Applied Linguistics
Overview of course’ Linguistics’
End of Term
Dr. Ansa Hameed
Today’s Lecture
• The definition of applied linguistics
• The major fields of applied linguistics
• Overview of course ‘Linguistics’
What is ‘applied linguistics’?
Applied linguistics is a branch of linguistics where the primary
concern is the application of the linguistic theories, methods and
findings to the explanation of language problems which have
arisen in other areas of experience.
History of Term: Applied Linguistics
 The term Applied Linguistics (AL) is an Anglo-American
coinage.
 It was founded first at the University of Edinburgh School of
Applied Linguistics in 1956.
 Then at the Center of Applied Linguistics in Washington
D.C. in 1957.
 AL use was
propagated by those who
clearly wanted to be known as scientists and not as
humanists.
Sociology
Psychology
Logic
Literature
Mathematics
Anthropology
Computing
Translation
Statistics
Philosophy
Mrs. Hind Albeladi - March 2010
DEFINITIONS
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The study of second language and foreign
language learning and teaching.
 Investigate problems related to language
learning and teaching.
 To find some practical steps to solve those
problems.
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The importance of AL lies in the significant role it
has in solving language-related problems.
Language is crucial to human lives. Without
language, most important activities will be
inconceivable.
Throughout the history and across the world,
people have been using language to communicate.
In our world there are many rapid changes. These
changes affect how people use language.
Hence, people need to investigate and understand
the facts of language use, to organize and
formalize what they know and to subject their
knowledge to rational consideration and critical
analysis.
Only by doing so, people will be able to set out the
options for action and the reasoning behind them.
Mrs. Hind Albeladi - March 2010
- How can languages best be learnt and
taught?
- What social factors affect language learning?
- How can technology be used to contribute to
the effectiveness of language
teaching/learning?
- What are the related problems associated
with language disorders?
- How can these be prevented?
Mrs. Hind Albeladi - March 2010
bilingualism and multilingualism
second language acquisition
contrastive linguistics
literacies
lexicography
language assessment
discourse analysis
conversation analysis
translation
language pedagogy
pragmatics
language planning and policies
computer-mediated
communication (CMC)
Mrs. Hind Albeladi - March 2010
Speech
therapy
CALL
Lexicography
& Dictionary
Making
AL
Translation
Language
Teaching
Language
Policy &
Planning
Mrs. Hind Albeladi - March 2010
Mrs. Hind Albeladi - March 2010
Mrs. Hind Albeladi - March 2010
Cook, G. (2003). Applied linguistics. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
R. B. Kaplan (Ed.) (2002), The oxford handbook of
applied linguistics New York: Oxford University
Press.
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Topics Covered:
Introduction to Linguistics
Modern Linguistics vs. Traditional Grammar
Language: Definitions, Form and Function
Human communication vs. Animal
Communication
Levels of Language
Phonetics
Phonology
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Morphology
Syntax
Syntactic Analysis
Semantics
Pragmatics
Language Origin
Language Development
First Language Acquisition
Second Language Learning
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Historical Linguistics
Structuralism: Saussure
Generativism: Chomsky
Functionalism: Halliday
The Prague School
The London School
Relational Grammar
Tagmemics (In syntax lectures)
Case Grammar (In syntax lectures)
Startificational Grammar (In syntax lectures)
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Applied Linguistics
Sociolinguistics
Sign Language
Discourse Analysis
Thank
You
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