Moving Beyond the Information Age
Scott Kinney, VP Outreach & Professional Development
similarities
consume differently
TIVO or DVR?
iPod
Growth of the Internet
Source:(2008, September 30). Retrieved October 19, 2008, from September 2008 Web Server Survey Web
site: http://news.netcraft.com/archives/2008/09/30/september_2008_web_server_survey.html
NBCOlympics.com
72M
1.2B
Source: Stelter, Brian (August 24, 2008). Web Audience for Games Soars for NBC and Yahoo. Retrieved
August 28, 2008, Web site: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/25/sports/olympics/25online.html
…now for the quiz.
Information obtained from the Pew Internet & American Life
Project, eSchool News Online, MSNBC & WikiPedia.
…the information age
Students and Media
• Young people (8-18) today, spend an
average of 6 ½ hours a day with media
– 4 hours a day watching TV
• 2 ¼ hours with parents
– 1 ¾ listening to music
• 1 ½ doing physical activity
– Over an hour on the computer
• Under an hour doing homework
• They are exposed to the equivalent of
8 ½ hours of media a day
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation, (March 9, 2005). Retrieved August 28, 2008, from Generation M: Media
in the Lives of 8-18 Year-olds Web site: http://www.kff.org/entmedia/entmedia030905pkg.cfm
Multitasking
Central Connecticut State University
• Students were randomly assigned to take part in one
of three groups
– read the text on screen with no interruptions
– answered instant messages first and then did their
reading
– multitasked, fielding instant messages as they read
• All three groups fared about the same on a test given
later to check their understanding of the text
• “Students who send and receive instant messages
while completing a reading assignment take longer to
get through their texts but apparently still manage to
understand what they’re reading”
Source: Viadero, Debra (August 15, 2008). Instant Messaging Found to Slow Students' Reading. Retrieved
August 28, 2008, from Education Week Web site:
http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2008/08/27/01im.h28.html?tmp=1877392231
As They Get Older
• What’s “in” on Campus
• Spring 2005
1. Drinking beer
2. Drinking other alcohol
• Spring 2006
1. Drinking beer
iPods
2. Drinking beer tied with Facebook.com
3. Drinking other alcohol
4. Text messaging
Source: USA Today. June 8, 2006
A Simple Example
• Who is the current President of the
Portuguese Republic?
• Approximately how fast does the earth
move around the sun?
• What year was the Washington
Monument completed?
** I need a volunteer/prizes included
Why is this Significant?
30
25
20
Before
After
15
10
5
0
Know 0 Know 1 Know 2 Know 3
Not just information…
…but also delivery
In the Classroom
Video: Human Body: Pushing the Limits: Strength. Discovery Education
(2008). Retrieved April 1, 2008, from: http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/
What do we know about
integrating media?
…but not just what we think
Proven Results
Scientific evaluations conducted by Cometrika., Inc., an independent research firm (Virginia study conducted 2002; Los Angeles
study conducted 2004)
What Does the Research Say
A review of hundreds of studies
investigating the effectiveness of
multimedia in learning suggested that…
Source: Macaulay, Michael (2003).The Effects of Multimedia on Learning in Third World Children. Journal of
Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. 12, 185-198.
What Does the Research Say
A review of hundreds of studies
investigating the effectiveness of
multimedia in learning suggested that…
people who used computer-based
multimedia instruction performed better
in terms of test scores, compared to
those who received instruction through
traditional classroom lectures.
Source: Macaulay, Michael (2003).The Effects of Multimedia on Learning in Third World Children. Journal of
Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. 12, 185-198.
Third World Children
Elementary Mathematics
• Research methodology
• Students were randomly assigned to take
part in one of two groups
– Learning materials using text only
– Multimedia (text, images, animation & sound)
…the mean test score of the group that used the
multimedia application to learn elementary
mathematics was significantly higher than that
of the group that used the non-multimedia
application.
Source: Macaulay, Michael (2003).The Effects of Multimedia on Learning in Third World Children. Journal of
Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. 12, 185-198.
accessing this information…
A Few Questions
• Who is the current President of the
Portuguese Republic?
“Aníbal António Cavaco Silva
Portuguese economist and political
leader, prime minister (1985-95) and
president (2006-) of Portugal.”
Source: ChaCha text message
moving beyond the information age
not just about accessing
information
engage
Presidential Debates
NFL
Engaging with Content
Name
Kayla
Age
3 1/2
About Kayla
Kayla is three and is no
longer satisfied with
simply watching Elmo and
Dora. Instead, she wants
to interact with them,
answer questions and
guide them in their
journey.
Tools to Engage with Content
…the next step
create!
Telling Their Story
Name
Uriel
Favorite Subject
Science
My Notes
Uriel is creative and
extremely intelligent.
However, Uriel just
doesn’t care to write all
of the time. He wants to
express himself in a
variety of ways.
What is the value of students
telling their story?
Source: Pink, D (2006). A whole new mind: Why right-brainers will rule
the future. New York, NY: Penguin Group.
What is the value of students
telling their story?
Source: Pink, D (2006). A whole new mind: Why right-brainers will rule
the future. New York, NY: Penguin Group.
…not just for students.
…and this is much easier
than it used to be.
…another student example.
What are the skills these
students must have to
produce these products?
If they build it…they will learn.
- Sharon “Sam” Sakai-Miller
How People Learn
A research-based synthesis
consisting of 30 years of educational
research indicates:
• participation in social practice is a
fundamental form of learning
• learning is increased by a diversity of
cultural experience and community
participation
Brown, Ann L, Cocking, Rodney R & Bransford , John D. How
People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School.
Washington: National Academies Press, 2000.
Source: http://www.sfett.com/html_movie/Ican/4.html
…and these are not isolated examples.
Social Networking Tools
96% percent of U.S. students ages 9 to
17 who have internet access use socialnetworking technology to connect with
their peers (chatting, text-messaging,
blogging, or visiting online communities
such as Facebook, MySpace, and
Webkinz)
• One of the most common topics of
discussion…education
• Nearly 60 percent of students report
discussing education-related topics
Source: National School Boards Association, (2007).CREATING & CONNECTING//Research and
Guidelines on Online Social — and Educational — Networking. 12.
My Little Girl…Now
Name
Kayla
Age
5
About Kayla
Not even Dora is
good enough
anymore; now it’s
social networking
through WebKinz.
Social Practice in Action
• How many people have learned
something new they intend to
utilize/apply when you return to
school (i.e. a tool or educational
resource)?
• Groups of 2-3
• Share what you have learned
Social Practice in Action
• How many people shared the
exact same thing?
• How many people intend to
utilize/apply something they just
learned in the last three minutes?
Source: Top Sites United States.
Retrieved July 29, 2008, from Alexa
Top 100 Sites Web site:
http://www.alexa.com/site/ds/top_sites?
cc=US&ts_mode=country&lang=none
The Nation’s Response
Change in Florida Legislation
1082 (1) DISTRICT SCHOOL BOARD —The district school board has
1083 the duty to provide adequate instructional materials for all
1084 students in accordance with the requirements of this part. The
1085 term “adequate instructional materials” means a sufficient
1086 number of textbooks or sets of materials that are available in
1087 bound, unbound, kit, or package form and may consist of hard
1088 backed or soft-backed textbooks, consumables, learning
1089 laboratories, manipulatives, electronic media, and computer
1090 courseware or software that serve as the basis for
1091 instruction for each student in the core courses…
California Digital Textbook Initiative
High School students will have access to
science and math digital textbooks by the
beginning of the school year. A list of
standards-aligned digital textbooks for subjects
such as geometry, algebra II, trigonometry,
calculus, physics, chemistry, biology/life science
and earth science courses will be released this
August.
Phase two of the initiative is currently being
developed. This includes making digital
textbooks available for all grades, incorporating
interactive content…
Texas Adopted Language
SECTIONA1.AA, Subchapter A, Chapter 31,
Education Code, is amended by adding
Section 31.004 to read as follows:
…the district provides each student with
textbooks, electronic textbooks, or
instructional materials that cover all elements
of the essential knowledge and skills adopted
by the State Board of Education for that
subject and grade level.
“We can no longer teach as we
learned. We must combine the
best of the old with the best of the
new and plunge forward to meet
the increasing demands of an
ever-changing technological
environment.”
Linda Wells, Fifth Grade Teacher
Cambridge Elementary School
San Antonio, Texas
Contact Information
• Scott Kinney
– Vice President
Outreach & Professional Development
– Email: [email protected]
• Websites
– discoveryeducation.com
– community.discoveryeducation.com
– discoveryedspeakersbureau.com
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