In this unit
• We will be studying a Media text –
‘Raiders of the Lost Ark’
• We will be looking at how the director uses
the languages of media to help tell his
story.
• We will write a critical essay which will
detail what we have discussed.
Learning Outcomes
Listening – As I watch:
• I can identify and give an accurate account
of the purpose and main concerns of the
text and can make inferences from key
statements (LIT 204D)
• I can take notes and organise these to
develop thinking, help retain and recall
information, explore problems and create
new texts (LIT 205E)
Learning Outcomes
Reading
• To show my understanding, I can comment, with
evidence, on the content and form of texts,
respond to literal, inferential and evaluative
questions (ENG 217T)
• I can discuss and comment on the structure,
characterisation and setting
• I can identify the main theme of the text and
recognise the relevance this has to my own and
others’ experience
• I can identify and comment on aspects of the
writer’s style and other features appropriate to
genre using some relevant evidence. (ENG
219V)
LI: I can show I understand the
plot and characters of the film
• Task
Decide what you think the 6 most important
scenes are in the film.
Write them, in order of importance, into a
pyramid.
Characters
• Task
For each of the main characters, create a
mindmap of words you would use to
describe them.
Strong
Indiana Jones
Brave
Indiana Jones
(Harrison Ford)
Marion
Ravenwood
(Karen Allen)
Sallah
(John Rhys-Davies)
Belloq
(Paul Freeman)
Toht
Indiana Jones
(Harrison Ford)
Marion
Ravenwood
(Karen Allen)
Sallah
(John Rhys-Davies)
Belloq
(Paul Freeman)
Toht
Essay Question
• ‘Indiana Jones is a hero that young people
can look up to.’ Discuss how Steven
Spielberg uses the languages of media to
portray Indiana Jones as a hero.
Opening Scene
(Always answer in sentences!)
1. Where and when is the opening scene set?
2. How are the audience supposed to feel about
Belloq in this scene? Can you explain how the
director makes you feel this way?
3. Indiana hates snakes. Why is this odd
considering what we have already seen?
4. At this point, can you explain what makes
Indiana Jones a hero?
College and Marion’s Tavern
(Always answer in sentences!)
1.
2.
3.
4.
What is Indiana trying to find there?
Who else is trying to find it?
What is your first impression of Marion
How does the director show us that Indy
is a hero?
Cairo
(Always answer in sentences!)
1. What group of people have been set up
to be the villains in the film?
2. Why do you think the film makers chose
these people to be the villains?
3. What does the director do to show us
they are bad?
4. How is Indiana Jones a hero?
Finding the Ark
(Always answer in sentences!)
1. What is in the tomb other than the
ark? How does this affect Indy?
2. What does Indy do that shows the
audience he is a hero?
Fight at the Plane
1. Why are Marion and Indy at the plane?
2. Who is the large man who tries to stop
him?
3. Does Indiana Jones kill him?
4. How does this affect our feelings about
him?
Trucks
1. In this scene, Indiana Jones looks like a
stereotypical hero – how?
2. What does he does he do that makes him
a hero?
Essay Question
• ‘Indiana Jones is a hero that young people
can look up to.’
• Discuss how Steven Spielberg uses the
languages of media to portray Indiana
Jones as a hero.
Group Task 1
• How does Steven Spielberg make Indiana
Jones a hero, other than with the things he
does?
• List the ‘media’ ideas such as:
• props
Setting
Camera
• costume
Make-up
Expression
• Music
Sound
Movement
Group Feedback
Sound
• Diegetic – Sound that is within the film.
The actors/characters can hear it. It is
natural sounds such as footsteps, dialogue
and music from radios.
• Non-diegetic – Sound that is outwith the
film. It is added later for the audience’s
benefit. It includes sound effects and
theme music.
• We will be using STAR again to write our
essays.
• S – Statement (This introduces your
paragraph by explaining what part of the
film you will be discussing.)
• T – Textual Evidence (This is where you
give a detailed example from the film,
including a reference to media languages)
• A – Analysis (Explain what your example
shows and how the audience feels)
• R – Response to the question (Answer
your question here. How is Indiana
portrayed as a hero?)
S At the beginning of the book, Coraline is oblivious to the
world on the other side of the door. As soon as she passes
through the door, it is clear this place is unlike any other. She
sees a figure that she thinks looks like her mother but she
realises she is different. T Gaiman writes ‘Only her fingers
were too long, and they never stopped moving, and her darkred fingernails were curved and sharp….And then she turned
round. Her eyes were big black buttons.’ A This description is
very unsettling and unusual. The long fingers and sharp red
nails sound horrible and dangerous, like a witch’s hands. The
button eyes are scary, like a possessed doll. R This helps the
reader picture this odd person. Tension is also created
because we want to read on to find out what such a person
might do with Coraline.
Opening Scenes
S - What is
happening in the
film?
T - Describe the
technique
A - Analysis
R - Explain how this
portrays Indiana Jones
as a hero
Walking through jungle
followed by companions.
Indy shot from the back,
in shadows, costume,
whip
He looks mysterious,
strong, in charge, a
leader
He seems like a hero
because other people
follow him. He is strong
and can defend himself.
Audience gets a
fright, is worried
about the dead body
but we see Indy is
brave.
He is a hero because
he is not scared
when in a situation
that would terrify
most people.
A skeleton jumps out, Sharp, screechy
impaled on spikes
music, close up of
Sapito screaming,
Indy looks nonplussed
Snakes
S - What is
happening in the
film?
T - Describe the
technique
A - Analysis
R - Explain how this
portrays Indiana Jones
as a hero
Fight at Plane
S - What is
happening in the
film?
T - Describe the
technique
A - Analysis
R - Explain how this
portrays Indiana Jones
as a hero
Truck
S - What is
happening in the
film?
T - Describe the
technique
A - Analysis
R - Explain how this
portrays Indiana Jones
as a hero
Introduction
• What goes in a critical essay introduction?
Title
Author/Director
Summary of the plot
Main characters
Focus of your essay
Aim for 50 words!
Introduction
• I will be writing about the film ‘Indiana Jones and the
Raiders of the Lost Ark’. It was directed by Steven
Spielberg. It stars Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones and
Karen Allen as Marion Ravenwood. Indiana Jones is an
archaeologist and he is trying to find the Ark of the
Covenant before the Nazis do. In the film we see him do
lots of heroic things and Steven Spielberg uses the
languages of media to show us that he is a hero. A hero
is a person who is brave and strong and puts himself
before others. This is what Indiana Jones does.
Main Body
• You should use STAR
• Aim for 4 main paragraphs – one on each
scene.
• Above all, you must be answering the
question!
• We will be using STAR again to write our
essays.
• S – Statement (This introduces your
paragraph by explaining what part of the
film you will be discussing.)
• T – Textual Evidence (This is where you
give a detailed example from the film,
including a reference to media languages)
• A – Analysis (Explain what your example
shows and how the audience feels)
• R – Response to the question (Answer
your question here. How is Indiana
portrayed as a hero?)
• S At the beginning of the film, we see Indiana
Jones in South America. He is trying to find a
lost artefact for his museum. However, once he
finds it, he is almost trapped in a cave. T During
this scene we see lots of things that make the
cave dangerous. There are hundreds of huge
spiders and spider weds. There are booby traps
that are designed to kill, such as spikes and
darts that shoot out from the wall. There is also
a huge rolling boulder that chases Indiana out of
the cave, almost crushing him. A However, he
escapes all of these life-threatening dangers.
This shows he is strong, clever and brave and
the audience really like him. R Steven
Spielberg shows the audience that he is a hero
by having him escape a situation that many
people would have died in.
Conclusion
• A conclusion is the end paragraph where
you sum up what you have said in the rest
of your essay.
• Say again why you think Indian Jones is a
hero.
• Say which part of the film or which media
technique you found most effective in
portraying him as a hero.
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