Homeschool
Methods
A Quick Overview
of the Most Common
FIRST THINGS FIRST
• Most important to remember: I want my child to
know God and love God, develop godly character,
and I want my child to love learning.
• What do I want my children to learn and apply
about God, himself/herself, and the world must
precede the question what method will I use to
teach them?
• Do not let the method determine your child’s
biblical worldview.
• Be willing to modify or change method to
accommodate child’s learning preferences.
TRADITIONAL
TRADITIONAL
• Works for...
– Child who is studying material similar to scope
and sequence as other public or private
schools (short-term homeschooling).
– Beginner families who are most comfortable
with a classroom style set-up at home.
– Parents who want to have everything planned
out for them.
– Parents who want to use tests and quizzes as a
primary way to test knowledge and
understanding.
– Children who enjoy textbooks and workbooks.
CLASSICAL
• Exposure to history, art, and culture of
Western Civilization, including languages of
Latin and Greek, philosophy and literature of
the West
• Christian Classical includes Theology.
CLASSICAL
• Trivium
STAGES
AGE
AGE
APPROACH
Concrete
Grammar
Elementary
- Focus on science of language usage, of
absorbing information, memorizing phonics,
spelling, grammar, foreign language, history,
science and math
- Student has the ability to memorize many facts
Analytical
Logic
Middle School -Focus on science of right thinking, have
discussions, debates and draw conclusions,
teach algebra and thesis writing
- Student has ability to make connections with
the facts already learned
Abstract
Rhetoric
Highschool +
-Focus on verbal and written expression
- Student has ability to use connections learned
to articulate and formulate own opinions
CLASSICAL
• Works for...
– Parent and child who like structure.
– Child who enjoys reading and writing, especially
the classics of Western Literature.
– Parent who likes to be highly involved in
discussing books, giving dictation, etc.
– Child who is academically-oriented.
– Parent who believes that developing good study
skills fairly early on in your child's life will benefit
him greatly as time goes on. (ex. Learning latin
roots of words)
UNIT STUDIES
Theme
Language:
Bible:
What was happening
in Bible times during
this period? What was
the emperor’s idea of
the after-life?
If you were one of the builders
during the construction of the
Great Wall, can you write
about what your experience
might have been like?
Geography:
Theme:
Math:
How long did it take
the emperor to build
the Great Wall and
Terracotta Army?
Questions like how
many, how much...
First Emperor of China
Qin Shi Huang Di
(259 - 210 BC) and his
accomplishments
Music:
What kind of
music/instruments
fell under this same
time period?
What parts of China
were under his reign?
Science/Engineering:
How did he build the Great
Wall and Terracotta Army?
Art:
What kinds of architectural
principles were applied to
build the Great Wall of China
and Terracotta Army
UNIT STUDIES
• Works for...
– Families with more than one child who can study
similar subjects at their own level.
– Parents with a lot of time to interact with their
child(ren) and make connections with them.
– Child who enjoys hands-on-projects and group
learning.
– Families who are not concerned about following
traditional scope and sequence.
CHARLOTTE MASON
“Education is an atmosphere, a discipline, a
life.” The approach is gentle and flexible, yet
the parent still guides the learning process.
CHARLOTTE MASON
Charlotte Mason was a homeschooled kid and a
British educator who used...
• “living books” (written by a person with a passion for
the subject vs. textbooks)
• narration (especially oral narration for younger
children)
• short lessons
• the study of art, nature and poetry and using
notebooks to document and draw
• the development of good habits
CHARLOTTE MASON
• Works for...
– Parents who want to create a learning environment
that encourages their child to explore and appreciate
the world around him, perhaps not rigidly sticking to a
schedule,
– Parents who see value in evaluating learning through
other means besides written tests
– Parents who want to offer a well-rounded education,
including enjoying art, nature, music and of course
lots of books,
– Parents who don’t mind being very involved in the
process of your child’s education – discussing books,
giving dictation, listening and encouraging narration,
and enjoying poetry, art and music together
UNSCHOOLING
UNSCHOOLING
• Started by educator, John Holt.
• Philosophy:
– First, children are born learners with a natural
curiosity that causes them to make sense of their
world, think through and solve problems. He believes
they have the ability to self-correct.*
– Parents and educators can get in the way of this
natural process. Therefore, they need to be more
passive and willing to take a step back and give
direction only when students ask for and need help.
UNSCHOOLING
• Philosophy:
– Second, build child’s self esteem. It is the key to
learning. Overbearing teachers and parents, coercive
educational institutions, the rote drudgery of learning
and endless testing - all serve to create a sense of
anxiety, of
crushing curiosity, of making learning a painful rather
than a natural and pleasurable act. Over time
students come to believe that they are
failures. Indeed, Holt asserts that stammering and
stuttering are the consequences for some children of
destroyed self esteem.
UNSCHOOLING
• Works for...
– Families who are not concerned with scope and
sequence and structure
– Parents who want child to have the freedom to follow
his/her own interests
– Parents who have confidence in the process of
learning and are okay if not everything is document by
a written test
– Parents see a value in having child develop expertise
in an interest, and are willing to let other activities
take second place, at least for a season
– Child who has interests, hobbies or collections they
want to pursue
ECLECTIC
ECLECTIC
• Works for...
– Parents who prefer to hunt for the best curriculums to
suit their kids’ needs and their teaching goals.
– Parents who don’t mind spending the money to
experiment with different curriculums.
– Parents who are more adventurous in their approach
to teaching and enjoy the process of finding what
works best.
– Kids who don’t mind a lot of change or repeating
some of the things they might have learned in
previous materials.
SAMPLE CURRICULUMS
• Traditional - AOP, Bob Jones, Abeka, Local
textbooks, Rod and Staff
• Classical – Tapestry of Grace, Veritas Press, Story
of the World, Early Language Lessons for the
Well-Trained Mind
• Unit Studies – Konos, Tapestry of Grace, Weaver
• Charlotte Mason – Ambleside Online, Sonlight
(literature based but with scope and sequence)
• Eclectic – A hodge podge of different things
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Homeschool Methods