Commonwealth Educational
Media Centre for Asia
Open Educational
Resources and Libraries
Sanjaya Mishra
Director, Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia
A Childhood riddle…
What is it that does not
get reduced after sharing
with someone else?
KNOWLEDGE
Role of LIS Professionals
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Collect, organise and
disseminate
information
In a library, procure,
classify, index and
retrieve books/
information for the
users
Information
intermediary
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Collection building
Classifier
Cataloguer
Indexer
Reference Librarian
Serials Librarian
Others…
What we actually do?
 Bibliographic control (knowledge about
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where you can find knowledge)
Process knowledge in various formats to help
easy retrieval
Optimise available resources (through
collaboration)
Create enabling environment for learning and
research
Changing Roles… Changing Times…
 Collector
 Curator
 Communicator
 Creator
… of KNOWLEDGE Resources
Knowledge Resources Formats
 Books
 Periodicals
 A/V Media
 Online Web Resources
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Text
Audio
Video
Graphics
Animation
Learning
Objects
Knowledge Commons
 Who owns knowledge?
 Researcher stands on the shoulder of giants
 Previous research is necessary for new

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research
Knowledge is Free – Information is not.
Data
Information
Knowledge
OER: History and Developments
 MIT OpenCourseWare, 2001
 UNESCO Forum on the Impact of Open
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Courseware for Higher Education in
Developing Countries, 2002
OLI-CMU, 2002
OER Paris Declaration 2012
OER: Definition

teaching, learning and research materials in any
medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the
public domain or have been released under an
open license that permits no-cost access, use,
adaptation and redistribution by others with no
or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built
within the existing framework of intellectual
property rights as defined by relevant
international conventions and respects the
authorship of the work.
What is “Open”?
 It’s about open license used to share
educational material
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Reuse (copy verbatim)
Revise (adapt and edit)
Remix (combine with other materials)
Redistribute (share with others)
Retain (make, own and control copies)
 No permission required as long as the open
license is respected
Technology and Platforms
 Wikipedia, WikiEducator, Wikivarsity
 Wikispaces, etc.
 Connexions
 MIT OpenCourseware
 OLI-CMU
 OpenLearn
 OER Commons
 Directory of OER
OER Paris Declaration 2012:
Recommendations related to
Government
 Promote awareness and use of OER
 Bridge digital divide by developing infrastructure
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(broadband, mobile, electricity)
Develop national policy for OER
Promote use of Open licencing frameworks
Support capacity building initiatives on OER
Encourage and support research on OER
Adopt open standards and technologies for
interoperability
Encourage open license for materials produced
using public funds
OER Paris Declaration 2012:
Recommendations related to
Institutions
 Promote awareness and use of OER
 Improve media and information literacy
 Develop institutional policies for OER
 Educate stakeholders on open licenses and
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copyright
Promote quality assurance and peer review of OER
Develop strategic partnerships to avoid duplication
of work as well as technologies
Encourage and support research on OER
Develop tools to facilitate access to OER
OER Paris Declaration 2012:
Recommendations related to
Teachers
 Promote awareness and use of OER
 Develop and use OER
 Engage in peer review of OER
 Promote quality of OER
 Develop OER in local languages
 Contextualize OER
 Conduct research on OER
 Share learning materials prepared
Role of Librarians in OER Projects
 Copyright and Licensing
 Evaluate and select OER
 Management of OER repositories
 Discovery of OER sources
 Preservation of OER
 Tagging, Description and classification
 Creation of OER
Source: http://publications.cetis.ac.uk/2012/492
How Librarians can Promote OER?
 Collect OER for the library users
 Curate OER materials
 Include OER in the OPAC
 Create OER Repositories
 Educate users about OER
 Create OER in different disciplines
THANK YOU
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2012-15