You who are so wise must know that different nations have different
conception of things. You will not therefore take it amiss if our ideas of the
white man's kind of education happens not to be the same as yours. We have
had some experience of it.
Several of our young people were brought up in your colleges. They were
instructed in all your sciences; but, when they came back to us, they were all
bad runners, ignorant of every means of living in the woods, unable to bear
either cold or hunger. They didn't know how to build a cabin, take a deer, or
kill an enemy. They spoke our language imperfectly.
They were therefore unfit to be hunters, warriors, or counsellors; they were
good for nothing.
We are, however, not the less obliged for your kind offer, though we decline
accepting it. To show our gratefulness, the gentleman of Virginia shall send us
a dozen of their sons, we will take great care with their education, instruct
them in all we know, and make men of them.
Canassatego - Treaty of Lancaster 1744
“There is a shared body of understanding among many
indigenous peoples that education is really about helping an
individual find his or her face, which means finding out who
your are, where you come from, and your unique character.
That education should also help you find your heart which is
that passionate sense of self that motivates you and moves
you along in life. In addition, education should help you find
a foundation on which you may most completely develop and
express both your heart and your face. That foundation is
your vocation, the work that you do, whether it be as an artist,
lawyer, or teacher. This then, is the intent of Indigenous
education. It is finding that special kind of work that most
fully allows you to express your true self- your heart and your
face” by Dr. Gregory Cajete
Indian Education Plan
Roadmap to Closing the Achievement Gap
Albuquerque Public Schools
Indian Education Department
SY 2009-2011
Purpose of the IEPlan?
August 13, 2009: APS Superintendent & Director
October, 2009: First Planning Meeting
April, 2010: Student Focus Groups
May, 2010: Parent Surveys
May, 2010: Final Planning Meeting
June, 2010: Action Plans
May, 2011: Final Action Plans
June, 2011: Finalize Plan
Step One:
• Get a Plan
• Contact an expert
• The Comprehensive Educational Planning:
A Framework for Creation and Delivery
Step One Continued…
1. Preliminary Considerations
2. Stages of Change
3. Development of the Plan
Step Two: Student Focus Groups
“Honoring the wisdom of students’
experiences and their joy of learning
contributed to the development of the plan”
• 150+ students (Elementary, Middle school,
& High school)
• 13 teachers (7 ES, 2 MS, and 4 HS)
Student Focus Groups continued
Qualitative study comprised of;
• Students reflections: Moments when they
enjoyed being in school and learning the
• Art & Writing
Results of Student Focus Groups
Subjects most liked:
• Technology,
• Math,
• Science,
• Art,
• Spelling,
• Reading with Projects, and
• Project Based Learning.
Results continued…
Student Quotes
Quotes continued…
• “We learn from real things
and not just a lecture,”
• “helpful teachers and more
cooperation,” “teachers
listens and is nice,”
• “non-judgmental,”
• “We had one assignment
count for three different
classes; We worked on the
same project in all classes,
not just doing different
things in each class.”
• “teacher doesn’t listen to
what we have to say,”
• “My last IED teacher
encouraged me,”
• “People are ignored and feel
left out in class,”
• “Working with friends are a
big part of it. Otherwise I
would be bored.”
• “teachers should be nice and
not yelling,”
Parent Surveys
358 surveys were returned
Suggestions for support:
more contact with parents
more emphasis on athletics
emphasis on college & career; identify
financial aid for college, awareness of
college application process, scholarship
Parent Surveys continued
Substance prevention
Emphasize attitudes
Focus on quality education
Self esteem and mentoring of successful
• Emphasize communication skills,
• Weekly email between teachers and parents
Responses to IEPlan by Parents
• Train and support APS Instructional staff to
apply AI values and learning styles, culture,
and to increase cultural relevancy in all.
• Strongly agree: 66%
• Agree: 31%
• Disagree: 3%
Parent Ideas for Attendance
• Incentives
• Opportunity to make up work for absence
due to ceremony participation,
• Get a monthly attendance progress report,
• Get notified when child is absent
Parent Ideas for Achievement
• Counselors to keep in contact with students,
• Visit/ shadow highly educated jobs,
• Hire more AI teachers in APS for core
• Provide tutoring opportunities for students
Parent Ideas for Graduation
• Scholarships and grants available for ALL
AI students,
• Career days at all high schools and include
tribal leaders,
• Develop a peer group of AI college students
to mentor HS students,
• Tribal officials to visit students at the
Parent Ideas for Culture
• Add more schools for summer programs (I
east and 1 west),
• Encourage tribal involvment,
• Cultural awareness for staff and faculty,
(any 101 cultural course would be of benefit
to teachers and, therefore, to AI students.
UNM has an excellent AI studies program).
Parent Ideas for Native Language
• Have more programs available in more than
just one convenient place,
• Provide opportunities for students to take
language classes off campus,
• Publicize the summer programs early, and
• It is being taught at home and that is the
way it should be.
How does the IEPlan work?
Students &
Sections of the IE Plan
4 Goals
12 Objectives
66 Improvement
Indicators with an
Action Plan
Four Goals
Increase Graduation Rate
Increase Academic Achievement
Increase Attendance
Increase Appreciation & Expression of
Native Language and Culture
IEPlan Objectives
Goal 1: Increase Graduation Rate
• Analyze relevance of secondary education
in APS for AI/AN students,
• Develop college/career focus of all AI/AN
students and,
• Identify support of AI/AN and their families
IE Plan Objectives
Goal 2: Academic Achievement
• Develop cultural & linguistic relevance for
AI/AN students,
• Improve assessment of AI/AN students and,
• Provide extra support for AI/AN students
IE Plan Objectives
Goal 3: Daily Attendance Rate
• Develop attendance monitoring of AI/AN
• Create support for good attendance and,
• Define and develop outreach to the
community, agencies, and government entities
IE Plan Objectives
Goal 4: Increase Appreciation & Expression
of Cultures, Languages, and Heritage of
AI/AN students
• Create curriculum & educational programs
for native culture, language, and heritage,
• Improve professional development and,
• Develop community and tribal outreach
• 33 of 66 Improvement indicators have
been implemented
• 10 Improvement indicators /targets are
in process
Evaluation and Monitoring
School Max
Quality Assurance
Teacher Assessments
Parent Surveys
Parent Committee
• Test Information from
district Research
Development &
• Professional
A Snapshot of IEPlan in Action
DVD of department activities.

Johnson O’Malley Program - Albuquerque Public Schools