Urban Observatories
HABITAT AGENDA
SA Cities Network
November 2002
Habitat Agenda
Implementation strategy
n
n
n
n
n
formation of partnerships
adoption of enabling approaches
activation of participatory mechanisms
building of capacity among all partners
groups
monitoring and assessment of progress
through networking and modern information
technologies
Global monitoring
Evaluations should be based on:
n comparable indicators data
n nominated best practices
n other information generated at each level
n
integrated into a biennial global report on
progress in implementing the Habitat
Agenda.
The Global Urban Observatory
At the request of the Commission on Human
Settlements, UN-Habitat has set up a Global
Urban Observatory (GUO) that functions as the
UN system focal point for the various partners’
groups engaged in monitoring and evaluation of
progress in implementing the Habitat Agenda.
What is the Global Urban
Observatory?
A knowledge infrastructure of . . .
Urban observatories
Policy makers and the public
Capacity building partners
Research and analysis institutions
Designed to . . .
Monitor urban conditions and trends
Increase our knowledge of cities
Promote civic engagement
Link knowledge to urban policy
Monitor implementation of
the Habitat Agenda
The GUO network
GUO
RUO
NUO
LUO
LUO
LUO
RUO
RUO
GUO
RUO
NUO
NUO
RUO
RUO
RUO
NUO
NUO LUO
LUO
RUO
LUO
LUO
LUONUO
LUO
LUONUO
LUO
RUO
LUO
LUO NUO
LUO
LUO
LUO
LUO RUO
LUO
LUONUO
LUO
LUO
LUO LUO
NUO
RUO
LUO LUO
LUOLUO
LUO
LUO
LUO
RUO
LUO LUO
LUO
NUO NUO LUONUO
NUO
LUO NUO LUO
LUOLUO
RUO
NUO
LUO
LUO
NUO
LUO
RUO
LUO
LUO LUO
NUO
NUO NUO
LUO NUO
LUOLUO
NUO
LUO LUO
NUO NUO
LUO NUO
LUO
LUO LUO LUONUO
NUO
LUO RUO NUO
NUO
NUO
LUO
RUO
NUO LUO
LUO
LUO
LUO LUO LUO
NUO
NUO
LUO
NUO
NUO LUO
NUO LUO
LUO
LUO
NUO
LUO
LUO
LUO
LUO LUO
NUO NUO
LUO NUO
LUORUO
LUO LUO
LUO LUO
LUO
NUO RUO
NUO
NUO
LUO
LUO
LUO
LUO LUO
LUO
NUO
LUO
NUO
LUO
NUO
LUO
LUO
NUO
LUO LUO
LUO
LUO LUO
NUO
LUO
A global mechanism …
… for reporting
State of
the
World’s
Cities
Global
Report on
Human
settlement
s
Guiding Principles
Build capacity to learn
Insist on transparency
Seek out all sides of an issue
Add value upwards
Collect data by gender, age and location
Use modern technology
Feed the public
Get public feedback
Work through networks
GUO system components
URBAN
OBSERVATORIES
Local
National
Regional
Global
URBAN
INDICATORS
Indices
Key indicators
Extensive indicators
Local indicators
TOOLS
Reporting Templates
Guidelines & Manuals
GIS
BEST PRACTICES
Good policies
Legislation
Local plans of action
Case books
Transfers
STATISTICS
Definitions
Methodology
National statistics
City-level statistics
CAPACITY
BUILDING
URBAN
OBSERVER
TOT
Support network
Regional training
LUO training
Newsletter
Main Partners
The World Bank
ICLEI
UN Stat.Div.
ENDA Tiers Monde
UN Pop.Div.
SDS
DFID
MRI
ESCWA
EAMAU
ATO
CRH
AIT
UMP
Why urban observatories?
Institutions to help governments, local
authorities and civil society . . .
Collect, manage, analyze and use information
Understand cities as socio/economic systems
Use knowledge for more effective national and
local action planning and urban policy
What is a local urban
observatory?
Usually an existing entity. . .
City planning department
University or NGO
Other capable organization in the public or
private sector
Single entity or a multi-partner
arrangement
An LUO will have strong links to the policymaking process within the city
What is a national urban
observatory?
An existing national consultative structure
or agency that can . . .
Coordinate LUOs
Serve National Habitat Committee (NHC)
Carry out research and analysis
Initiate national consultations on national policy
in all sectors
The first goal of the NUO will be a national urban
policy framework, if it does not already exist
What is a regional urban
observatory?
An existing regional institution or
network such as . . .
Regional office or commission of the United
Nations system
International umbrella NGO
Network of research and training institutions
An RUO may be organized on a geographical
or thematic basis
Urban Observatories
Asia-Pacific region
NUOs: Nepal, India, Sri Lanka,
Bhutan, Bangladesh,
Philippines
LUOs: Delhi, Bangalore, Pune,
Allahabad, Khatmandu,
Pokhra, Dhaka, Khulna,
Colombo, Kandy, Galle,
Thimpu, Manila
Arab States region
NUOs: Lebanon, Jordan,
Iraq, Bahrain, United
Arab Emirates
LUOs: Amman, Beirut,
Dubai, Oman, Abu
Dhabi, Cairo
Urban Observatories
Francophone Africa
NUOs: Mali, Senegal, Benin,
Burkina Faso, Cameroon
LUOs: Bamako, Segou,
Dakar, Thiès, Saint-Louis,
Cotonou, Ouagadougou,
Yaounde
Anglophone Africa
NUOs: Uganda, Zimbabwe
LUOs: Kampala, Gulu, Jinja,
Entebbe, Njeru, Harare,
Chegutu, Gweru, Mutare,
Bulawayo, Blantyre,
Joburg, Pretoria
Urban Observatories
Latin America
NUOs:Chile, Ecuador
LUOs: Santiago, Vina del
Mar, Valparaiso, Quito,
Cuenca, Ambato, Tena,
Puyo, Cordoba,
Cajamarca, Rio de
Janeiro
EC Europe
NUOs: Bulgaria, Poland
LUOs:Sofia, Varna, Plovdiv,
Veliko Tirnovo, Bougras,
Gabrovo, Gdansk,
Katowice, Elk, Byczynie,
Rozprza, Poznan,
Warsaw, Kosice, Krnov,
Riga, Jurmala, Tbilisi
Guiding Principles
for indicators and statistics
Indicators should reflect:
Needs of governments, cities and partners
Habitat II Commitments
Habitat’s strategic vision & operational
activities
Agenda of international development
community
Strategy
A two-track approach:
Networked capacity-building
for developing local-based self assessment
on a continuous basis
Global Database
for assessing urban conditions and trends
globally
Thematic Framework
ISTANBUL+5
1 Shelter
2 Social development
and eradication of
poverty
3 Environmental
management
4 Economic
development
5 Governance
Key indicators 23
Qualitative data 9
Extensive indicators 140
Index 1
Additional methods
A Four-level approach
1
2
3
4
Indices
Key Indicators
& Statistics
Extensive
Indicators & Statistics
Locally-defined Indicators &
statistics
The Global Urban Indicators
Database
GUID 1
1996 (1993 data)
46 key indicators
237 Cities
GUID 2
2001 (1998 data)
23 key indicators
300 Cities
City Development Index
Index
Infrastructure
Waste
Formula
25 x Water connections + 25 x Sewerage + 25 x Electricity + 25
x Telephone
Wastewater treated x 50 + Formal solid waste disposal x 50
Health
(Life expectancy - 25) x 50/60 +(32 - Child mortality) x 50/31.92
Education
Literacy x 25 + Combined enrolment x 25
Product
City Development
(log City Product - 4.61) x 100/5.99
(Infrastructure index + Waste index + Education index + Health
index + City Product index)/5
CDI for
selected
cities
City
CDI
City
Product
Infrastructure
Waste
Health
Stockholm
97.40
93.50
99.50
100.00
94.00
Melbourne
95.50
90.00
99.80
100.00
93.70
Singapore
94.50
91.60
99.50
100.00
92.70
Hong Kong
92.00
89.40
99.30
99.00
90.90
Moscow
89.90
81.00
98.70
86.80
83.80
Seoul
86.00
65.30
98.40
100.00
88.70
Rio de Janeiro
79.40
82.30
86.20
62.60
81.90
Sofia
79.10
70.90
93.70
58.50
86.20
Hanoi
74.20
59.60
72.00
90.00
80.60
Havana
71.00
65.00
74.80
50.00
80.70
Jakarta
69.20
66.20
57.30
46.70
80.20
Ulaanbaatar
68.40
53.70
59.00
90.00
72.50
Lahore
61.10
71.10
78.50
50.00
64.90
Colom bo
58.40
46.90
68.60
45.00
86.20
Bangalore
58.00
51.10
82.70
31.30
76.50
Dhaka
48.40
55.60
45.30
27.50
64.60
Vientiane
47.10
44.00
58.00
-
62.30
Accra
46.60
49.40
50.00
-
71.40
Phnom Penh
43.50
40.20
33.00
27.00
47.20
Port Moresby
39.30
69.00
18.10
10.00
59.10
Lagos
29.30
42.10
29.50
2.00
44.00
Niam ey
21.70
40.00
22.00
-
78.30
Progress to date
Pilot networks in six regions
48 LUOs and 12 NUOs established
Additional UOs forming spontaneously
Regional awareness raising
Regional technical training
UOs linked to Istanbul+5 process
UOs following I+5 indicators guidelines
Reporting guide and basic template distributed
Potential UOs identified for indicators
Next steps . . .







Evaluation
Activation of identified UOs
Expansion of the GUO network
Design and dissemination of new tools
Development of a central training function
Establishment of accreditation process for Uos
Activation of local participatory policy processes in
UOs
EN
D
Descargar

Indicators and tools for Istanbul + 5