Lecture 1 Introduction to Computational Linguistics Dr. Radhika Mamidi ENG 270 What is Linguistics? • The scientific study of human language • Aim is to establish a theory by studying nature of a language and by applying this established theory to describe other languages • Descriptive study not prescriptive • Speech activity - speaker, hearer, setting, code, medium; plus topic, contextual knowledge, abiding social norms, communicative competence Applied Linguistics Subfields / Inter-disciplinary fields: Sociolinguistics Lexicography Stylistics Computational Linguistics Semiotics Psycholinguistics Language Teaching/Learning Translation Studies Anthropological Linguistics Note: Now ‘Applied Linguistics’ is associated with Lg teaching. What is Computational linguistics? Computational linguistics is an interdisciplinary field dealing with the statistical and logical modeling of natural language from a computational perspective. Goal of Computational linguistics • To make the computers understand human language. • To use technology to build language tools. • Use computers to process or produce human language. We want to communicate with computers in the language we speak! Why Computers should talk with us? • The main obstacle in the interaction between human and computer is communication problem. • Computers do not understand our language and learning computer language is difficult. • Computer language do not match the structure of human thought. • The use of human language in computer applications will benefit the user. Most interesting CL application: chatbot • A chatterbot (or chatbot) is a type of conversational agent. • It is a computer program designed to simulate an intelligent conversation with one or more human users via auditory or textual methods. • It is a computer program with artificial intelligence to talk to people through voices or typed words. Computational linguistics is an interdisciplinary field. It takes input from different fields. Linguistics Mathematics Cognitive Science Computational Linguistics Philosophy Psychology Computer Science Relation of CL to Other Disciplines • Artificial Intelligence (notions of representation, search) • Machine Learning (probabilistic or statistical techniques) • Human Computer Interaction (HCI) • Linguistics (Syntax, Semantics etc.) • Information Retrieval • Philosophy of language (formal logic) • Electrical Engineering (Optical Character Recognition) • Psychology (insight into learning of linguistic constructions) Computational Linguistics is closely related to… • • • • Natural Language Technology Natural Language Engineering Natural Language Processing Artificial Intelligence Some Applications of Computational Linguistics • • • • • • • • Spelling and Grammar Checkers Screen readers for the blind Machine readable Dictionaries Machine Translation Systems Question-Answering Systems Information Retrieval Information Extraction Automatic Summarization Example Application- Search Engine Example Application- Spelling Checker Example Application- Grammar Checker Example Application- Question Answering Example Application- Machine Translation Assignment 1 Due date: After 2 weeks • • • Write short essays [about 8-10 sentences] on the following topics: Spelling and grammar checkers Your favorite search engine You and a chatbot You have to include examples, urls, references, sample data etc. wherever necessary. Don’t forget to add screenshots. Marks will be deducted if any kind of plagiarism is found.