Environmental Challenges Facing Ports
PAPC CONFERENCE
Djibouti
December 2008
Herman Journée
Director Strategic Development Port of Amsterdam
Chairman ECOPORTS Foundation
Chairman European Seaports Organisation Environment Committee
CONTENT
PORT OF AMSTERDAM
1.
Environmental Challenges Facing Ports
2.
Port environmental management
3.
Examples
CONCLUSIONS
1000 km
1000 km
EXAMPLE: PORTS OF NORTH WEST EUROPE
North West Europe: Hamburg - Le Havre Range
1.053.000.000 tons per year (2006)
1000 km
135
CARGO FLOWS
Expected
3. Hamburg
Bremen
4. Amsterdam
to double
1. Rotterdam
in
Zeeland Seaports
the coming years
2. Antwerpen
Gent
Zeebrugge
Duinkerken
5. Le Havre
65
84
377
30
Delta Holland
7 million inhabitamts
167
24
1000 km
40
57
74
Ile de France
11 million inhabitants
Trends indicate:
limitations in port capacity
Amsterdam:
•
Limitations in Space for Port Expansion
•
Limitations in Environmental room
•
Limitations in Accessability (road congestion in Port Cities)
•
Limtations in Personnel
Port Strategy of Amsterdam
Targets for 2020
1.
Economy and jobs
2.
Environment
3.
Accessability
4.
Attractive port
Innovation Port of Amsterdam
Innovation Port of Amsterdam: in house transhipment
No influence of climate
Less packaged material, so less costs
24 hours operation
Same working conditions as in industry
Less waste
Environmental friendly
#3
ALL WEATHER TERMINALS
CONTENT
PORT OF AMSTERDAM
1.
Environmental Challenges Facing Ports
2.
Port environmental management
3.
Examples
CONCLUSIONS
Top 10 of Environmental Issues
in European Ports
Result of survey by the
European Seaports Organisation
and Ecoports Foundation
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
GARBAGE, WASTE
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
DREDGING
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
NOISE
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
AIR QUALITY
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
AIR QUALITY
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
WATER QUALITY
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
WATER QUALITY
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
SOIL POLLUTION
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
SOIL POLLUTION
Top 10 Environmental Issues in Ports
ENERGY REDUCTION
+ sources of renewable energy
CONTENT
PORT OF AMSTERDAM
1.
Environmental Challenges Facing Ports
2.
Port environmental management
3.
Examples
CONCLUSIONS
The view of the European Commission
Ports need environmental control (1)
• Ports have to implement more then 40 European environmental laws
• Result is positive!
• Enormous environmental improvements
Examples of European rules to reduce port environmental effects.
No easy task for ports to implement!
CITY / HOUSING AREA
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Industrial Noise Directive
PORT
Air Quality Directive
and
Waste Directive
port expansion area
Water Frame Work Directive
Birds and Habitat Directive
Water Frame Work Daughter Directive
EC Seaports Policy
Motorways of the Sea
Security rules
Maritime Spatial Planning
Safety rules
Maritime Green Paper
Environmental Liability Directive
Marpol
SEA
Communication on Logistics
Action program logistics
CANAL
The view of the European Commission
Ports need environmental control (2)
Many environmental laws:
but……..laws have many negative side effects for ports
• Increased environmental risk
• Increased port planning risk
• Increased financial risk
• Unfair port competition: different implementation of laws in different
ports: no level playing field
How to deal with these effects?
The Answer of Ecoports Foundation:
port management system
for the laws ánd the side effects
Ecoports Foundation
Environmental Management Systems
for Ports
Developed by Ports
What is EcoPorts? (1)
A network of colleague environmental experts
To exchange experience
With good practice environmental solutions
In ports and the logistic chain
EPF NETWORK
Environmental experts who contributed knowledge
SPAIN
DENMARK SWEDEN
IRELAND
UNITED KINGDOM
Arenys
Aviles
Balears
Bahia de Algeciras
Bahia de Cadiz
Barcelona
Bilbao
Castellon
Cartagena
Gijon
Huelva
Las Palmas
Palamos
Pasajes
Tenerife
Santander
Sevilla
Tarragona
Valencia
Villanova
Aabenraa
Aalborg
Aarhus
Aeroeskoebing
Esbjerg
Frederikshaven
Grenaa
Hamsholm
Hirthals
Holbaek
Hvide Sande
Kolding
Korsoer
Marstal
Nexoe
Odense
Roenne
Skive
Thorsminde
Thyboron
Cork
Dublin
Dun Loghaire
Galway
Rosslare
Aberdeen
Barry
Belfast
Boston
Bristol
Buckie
Cardiff
Clydeport
Conway
Cromarty
Dover
Dundee
Falmouth
Fowey
Grangemouth
Harwich
Heysham
Iverness
Jersey
Larne
Leith
FRANCE
BELGIUM
Bordeaux
Brest
Calais
Dunkirk
Le Havre
Marseilles
Nantes
Paris
Rochefort
Strasbourg
Antwerp
Brussels
Gent
Liege
Zeebrugge
Gavle Hamn
Goteborg
Harhs Hamn
Kalmar
Karlshamn
Malmo
Stockholm
Sundsvall
Uddevalla
Venerhamn
Cork
Dublin
Dun Loghaire
Galway
Rosslare
Leixoes
Setubal
NETHERLANDS GERMANY
Amsterdam
Groningen
Moerdijk
Rotterdam
Zeeland
PORTUGAL
Leixoes
Setubal
Bremen
Cuxhaven
Emden
Hamburg
Rostock
Wilhemshaven
FINLAND
Koper
Hamina
Inkoo
Kokkola
Kotka
Naantali
Oulu
Pietasaari
Rauma
Turku
LATVIA
ROMANIA
Liepaja
Riga
Ventspils
Costantza
Galati
MALTA
Marsaxlokk
Valeta
SLOVENIA
IRELAND
PORTUGAL
POLAND
Gdansk
Gdynia
Szczecin
Swinoujscie
GREECE
Patras
Piraeus
Thessaloniki
Volos
Littlehampton
Liverpool
London
Lymington
Milford
Newport
Poole
Rosyth
Rye
Scapa Flow
Sunderland
Swansea
ABP
Talbot
Tibury London
Torbay
Truro
Tyne
Waterford
Whitstable
NORWAY
Bergen
Molde
Oslo
Stavanger
ITALY
Ancona
Cagliari
Civitavecchia
Genoa
La Spezia
Livorno
Marina di Carrara
Ravenna
Savona Vado
Trieste
Venice
USA
Port of Houston
CAMBODIA
Phnom Penh
Sihanoukville
VIETNAM
Da Nang
Din Vuh
What is EcoPorts? (2)
Aim
Environment: competition neutral (level playing field in sustainability)
Start
First initiatives: 1993. Foundation since 1999
Founding fathers
Ports of Amsterdam, Antwerp, Barcelona, British Ports Association, Gdansk, Genua, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Rotterdam.
Network
350 environmental specialists of
seaports ,inland ports, dry ports, environmental authorities, large industrial companies
Training
10 certified trainers, 5 languages
Supported by
European Seaports Organization
European Inland Ports Federation
Relations with
Environmental Protection Agency (USA)
Environment Committee of American Association of Port Authorities
United Nations Environmental Program
How is Ecoports helping ports
• Exchange of Knowledge from Practice
–
–
–
–
from port colleagues: exchange of good practice experience
data base: of good environmental practice solutions
National and international workshops
Yearly International Conference: Greenport - Ecoports
• Introduction of Environmental Management System in Ports
– Port Environmental risk management analysis: the Self Diagnosis Method: SDM
– Port Environmental Review System: PERS
– Port environmental certificate: the PERS certificate
Port Environmental Management System
Certificate
(ISO based, audited by independent auditor Lloyds Register)
STEP 1.
Identify Environmental Priorities and Risks
SDM: environmental selfdiagnosis method
STEP 2.
Find and implement a solution
Use the EcoPorts network: seminars, workshops, conference, database
STEP 3.
Monitor improvements
Key performance indicators, yearly report
STEP 4.
Demonstrate your basic environmental competence
PERS (port environmental review system) certificate
Example: Port of Cork (Ireland, Europe)
Port of Cork has an Ecoports PERS certificate
Port of Cork
Environmental Management System
EMS Benefits
•
• Focused strategy to
environmental management •
• Improved environmental
performance (e.g. energy & •
waste)
• Demonstrate commitment to
the environment & reduces
liability risk
Provide market advantage
Credibility with clients and
partners
Enhance image and reputation
•
Improve staff morale &
commitment
•
Maintain Positive community
relations
•
Provide a healthier work
environment
• Reduce operating costs
CONTENT
PORT OF AMSTERDAM
1.
Environmental Challenges Facing Ports
2.
Port environmental management
3.
Examples
CONCLUSIONS
TOP ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE
REDUCTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF GOODS TRANSPORT
Priority Issue: Air Quality
Target:
Reduction of
CO2
SOx
NOx
Especially
SEA SHIP EMISSIONS
The Challenge
Reduction of environmental impact of transport
Especially in Congested Port City Regions
Solution?
A Solution for
Reduction of environmental impact of transport
Especially in Congested Port City Regions
Solution!
Stimulate Rail + Inland Barge
Improving Logistics and Environment go together
Improved quality of transport logistics
Creates also
Improved quality of the environment
New Laws introduce Improved Logistic Systems
Examples of certification of logistic chains
• Security in ports and the chain
Port security
• Quality of Customs in the logistic
chain: Green Lane (AEO) concept
Authorised Economic Operator
• Food Safety in the logistic chain
• Environmental Liability laws
CUSTOMS
How to realise solutions?
Ports must play an active role!
Active role of Ports
Examples new logistic systems
Target:
Cost effective + Environmentally effective
Special priority:
Solutions for Road Congestion in Port City Regions
Innovative solutions by Ports
•
Amsterdam (Seaport, The Netherlands)
–
•
Antwerp (Seaport, Belgium)
–
•
Municipal waste transport from road to water
Los Angeles (Seaport, USA)
–
•
From road to water: more then 80 Seaport related transhipment points outside Port City region in
Canal to Port of Antwerp
Lille (inland port, France)
–
•
AMSbarge: from road to water
Diesel engines improvement program, trucks and tugs
Rotterdam (Seaport, The Netherlands)
–
Container assembling area (transferia) outside Port City region (transhipment from truck to ship),
ship-shuttles between transferia and Port-City
Example Amsterdam
AMSTERDAM: AMSBARGE: TAKES CARGO OFF THE ROADS
By innovative ship, with own container crane
Brings 30 tons on 30 metres outside ship
Same transhipment tempo as crane on quayside
Capacity: 144 TEU
Initiated by Amsterdam Port Authority
Initiated by Port of Amsterdam
Developed in co-operation Mercurius Group
Draft: min 2 m, max 2.80
Length: 86 m
Width: 11.55
Cargo: containers (45ft), big bags, pallets
Now operated by: MCS Lucassen BV Amsterdam
Contact: Port of Amsterdam +31205234-510/550
www.AMSbarge.com
Easy Container Transhipment
No
Or
Low Cost
of Infrastructure:
No quaywall
But transhipment
Is possible
Port of Amsterdam’s AMSbarge:
Taking Cargo Off the Roads
Container direct from ship on wall
Container direct from ship on trailer
THE FUTURE IN CONGESTED
PORT CITY REGIONS
CITY RING ROAD AHEAD
REGIONAL RING ROAD AHEAD
CONTAINER TRANSFER POINT
ROAD
WATER / RAIL
CONTENT
PORT OF AMSTERDAM
1.
Environment: limits to port activities
2.
Port environmental management
3.
Examples
CONCLUSIONS
CONCLUSIONS
1.
Environmental Limitations in functioning port ask for a change
in port strategy
Limitations in
•
Space for Port Expansion
•
Environmental room
•
AccessabilityPersonnel
2.
Port management broadens its scope
•
•
•
3.
from port area to port and the logistic chain
from environment to sustainability
to an active development of sustainable port/chain solutions (where the market does not
deliver)
Additional types of management introduced
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Capacity Management
Chain Management
Knowledge management
Perception management
Liability Management
Risk management
Stakeholder (cooperation) management
Do you want more information?
Meet the Ecoports Port Colleagues Network.
at the next
International Conference
GREENPORT 2009, in
Association with Ecoports
Februari 25,26 2009
Naples Italy.
www.ecoports.com
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