothes.
1. show begin
/ 8:00
/ 7:45
/ wash the dishes
2. the plane leave
/ 9:00
/ 8:15
/ pack my suitcase
3. the conference start
/ 10:00 / 9:30
/ prepare for my proposal
4. the meeting begin
/ 9:00
/ 8:20
/ make 40 copies
5. the class start
/ 4:00
/ 3:15
/ eat late lunch
Dialogue
식당을 추천받은 후 전화로 예약할 때
A: Can you recommend a good Italian restaurant within a walking distance?
B: There’s one Italian restaurant around the corner. It’s Uncle Joe’s.
A: Should I reserve a table?
B: You’d better do that.
A: Thanks.
…
A: Uncle Joe’s restaurant. How may I help you?
B: I’d like to reserve a table for five.
A: OK, May I have your name first?
B: My name is Su Min Kim.
A: When are you going to come?
B: Probably at six to ten.
A: A table for five at six to ten?
B: That’s right. And should I be formally dressed?
A: No, you don’t have to.
B: OK. Thanks.
Vocabulary
Walking distance 걸어 갈 수 있는 거리
Formally 격식을 차려서
Six to ten 6시 10분 전
Today’s Expression
You got me.
Lesson 32 What would you recommend?
식당에서 자리에 앉아 메뉴를 모면서 하는 대화
Key Conversation 1
Question
How many people came for lunch? 몇 명이 점심드시러 오셨나요?
How many people are in your party? 몇 명이세요?
How many people do you have in your party? 몇 명이세요?
Answer
There are five people in our party. 모두 다섯명이에요,.
We are five. 다섯이에요.
There are 2 adults and 3 children. 어른 둘에 아이 셋이요.
Other Greeting Expressions
Did you make a reservation? 예약 하셨나요?
I have a reservation and my name is Sue Kim.
저는 예약을 했고요, 이름은 김수입니다.
Key Conversation 2
Question
Could you change a table? I’d like to have a table with an ocean view.
자리좀 바꿔 주실 수 있으세요? 저는 바다가 보이는 테이블에 앉고 싶은데요.
Can I sit outside? 밖에 앉아도 될까요?
Can I sit by the window? 창가에 앉아도 될까요?
Can we change a table? I’d prefer a table outside.
자리를 바꿔도 될까요? 바깥쪽에 있는 자리에 앉고 싶은데요.
Answer
No problem. This way please. 괜챦습니다. 이리로 오세요.
Sure. 물론 괜챦지요.
Sure. Could you follow me? 저를 따라와 주시겠어요?
Exercise
1. 예약을 했는데요. 제 이름은 김 진수입니다.
I made a reservation and my name is Kim Jin Soo.
2. 창가쪽 자리에 앉을 수 있을까요? (give, by the window)
Can you give us a table by the window?
3. 저희는 모두 7명입니다. (party)
There are seven people in our party.
4. 저는 호수가 보이는 자리가 더 좋은데요. (prefer)
I prefer a table with a lake view.
5. 몇 명이 저녁드시러 오셨나요?
How many people came for dinner?
Exercise
A: Welcome to Siesta! How many people came for lunch?
B: There are five people in our party.
A: Did you make a reservation?
B: Yes, I did. My name is Park.
A: Where would you like to sit?
B: I would like to have a table near the beach.
1.
How many people in your party?
/ We are seven
/ No
/ by the window.
2. How many people came for dinner? / Five adults and seven children
/ Yes
Kim
/ with an ocean view
3. How many people do you have in your party?
/ No
/outside
/ We are three altogether
4. How many people came for lunch?
/ There are six in our party
/ Yes
Lee
/ near the bar
Key Conversation 3
Question
Would you show me the menu? 메뉴좀 보여 주실 수 있으세요?
Do you have a menu written in English? 영어로 된 메뉴 있으세요?
Do you have a set menu? 정식 메뉴가 있나요?
Can I see your menu first? 메뉴판 먼저 볼 수 있을까요?
Answer
Of course. Here you are. 물론이지요. 여기 있어요.
Key Conversation 4
Question
What would you recommend? 뭘 추천하시겠어요?
Is there anything that you’d like to recommend?
추천해줄만한 거 어떤게 있나요?
What’s your specialty? 어떤 음식을 특히 잘하시나요?
Do you have local dishes? 지역 특산 요리도 먹을 수 있나요?
What can you serve quickly? 뭐가 빨리 나오나요?
Answer
I recommend the chef’s special. 주방장 특선 요리를 추천합니다.
I would recommend today’s special. 오늘의 특선 요리를 추천합니다.
Fish is our specialty. 생선 요리를 특히 잘해요.
Exercise
1. 추천해줄만한 지역 특산 요리가 있나요? (local dishes)
Are there any local dishes that you want to recommend?
2. 이 식당의 특별 요리는 뭔가요? (speciality)
What’s the speciality of this restaurant?
3. 오늘의 특선 요리는 뭔가요?
What’s today’s special?
4. 메뉴좀 보여주실 수 있어요?
Could you show me the menu?
5. 점심되나요? (separate lunch)
Do you have a separate lunch menu?
Exercise
A: Are you ready to order?
B: I haven’t made up my mind yet. What would you recommend?
A: Well, I would recommend the chef’s special.
B: What’s the chef’s special?
A: Grilled mutton with a clam chowder
B: Sounds good.
1. I’m not sure what to eat.
/ Is their any that you want to recommend?
/ today’s special a NY steak with a ceasar’s salad
2. I’m not sure yet. / Any suggestions?
/ Thai noodle with a spicy salad
/ Friday night’s special dinner
3. I can’t choose / Do you have any local dishes
/ a beef dish with green curry
/ Tham Yam Kung
4. I haven’t made up my mind yet / Any recommendations?
/ Weekend special dinner set/ a sautéed lobster with potato
5.Not yet / What would you recommend? / this set menu
/ grilled chicken with sphagetti
Key Conversation 5
Question
What’s chef’s special? Would you explain a little bit more?
What kind of dish is this? 이 음식은 어떤 종류의 것인가요?
What’s in this dish? 이 음식에는 뭐가 들어 가나요?
What does it taste like? 어떤 맛인가요?
How does it taste? 어떤 맛인가요?
Answer
It tastes soft and fresh. 부드러우면서도 신선한 맛이에요.
This is so delicious. 정말 맛있어요.
spicy
bitter
sour
a little sweet
delicious
greasy
yummy
hot
mild
salty
rich
bland
Exercise
A: What are you eating now?
B: It’s a Japanese food called Sushi.
A: What does it taste like?
B: It’s very delicious.
1. a Mexican food called fajita
/ a little spicy
2. a Chinese food called egg roll / a bit greasy
3. a Korean food called kimchi
/ very hot
4. a Japanese food called Ramen / very mild
5. a Greek food called Gyro
/ quite good
Dialogue: 식당에서 자리에 앉아 메뉴를 보면서 하는 대화
A: Hello. Good afternoon. Welcome to Uncle Joe’s.
B: Hi. Thank you.
A: How many people came for lunch?
B: There are five people in our party.
A: Fine, come this way. Please sit here.
B: Well, can you change a table? I’d like to have a table with an ocean view.
A: No problem. This way please.
…
A: Would you show me the menu? Do you have a menu written in English?
B: Of course. Here you are.
A: What would you recommend?
B: I recommend the chef’s special.
A: What’s the chef’s special?
B: It’s Grilled salmon with some vegetables.
A: Would you explain a little bit more?
B: It tastes soft and fresh.
A: That sounds good.
Vocabulary
Party 무리
Chef’s special 주방장 특선 요리
Grilled 그릴에 구운
Salmon 연어
Vegetables 야채
Taste ---맛이 나다
Lesson 33. May I take your order?
음식을 주문할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
May I take your order?
What would you like to have?
Are you ready to order?
What would you like sir?
Answer
Yes, I’d like a New York steak and a large order of French fires.
I’ll have a hamburger.
I’ll get the grilled salmon.
I’d like to order a pizza.
Key Conversation 2
Question
How would you like your steak?
Answer
Well done please
Medium please
Medium rare please
Rare please
Key Conversation 3
Question
Would you like a salad?
Would you like anything else?
Would you like anything to drink?
Answer
Yes, I’ll have a Caesar’s salad.
I’d like some soda.
Could you show me a list of wine?
Key Conversation 4
Question
What kind of dressing do you want?
Answer
I’d like French.
Thousand islands
Oriental
French
Italian
Honey mustard
Vinegarette
Exercise
1. 어떤 종류의 스프를 드시고 싶으세요? (soup)
What kind of soup would you like?
2. 스테이크는 얼마나 구워 드릴까요?
How would you like your steak?
3. 저는 그릴로 구운 연어 구이를 먹겠어요.
I’ll have a grilled salmon dish.
4. 아주 잘 익혀 주세요.
Well done please
5. 소다의 크기는 어떤 크기로 할까요? (what size)
What size do you want for your soda?
Exercise
A: Would you like a salad?
B: Yes, I’ll have a mixed green salad.
A: What kind of dressing would you like?
B: Vinaigrette, please.
1. a potato
/ a baked potato / what kind of sauce
/ Cheese
2. a dessert
/ ice cream
/ what flavor
/ chocolate
3. a drink
/ a beer
/ which beer
/ Corona
4. a pizza
/ a chef’s special
/ what kind of topping
/ mushroom, onion, and bell pepper
Exercise
Complete the following dialogue with the appropriate questions.
Are your ready to order?
1. A: ________________________________
B: I haven’t made up my mind yet.
How would you like your steak?
2: A: _________________________________
B: Rare please.
How would you like your steak?
3. A: _________________________________
B: Yes, I’ll have a chocolate ice cream.
May I take your order?
4. A: _______________________________________
B: Yes, I’m ready to order.
Would you like anything to drink?
5. A: _______________________________________.
B: Can I see a list of wine first?
Exercise
Fill in the blank with the words below.
A: What would you like sir?
B: I would like __________________
A: What kind of __________________ would you like?
B: I’d like a __________________.
A: What size do you want for _______________?
B: I’d like a ____________ size please.
Appetizer
calamari
shrimp cocktail
Soups
French soup
clam chowder
vegetable soup hot and sour soup
Main dish
steak
grilled salmon
spaghetti
Beverages (drinks)
cider
coke
beer
raw salmon
wine
ice cream
size
small
tall
medium
grilled chicken
punch coffee
Dessert
chocolate cake cheese cake
Fried oyster
large
Exercise
A: May I take your order?
B: Yes, please. I’ll have a beef steak and a salad.
A: How would you like your steak?
B: Medium rare please.
A: What kind of dressing would you like?
B: Oriental dressing please.
A: Is there anything else you want to have?
B: No thanks.
1.
grilled chicken and a green salad
/ Make it very spicy
/ Honey mustard
2. spaghetti and a salad / make it a littlie bit salty please
3. a beef steak and a green salad / well done
/ French dressing
/ thousand island
Dialogue 음식을 주문할 때
A: May I take your order?
B: Yes, I’m ready to order. I’d like a New York steak and a large order of
French fires.
A: How would you like your steak?
B: Medium rare please.
A: All right. And would you like a salad?
B: Yes, I’ll have a Caesar’s salad.
A: What kind of dressing do you want? We have vinaigrette, Honey Dijion,
Italian, and French.
B: What would you recommend?
A: Personally, I like French dressing.
B: Sounds good. I’ll have a salad with French dressing.
A: OK. Would you like anything to drink?
B: Yes, I would like some soda.
A: OK, I’ll bring it right away.
Vocabulary
Take 받다
A large order 큰 사이즈 주문
Rare 덜 익혀서
Vinaigrette 식초
Today’s Expression
We should give him a credit for that.
Lesson 32 What would you recommend?
식당에서 자리에 앉아 메뉴를 모면서 하는 대화
Key Conversation 1
Question
How many people came for lunch? 몇 명이 점심드시러 오셨나요?
How many people are in your party? 몇 명이세요?
How many people do you have in your party? 몇 명이세요?
Answer
There are five people in our party. 모두 다섯명이에요,.
We are five. 다섯이에요.
There are 2 adults and 3 children. 어른 둘에 아이 셋이요.
Other Greeting Expressions
Did you make a reservation? 예약 하셨나요?
I have a reservation and my name is Sue Kim.
저는 예약을 했고요, 이름은 김수입니다
Key Conversation 2
Question
Could you change a table? I’d like to have a table with an ocean view.
자리좀 바꿔 주실 수 있으세요? 저는 바다가 보이는 테이블에 앉고 싶은데요.
Can I sit outside? 밖에 앉아도 될까요?
Can I sit by the window? 창가에 앉아도 될까요?
Can we change a table? I’d prefer a table outside.
자리를 바꿔도 될까요? 바깥쪽에 있는 자리에 앉고 싶은데요.
Answer
No problem. This way please. 괜챦습니다. 이리로 오세요.
Sure. 물론 괜챦지요.
Sure. Could you follow me? 저를 따라와 주시겠어요?
Exercise
1. 예약을 했는데요. 제 이름은 김 진수입니다.
I made a reservation and my name is Kim Jin Soo.
2. 창가쪽 자리에 앉을 수 있을까요? (give, by the window)
Can you give us a table by the window?
3. 저희는 모두 7명입니다. (party)
There are seven people in our party.
4. 저는 호수가 보이는 자리가 더 좋은데요. (prefer)
I prefer a table with a lake view.
5. 몇 명이 저녁드시러 오셨나요?
How many people came for dinner?
Exercise
A: Welcome to Siesta! How many people came for lunch?
B: There are five people in our party.
A: Did you make a reservation?
B: Yes, I did. My name is Park.
A: Where would you like to sit?
B: I would like to have a table near the beach.
1. How many people are in your party?
/ by the window.
/ We are seven
/ No, I didn’t
2. How many people came for dinner? / Five adults and seven children
/ Yes .. Kim
/ with an ocean view
3. How many people do you have in your party?
/ No, I didn’t
/ outside
/ We are three altogether
4. How many people came for lunch?
/ There are six in our party
/ Yes…Lee
/ near the bar
Key Conversation 3
Question
Would you show me the menu? 메뉴좀 보여 주실 수 있으세요?
Do you have a menu written in English? 영어로 된 메뉴 있으세요?
Do you have a set menu? 정식 메뉴가 있나요?
Can I see your menu first? 메뉴판 먼저 볼 수 있을까요?
Answer
Of course. Here you are. 물론이지요. 여기 있어요.
Key Conversation 4
Question
What would you recommend? 뭘 추천하시겠어요?
Is there anything that you’d like to recommend?
추천해줄만한 거 어떤게 있나요?
What’s your specialty? 어떤 음식을 특히 잘하시나요?
Do you have local dishes? 지역 특산 요리도 먹을 수 있나요?
What can you serve quickly? 뭐가 빨리 나오나요?
Answer
I recommend the chef’s special. 주방장 특선 요리를 추천합니다.
I would recommend today’s special. 오늘의 특선 요리를 추천합니다.
Fish is our specialty. 생선 요리를 특히 잘해요.
Exercise
1. 추천해줄만한 지역 특산 요리가 있나요? (local dishes)
Are there any local dishes that you want to recommend?
2. 이 식당의 특별 요리는 뭔가요? (speciality)
What’s the speciality of this restaurant?
3. 오늘의 특선 요리는 뭔가요?
What’s today’s special?
4. 메뉴좀 보여주실 수 있어요?
Could you show me the menu?
5. 점심되나요? (separate lunch)
Do you have a separate lunch menu?
Exercise
A: Are you ready to order?
B: I haven’t made up my mind yet. What would you recommend?
A: Well, I would recommend the chef’s special.
B: What’s the chef’s special?
A: Grilled mutton with a clam chowder
B: Sounds good.
1. I’m not sure what to eat.
/ Is their any that you want to recommend
/ today’s special
/beef steak with a green salad
2. I’m not sure yet.
/ Any suggestions? / Friday night’s special dinner
/ Thai noodle with a spicy salad
3. I can’t choose / Do you have any local dishes
/ a beef dish with green curry
/ Tham Yam Kung
4. I haven’t made up my mind yet / Any recommendations
/ Weekend special dinner set/ a sautéed lobster with some vegetables
5.Not yet / What would you recommend? / this set menu
/ grilled chicken with rice
Key Conversation 5
Question
What’s chef’s special? Would you explain a little bit more?
What kind of dish is this? 이 음식은 어떤 종류의 것인가요?
What’s in this dish? 이 음식에는 뭐가 들어 가나요?
What does it taste like? 어떤 맛인가요?
How does it taste? 어떤 맛인가요?
Answer
It tastes soft and fresh. 부드러우면서도 신선한 맛이에요.
This is so delicious. 정말 맛있어요.
spicy
bitter
sour
a little sweet
delicious
greasy
yummy
hot
mild
salty
rich
bland
Exercise
A: What are you eating now?
B: It’s a Japanese food called Sushi.
A: What does it taste like?
B: It’s very delicious.
1. a Mexican food called fajita
/ a little spicy
2. a Chinese food called egg roll / a bit greasy
3. a Korean food called kimchi
/ very hot
4. a Japanese food called Ramen / very mild
5. a Greek food called Gyro
/ quite good
Tell me your favorite food and describe what it tastes like.
Dialogue: 식당에서 자리에 앉아 메뉴를 보면서 하는 대화
A: Hello. Good afternoon. Welcome to Uncle Joe’s.
B: Hi. Thank you.
A: How many people came for lunch?
B: There are five people in our party.
A: Fine, come this way. Please sit here.
B: Well, can you change a table? I’d like to have a table with an ocean view.
A: No problem. This way please.
…
A: Would you show me the menu? Do you have a menu written in English?
B: Of course. Here you are.
A: What would you recommend?
B: I recommend the chef’s special.
A: What’s the chef’s special?
B: It’s Grilled salmon with some vegetables.
A: Would you explain a little bit more?
B: It tastes soft and fresh.
A: That sounds good.
Vocabulary
Party 무리
Chef’s special 주방장 특선 요리
Grilled 그릴에 구운
Salmon 연어
Vegetables 야채
Taste ---맛이 나다
Today’s Expression
He would have won hands down.
Lesson 33. May I take your order?
음식을 주문할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
May I take your order?
What would you like to have?
Are you ready to order?
What would you like sir?
Answer
Yes,. I’d like a New York steak and a large order of French fires.
I’ll have a hamburger.
I’ll get the grilled salmon.
I’d like to order a pizza.
Key Conversation 2
Question
How would you like your steak?
Answer
Well done please
Medium please
Medium rare please
Rare please
Key Conversation 3
Question
Would you like a salad?
Would you like anything else?
Would you like anything to drink?
Answer
Yes, I’ll have a Caesar’s salad.
I’d like some soda.
Could you show me a list of wine?
Key Conversation 4
Question
What kind of dressing do you want?
Answer
I’d like French.
Exercise
1. 어떤 종류의 스프를 드시고 싶으세요? (soup)
What kind of soup would you like?
2. 스테이크는 얼마나 구워 드릴까요?
How would you like your steak?
3. 저는 그릴로 구운 연어 구이를 먹겠어요.
I’ll have a grilled salmon dish.
4. 아주 잘 익혀 주세요.
Well done please
5. 소다의 크기는 어떤 크기로 할까요? (what size)
What size do you want for your soda?
Exercise
A: Would you like a salad?
B: Yes, I’ll have a mixed green salad.
A: What kind of dressing would you like?
B: Vinaigrette, please.
1. a potato
/ a baked potato
/ what kind of sauce
2. a dessert
/ ice cream
/ what flavor
/ chocolate
3. a drink
/ a beer
/ which beer
/ Corona
4. a pizza
/ Cheese
/ a chef’s special
/ what kind of topping
/ mushroom, onion, and bell pepper
Exercise
Complete the following dialogue with the appropriate questions.
1. A: ________________________________
B: I haven’t made up my mind yet.
2: A: _________________________________
B: Rare please.
3. A: _________________________________
B: Yes, I’ll have a chocolate ice cream.
4. A: _______________________________________
B: Yes, I’m ready to order.
5. A: _______________________________________.
B: Can I see a list of wine first?
Exercise
Fill in the blank with the words below.
A: What would you like sir?
B: I would like __________________
A: What kind of __________________ would you like?
B: I’d like a __________________.
A: What size do you want for _______________?
B: I’d like a ____________ size please.
Appetizer
calamari
shrimp cocktail
Soups
French soup
clam chowder
vegetable soup hot and sour soup
Main dish
steak
grilled salmon
spaghetti
Beverages (drinks)
cider
coke
beer
wine
raw salmon
ice cream
size
small
tall
medium
grilled chicken
punch coffee
Dessert
chocolate cake cheese cake
Fried oyster
large
Exercise
A: May I take your order?
B: Yes, please. I’ll have beef steak and a salad.
A: How would you like your steak?
B: Medium rare please.
A: What kind of dressing would you like?
B: Oriental dressing please.
A: Is there anything else you want to have?
B: No thanks.
1. grilled chicken and a green salad
/ Make it very spicy
/ Honey mustard
2. spaghetti and a salad / make it a littlie bit salty please
3. beef steak and a green salad
/ well done
/ French dressing
/ thousand island
Dialogue 음식을 주문할 때
A: May I take your order?
B: Yes, I’m ready to order. I’d like a New York steak and a large order of
French fires.
A: How would you like your steak?
B: Medium rare please.
A: All right. And would you like a salad?
B: Yes, I’ll have a Caesar’s salad.
A: What kind of dressing do you want? We have vinaigrette, Honey Dijion,
Italian, and French.
B: What would you recommend?
A: Personally, I like French dressing.
B: Sounds good. I’ll have a salad with French dressing.
A: OK. Would you like anything to drink?
B: Yes, I would like some soda.
A: OK., I’ll bring it right away.
Vocabulary
Take 받다
A large order 큰 사이즈 주문
Rare 덜 익혀서
Vinaigrette 식초
Today’s Expression
We should give him a credit for that.
Lesson 34 Could you bring us some more water?
식사 도중에 무엇인가를 더 부탁할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Excuse me, but could you bring me another plate?
죄송합니다만 접시 하나 더 가져다 주시겠어요?
Would you bring me some more water? 물 좀 더 가져다 주시겠어요?
Excuse me. May I have some water please? 죄송합니다만 물 좀 마실 수 있을까
요?
I’d like some more water please. 물좀 마시고 싶은데요.
Answer
Sure. I’ll be right back. 네 곧 오겠습니다.
I’ll bring it right away. 네, 바로 가져다 드릴께요.
Could you bring me/us 명사?
---를 좀 더 가져다 주시겠어요?
Could you bring me another knife? 나이프 하나 더 가져다 주시겠어요?
Could you bring us some water? 물 좀 가져다 주시겠어요?
Could you bring me more coffee? 커피좀 더 가져다 주시겠어요?
Other Related Expression
Sorry, but I dropped my fork. 죄송합니다만 포크를 떨어뜨렸는데요.
Excuse me, but my order hasn’t come yet.
죄송합니다만 제가 주문한게 아직 안나왔네요.
Can I see the menu again? 메뉴좀 한번 다시 볼 수 있을까요?
Exercise
1. 아이들이 앉는 의자 하나 가져다 주시겠어요? (high chair)
Could you bring us a high chair?
2. 와인 좀 더 가져다 주실 수 있으세요?
Could you bring me some more wine?
3. 죄송합니다만 나이프를 떨어 뜨렸는데요. (drop)
Excuse me, but I dropped my knife.
4. 스픈하나 더 가져다 주실 수 있으세요? (may)
May I have another spoon?
5. 죄송합니다만 물 좀 가져다 주시겠어요?
Excuse me, but could you bring me some water?
6. 저 그런데 제가 주문한 디저트가 아직 안나왔네요. (my dessert)
Excuse me, but my dessert hasn’t come yet.
Key Conversation 2
Question
Is everything all right? 불편한 거 없으세요?
Answer
Yes, everything’s great. 네, 괜챦은데요.
Yes, we’re doing great. 네 괜챦아요.
Key Expression 3
Question
Do you want anything for dessert? 디저트 드시고 싶은 거 있으세요?
Would you like anything else? 뭐 더 드시고 싶은 거 있으세요?
Answer
Yes, I’d like a piece of chocolate cake. 네 초코렛 케잌 하나 주세요.
Yes, please. Could you bring me some more wine?
네, 와인을 좀 더 주실 수 있으세요?
No, thanks. 아니요, 감사합니다.
Other related Expressions
Oh, this is not my order. 이건 제가 주문한 게 아닌데요.
This is not what I ordered. 이건 제가 주문한 게 아닌 데요.
Isn’t this somebody else’s order? 다른 사람이 주문한 거 아닌가요?
May I have coke instead of seven up? 사이다 대신 콜라 마실 수 있을까요?
I’d like to cancel what I ordered. 제가 주문한 걸 취소하고 싶은데요.
Exercise
1. 디저트 드시고 싶은 거 있으세요?
Would you like anything for dessert?
2. 네, 치즈케잌 하나 더 주세요.
Yes, I’d like have a piece of cheese cake.
3. 뭐 불편한 거 없으세요?
Is everything all right?
4. 오렌지 주스 한 컵 주세요. (let, have, a glass of orange juice)
Let me have a glass of orange juice.
5. 죄송합니다만, 뭘 주문하셨지요?
I’m sorry but what did you order?
6. beef대신 chicken을 먹을 수 있을까요? (instead of)
Can I have chicken instead of beef?
Exercise
A: Excuse me. Could you bring me another fork?
B: Sure. I’ll bring it right away.
A: Here you are. Would you like anything else?
B: Um. I’d like to change my order. May I have a glass of white wine
instead of red wine?
A: Sure. Just wait a moment.
1. another cup
/ beef , chicken
2. a high chair
/ pasta with tomato sauce, pasta with cream sauce
3. more water
/ spicy noodle, sweet chicken
4. more pickle
/ coffee, green tea
5. more napkin / hot and sour soup, mushroom soup
Dialogue 식사 도중에 무엇인가를 더 부탁할 때
A: Here’s your grilled salmon. And here’s your NY steak sir.
Enjoy your meal.
B: Thanks.
…
A: Excuse me, Would you bring me another plate and more water?
B: Sure, I’ll be right back.
A: Here’s a dish and some more water.
B: Thanks.
…
A: Is everything all right?
B: Yes, thanks.
A: Do you want anything for desert?
B: I’d like to have a piece of chocolate cake with a cup of coffee.
A: Okidoki. Would you like anything else?
B: No, thanks.
Vocabulary
Meal 식사
Plate 접시
Be right back 곧 돌아 오다
Desert 후식
Today’s Expression
Don’t count on me.
Lesson 35 Could you bring me the bill?
식사를 마친 후 계산할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Can I clear the table? 테이블을 치워도 될까요?
Answer
Sure. I’m finished. 네 다 먹었는데요.
Yes, I’m done. 네 다 먹었어요.
Well, I’m still eating this. 아직 먹고 있는 중인데요.
I haven’t finished eating this yet. 아직 다 안 먹었는데요.
Key Conversation 2
Question
Can I take this home? 집으로 싸가도 될까요?
I couldn’t finish this. Could you wrap this for me?
다 못먹겠는 걸요. 좀 싸주시겠어요?
Can I take this out? 집으로 가져가도 될까요?
Answer
No problem. 물론이죠
Exercise
1. .테이블을 치워도 될까요? (clear the table)
Can I clear the table?
2. 집으로 가져가도 될까요? (take)
Can I take this home?
3. 좀 쌀 수 있는 걸 주시겠어요? (doggy bag)
Can I have a doggy bag?
4. 스프 아직 먹고 있는 중인데요. (work on)
I’m still working on my soup.
5. 네 다 먹었어요. 이 접시 가져가셔도 좋아요. (finish, take)
Yes, I’m finished. You can take this plate with you.
Exercise
A: Excuse me, but can I clear the table?
B: Sure, I’m finished. Could you wrap this up for me?
A: No problem.
B: Could you bring me the bill, by the way?
A: Sure, I’ll be back right away.
1. No, I’m still working on it.
/ Oh, I’m sorry
2. I’m almost done
/ Oh, I’m sorry. Take your time.
3. Yes, I’m done.
/ OK, Would you like anything else?
4. Well, I’m still eating this. Could you bring me some more water?
/ Sure. Wait a minute.
Key Conversation 3
Question
Could you bring me the bill? 계산서 좀 가져다 주시겠어요?
Excuse me, the check please. 저기, 계산서 부탁드립니다.
I’d like the check please. 계산서 좀 주세요.
I’m ready for the bill. 지금 돈 낼 수 있는데요.
Answer
Sure. Here you are. 네 여기요.
No problem. I’ll be right with you. 물론 이지요. 바로 갈께요.
Key Conversation 4
Question
Do you want to pay by cash or credit card? 현금으로 내시겠어요? 카드로 내시
겠어요?
How would you like to pay? 어떻게 지불하시겠어요?
Cash, check, or credit card? 현금이요, 수표요, 아니면 카드요?
Answer
I’d like to pay by credit card. 카드로 낼께요.
I’d like to pay with cash. 현금으로 낼께요.
Other expression
The total cost is 25 dollars.
The meal cost you 25 dollars.
Does it include tax? 세금이 포함되어 있나요?
Exercise
1; 여기에 봉사료가 포함된 건가요? (service charge)
Does it include a service charge?
2. 저녁식사값이 모두 125불이 나왔는데요. (cost)
The diner cost me 125 dollars.
3. 식사비를 지금 내실 수 있겠어요?
Are you ready for your bill?
4. 카드로 해주세요. (put on)
Please, put it on my credit card.
5, 전체 가격이 모두 98불인데요. (total cost, come to)
The total cost comes to 98 dollars.
Exercise
A: Did you enjoy your meal?
B: Yes, it was great.
A: How would you like to pay?
B: Do you accept a check?
A: Yes, we do.
B: OK, then I’ll write a check.
1. Yes, I like it very much / a traveler’s check
/ pay with cash
2. Yeh, kind of
/ No, we don’t
/ a credit card
/ Yes, if you have your driver’s license with
you
/ pay by credit card
3. Yes, it was awesome / a check
/ Yes
4. It was wonderful
/ a credit card
/ pay with cash
/ write a check
/ I’m sorry, but we don’t
Dialogue 식사를 마친 후 계산할 때
A: Excuse me. Can I clear the table?
B: Sure. I’m finished. I’d like to take this home though. Could you wrap this
for me?
A: No problem.
B: Could you bring me the bill?
A: Sure. Here you are.
B: Thanks.
…
A: Okay, Are you ready for your bill?
B: Yes, please.
A: Okay. The meal costs 21 dollars. Do you want to pay by cash or credit
card?
B: I’d like to pay by credit card. Here you are.
A: Thanks. Here’s your receipt.
B: The tip is on the table.
A: Good-bye. Have a nice day.
Vocabulary
Clear 깨끗이 치우다
Though 그러나
Wrap 포장하다
Bill 계산서
By cash 현금으로
By credit card 신용 카드로
Today’s Expression
To beat the traffic
Lesson 36 Reserve an airplane
비행기 표를 예약할 때
Key Expression1 -- Reservation
I’d like to make a flight reservation to LA
I’d like to reserve a plane ticket to LA.
I’d like to book a flight to LA.
I want to make a flight reservation for two.
I would like to V원형
---하기를 원하는 데요.
I’d like to cancel my reservation. 예약을 취소하려고 하는데요.
I’d like to change my reservation. 예약을 변경하려고 하는데요.
I’d like to confirm my return flight.
돌아 오는 비행편 예약을 확인하려고 하는 데요
I want to
---하기를 원하는데요.
V 원형
I want to change my return date. 돌아 오는 날짜를 바꾸고 싶은 데요.
I want to cancel my flight for June 15th.
6월 15일자 비행기편을 취소하고 싶은 데요.
I want to make an appointment. 약속을 잡고 싶은 데요.
Exercise
1. NY으로 가는 논스톱 비행기를 예약하고 싶은데요. (non-stop flight)
I’d like to reserve a non-stop flight to NY.
2. 저는 예약을 하지 않았는데요. (make a reservation)
I didn’t make a reservation.
3. 저는 두시에 병원에 예약이 되어 있는데요. (doctor’s appointment)
I have a doctor’s appointment at 2:00 o’clock.
4. 예약을 취소하고 싶은데요. (cancel a reservation)
I’d like to cancel my reservation.
5. 보스톤으로 가는 비행기를 예약하고 싶은데요. (flight reservation to Boston)
I’d like to make a flight reservation to Boston
Key Expression 2 --. Departing Date
Question
When are you leaving? 언제 떠나나요?
When would you like to leave? 언제 떠나길 원하나요?
When do you want to leave? 언제 떠나고 싶은가요?
Answer
I’m leaving next Wednesday. 다음 수요일에 떠날 거에요.
I want to leave on the 5th of June. 6월 5일에 떠나고 싶어요.
I’d like to leave on June 5th. 6월 5일에 떠나고 싶어요.
I’d like to fly on Tuesday the 6th. 화요일 6일에 비행기를 타고 싶은데요.
Date
What day is it today?
It’s Monday.
It’s Tuesday.
What is today’s date?
What date is it?
It’s June (the) 17th.
It’s the 17th of June.
Prepositions
on Friday
in 2007
in the evening
in June
on June 9th
on Thanksgiving day
This Friday
Next Friday
Last Friday
Exercise
1. 7월 4일
2. 9월 8일
3. 2005년
4. 6월 17일 금요일
5.11월 19일 목요일
on the forth of July
on September eights
in 2005
On Friday the seventeenth of June
On Thursday the nineteenth of November
Exercise
A: When is your birthday, Brian?
B: My birthday is February third.
A: What day is it?
B: I think it’s Friday.
1. Sally
/ 7월 9일
/ Sunday
2. Pamela
/ 5월 6일
/ Wednesday
3. Sarah
/ 6월 9일
/ Saturday
4. Kate
/ 4월 15일
/ Tuesday
5. Jerry
/ 8월 19dlf
/ Monday
Key Expression 3 -- Flight
Questions
Do you have any flights on July 2nd in the morning?
Any flights on Friday morning?
Answer
We have a flight at 8:00 a.m. and another flight at 10:00 a.m.
I’ll take 목적어
---를 수락하겠어요, ----를 택하겠어요.
I’ll take the 10 o’clock flight.
I’ll take this shirt. 이 셔츠로 할래요.
I’ll take your offer. 제안을 받아 들일래요.
Key Expression 4 -- Ticket
Question
Would you like a round trip ticket? 왕복 표를 원하세요?
Do you want a round trip ticket?
When do you want to return? 언제 돌아오길 원하세요?
Answer
Oh no. just one way please. 아니요, 편도로 주세요.
Oh, just leave it open please. 그냥 오픈된 채로 나둬 주세요.
Exercise
1. 왕복 표로 주세요.
I’d like a round trip ticket.
2. 10월 5요일 토요일 밤에 뉴욕으로 가는 비행기가 있나요?
Do you have any flights to NY on the fifth of October, Friday?
3. 떠나는 날은 7월 4일이요.
I’d like to leave on July fourth.
4. 네시행 비행기를 탈께요.
I’ll take the four o’clock flight.
5. 돌아오는 날은 정해지지 않은 채로 둬 주세요.
Please just leave it open.
Exercise
A: I’d like to make a flight reservation to Boston.
B: When are you leaving?
A: I’m leaving next Friday, which is September 18th.
Do you have any flights in the evening?
B: Sure. We have a flight at 4:30 p.m. and another one is at 6:00 o’clock in
the evening.
A: I’ll take the 6 o’clock flight then.
B: All righty. Would you like a round trip ticket?
A: Oh no. just one way please.
1. NY
/ next Tuesday
/ June 15th
/Just leave it open please
2. LA
/ this Saturday
/ May 3rd
/Yes, I want a round trip ticket
3. London / next Monday / September 5th / Oh, no just one way please
4. Barcelona / next Wednesday / August 7th
5. Tokyo / next Friday
/ October 11th
/ Could you leave it open?
/ Oh, no just one way please
Dialogue 비행기 표를 예약할 때
A: I’d like to make a flight reservation to San Francisco.
B: When are you leaving?
A: I’m leaving next Friday, which is September 18.
Do you have any flights in the evening?
B: Sure. We have a flight at 4:30 p.m. and another one is at 6:00 o’clock in
the evening.
A: I’ll take the 6 o’clock flight then.
B: All righty. Would you like a round trip ticket?
A: Oh no. just one way please.
B: O.K. Your reservation is all done. Please confirm your reservation at least
2 days in advance your departure date.
Vocabulary
Make a reservation 예약하다
Flight 비행기
Round trip ticket 왕복 표
One way 편도
Be done 끝나다
Confirm 호가인하다
In advance 미리
Departure 출발
Today’s Expression
Are you out of your mind?
Lesson 37 Check in
탑승 수속을 할 때
1. Finding a check-in counter
Question
Where is the North West Airlines check-in counter?
Answer
Just go straight for about two minutes and you can’t miss it.
Where is the 항공사 이름 check in counter?
---항공사 탑승 수속 카운터는 어디에 있나요?
Where is the Korea airlines check-in counter?
칼 탑승 수속 카운터는 어디 있나요?
Where is the Delta airlines check-in counter?
델타 항공 탑승 수속 카운터는 어디 있나요?
Where is the Air France check-in counter?
프랑스 항공 탑승 수속 카운터는 어디 있나요?
2. Passport/Ticket
Question
Can I check in here? 여기서 탑승 수속을 할 수 있나요?
Can I get a boarding pass here? 여기서 탑승권을 받을 수 있나요?
Answer
Yes you can. Pass me your ticket and your passport please.
네 그래요. 비행기표와 여권을 보여 주세요.
Sure. Show me your ticket and passport.
Yes you can. Let me see your ticket and passport.
Here you are. 여기 있어요.
Here is my ticket and passport. 네 비행기 표와 여권이에요.
Exercise
1. 컨티넨털 항공 탑승 수속 카운터는 어디에 있나요?
Where is the Continental Airlines check-in counter?
2. 여기서 탑승 수속을 할 수 있나요? (check in)
Can I check in here?
3. 어디서 탑승권을 받을 수 있나요? (boarding pass)
Where can I get a boarding pass?
4. 이쪽으로 5분 정도 쭉 내려가시면 오른쪽에 있을 거에요.
Go down this way for about 5 minutes and it will be on your right.
5. 여기 제 표가 있어요.
Here is my ticket.
3. Seat
Question
Do you want a window seat or an aisle seat?
창가쪽 좌석을 드릴까요 복도쪽 좌석을 드릴까요?
Answer
I want an aisle seat. 저는 복도쪽 좌석이요.
I want a window seat in the middle of the plane.
저는 비행기 중간즈음에 있는 창가쪽 좌석을 원해요.
I’d like a seat in the back of the airplane.
저는 비행기 뒷부분에 있는 좌석에 앉고 싶은데요.
I want an aisle seat in the front of the airplane.
저는 비행기 앞부분에 있는 복도쪽 좌석을 원해요.
Could you tell me what is my seat number again?
제 좌석 번호를 다시 말씀해 주실 수 있으세요?
Is the seat number on the boarding pass? 좌석 번호가 탑승권에 적혀 있나요?
4. Baggage
Question
Is there any luggage that you want to check in?
부치고 싶은 짐이 있나요?
Do you have any luggage that you want to check in?
Do you have any luggage with you today?
Answer
Yes, I have one suitcase that I want to check in.
네 이 짐가방을 부치고 싶은데요.
Yes, I want to check in this bag,
Yes, I’d like to check in my luggage. 네, 제 짐을 부치고 싶어요.
No, I only have a carry-on bag. 아니요, 들고 들어갈 짐밖에 없어요.
Other Questions
Can I carry this on board? 이 걸 기내에 들고 갈 수 있나요?
How many pieces of luggage can I carry on board?
기내에 짐을 몇 개까지 가지고 들어 갈 수 있나요?
Would you put ‘Fragile’ on this box? ‘파손주의’라는 표시를 해 주실 수 있나요?
Exercise
1. 비행기 중간 부분에 있는 복도쪽 좌석을 주세요. (aisle seat, in the middle)
I want an aisle seat in the middle of the airplane.
2. 부치고 싶은 짐이 뭐 있으세요? (check in)
Is there any luggage that you want to check in?
3. 이 짐을 기내에 가지고 들어 가도 될까요? (carry, on board)
Can I carry this bag on board?
4. 짐을 몇 개까지 공짜로 부칠 수 있나요? (free of charge)
How many bags can I check in free of charge?
5. 저는 비행기 중간 부분에 복도쪽 좌석을 원하는데요.
I’d like an aisle seat in the middle of the plane.
Dialogue Exercise
A: Which seat do you want, a window seat or an aisle seat?
B: I want an aisle seat.
A: OK. Do you have any luggage to be checked in?
B: Yes, I have one suitcase..
A: No problem. Here is your boarding pass. Your gate number is 15.
1. Window seat please
/ No, I’ll carry this bag on board
2. I want an aisle seat in the back of the airplane.
/Yes, I’d like to check in my luggage.
3. I’d prefer to have an aisle seat. /Yes, I have two bags to be checked in.
4. Aisle seat please
/No, I just have only carry on baggage.
5. I’d like to have a window seat. / Yes, I want to check in this big bag.
Dialogue 탑승 수속을 할 때
A: Where is the North West Airlines check-in counter?
B: Just go straight for about two minutes and you can see the check-in
counter right in front of you.
A: Can I check in here?
B: Yes you can. Pass me your ticket and your passport please.
A: Sure, here you are.
B: Do you want a window seat or an aisle seat?
A: I want an aisle seat.
B: OK. Is there any luggage that you want to check in?
A: I have one suitcase that I want to check in but I’d like to carry this on
board.
B: No problem. Here is your boarding pass. Your gate number is 15.
Vocabulary
Check in counter 탑승 수속을 하는 카운터
Go straight 쭉 가세요
In front of ---앞에
Pass 건네 주다
Window seat 창가쪽 좌석
Aisle seat 복도쪽 좌석
Luggage 짐
Check in 탑승하다
Carry 들고 가다
On board 기내에
Boarding pass 탑승권
Gate number 탑승구 번호
Today Expression
Don’t get on my nerves
Lesson 38 Customs
세관에서 신고할 때
Key conversation 1
Question
Do you have anything to declare? 세관에서 신고 할 것 있으세요?
Answer
I don’t think so. They are just my personal belongings.
아니요 없는데요. 그냥 제 개인 소지품이거든요.
Yes, I have one to declare and that’s this suit for my sister.
네 있어요. 제 동생 옷을 한벌 샀거든요.
These are the bags that need to be cleared. 이것들이 검사받을 가방들입니다.
Key Conversation 2
Question
How much did you pay for it? 얼마 주고 사셨어요?
How much is it? 이거 얼마지요?
Answer
I paid 980 dollars at the duty free shop.
It cost me 500 dollars.
It is 1200 dollars including tax.
How much (명사)
얼마나 ---했어요?
do동사 주어
동사
How much did you spend for this bag? 이 가방 사느라 얼마나 썼나요?
How much did you drink? 얼마나 많이 마셨나요?
How much money did you need to construct this building?
이 빌딩을 짓는데 얼마나 많은 돈이 필요한가요?
Vocabulary
Cost 돈이 들다
Including ----를 포함해서
Tax 세금
Construct 짓다
Exercise
1. A: 이 가방 얼마 주고 사셨어요? (bag)
How much did you pay for this bag?
___________________________________
B: 면세점에서 1000불 줬는데요. (duty free shop)
I paid 1000 dollars at the duty free shop.
___________________________________
2. A: 이 목걸이 얼마 주고 사셨어요? (necklace)
How much did you pay for this necklace?
___________________________________
B: 400불 들었는데요. (cost)
It cost me 400 dollars.
___________________________________
3. A: 이 카메라는 얼마인가요?
How much is this camera?
__________________________________
B: 750불인데요.
It’s 750 dollars.
__________________________________
4. A: 이 보석은 얼마 주고 사셨어요? (Jewelry)
How much did you pay for this jewelry?
____________________________________
B: 면세점에서 3500불 줬는데요.
I paid 3500 dollars at the duty free shop.
_____________________________________
5. A: 이 포도주는 얼마인가요? (wine)
How much is this wine?
_____________________________________
B: 250불인데요.
It’s 250 dollars.
______________________________________
Locations that you might want to know where they are
Could you tell me
where is/are 장소?
---가 어디에 있는지 알려 주실 수 있으세요?
May I ask
where is/are
장소?
---가 어디에 있는 지 물어 봐도 될까요?
Where is/are 장소? ------는 어디에 있나요?
Could you tell me where is the customs? 세관이 어딘지 알려주실 수 있으세요?
May I ask where is the gate 7? 7번 게이트가 어디인지 물어봐도 될까요?
Could you tell me where is the immigration? 입국 심사하는 곳이 어디 인가요?
May I ask where is the baggage claim area?
수하물 찾는 곳이 어디에 있는 지 물어봐도 될까요?
Let me ask where is the check-in counter.
탑승 수속 카운터가 어디 있는지 물어 볼께요.
Exercise
1. 국내선들이 어디 있는지 알려주실 수 있나요? (domestic airlines)
Could you tell me where are the domestic airlines?
2. 제일 가까운 화장실이 어디 있는지 알려 주실 수 있나요? (nearest bathroom)
Could you tell me where is the nearest bathroom?
3. 여행자 정보센터는 어디에 있는 지 물어 봐도 될까요? (tourist information
center)
May I ask where is the tourist information center?
4. 제일 가까운 공중 전화는 어디에 있는 지 알려 주실 수 있나요? (nearest
payphone)
Could you tell me where is the nearest telephone?
5. 어디서 차를 렌트할 수 있는 지 알려 주실 수 있으세요? (rent a car)
Could you tell me where I can rent a car?
6. 어디서 버스 일정에 대한 정보를 얻을 수 있을 지 물어 봐도 될까요?
(information about the bus schedule)
May I ask where I can get some information about the bus schedule?
7. 어디서 돈을 좀 환전할 수 있는 지 알려 주실 수 있나요? (exchange)
Could you tell me where I can exchange some money?
Dialogue 세관에서 신고할 때
A: Do you have anything to declare?
B: I don’t think so. They are just my personal belongings.
A: May I see your customs declaration card and your passport?
B: Yes, here you are.
A: Do you have anything to declare?
B: Yes, I have one to declare and that’s this suit for my sister.
A: How much did you pay for it?
B: I paid 980 dollars at the duty free shop.
A: OK. Pay at the cashier over there and show me the receipt when you go
out.
Vocabulary
Declare 신고하다 (선언하다)
Personal 개인적인
Belongings 소지품
Suit 양복
Pay for 지불하다
Duty free shop 면세점
Cashier 계산대
Today’s Expression
I can’t let go of my feeling for him.
Lesson 39. Immigration
입국 심사 할 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
May I take a look at your passport please? 여권 좀 볼 수 있을까요?
May I see your passport?
Show me your passport.
Answer
Yes, here you are. 네 여기 있어요.
Sure. Here is my passport. 물론이지요. 이게 제 여권입니다.
Key Conversation 2
Question
Are you traveling alone? 혼자 여행 하시나요?
Answer
Yes, I’m traveling by myself. 네 혼자 여행하고 있어요.
No, I have a company. 아니요 같이 다니는 데요.
No, I’m traveling with many other people. 다른 많은 사람들하고 같이 다니는데
요.
Key Conversation 3
Question
How long are you going to stay in the USA?
미국에 얼마나 오랫동안 체류할 건가요?
How long are you planning to stay in the USA?
미국에 얼마나 오랫동안 체류할 계획인가요?
Answer
I’ll stay in the states for a month. 한달동안 미국에 머무를 겁니다.
About two weeks 약 2주동안이요.
How long are you going to
얼마나 오랫동안 ---할 건가요?
V원형
How long are you going to study English?
얼마나 오랫동안 영어를 공부할 건가요?
How long are you going to watch TV? 얼마나 오랫동안 테레비를 볼 건가요?
How long are you going to work for this company?
얼마나 오랫동안 이 회사에서 일할 생각인가요?
Exercise
1. 저는 혼자 여행하고 있습니다. (by my self)
I’m traveling by myself.
2. 네, 여기 제 여권이요. (here)
Yes, here is my passport.
3. 컨퍼런스에는 얼마나 오랫동안 참석하실 건가요? (attend the conference)
How long are you going to attend the conference?
4. 저는 두 주동안 미국에 머루를 겁니다. (for two weeks)
I’ll be staying in the States for two weeks
5. 여권 좀 볼 수 있을 까요? (see)
May I see your passport?
Key Conversation 4
Question
What’s the purpose of your visit? 방문 목적이 뭔가요?
Why have you come to the USA? 왜 미국에 왔나요?
Answer
I’ll attend a conference. 컨퍼런스 참석차요.
Sightseeing 관광하러 왔는데요
To visit a friend of mine in Ithaca 이타카에 있는 친구를 만나러요.
I came to the states to see my son. 내 아들을 만나러 왔습니다.
To go to school 학교 다니러요
Key Conversation 5
Question
Where will you be staying? 어디서 체류할 건가요?
Where are you planning to stay?
Answer
I’ll be at the conference housing.
I’ll stay at a hotel.
At the hotel Sheraton in Las Vegas
In Boston
I’ll be at my friend’s house
Other FAQs
How much money have you brought with you? 돈은 얼마나 가지고 오셨나요?
Do you intend to work in the U.S.? 미국에서 일하실 계획이신가요?
Do you intend to engage in employment in the U.S.?
미국에서 일을 할 작정입니까?
What is the relationship with the person you are staying with?
체류하는 곳에 있는 사람과는 어떤 관계십니까?
May I see your return ticket? 돌아 오는 비행기 편을 좀 보여 주시겠어요?
What have you got there? 거기에 있는 건 무엇입니까?
Exercise
1. 사업차 회의에 참석하러 미국에 왔는데요. (business meeting)
I came to the states to attend a business meeting.
2. 여행할 계획인데요. (travel)
I’m planning to travel around
3. 미국에서 일할 계획은 없습니다. (intend to)
I don’t intend to work in the USA.
4. 저는 힐튼 호텔에서 머무를 예정인데요. (stay)
I’m planning to stay at Hilton hotel.
5. 저는 2000달러를 가져왔는데요. (bring)
I have brought 2000 dollars.
Exercise
A: What is the purpose of your visit?
B: To see some of my friends
A: Where are you going to stay?
B: At the hotel Hilton in LA
1. To participate in a training session
/ I’ll rent an apartment for a month.
2. Sightseeing
/At a hotel
3. I came to the USA to visit my boy friend/At his house
4. Studying at a university
/At a campus housing
5. Shopping
/At the hotel Hyatt
Dialogue 입국 심사 할 때
A: May I take a look at your passport please?
B: Yes, here you are.
A: Are you traveling alone?
B: Yes
A: How long are you going to stay in the USA?
B: I’ll stay in the states for a month.
A: What’s the purpose of your visit?
B: I’ll attend a conference and then I’ll visit a friend of mine.
A: Where will you be staying?
B: I’ll be at the conference housing during the conference and then I’ll be
with my friend while I’m visiting him.
A: All right. Have a pleasant stay.
B: Thank you.
Vocabulary
The states 미국
Attend 참석하다
Purpose 목적
Housing 묶을 장소
Be with ---와 함께 있다
Today’s Expression
I don’t know how I can make it up to you.
Lesson 40 Where is the baggage claim area?
수하물 센터에서 짐을 찾을 때
Key Conversation 1
Question
Where is the baggage claim area? 수하물 센터는 어디인가요?
Where should I go to claim my baggage? 짐을 찾으려면 어디로 가야하나요?
Where do I claim my baggage? 짐을 찾는 곳은 어디인가요?
Answer
Go to the concourse C. C동 쪽으로 가보세요.
Over there 저쪽이요
Go downstairs 밑으로 내려가세요.
Key Conversation 2
Question
Are these bags from the flight 302 departing from Seoul?
이 가방들이 서울 출발 302호 비행기에서 나온 것 맞습니까?
Is this the right one for the baggage from the flight 302 departing from Seoul?
여기가 서울 출발 302호 비행기에서 나온 짐을 찾는 곳이 맞나요?
Answer
Yes. Correct. 네 맞아요.
No, this is the one for the 405 flight from HongKong.
아니요, 홍콩에서 온 405편 비행기 짐 내리는 곳인데요
Exercise
1. 짐을 찾는 곳은 어디 인가요? (claim)
Where can I claim my baggage?
2. 여기가 서울 출발 502호편에서 나온 짐들을 찾는 곳이 맞나요?
(right place for, claim baggage)
Is this the right place to claim baggage for the flight 502 from Seoul?
3. 수하물 센터는 어디인가요? (baggage claim)
Where is the baggage claim?
4. 제가 짐을 여기서 찾을 수 있나요? 저는 서울에서 702편 비행기를 타고 왔는데요.
(claim, take the flight)
Can I claim my baggage here? I took the flight 702 from Seoul.
5. 짐을 찾으려면 어디로 가야 하나요? (where)
Where should I go to claim my baggage?
Key Conversation 3
Question
Excuse me, what should I do? I cannot find my baggage.
죄송합니다만 어떻게 하지요? 제 짐을 못찾겠어요.
Excuse me, I think my baggage is missing.
죄송합니다. 제 가방이 없는데요.
Who should I talk to? I cannot find my bags.
누군한테 말씀드려야 되나요? 제 가방을 못찼겠는데요.
Response
May I see your baggage claim tag?
수하물 꼬리표를 좀 볼 수 있을까요?
Where are you coming from? 어디서 (비행기를 타고) 왔나요?
Where did you check in? 어디서 짐을 부쳤나요?
Did you transfer to a connecting flight or was it a nonstop flight?
도중에 연결되는 비행기로 갈아 타셨나요? 아니면 논스톱 비행이었나요?
Key Conversation 4
Question
How does it look like? 어떻게 생겼나요?
What kind of baggage is it? 어떤 종류의 가방인가요?
Answer
It’s a brown suitcase with a yellow stripe on it.
노란색 줄무늬가 있는 갈색 가방이에요.
It’s a big black suit case. 검정색 가방이에요.
It’s a box with my name and address written on it.
박스인데요, 그 위에 제 이름과 주소가 적혀 있어요.
Exercise
1.
제 가방을 못찾겠어요. 누가 잃어 버린 가방을 찾는 것을 책임지고 계신가요?
(suitcase, be in charge of, search for)
I cannot find my suitcase. Who is in charge of searching for the missing bags?
2. 제 가방이 없어졌는데, 어떻게 하지요? (missing, should)
My bag is missing. What should I do?
3. 수하물 꼬리표가 붙어 있는 큰 검정색 가방이에요. (baggage claim tag)
It’s a big black suitcase with a baggage claim tag.
4. 누가 도와주실 수 있을 까요? (be able to help)
Who will be able to help me?
5. 가방을 서울 인천 공항에서 부쳤는데요. (check in)
I checked in my baggage at InCheon airport in Seoul.
Exercise
A: Excuse me, I can’t find my suitcase. What should I do?
B: Calm down. Where did you check in your suitcase?
A: I took the plane in Seoul.
B: Oh, well. This is the baggage claim for the flight 524 from Paris.
A: Do you mean that this is the wrong place to look for my suitcase?
B: Correct. Go down stairs and you will see another baggage claim.
You should be able to pick up yours there.
1. luggage
/ London
/ the flight 453 from Tokyo
2. bags
/ Berlin
/ the flight 203 from Seattle
3. box
/ San Diego
/ the flight 301 from Boston
Dialogue
수하물 센터에서 짐을 찾을 때
A: Where is the baggage claim area?
B: Go to the concourse C and you will see the baggage claim area right
there.
A: Excuse me. Are these bags from the flight 302 departing from Seoul?
B: Yes.
A: I cannot find my baggage. It’s missing.
B: May I see your baggage claim tag?
A: Sure, here you are.
B: How does it look like?
A: It’s a brown suitcase with a yellow stripe on it.
Vocabulary
Baggage claim area 수하물 센터
Concourse
Depart 출발하다, 떠나다
Baggage 짐
Missing 없어지다
Baggage claim tag 수하물 상환증
Today’s Expression
Let’s chip in
Lesson 41 Excuse me, but I’m afraid this is my seat.
Key Expression 1
I’m afraid this is my seat.
I’m sorry but this is my seat.
It seems that this is my seat.
I’m sorry but 주어 동사
죄송하지만 ---인데요.
I’m sorry but I have another plan for today.
죄송하지만 오늘 다른 계획이 있는데요.
I’m sorry but I have a previous appointment. 죄송하지만 선약이 있는데요.
I’m sorry but I cannot attend the retraining session tomorrow morning,.
죄송하지만 내일 아침에 있는 재교육 훈련에 참석하지 못하겠는걸요.
It seems that 주어 동사
It seems 형용사
---인 것 같네요.
It seems that the seat is quite spacious. 좌석이 꽤 넓은 것 같네요.
The seat seems quite spacious.
Your house seems quite big.
The book seems quite interesting to me. 그 책이 꽤 재미있어 보이는 걸요.
It seems quite bumpy. 꽤 흔들리는 것 같네요.
Exercise
1. 죄송하지만 제 자리인 것 같은데요. (I’m afraid…)
I’m afraid this is my seat.
2. 사무실이 꽤 넓은 것 같은데요. (seem, spacious)
Your office seems quite spacious.
3. 죄송하지만 오늘 일찍 퇴근해야 하는데요,. (I’m sorry, leave early)
I’m sorry but I have to leave early today.
4. 경제가 곧 회복될 것 같지 않은데요. (seem, economy, recover)
It seems that the economy will not recover soon.
5. 오늘 회의에 제시간에 나타나지 못할 것 같은데요. (I’m sorry, show up, in time)
I’m sorry but I cannot show up in time to the meeting.
Exercise
A: Excuse me. I’m afraid this is my seat.
B: What’s your seat number?
A: My seat number is 7B.
B: Let me check my boarding pass. Oh, Mine is 7 A. I’m sorry.
1. I’m sorry but this is my seat,
/ 5B
/ 5A
2. Excuse me. This seat seems to be mine.
/ 6B
/ 6A
3. Excuse me. I’m afraid this is my seat.
/ 8B
/ 8A
Key Expression 2
Would you mind changing seats with me?
Would you mind trading seats with me?
May I change my seat?
Could you change your seat with me?
I wonder if you can change your seat with me.
Change seats
Change partners
Shake hands
Key Expression 3
I’d like to sit right next to her.
I think my seat is next to yours.
I’d like to sit by the window.
I’d like to sit in the aisle seat.
Key Expression 4
How may I adjust this seat?
How can I recline the seat?
Excuse me, but how can I fasten this seat belt?
Please return your seat to the upright position and fasten your seat belt.
Passengers are asked to fasten the seatbelt.
Vocabulary
Fasten 고정시키다, 조이다
Adjust 조정하다
Recline 뒤로 누이다, 기대다
Upright position 수직 자세
How may I 동사?
어떻게 하면 ---할 수 있나요?
How may I use this machine? 이 기계를 어떻게 사용하나요?
How may I turn off the air conditioner? 어떻게 하면 에어컨을 끌 수 있나요?
How may I take out the jammed paper from the printer?
어떻게 하면 프린터에 낀 종이를 꺼낼 수 있나요?
주어 be asked to 동사
---하라는 요청을 받았다
Passengers are asked to have their tickets ready.
표를 미리 준비해놓으라는 요청을 받았다.
Employees are asked to clean their office before they go home.
직원들은 집에 가기 전에 사무실을 청소하라는 요청을 받았다.
They are asked to get a written permission from their supervisor before they
apply for a summer vocation.
여름 휴가를 신청하기 전에 상사로부터 허가를 받아 오라는 요청을 받았다.
Exercise
1. 저하고 좌석을 좀 바꿔 주실 수 있으세요?
Would you mind changing seats with me?
2. 제 친구 옆 좌석에 앉고 싶은데요.
I’d like to sit right next to my friend.
3. 어떻게 하면 다시 데이트를 시작할 수 있을까요?
How may I start dating again?
4. 어떻게 하면 좌석을 뒤로 젖힐 수 있을까요? (recline)
How may I recline the seat?
5. 승객들은 사인이 켜져 있는 동안 안전벨트를 꽉 묶어 놓으라는 요청을 받았다.
(sign is on)
Passengers are asked to fasten their seat belt while the sign is on.
Dialogue
A: Excuse me sir. I’m afraid this is my seat. My seat number is 3A.
B: Oh. I’m sorry, but would you mind changing seats with me?
She is my wife and I’d like to sit right next to her.
A: No problem. What’s your seat number?
B: My seat number is 10B. It’s over there by the window..
…
B: Excuse me. How can I adjust the seat? I’d like to recline.
C: Oh, just push the red button. It’s easy, isn’t it?
B: Yes, thanks.
Lesson 42
In the Cabin
기내에서 무엇인가를 요청하거나 물어 볼 때
1. Bathroom
Can I go to the toilet now?
May I use the toilet now?
Could you tell me when the toilet is empty?
Could you tell me when the toilet is vacant?
Where is the toilet?
You are not allowed to smoke inside the toilet.
Can you tell me when 주어 동사
---하게 되면 알려 주시겠어요?
Can you tell me when you return from the trip?
여행에서 돌아 오면 알려 주시겠어요?
Can you tell me when the information becomes available?
그 정보를 입수하게 되면 알려 주시겠어요?
Can you tell me when the book comes?
책이 오면 알려 주시겠어요?
2. Something to read
I’d like something to read.
Could you give me something to read?
Do you have something interesting to read?
May I have a postcard and a pen?
Do you have a Korean newspaper?
How can I turn on the light? I’d like to read my book.
Do you have something to (형용사) 동사 원형
뭐 ---한 거 있으세요?
Do you have something cold to drink? 뭔가 시원한 거 마실 것 있으세요?
Do you have anything particular in your mind?
마음속에 뭐 두고 계신 것 있으세요?
Do you have something to donate to the public library?
공립 도서관에 기증할 것 뭐 좀 있으세요?
Exercise
1. 회사에 빈자리가 생기면 알려 주시겠어요? (when, vacancy)
Can you tell me when you have a vacancy in your company?
2. 뭐 읽을 것 좀 가져다 주시겠어요? (bring)
Could you bring me something to read?
3. 탈의실이 비면 알려 주시겠어요? (when, fitting room, empty)
Can you tell me when the fitting room is empty?
4. 착륙하는 동안 화장실에 가도 되나요? (while we are landing)
May I go to the toilet while we are landing?
5. 책상 위에 엎지러진 물을 닦을 만한 거 뭐 있으세요? (wipe out)
Do you have something to wipe up the water on the table?
3. Medicine
I fee like throwing up.
I feel like vomiting.
Excuse me, where is the airsickness bag?
I’m not feeling well.
I cannot breathe well.
I have a severe chest pain.
I have a severe headache and could you give me a peel for this headache?
I feel like Ving
---하고 싶은데요.
I fee like taking a city tour. 이 도시를 한번 둘러 보고 싶은데요.
I feel like watching TV. 테레비를 보고 싶은 걸요.
I feel like eating some cookies now. 과자를 먹고 싶은 걸요.
Exercise
1. 허리가 몹시 아파요 (severe, backache)
I have a severe backache.
2. 지금 집에 가고 싶은 심정이에요 ( feel like)
I feel like going home right now.
3. 오른쪽 팔이 부러졌어요 (broken)
My right arm is broken.
4. 막 토할 것 같은데요. 멀미 봉투 좀 가져다 주실 수 있으세요?
(feel like, vomit, airsickness bag)
I feel like vomiting. Could you bring me an airsickness bag?
5. 두통약 좀 주실 수 있으세요? (get, headache, medicine)
Could I get any medicine for my headache?
Exercise
A: I’m not feeling well today.
B: What’s wrong?
A: I feel like throwing up.
B: Why don’t you go to the hospital?
1. I cannot stop coughing.
/ Try to drink a lot of water
2. I have a severe headache.
/ You’d better take a rest at home.
3. I have a sore throat.
/ Don’t speak too much and take some
medicine for that.
4. My leg is broken.
/ Oh, my God! Why don’t you go to the
hospital?
5. I have a severe backache.
/ Why don’t you go home and take a rest?
4. Headset
How much should I pay to use this headset?
Let me have a headset please.
Don’t bother to return the headset. You can keep it.
Please return the headset to the closest flight attendant.
Don’t bother to 동사
---할 필요 없다, ---하려고 애쓸 필요 없다.
Don’t bother to give me a ride. 굳이 태워 주실 필요 없어요.
Don’t bother to clean the office in my place.
내 대신 사무실을 청소하실 필요 없어요.
Don’t bother to come to the office earlier than usual.
평소보다 일찍 출근할 필요 없어요.
Return 목적어: 반납하다, 반환하다
Return from B –에서 돌아 오다
You should return this video tape by tomorrow.
내일까지 이 비디오 테이프를 반납해야 합니다.
I’ll start the hiring process right after I return from the business trip.
여행에서 돌아오는 대로 고용 절차를 시작하겠어요.
Do you know when Sally will return from Hon Kong?
샐리가 언제 홍콩에서 돌아 오는 지 아니?
You should return the book by this Friday unless you pay the fine.
벌금을 내지 않으려면 이 책을 금요일까지 반납해야 한다.
Exercise
1. NY에서 돌아오는 대로 레스토랑을 열겠어요. (as soon as)
I will open an restaurant as soon as I return from NY.
2. 영화보고 싶은데요. 헤드폰 하나 주세요. (let, headset)
I’d like to watch a movie. Let me have a headset.
3. 이 전화 메시지를 받자 마자 그 책을 반납해 주세요. (upon receiving)
Please return the book upon receiving this telephone message.
4. 화장실 앞에서 기다릴 필요 없어요. 제가 알려 드릴께요. (don’t bother)
Don ‘t bother to wait in front of the toilet. I’ll let you know.
5. 저한테 전화하실 필요 없어요. 일주일간 여기 없을 거거든요. (be out of town)
Don’t bother to call me. I’ll be out of town for a week.
Lesson 43. Chicken please
기내에서 식사할 때
Key Expression 1
What would you like to eat, Beef or fish?
Beef or fish?
What/where/when… would you like to 동사
A or B?
무엇을/어디서/언제 –하기 원하세요, A요 아니면 B요?
What would you like to buy for a birthday present, a sweater or a ring?
생일 선물로 뭘 사시겠어요, 스웨터요 아니면 반지요?
When would you like to meet for dinner, today or tomorrow?
언제 저녁 식사를 하시겠어요, 오늘이요 아니면 내일이요?
Where would you like to have a party, at a restaurant or at your place?
어디서 파티를 하시겠어요, 레스토랑에서요 아니면 집에서요?
What would you like to drink, coffee or tea? 뭐 마실래요 커피요 아니면 차요?
Key Expression 2
Beef please
I’d like to have fish.
Let me have fish please.
Neither. Do you have any chicken meal?
Either one is Okay.
Either will be fine with me.
I’ll have whichever is faster
Whichever is more delicious
It doesn’t matter with me.
It’s up to you.
I don’t care.
의문사 –ever
whatever 무엇이든지
whenever 언제든지
whoever 누구든지
whichever (둘중에) 어떤거든지
wherever 어디든지
I will take/have whichever/whatever is 비교급
더 ---한 걸로 할께요.
I will take whichever is more convenient.
둘중에 어떤거든지 더 편리한 걸로 할께요.
I’ll buy whatever is less expensive. 뭐든지 덜 비싼걸로 살께요.
I’ll eat whichever is less heavy. 둘중에 뭐든지 가벼운 걸로 먹을께요.
Exercise
1. 뭘 드시겠어요, 이태리 음식이요 아니면 중식이요?
What would you like to have, Italian food or Chinese food?
2. 전 아무거나 괜챦은데요. (fine, either)
Either one is fine with me.
3. 컨퍼런스 회장에 어떻게 가시겠어요 차로요 아니면 기차로요?
How would you go to the conference, by car or by train?
4. 전 상관업으니 결정하세요. (care, be up to)
I don’t care. It’s up to you.
5. 뭐든지 덜 매운 걸로 먹을께요.. (less spicy)
I’ll eat whichever is less spicy.
6. 네가 좋아하는 거는 무엇인든지 나도 좋다.
I like whatever you like.
Exercise
A: Sandy, what do you want to do, going to the movies or playing basketball?
B: Well, isn’t it too hot to play outside?
A: OK, then let’s go to the movies.
1. buy/ a cellular phone or a digital camera /My cellular phone is still
working fine.
Why don’t you get that digital camera?
2. eat/
a steak or a salad / I’m so hungry now.
/ Let’s have a steak.
3. Do /studying in the library or going to Sue’s party / I don’t feel like
studying today.
Let’s go to Sue’s party.
4. See /a romantic comedy or an adventure movie / I prefer to see something
romantic.
Let’s watch Mr. Hitch.
5. buy for your mom
/ a dishwasher or a washing machine
/ She
spends a lot of time washing dishes.
/ why don’t you buy her a
dishwasher?
Key Expression 3
Sorry, but I don’t want my meal now.
I ordered a vegetarian meal.
Do you have anything else?
Do you have something to eat for a baby?
Key Expression 4
I’m afraid we don’t have chicken meal in this flight.
I’m afraid we only serve beef meal in this flight.
I’m afraid 주어 동사 (대개 부정의 의미와 함께 쓰임)
죄송하지만 ---인데요.
I’m afraid I cannot go to your party tonight.
미안하지만 오늘 밤 파티에 못 갈 것 같은걸요.
I’m afraid I have to quit.
죄송하지만 (일을) 그만 둬야 할 것 같은걸요.
I’m afraid I cannot finish up the report by the end of the day,.
오늘까지 그 보고서를 끝내지 못할 것 같은 걸요,.
Key Expression 5
Can I have some water?
I’d like to have a glass of water.
May I have coffee/orange juice?
Can I get something to drink?
Do you serve wine?
What kind of drinks do you have?
Exercise
1. 제 아이를 위해 특별 음식을 주문했는데요.
I ordered a special meal for my baby.
2. 죄송하지만 이 비행기에는 생선요리만 있습니다. (I’m afraid)
I’m afraid we only have fish in this flight.
3. 죄송하지만 지금 식사를 하고 싶지 않은걸요. 너무 졸려요. (I’m sorry, meal)
I’’m sorry but I don’t want my meal now. I’m so sleepy.
4. 아이가 먹을만한 것이 뭐 있을까요?
Do you have something to eat for a baby?
5. 커피 한잔 마실 수 있을까요? (may)
May I have a cup of coffee?
6. 와인 있습니까? (serve)
Do you serve wine in this flight?
Exercise
A: Excuse me sir. Dinner time. Beef or Fish
B: Let me have beef.
A: Here you are. Would you like something to drink?
B: Water please.
…
B: Can I have some orange juice?
A: Sure, anything else?
1. I’d like beef
/ Here you are.
22. I don’t feel like eating now.
/ Okay
without sugar./ Water please
/ No thanks
/ coffee
/ Yes, I’d like to have coffee
3. Either one is fine with me. / Well, try this beef. / Orange juice please
/Do you have Dr. Pepper?
4. I ordered a vegetarian meal. / Oh, let me check it right now. / Water please
/apple juice
Dialogue
기내에서 식사할 때
A: Dinner time. Would you like to eat Beef or Fish?
B: Do you have any chicken meal?
A: I’m afraid we don’t have chicken meal in this flight.
B: OK then let me have fish please.
A: All right. Here you are. Do you want something to drink?
B: Yes, a glass of water please and Can I get a cup of orange juice as well?
A: No problem. Enjoy your meal.
…
Lesson 44. When are we arriving in San Francisco?
Lesson 45. Renting a Car
공항에서 차를 빌릴 때
Key Conversation 1
B: What kind of car do you want to drive?
A: I want a compact size car.
What kind of cars do you have?
Do you have a brochure?
Can I see a brochure?
I want a compact size car.
I’d like to rent this kind of car.
Types of Cars
A compact size car
A luxurious car
A sport car
A sedan
A medium car
A utility van
A convertible
A limousine
Key Conversation 2
A: Do you have Korean cars?
B: I’m sorry but Korean cars are not available now.
X is not available now.
---이 지금 없는데요/---를 지금 만날 수 없는데요.
The service is not available yet. 아직 그 서비스는 이용할 수 없어요.
The textbook is not available yet in this bookstore.
이 서점에 그 교과서가 아직 안들어 왔는데요.
Mr. Kim is not available now. He is in the meeting.
미스터 김을 지금 만날 수 없습니다. 지금 회의중이거든요.
Door to door service is not available now.
집까지 배달해 주는 서비스를 하지 않습니다.
Exercise
1. 한국 차를 구비하고 계신가요? (have)
Do you have Korean cars?
2. (차종을 설명해 주고 있는) 책자를 좀 보여 주실 수 있으세요 (brochure)?
Could you show me a brochure?
3. 한국 차는 없는데요. (available)
Korean cars are not available now.
4. 중형차를 렌트하고 싶은데요. (medium)
I’d like to rent a medium car.
5. 정보가 입수될 때까지 기다려야 해요. (available)
You have to wait until the information gets available.
Exercise
A: Excuse me. I’d like to rent a car.
B: OK. Do you have any particular in your mind?
A: I want a compact size car.
B: Small cars are not available now. They are all out.
A: What do you have then?
B: Let me show you a brochure.
1. I want a convertible car.
/ Convertible cars are not available. It rains
a lot in this city.
2. I want a limousine.
/ I’m sorry but we don’t have a limo.
3. I’d like a luxurious car.
/ Spacious cars are not available at the
moment.
4. I’d like a van.
/ You cannot drive a van with your license.
Key Conversation 3
A: What’s the rate?
B: It’s 30 dollars a day with unlimited mileage.
Can I see a list of your rates?
Do I have to pay a deposit?
Do you charge by mileage?
How much should I pay more if I return this car after the return date?
How much should I pay more if I go over the rental period?
It’s 요금
a day/month/year.
하루에 ---입니다.
It’s 40 dollars a day.
It’s 600 dollars a month.
It’s 200dollars a week.
Key Conversation 4
A: Does it cover insurance?
B: No it doesn’t. You have to pay 5 dollars more for the insurance.
Is there insurance coverage?
I’d like to have an insurance just in case.
How much does it cost for full coverage?
Does it cover X?
---도 그것에 포함되어 있나요?
Does it include a tax? 세금이 포함되어 있나요?
Does it include utilities? 이용료도 포함되어 있나요?
Does it include a service charge? 서비스료도 포함되어 있나요?
Key Conversation 5
B: How long will you use it?
A: For three days.
I’d like to use it for a week.
I’d like to rent it for a week.
How long Questions
How long have you worked on this?
Since last week
For a week
A week ago (X)
Exercise
1. 취급료도 그 요금에 포함되어 있나요 (handling charge)
Does it include a handling charge?
2. 보험에 들어 있나요? (insurance coverage)
Is there a insurance coverage?
3. 렌탈 기간을 넘겨서 반납하면 얼마를 더 내야 하나요? (go over, rental period)
How much should I pay more if I go over the rental period?
4. 4일간 렌트하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to rent a car for 4 days.
5. 미터당 요금을 받나요? (by mileage)
Do you charge by mileage?
6. 보증금을 내야 하나요 (deposit)
Do I have to pay a deposit?
Exercise
A: What’s the rate?
B: It’s 40 dollars a day.
A: Does it cover insurance?
B: No it doesn’t. You have to pay 5 dollars more for the insurance.
A: All right. I’ll take that.
B: How long will you use it?
A: For three days.
1. 35 dollars a day. / No it doesn’t. You have to pay 15 dollars more for that. /
for a week
2. 50 dollars a day with an unlimited mileage. / Yes, it does. / For two days
3. 27 dollars a day
for three days
4. 40 dollars a day
/ No it doesn’t. You have to pay more for the insurance./
/ Yes, it does.
/ For five days.
Dialogue 공항에서 차를 빌릴 때
A: Excuse me. I’d like to rent a car.
B: OK. What kind of car do you want to drive?
A: I want a compact size car. Do you have any Korean cars?
B: I’m sorry but Korean cars are not available now. How about Toyota 23? .
A: Well, what’s the rate?
B: It’s 30 dollars a day with an unlimited mileage.
A: Does it cover insurance?
B: No it doesn’t. You have to pay 5 dollars more for the insurance.
A: All right. I’ll take that.
B: How long will you use it?
A: Three days.
B: OK. Now, I’ll get you a car and you have to fill up the car when you return
it.
Lesson 44.
When are we arriving in San Francisco?
갈아 타는 비행기와 도착 관련 정보에 대해 물어 볼 때
Key Expression 1.
I need to transfer to the connecting flight ZE732.
I have a connecting flight to London.
I want to check in for my connecting flight.
Where should I go to transfer to my connecting flight to NY?
I need to transfer to 명사
---로 갈아 타야 하는데요.
I need to transfer to line number 3. 3호선으로 갈아타야 하는데요.
I need to transfer to my connecting flight to Paris.
파리행 연결편으로 갈아타야 하는데요.
I need to transfer to the connecting flight OE901.
OE901편으로 갈아타야 하는데요
I have a connecting flight to 명사
---행 비행기로 갈아타야 하는데요.
I have a connecting flight to London. 런던행 비행기로 갈아타야 하는데요.
I have a connecting flight to Tokyo. 토꾜행 비행기로 갈아타야 하는데요.
I have a connecting flight to LA. LA행 비행기로 갈아타야 하는데요.
Key Expression 2
To which gate should I go to take the plane going to NY?
Where should I go to take the connecting flight to NY?
Is this the right way for the gate number 5?
Is this the right way for my connecting flight to NY?
Is this the right way for 명사
to동사 원형
---로 가는 길 맞나요?
---할 수 있는 길 맞나요?
Is this the right way for the connecting flight to NY?
NY행 연결편을 타러 가는 길 맞나요?
Is this the right way to take the connecting flight to NY?
NY행 연결편을 타러 가는 길 맞나요?
Is this the right way for the duty free shop? 면세점으로 가는 길 맞나요?
Is this the right way for the gate number 7? 7번 게이트로 가는 길 맞나요?
Key Expression 3
How long should we stop here?
When is the departure time?
When will we depart?
Should I leave the room while you are cleaning the plane?
Exercise
1. 저는 시애틀행 비행기로 갈아타야 하는데요.
(need to, transfer, connecting flight)
I need to transfer to the connecting flight to Seattle.
2. NY행 비행기를 타려면 몇번 게이트로 가야 하나요
(to which gate, catch the flight)
To which gate should I go to catch the flight to NY?
3. 저는 LA연결편으로 갈아타야 하는데요. (have, connecting flight)
I have a connecting flight to LA.
4. 얼마나 오래 대기해야 하나요? (wait)
How long should we wait?
5. 9번 게이트로 가는 길 맞나요?
Is this the right way for the gate number 9?
Exercise
A: Excuse me, I need to transfer to the connecting flight to London.
where should I go?
B: Well, wait a minute… You have to go to the gate number 7 to catch
the plane to London.
A: How long should I stop in Denver?
B: About 3 hours.
1. I have a connecting flight to NY.
/ Las Vegas
/ Gate number 5 in the west wing
2. I’d like to check in for my connecting flight to LA.
to the east wing.
/ in San Diego
/ You should go
3. I need to transfer to the connecting flight to Seoul.
and go to the concourse A. / in LA
/ Take a shuttle
4. I need to catch my connecting flight to Tokyo. / Go to the gate number 10.
/ in San Jose
Key Expression 4
What time are we arriving in NY?
When are we arriving in NY?
When is the arrival time?
When are we landing?
When will we be on the ground?
When will we hit the ground?
Could you tell me the estimated time of arrival?
What time are we Ving
언제쯤 ---하게 될까요?
What time are we arriving at London? 런던에 언제쯤 도착하게 될까요?
What time are we leaving? 언제쯤 떠나게 될까요?
What time are we landing? 언제쯤 착륙할까요?
Key Expression 5
What is the local time now?
How’s the weather?
It’s hot.
It’s raining.
It’s freezing.
It’s humid.
It’s snowing.
It’s warm.
It’s clean and sunny.
It’s cold.
It’s windy.
Key Expression 6
Do you sell any duty-free goods in this plane?
Do you have any duty-free cosmetics in this flight?
How cheap is this compared to the usual price?
I’d like to buy a perfume.
Can I pay in Korean won?
May I see this watch?
How 형용사 is 명사?
---가 얼마나 ---한가요?
How hot is the weather? 날씨가 얼마나 더운가요?
How expensive is the air conditioner? 에어콘이 얼마나 비싼가요?
How interesting is the movie? 그 영화가 얼마나 재미있나요?
May I see 명사?
이 ---좀 보여 주세요.
May I see this whisky? 이 위스키좀 보여 주세요.
May I see this powder? 이 분 좀 보여 주세요.
May I see this neck tie? 이 넥타이 좀 보여 주세요.
Exercise
1. 언제 착륙하게 될까요? (be on the ground)
When will we be on the ground?
2. 몇시에 도착할까요? (what time, arrive)
What time are we arriving?
3. 도착 예정 시간좀 알려 주실 수 있나요? (estimated time of arrival)
Could you tell me the estimated time of arrival?
4. 이 비행기 안에서 면세상품을 파나요?
Do you sell any duty-free goods in this plane?
5. 한국 돈을 낼 수 있나요?
Can I pay in Korean won?
Exercise
A: When are we arriving in Seoul?
B: We will land shortly, maybe in 10 minutes.
A: What is the local time?
B: It’s 3:15 in the afternoon.
A: How’s the weather?
B: It’s raining.
1. NY
/ 30 minutes
/ around 2 P.M.
/ very hot
2. Texas
/ in 15 minutes
/ 4:00
/ quite humid and hot
3. Montreal
/ 10 minutes
/ 3:00
/ freezing
4. Las Vegas
/ 20 minutes
/ 2:00
/ windy and cold
Dialogue 갈아 타는 비행기와 도착 관련 정보에 대해 물어 볼 때
A: Excuse me, I need to transfer to the connecting flight to NY.
To which gate should I go?
B: Well, wait a minute… You have to go to the gate number 5 to catch
the plane to NY.
A: How long should I wait in Denver?
B: About 3 hours.
A: When are we arriving in Denver?
B: We will land shortly, maybe in 10 minutes.
A: What is the local time?
B: It’s 3:15 in the afternoon.
A: How’s the weather?
B: It’s raining.
Lesson 46. I’d like to reserve a room.
호텔에서 방을 예약할 때
Key Expression 1 예약
I’d like to reserve a room for tonight.
I’d like to make a reservation for tonight.
I’d like to book a room
I’ll be at the hotel at noon.
I’ll be at 장소 around 시간
---시 정도에 ---에 도착할 겁니다/있을 겁니다.
I’ll be at the hotel at about 4 in the afternoon.
오후 네시쯤 호텔에 도착할 겁니다.
I’ll be at the conference at 6 in the evening.
저녁 6시에 컨퍼런스 회장에 있을 겁니다/도착할 겁니다.
I’ll be at the museum at 7 in the morning.
저는 아침 7시면 박물관에 있을 겁니다.
Key Expression 2 예약 변경
(Hello, This is YoungBae Kim.) I’d like to change my reservation for July 20th.
I’d like to change the date to December 9th.
What seems to be problem?
What is the problem?
Okay/ No problem. That can be done.
I’d like to change my reservation for 날짜
to 날짜
--날짜 예약을, ---로 변경하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to change my reservation for tonight.
오늘 밤 예약해 놓은 것 변경하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to change my reservation to the 15th of May.
예약 날짜를 5월 15일로 변경하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to cancel my reservation for July 18th.
7월 18일짜 예약을 취소하고 싶은데요.
Key Conversation 3
Do you have any vacancies?
Do you have any rooms available?
Do you have 명사 available?
사용하고 있지 않은 ---가 있나요?
Do you have some seats available? 빈자리 있나요?
Do you have rooms available? 빈방 있나요?
Do you have computers available? 안쓰는 컴퓨터 있나요?
Exercise
1. 이번 주말에 방을 예약하고 싶은데요. (for)
I’d like to reserve a room for this weekend.
2. 금요일 오후 2시면 호텔에 도착할 겁니다. (be)
I’ll be at the hotel at two in the afternoon on Friday.
3. 제 이름은 김재우인데요, 내일 잡아 놓은 예약을 변경하고 싶은데요. (change)
My name is ChaeWoo Kim and I’d like to change my reservation
for tomorrow.
4. 빈방 있나요? (vacancy?
Do you have any vacancies?
5. 안쓰는 공구 있으세요? (tools)
Do you have tools available?
Exercise
A: Hello, How may I help you?
B: My name is SungSu Kim and I’d like to
change my reservation to the 13th of June.
A: No Problem. It’s done.
1. MiSun Lee
/ cancel my reservation / What is the problem?
2. SunHee Park / reserve a room for the 7th of December
you going to stay?
/ How long are
3. SunMee Kim / change my reservation for tomorrow
you like to stay at our hotel?
/ When would
4. SukHun Lee / change my reservation to the 22nd of March
let me check if there are rooms available.
/ Well,
Key Conversation 4
I’d like to get a single room with an ocean view.
I’d like a double room.
I’d like a triple room.
I’d like a suit.
I’d like a room with a bath.
I’d like a room with a balcony.
I’d like a room with a mountain view.
I’d like a room with a lake view.
I’d like a room with an ocean view.
I’d like a room overlooking an ocean.
Information Center
Where can I find the tourist information?
Could you tell me where is the tourist information?
I’d like to stay in the downtown area.
I’d like to stay in the nearest hotel from the airport.
I’d like to stay in the safe area.
Key Conversation 4
I don’t think I can afford that room.
Do you have anything cheaper?
I cannot afford to 동사 원형
I cannot afford 명사
---를 할 능력이 안되는데요.
I cannot afford to buy that expensive car. 그 비싼 차를 살 수 없는데요.
I cannot afford to rent the big apartment during the summer.
여름 동안 그 큰 아파트를 빌리기가 부담되는 데요.
I cannot afford the sweater. It’s too expensive.
그 스웨터는 사기에 부담됩니다. 너무 비싸요
Key Conversation 5
I’ll take the one that you mentioned before.
I’ll take your offer.
I’ll take the room.
I’ll follow your recommendation.
I’ll follow your suggestion.
Exercise
1. 저는 발코니가 있는 2인용 객실을 원하는데요. (double room, with a balcony)
I’d like to get a double room with a balcony.
2. 저는 그렇게 사치스러운 호텔에서 머무를 형편은 아닌데요.
(cannot afford to, luxurious)
I cannot afford to stay at that luxurious hotel.
3, 저는 바다가 바라다 보이는 방을 원하는데요. (.want, overlooking)
I want a room overlooking an ocean.
4. 그방으로 할께요. (take)
I’ll take that room.
5. 좀 더 싼 방 있으세요? (cheaper than)
Do you have a room cheaper than that one?
Exercise
A: Good morning. May I help you?
B: I’d like to reserve a room for this weekend. Do you have any vacancies?
A: Yes. What size room are you interested in?
B: I want a twin room with a balcony.
A: Okay. How long are you going to stay?
B: I’ll stay for two nights.
A: We have a nice room on the third floor and it’s 70 dollars a night. How
does it sound?
B: It sounds great. I’ll take that one.
1. make a reservation for tonight / a single room with a bath
2. book a room for the Thanksgiving holiday
large bath
/ for a night
/ a week
/ a family room with a
3. reserve a room for the 27th of August
I need some fresh air. / three nights
/ a twin room with a mountain view.
4. reserve a room for the weekend
/ two nights
/ a double room on the lakeside
Dialogue
호텔에서 방을 예약할 때
A: Good evening. How may I help you?
B: I’d like to reserve a room for tonight. Do you have any vacancies?
A: Yes, I think we have enough rooms. What size room are you interested in?
B: I’d like to get a single room with an ocean view.
A: No problem. We have a room available on the ocean side.
B: How much is it per night?
A: It’s 112 dollars per night.
B: I don’t think I can afford that room. Do you have anything cheaper?
A: I’m sorry but we don’t.
B: OK. I’ll take the one that you mentioned before.
A: How long are you going to stay?
B: I’ll stay for three nights.
Lesson 47. Hotel Check in, Keys, and Using a phone
호텔 체크인을 한 후 방 문이 잠겼을 때, 그리고 전화를 걸어야 할 때
Key Expression 1
I’d like to check in.
Check in please.
I have a reservation. My name is SunMee Lee.
I reserved a room a week ago.
Key Expression 2
Please complete this form.
Could you tell me how to fill out this form?
Could you let me know how to fill out this form?
Could you tell me how to 동사 원형
어떻게 ---하는 지 알려 줄 수 있으세요?
Could you tell me how to complete this form?
이 양식을 어떻게 작성하면 되는 지 알려 주시겠어요?
Could you tell me how to make a local call?
전화를 어떻게 걸 수 있는 지 알려 주시겠어요?
Could you tell me how to turn on the air conditioner?
에어컨을 어떻게 켜는 지 알려 주시겠어요?
Key Expression 3
I’d like a room on the third floor.
I want a room on the fifth floor.
I want a room on the same floor as my co-workers.
I want a quiet room.
I want a bright room.
I want the room on the same floor as Y
나는 Y와 같은 층에 있는 X를 원한다.
I want a room on the same floor as my friends.
나는 내 친구들과 같은 층에 있는 방을 원한다.
I want a room on the same floor as my relatives.
나는 내 친척들이 있는 층에 있는 방을 원한다.
I want a room on the same floor as my girl friend.
나는 내 여자친구가 있는 층에 있는 방을 원한다.
Exercise
1. 체크인하고 싶은데요. 예약을 했고요, 제 이름은 수김입니다. (have)
I’d like to check in. I have a reservation and my name is Sue Kim.
2. 장거리 전화하는 법을 알려 주실 수 있나요?
Could you tell me how to make a long distance call?
(make a long distance call)
3. 이 양식을 어떻게 작성하는 지 알려 주세요. (fill out, let me know)
Please let me know how to fill out this form.
4. 저는 제 부모님과 똑 같은 층에 있는 방을 원하는데요. (the same ---as)
I’d like a room on the same floor as my parents.
5. 저는 2주전에 예약했는데요. (two weeks ago)
I reserved a room two weeks ago.
Exercise
A: Good evening. How may I help you?
B: I’d like to check in. I reserved a room a week ago.
My name is MiYoung Kim.
A: Well, do you happen to have a confirmation slip?
B: Yes, here it is.
A: Okay. You reserved a single room for a night.
B: Yes, that’s correct.
A: Any preferences?
B: I’d like to stay at a room on the same floor as my friends.
1. I have a reservation. / MinJi Lee
nights
/ coworkers
/ booked a twin room for two
2. I reserved a room a month go / JinSun Kim
for three days/ my family members
/ reserved a single room
3. I made a reservation yesterday. / Eun Kim
double room for a week/my boy friend.
/ reserved a
4. I have a reservation.
mountain view
/ SunMee
/ my relatives.
/ reserved a single room with a
Key Expression 4
I’ve locked myself out of my room.
I didn’t know that the door locks automatically.
I forgot to bring my key.
I left my key in the room.
Could you open the room for me?
Can I borrow a duplicate key?
Can I keep this key with me?
I forgot to 동사 원형
---하는 것을 깜빡했다.
I forgot to return the key to the front desk.
나는 객실 열쇠를 맡기는 걸 깜빡했다.
I forgot to bring the confirmation slip.
나는 예약 확인서를 가져 오는 것을 깜빡했다.
I forgot to bring my passport.
나는 내 여권을 깜빡 잊고 안 가져왔다.
Key Expression 5
Could you tell me how to use the phone?
How may I make a long distance call?
Can I make an international call from my room?
Could you tell me the extension number for the housekeeping?
Would you connect me to Mr. Kim in room 607?
Could you give me a wake up call? 7 o’clock in the morning please.
Morning call, please.
Can I make a call from X?
X에서 전화할 수 있나요?
Can I make an international call from your house?
너희 집에서 국제 전화 할 수 있을까?
Can I make a long distance call from this hotel room?
이 호텔 방에서 장거리 전화 할 수 있을까요?
Can I make a local call from this convention center?
이 박람회장에서 전화 걸 수 있을까?
Exercise
1. 제 방문이 잠겼는데요. (lock myself)
I’ve locked myself out of my room.
2. 이 객실에서 국제 전화 할 수 있나요? (make an international call)
Can I make an international call from this room?
3. 객실 팀 내선이 몇번인지 알려 주실 수 있나요?
(extension number, housekeeping)
Could you tell me the extension number for the housekeeping?
4. 깜빡 잊고 불을 끄지 않고 나왔네요. (forgot to, leave the room)
I forgot to turn off the light when I left the room.
5. 오전 6시에 전화로 깨워 주실 수 있으세요? (wake up call)
Could you give me a wake up call at 6 in the morning?
Exercise
A: Excuse me, I’ve locked myself out.
B: You don’t have a key with you then.
A: No, I don’t have a key now. Could you borrow a duplicate key please?
B: It’s not allowed to lend a key to a customer. I’ll go upstairs and open
the door.
A: Thank a lot.
1. The door locked automatically. / Sure. You can keep it while you are
staying.
2. I didn’t bring my key.
right away.
/ No problem, but please return it to me
3. I left the room key in the room. / I’ll send a man right away and he will
open the door for you.
4. I forgot to bring a room key.
/ Sure. Here it is.
Dialogue
체크인 할 때
A: Hello, How may I help you?
B: I’d like to check in. I have a reservation and My name is Sumi Kim.
A: Wait a second please… Okay. You reserved a twin room for a day, right?
B: Yes, that’s correct.
A: Here is your room key. Your room number is 607. It’s on the 6th floor.
B: Thanks.
…
B: Excuse me. I’ve locked myself out of the room.
A: Oh, Don’t worry. We have a duplicate key. I’ll be right up there and open
your room.
Lesson 48. How can I use the shower?
객실 내의 비품 사용에 대해 물어 보고 요청할 때
Key Expression 1
I’d like to have an extra towel please.
I need soap.
I need a tooth brush.
I’d like to have an extra 명사
여분의 ---가 필요해요.
I’d like to have an extra tooth brush. 여분의 칫솔이 필요한데요.
I’d like to have an extra sheet. 여분의 침대 시트가 필요한데요.
I’d like to have an extra pillow. 배게 하나 더 필요한데요.
Key Expression 2
Do you offer a laundry service?
I’d like to have this dress pressed.
I’ve got a stain on my skirt. Could you remove it?
When can I get it back?
When will it be ready?
Can you deliver them by four P.M.?
Do you offer 명사
---이 제공되나요?
Do you offer breakfast? 아침 주시나요?
Do you offer a limousine service to the airport? 공항까지 태워다 주시나요?
Do you offer a city tour? 호텔에서 하는 시티 투어가 있나요?
I’d like to have 명사 PP.
명사가 ---되기를 원한다.
I’d like to have my shirt pressed. 셔츠가 다림질 되었으면 합니다.
I’d like to have my hair cut. 머리를 잘랐으면 합니다.
I’d like to have this room cleaned. 이방을 깨끗이 치워졌으면 합니다.
Exercise
1. 여분의 타월이 필요한데요. (extra)
I’d like to have an extra towel.
2. 침대 시트에 얼룩이 묻었는데요. 좀 갈아 주시겠어요? (stain, replace)
I’ve got a stain on my sheet. Could you replace it?
3. 목욕탕을 다시 치워 주셨으면 좋겠는데요. (have cleaned)
I’d like to have my bathroom cleaned again.
4. 공항에 마중 나오는 서비스를 해 주시나요? (pick up service)
Do you have a pick up service at the airport?
5. 내일 아침 9시까지 갖다 줄 수 있나요? (deliver)
Could you deliver it to me by 9 o’clock tomorrow morning?
Exercise
A: Excuse me, Can I get an extra tooth brush?
B: No problem. I’ll send someone up right away.
A: Oh, one more. I’d like to have my shirt pressed.
B: Okay. Just pass it onto the clerk.
A: Thanks. When can I get it back?
B: About in three hours.
1. an extra towel
/ my pants
/ When can they be ready?
2. an extra pillow
/ my dress
/ When can you deliver it?
3. an extra blanket. It’s a bit chilly. / my shirt / When can I have it back?
4. a bottle of water
/ my shirt
/ When can it be ready?
Key Expression 3
How can I adjust the control on the air conditioner?
How can I adjust the temperature of the heater?
How can I adjust the thermostat?
How can I use the shower?
How can I turn on the TV?
How can I turn off the heater?
Key Expression 4
Something’s wrong with the shower.
There’s something wrong with the refrigerator.
Hot water doesn’t come out.
The air conditioner isn’t working properly.
The TV is not working.
Something’s wrong with 명사
---가 뭔가 이상해요.
Something’s wrong with a shower. 샤워가 뭔가 이상해요.
Something’s wrong with a TV. 테레비가 뭔가 이상해요.
Something’s wrong with a toilet. 변기가 뭔가 이상해요
명사 isn’t working well/properly/fine.
---가 제대로 작동이 잘 안돼요.
The heater is not working well. 난방기가 제대로 작동이 잘 안돼요.
The air conditioner is not working well. 에어컨이 제대로 작동이 잘 안돼요.
The refrigerator is not working well. 냉장고가 제대로 작동이 잘 안돼요.
Exercise
1. 난방기의 계기판을 어떻게 조정하나요? (adjust, control)
How can I adjust the control on the heater?
2. 에어컨을 어떻게 켜면 되나요? (turn on)
How can I turn on the air conditioner?
3. 샤워가 뭔가 이상한데요. (something wrong)
Something’s wrong with a shower.
4. 에어컨이 제대로 작동이 안돼요. (work properly)
The air conditioner is not working properly.
5. 따뜻한 물이 샤워기에서 안나와요. (come out)
Hot water does not come out of the shower.
Exercise
A: Front desk. How may I help you?
B: I need a help. I cannot turn on the air conditioner.
A: Oh, Just push the red button.
B: OK, I’ll try.
1. Something’s wrong with my air conditioner./ I’ll send a mechanic right
away. / Thanks.
2. I cannot adjust the thermostat. / Just use the remote control on the table.
/ OK. I’ll try.
3. There is something wrong with the toilet. / I’ll send someone up as soon
as possible / Thanks.
4. The heater is not working properly.
/ Thank you.
/ I’ll be right up. Wait a minute.
Dialogue
객실 내의 비품 사용에 대해 물어 보고 요청할 때
A: Front desk. How may I help you?
B: This is room number 507. I’ve got a problem.
A: I’m sorry. What kind of problem do you have?
B: The shower isn’t working properly. Hot water doesn’t come out.
A: Oh, I’ll send someone up right away.
B: One more. I need an extra towel. Can I get one?
A: Sure. No problem.
B: And do you offer a limousine service to the down town area?
A: We don’t, but you can either take a taxi or take a subway right in front
of the hotel.
B: Thank a lot.
Lesson 49. Do you have a city map?
프론트 데스크에 정보를 물어 보거나 룸 서비스를 이용할 때
Key Expression 1
Where can I exchange money?
Can I change money here?
Where can I cash the check?
Where is the nearest bank?
Where is the nearest 명사?
제일 가까운 ---은 어디인가요?
Where is the nearest museum? 제일 가까운 박물관은 어디인가요?
Where is the nearest shopping center? 제일 가까운 쇼핑 센터는 어디인가요?
Where is the nearest public phone booth?
제일 가까운 공중 전화 박스는 어디에 있나요?
Key Expression 2
Do you happen to have a map of this city?
Do you have a guide book about the city?
Do you have a book about the city’s tourist attractions?
How can I get to the downtown area?
How can I get to the museum?
How can I get there?
How long does it take to get to the museum?
It takes about an hour.
Could you reserve a seat on the limousine going to the airport?
Could you reserve a seat for me on the sightseeing bus?
Could you reserve a set on the shuttle?
How can I get to 장소 명사
---에 어떻게 가나요?
How can I get to the city hall? 시청에 어떻게 가나요?
How can I get to the festival? 페스티벌에 어떻게 가나요?
How can I get to the farmer’s market? 농산물 직거래 장에 어떻게 가나요?
How long does it take to get to 장소 명사/there
---에 가려면 얼마나 걸리나요?
How long does it take to get there? 거기에 가려면 얼마나 걸리나요?
How long does it take to get to the airport? 공항에 가려면 얼마나 걸리나요?
How long does it take to get to the convention center?
박람회장에 가려면 얼마나 걸리나요?
It takes 시간
---가 걸려요.
It takes about an hour. 약 한시간 걸려요.
It takes twenty minutes to get there. 거기에 가려면 20분 걸려요.
It takes three hours. 세시간 걸려요.
Exercise
1. 가장 가까이에 있는 대형 쇼핑 센터는 어디에 있나요? (mall)
Where is the nearest mall?
2. 어디서 돈을 환전할 수 있나요? (exchange)
Where can I exchange money?
3. 혹시 도시 안내 책자 있으세요? (happen to, guide book)
Do you happen to have a city’s guide book?
4. 국회 의사당에 어떻게 가나요? (Houses of Parliament)
How can I get to the Houses of Parliament?
5. 거기에 지하철로 가면 얼마나 걸리나요? (by subway)
How long does it take to get there by subway?
Exercise
A: Good morning? How was your last night?
B: It was Okay. By the way, I’d like to go to the fisher’s market. Where is the
nearest one?
A: It’s on the fifth avenue.
B: How can I get to the market?
A: Take a subway in front of the hotel.
B: How long will it take to get there?
A: It will take about thirty minutes.
B: Great. Do you happen to have a city map?
A: Sure. Here you are.
B: Thanks.
1. to the modern art museum / to the museum
there / an hour
/ We have a shuttle going
2. to the concert hall
/ there
/ Take a bus
/ about twenty minutes
3. to the water front
/ there
/ You can just walk there/ about 10 minutes
4. to the department store / there
/ Take a taxi / about five minutes
Key Expression 3
Could you tell me where Mr. Kim is staying?
Could you tell me in which room Mr. Kim is?
Could you call a staff for me?
Could you page Mr. Lee?
I’d like to leave a message to Mr. Kim.
Key Expression 4
Can I deposit jewelry in your safety deposit box?
Can I deposit valuables?
Key Expression 5
Can you bring the breakfast to my room?
Can you bring two sandwiches to my room?
I’d like to order a steak and a glass of orange juice.
Please bring my order as soon as possible.
Make sure to bring them as soon as possible.
What should I do with the dishes after I eat them all?
Can I leave the dishes outside?
When does your restaurant close?
Can I have meals in the coffee shop over there?
---as soon as possible
가능한 빨리 --- 해 주세요.
Send someone to my room as soon as possible.
가능한 빨리 제 방에 사람을 보내 주세요.
Answer the phone as soon as possible.
가능한 빨리 전화를 받으세요.
Submit the presentation materials as soon as possible.
가능한 빨리 발표 자료를 받으세요.
Make sure to 동사 원형
꼭 --- 해주세요.
Make sure to return the key to the front desk. 열쇠를 반납하는 거 잊지 마세요.
Make sure to bring your umbrella. 우산을 꼭 가져 오세요.
Make sure to review it before submitting your report.
보고서를 제출하기 전에 꼭 한번 검토하세요.
What should I do with 명사
---를 어떻게 해야 하나요?
What should I do with these files? 이 서류 파일들 어떻게 해야 하나요?
What should I do with this hedset? 이 헤드폰 어떻게 해야 하나요?
What should I do with this broken machine?
이 고장난 기계는 어떻게 해야 하나요?
Exercise
1. 미스터 리가 어느 방에 있는지 알려 주실 수 있어요?
Could you tell me in which room Mr. Lee is staying?
2. 금고 속에 제 보석을 넣어 놓을 수 있을 까요? (safety deposit box)
Can I deposit jewelry in your safety deposit box?
3. 오믈렛 두 개를 제 방에 가져다 주실 수 있나요? (bring)
Could you bring two omelets to my room?
4. 가능한 빨리 제 방으로 와주세요. (as soon as possible)
Please come to my room as soon as possible.
5. 꼭 와인을 가져 오세요. (make sure)
Make sure to bring a bottle of wine.
Exercise
A: This is room service. How may I help you?
B: Would you bring two sandwiches to my room?
A: Okay.
B: How long would it take?
A: It will take about thirty minutes.
B: Please bring them as soon as possible and make sure to bring enough
napkins.
1. I’d like to order breakfast
/ about twenty minutes
/ your house wine
2. I’d like to order a hamburger.
/ about thirty minutes
/ some chips
3. Would you bring me two pancakes / about 15 minutes / a maple syrup
4. I’d like to have a grilled chicken. / about an hour / some soup
Summary
1. Can I exchange money here?
2. Do you happen to have a city map”
How can I get to the museum?
How long does it take to get there?
3. Could you call a staff for me?
4. Can I deposit valuables?
5. Could you bring the breakfast to my room?
Please bring them as soon as possible
Lesson 50. I’d like to check out now.
호텔에서 퇴실하고 숙박료를 지불할 때
Key Expression 1
I’d like to check out now.
I’d like to leave now.
I’d like to stay one more night.
I’d like to leave one night earlier.
By when should I check out?
By when should I leave the room?
You have to leave the room by noon.
You have to leave the room by noon unless you want to stay one more night.
You should vacate the room before noon.
By when should I 동사 원형
언제 까지 ---를 해야 하나요?
By when should we vacate this building? 언제 까지 이 빌딩을 비워 줘야 하나요?
By when should I return the car? 언제까지 차를 반납해야 하나요?
By when should I send the application? 언제까지 지원서를 보내야 하나요?
… unless 주어 동사
---하지 않다면 ---해라
Show up on time unless you want to pay the penalty.
벌금을 물고 싶지 않다면 정각에 나와라.
You can catch a taxi easily unless it is raining out there.
밖에 비가 오고 있지만 않다면 택시를 쉽게 잡을 수 있다.
Hurry up unless you want to miss the train.
기차를 놓치고 싶지 않다면 서둘러라.
Exercise
1. 하룻밤 더 머물고 싶은데요.
I’d like to stay one more night.
2. 언제까지 퇴실해야 하나요? (by when)
By when should I check out?
3. 지금 퇴실하고 싶은데요.
I’d like to check out now.
4. .정오까지 방을 비워 주어야 합니다. (vacate)
You should vacate the room by noon.
5. 빈방이 없으면 내일 아침 퇴실할께요.
I’ll check out tomorrow morning unless you have any vacancies.
Exercise
A: Good morning sir. How was your last night sir?
B: It was a bit hot but I had a great time.
A: Are you leaving today?
B: Yes, I’d like to check out now.
1. It was Okay.
/ No, I’d like to stay one more night.
2. I really like it. My room had a really great view. / Can I stay one more
night?
3. It was quite noisy.
/ Yes, by when should I check out?
4. Somehow I couldn’t sleep well. / No, I’d like to stay two more night
if you have a vacancy.
Key Expression 2
I’d like to pay my bill.
Can I have my bill now?
Can I have my credit card back?
Your bill comes to 500 dollars including tax.
Can I have 명사 back?
---를 되돌려 받을 수 있을까요? ---를 되돌려 주세요.
Can I have my driver’s license back? 제 운전면허증 돌려 주세요.
Can I have my ring back? 제 반지 되돌려 주세요.
Can I have my baggage back? 제 가방 되돌려 주세요.
--- comes to 액수
가격이 ---에 달합니다.
The total comes to 1200 dollars. 전체 액수는 1200불에 달합니다.
Your bill comes to100 dollars. 금액은 100불입니다.
Your travel expense comes to 2000 dollars. 여행경비가 2000불에 달합니다
Key Expression 3
How would you like to pay?
Do you accept a visa card?
I’d like to pay with my credit card.
I’d like to pay in cash.
I’d like to pay by check.
I’d like to pay by credit card.
Key Expression 4
Could you send up a porter for my bags?
Could you keep my baggage until this evening?
Could you keep an eye on my bag while I’m going to a bathroom?
Could you keep 명사 until
---할 때까지 ---를 보관해 주시겠어요?
While
---하는 동안 ----를 보관해 주시겠어요?
Could you keep my dog until I return from my trip?
여행에서 돌아 올 때까지 내 강아지 좀 맡아 주시겠어요?
Could you keep my bag while I’m washing my hands?
제가 손을 씻는 동안 제 가방 좀 맡아 주시겠어요?
Could you keep my computer while I’m away?
내가 없는 동안 내 컴퓨터 좀 맡아 주겠니?
Key Expression 5
Would you call a cap for me?
Is my cab waiting out there?
Key Expression 6
Thank you for staying with us.
Thank you for 동명사
---해 주셔서 감사합니다.
Thank you for flying with us. 저희 비행사를 이용해 주셔서 감사합니다.
Thank you for attending our 5th anniversary ceremony.
다섯번째 창립 기념 식에 참석해 주셔서 감사합니다.
Thank you for using our products. 저희 제품을 이용해 주셔서 감사합니다.
Exercise
1. 계산하고 싶은데요. (pay)
I’d like to pay my bill.
2. 전체 금액은 세금을 포함하여 200불입니다. (come to, total)
The total comes to 200 dollars including tax.
3. 그거 돌려 받을 수 있을 까요? (have it back)
Can I have it back?
4. 제가 여기 없을 때 이 가방들 좀 보관해 주실 수 있나요? (out of town)
Could you keep bags while I’m out of town?
5. 택시 좀 불러 주시겠어요? (cab)
Would you call me a cab?
Exercise
A: I’d like to check out now. Can I pay now?
A: Sure. Please tell me you name and room number.
B: Yes, My name is Joseph Park and My room number is 607.
A: OK. Your bill comes to 500 including tax.
How would you like to pay?
B: I’d like pay with my credit card. Do you accept an American express card?
A: Yes, please sign here.
1. Could you show me the bill? / Jin Kim
check?
/ I’m sorry but we don’t.
/ 302
2. Can I have my bill?
card. / No problem
/ I’d like to put it on my
/ Jason Lee
/ 507
/ Do you accept a
3. Can you tell me how much I should pay?
/ I’d like to pay in cash
/ Great
/ Susan Kim
4. Can I pay now?
/ Sarah Lee
/ OK, but do you have a photo ID?
/ I’d like to write a check.
/ 205
/ 825
Dialogue
호텔에서 퇴실하고 숙박표를 지불할 때
A: Good morning sir. How was your last night sir?
B: It was a bit hot but I had a great time.
A: Are you leaving today?
B: Yes, I’d like to check out now. Can I have my bill now?
A: Sure. Could you tell me you name and room number please?
B: Yes, My name is SuJin Kim and My room number is 702.
A: Just a moment please. Let me check it first. Your bill comes to
600 dollars including tax.
How would you like to pay?
B: I’d like to put it on my card. Do you accept an American express card?
A: Yes, please sign the bill and the credit card receipt.
B: Okay. By the way, could you keep my bag until this evening?
A: No problem. Thank you for staying with us. Enjoy your trip.
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