Open
Educational
Resources
Alternatives to
Textbooks
Susan Dean
De Anza College
December 13, 2008
http://faculty.deanza.edu/deansusan
http://www.studentpirgs.org
http://www.maketextbooksaffordable.org
For prospective
students, the first
test is often their
ability to afford the
textbooks.
The Problem:
College textbooks are too
expensive
• Students spend an average of $900 a year
on textbooks.
• For students already trying to finance
college, the cost of textbooks often forces
the student to either go into debt, accept an
inferior academic experience, or to drop out.
What are
Open Educational Resources?
• High quality educational content and tools
• Freely available from the internet, anytime, anywhere
• All languages
• Shared
• Usable and re-usable
OER Survey
100%
90%
80%
70%
Interested
Aware
Using
Would Use
Would Help
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Faculty Respondents
OER Tutorial: http://cnx.org/content/col10413/latest/
(Access cnx.org; find content by author Judy Baker)
Benefits of OER
Lowers the costs of
educational
materials
for students
Benefits of OER
Fosters
pedagogical
innovation
and relevance
that avoids
“teaching from
the textbook”
Benefits of OER
Gives faculty
tools to gain
control over
learning content
and delivery.
Benefits of OER
•Share and remix
learning materials for
customized and
localized use
•Fast feedback loop on
quality and relevance
of learning materials
=> continual
improvement and rapid
development
Statistics Open Textbook
Now Available at Connexions
http://cnx.org/
Collaborative Statistics
by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean
Other Examples
•Rupi Sekhon wrote a Finite Math book that several sections of Math
11 at De Anza use. The course transfers to UC and CSU. Available at
http://faculty.deanza.edu/sekhonrupinder/stories/storyReader$8
•You can download or view a copy of Burzynski & Elllis' "Elementary
Algebra" for viewers at http://www.box.net/signup/collablink/d_21592010/3b648f2c3b5e4
•You can download or view a copy of Burzynski & Elllis'
"Fundamentals of Mathematics" at http://www.box.net/signup/collablink/d_21592228/32a9c44c04524
•John Redden has an
"Elementary Algebra: Solving Linear Equations in One Variable"
module posted to Connexions at - http://cnx.org/content/m18033/1.1/
Challenges
• Articulation and
transfer issues
• Compliance with
accessibility (ADA)
requirements
• Printing and
computer lab
demands on
campus
by students
• Coordination with
campus bookstores
OER Resources and Tools
•
•
•
•
Tools for locating, organizing, and delivering
Tools for collaboration and development
Discipline-specific sources
Open courseware
Tools for Locating, Organizing,
and Delivering OER
Tools for Collaboration
and Development
Discipline-specific Sources
Community College Consortium
for Open Educational Resources
Joint effort to develop and use open
educational resources and open textbooks
in community college courses
cccoer.wordpress.com
cccoer.wordpress.com
1: Develops and expands the Community College
Consortium for OER toward sustainability
2: Has a website that houses current information
about high-quality Open Textbooks appropriate for
community college instruction including
•development
•identification
•standards
•criteria (articulation, accessibility,
interoperability, and cultural relevance)
•Links to sites (like CNX) and to textbooks
www.collegeopentextbooks.org
Learn how to use Connexions as your toolkit
to discover, customize, and adopt open textbooks.
Discover…
Customize…
Adopt…
Complete Booklet
Get Account
Login
Set Password
Maintain Account
Search Connexions
Use Materials
Check Out Materials
Edit Materials
Publish Materials
Update Collections
Publish Collections
Getting Textbooks
PDF
PDF
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PDF
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PDF
PDF
PDF
PDF
PDF
PDF
PDF
Video
Video
Video
Video
Video
Video
Video
Video
Video
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Text
Text
Text
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Disseminate Open Textbooks
– Digital formats
– Printed format
– Student (DIY)
– Campus bookstore
– Campus printshop services
– Proprietary services
Faculty Role
• Encourage faculty to
develop, locate, review, and
and promote OER
– Support sabbaticals
for development and
modification of open textbooks
– Give credit toward tenure for faculty
work on open textbook development
Project Partners
AB 2261 by Ira Ruskin
• Section 1 (b) states that “Community colleges
need to take greater advantage
of open
education resources, especially for basic skills
and general education classes, including, but
not limited to, algebra, that use course content
that remains generally unchanged over time.”
• http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/pub/0708/bill/asm/ab_22512300/ab_2261_bill_20080930_chaptered.pdf
Creative Commons and ccLearn
“ccLearn is a division of Creative Commons
dedicated to support open learning and open
educational resources. Our mission is to
minimize barriers to the creation, sharing, and
reuse of educational materials—legal barriers,
technical barriers, and social barriers.”
http://learn.creativecommons.org/
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Open Educational Resources in Online Learning