Indigenous Research Methodologies and International Research Collaborations Mera Penehira Senior Researcher, Mauri Tu Mauri Ora PhD Candidate, University of Waikato, Aotearoa Mlp16@students.waikato.ac.nz Why Protocols? • What’s the problem? • What’s the point? • Who benefits? The Aotearoa Experience • Tribal difference • Colonized and decolonized • Academic Ethics • Tribal Ethics Benefits and Risks • Indigenous Comparatives • Statistically and Qualitatively Robust • Learning • Multi-lingual findings Benefits and Risks • • • • Diversity Missing Incubation Trust Re-colonizing Developing International Indigenous Research Methodologies • What are the critical factors for selfdetermining research processes and outcomes? • What are the historical and contemporary research contexts that need to be accounted for? • What are the specific diversities that must be honored and protected? • What are the common elements of indigenously correct research? Establishing Rationale and the Indigenous Research Context • Why are indigenous research protocols important to you and your research team? • What difference will indigenous protocols make to you, to the research and to the research participants? • Is it important to have shared indigenous protocols in an international indigenous research collaboration? Why? Why not? Protocols and Principles for Inclusion • What are the top three things to be covered in the development of shared indigenous protocols for this project? • What, if any, are the key underlying principles that should guide the shared indigenous protocols for this project? • Is language translation of the shared indigenous protocols a necessary part of this development? Why? Why not? Research Outcomes • Do you see indigenous self=determination as a key goal of indigenous research? • In what way might indigenous protocols contribute to the self-determination of indigenous peoples? • What does being a self determining indigenous person mean to you? Initial Findings • Maintain and sustain languages • Knowing your collaborators • Political positioning and analysis • The 3 R’s • Ethical privilege • ‘Outsider’ privilege Summary • Indigenous peoples have much to gain from international collaborations and potentially as much to be cautious about in this research journey • It is critical to consider and protect the unique identity of all indigenous collaborators in the conglomerate of international research opportunities • Awareness, action and protection give the greatest likelihood of achieving selfdetermination Acknowledgements • Nga Pae o te Maramatanga • Health Research Council - Aotearoa • University of Waikato - Office of the Pro-Vice Chancellor Maori • International Collaborative Indigenous Health Research Partnerships • Dr Clive Aspin, Dr Leonie Pihama, Professor Linda Tuhiwai Smith, Alison Green, Anthony Barrett.