CH 1: Two Roman Girls Part of Speech and Latin Sentence Structure Salvete, discipuli et discipulae Salve, Magistra Quid nomen tibi est? Mihi nomen est… Mihi placet. Ubi est Adsum. Abest. ? Chapter 1 TWO ROMAN GIRLS Ecce! In pictūrā est puella, nomine Cornēlia. Cornēlia est puella Rōmāna quae in Italiā habitat. Etiam in pictūrā est vīlla rūstica ubi Cornēlia aestāte habitat. Cornēlia est laeta quod iam in vīllā habitat. Cornēlia iam sub arbore sedet et legit. Etiam in pictūrā est altera puella, nōmine Flāvia. Flāvia est puella Rōmāna quae in vīllā vīcīnā habitat. Dum Cornēlia legit, Flāvia scrībit. Laeta est Flāvia quod Cornēlia iam in vīllā habitat. 5 1. Who is in the picture? 2. Who is Cornelia? 3. What else is in the picture? 4. When does Cornelia live in the country house? 5. How does Cornelia feel about living there? 6. What is she doing? 7. Who else is in the picture? 8. Who is Flavia? 9. What are the two girls doing? 10. Why is Flavia happy? 1a. Responde Latine 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Quis est Cornelia? Ubi habitat Cornelia? Cur est Cornelia laeta? Quid facit Cornelia? Ubi habitat Flavia? Quid facit Flavia? Cur est Flavia laeta? Let’s Review •Latin has a more flexible word order than English. •The verb will usually go at the end of the sentence. •The adjective will normally come after the noun •Latin doesn’t have articles (“a”, “an”, or “the”). •A present tense Latin verb can be translated 3 ways sedet: she sits, she is sitting, she does sit Let’s Review (Con’t) •Latin doesn’t use helping verbs, such as is, am, do, does. It’s built into the verb. •The girl is running. Puella currit. •When est is used, it’s the only verb in the sentence. •Cornelia est puella. •Latin has the same parts of speech as English •Verbs adverbs prepositions •Nouns conjunctions articles •Adjectives interjections pronouns Nomen? Verbum? Adjectivum? In pictura est puella. nomen In pictura est villa ubi nomen Cornelia aestate habitat. nomen Corrnelia sub arbore sedet nomen et legit. In pictura est altera puella, nomine Flavia. verbum adiectivum nomen Dum Cornelia legit, Flavia scribit. verbum Answer the following questions after reading the Introduction on pages xii – xv of your text. 1. Who are the members of the family featured in our reading? 2. When do the readings take place? What important event occurred just prior to the readings? 3. What sort of place was Baiae? Who lived there? What do you think would be a modern equivalent? 4. English is considered to be a hybrid between Germanic and Romance languages. What are the other 5 Romance languages? What other languages do you think are Germanic? 5. How did Latin words come into English? What does English have that Latin does not? Quis est puella? Puella est Cornelia quae aestate in villā rusticā habitat. Cornelia in villā rusticā est laeta quod sub arbore legit. In villā vicinā habitat altera puella Romana, nomine Flavia. Hodie Cornelia in villā sedet et legit. Ubi est Flavia? Ecce! Etiam in villā sedet Flavia. Quid facit Flavia? Flavia scribit dum Cornelia legit. Flavia est laeta quod in villā scribit. Parts of Speech The boy yelled, “Help!” and he saw a brave dog quickly run to the rescue. Noun Pronoun Verb A noun is the name of a person, place or thing. A pronoun is used in place of a noun in a sentence. A pronoun may take the place of the name of a person, place, or thing. A verb tells what action someone or something is doing, or it can express a state of being. Person girl boy teacher Place school home store Thing pencil jacket dog I you he, she, it we you they (y’all) Action run jump sit ask think talk State of Being am is are was were Adjective Article Adverb An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun. An adjective tells what kind, how many, or which one. The words a, an, and the belong to a special group of adjectives called articles. An article can be used before a noun in a sentence. An adverb describes a verb, adjective, or another adverb. An adverb tells how, when, where, or to what degree. What Kind happy brave How Many more six Which One this that A a dog a rabbit An an apple an ant The the boy the bird When today How Where To What Degree quickly outside barely Preposition Conjunction Interjection A preposition combines with a noun or pronoun to form a phrase that tells something about another word in a sentence. It very often refers to location in time or space. A conjunction joins together single words or groups of words in a sentence. An interjection expresses strong feeling or emotion. An interjection can be a single word or a phrase. from over to with until after and but or nor Help! Ugh! My goodness! Oh! Whew! Look out! Ouch! Ah! Oh dear!