INVENTIONS AND INVENTORS Презентация по теме «Изобретатели и изобретения» подготовлена преподавателем английского языка ГБОУ СПО КРК «Интеграл» с. Курсавка Лисицкой Е.А. "To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard old questions from a new angle, requires creative imagination and marks real advance". "Imagination is more important than knowledge". Albert Einstein To invent is to see anew. An invention is a new composition, device, or process. Some inventions are based on preexisting models or ideas and others are radical breakthroughs. Inventions can extend the boundaries of human knowledge or experience. Answer the Questions: 1. What units and machines do you use in your household? 2. What do you use for washing the dishes? 3. What do you use for calling somebody who is far from you? 4. What do you use for cleaning rooms? 5. What gadget do you use for taking photos? 6. What do you use for listening to music? 7. What do you use for doing calculations? 8. What do you use for waking up? Phonetic drill • a TV set-to watch TV, to operate the TV set • a camera – modern digital cameras • a computer- to work on a computer • a microwave oven– to cook, defrost in a microwave oven- • a vacuum cleaner –is useful and reliable • a mobile telephone – to receive or make calls • a car –an old car, to go by car • a calculator - a solar powered calculator, to do calculations Phonetic drill • • • • • • • • Alexander Graham Bell Henry Ford Akiо Morita Karl Benz the Lumiere brothers James M. Spangler John Logie Baird Bill Gates Match the words and definitions: Сard 1 1. a TV set 2. a car 3. a computer 4. a video player 5. a camera 6. a vacuum cleaner 7. a fridge 8. a mobile telephone 9. a plane 10. a telephone a. to take photographs b. to receive or make calls around the home c. to perform everyday cleaning tasks d. to move fast and quick around the world e. to watch pre-recorded videos f. to keep food fresh for a long time g. to have fun and to entertain h. a system for sending or receiving speech over long distance i. to write programs, play games, find and use information j. to move wherever you want by yourself t v s e t n l n g c s f b i n i o p c d s q w e w d i s h w a s h e r w t e d b j e m b g t i q m o v e r r e h n r w n r p j y o i r y y b n r e h m c h m a r f n h g r o l l e r b l a d e s v n k o u k u j x f x z f e l c m n b f v c i o g e l k n e r k o i t r Which things are the most or least useful in the house from your point of view? 1. I think that ….. is the most important thing. 2. We can ….. 3. Some of the inventions, for example …. is less important. 4. We do not often ….. 5. And I’m sure we can do without ….. INVENTIONS: 1. Nicephore Niepce from France pioneered photography in 1829. 2. In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell, an American engineer, invented telephone. 3. Karl Benz produced the world’s first petrol-driven car in Germany in 1878. 4. In 1895 the Lumiere brothers patented their cinematography and opened the world’s first cinema in Paris. 5. The first Russia’s automobile was designed by P.A.Frez and E.A.Yakovlev. By May 1896 the car had been built. 6. Wilbur and Orville Wright built the first airplane in 1903. 7. The first ballpoint pen was produced in 1940 though it had been invented by L. Biro, a Hungarian artist and journalist, in 1905. 8. In 1908 James M. Spangler from the USA built the first vacuum cleaner. INVENTIONS: 9. In 1908 US automobile manufacturer Henry Ford created the world’s first car assembly line. 10. John Logie Baird from Scotland invented television in 1926. 11. In 1928 Richard Drew perfected the Scotch tape, which had been invented by Jim Kirst from the USA in 1923. 12. In 1945 the Nobel Prize was given to Alexander Fleming for penicillin that had been discovered in 1928. 13. Sergey Korolyev designed the first artificial satellite in 1957. 14. Akio Morita developed the first personal stereo – Sony Walkman in 1957. 15. In 1981 Bill Gates created Microsoft-DOS (Disk Operating System). 16. Scottish scientist Ian Wilmat developed the idea of cloning in 1997. Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (1765 – 1833) Joseph Nicéphore Niépce was a French inventor, most noted as one of the inventors of photography and a pioneer in the field. He is well-known for taking some of the earliest photographs, dating to the 1820s. As revolutionary as his invention was, Niépce is little known even today. Alexander Graham Bell (1847 – 1922) Alexander Graham Bell was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. His research on hearing and speech led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876. Karl Friedrich Benz (1844 – 1929) Karl Friedrich Benz was a German engine designer and automobile engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the petrol-powered automobile and pioneering founder of the automobile manufacturer, Mercedes-Benz. The Lumière brothers: Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas (1862 – 1954) Louis Jean (1864– 1948) The Lumière brothers were among the earliest filmmakers. Louis had made some improvements to the still-photograph process, the most notable being the dry-plate process, which was a major step towards moving images. The cinematograph itself was patented on 13 February 1895 and the first footage ever to be recorded using it was recorded on 19 March 1895. The Wright brothers: Orville (1871 – 1948) Wilbur (1867 – 1912) The Wright brothers were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. In two years afterward, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. The Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing flight possible. László József Bíró (1899 – 1985) László József Bíró was the inventor of the modern ballpoint pen. He presented the first production of the ball pen at the Budapest International Fair in 1931. Working with his brother George, a chemist, he developed a new tip consisting of a ball that was free to turn in a socket, and as it turned it would pick up ink from a cartridge and then roll to deposit it on the paper. Bíró patented the invention in Paris in 1938. James Murray Spangler (1848 - 1915) In 1907, James Murray Spangler, a janitor in Canton, Ohio invented an electric vacuum cleaner from a fan, a box, and a pillowcase. Henry Ford (1863 – 1947) Henry Ford was the American founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. He was a prolific inventor and was awarded 161 U.S. patents. John Logie Baird (1888 – 1946) John Logie Baird was a British engineer and inventor of the world's first working television system, also the world's first fully electronic colour television broadcast. Although Baird's electromechanical system was eventually displaced by purely electronic systems his early successes demonstrating working television broadcasts and his colour and cinema television work earn him a prominent place in television's invention. Richard G.Drew (1886-1982) In 1923 Richard Drew settled down on work in company Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing which concerned with the production of the sandpaper, exploratory activity in the field of watertight surfaces and experimented with cellophane. And 27 May 1930 Richard Drew patented his invention - transparent getting sticky tape. Alexander Fleming (1881 – 1955) Sir Alexander Fleming was a Scottish biologist and pharmacologist. His best-known achievements are the discovery of the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the antibiotic substance penicillin from the fungus Penicillium notatum in 1928, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Howard Walter Florey and Ernst Boris Chain. Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov (1907 – 1966) Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov was the head Soviet rocket engineer and designer during the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1950s and 1960s. He is considered by many as the father of practical astronautics. Akio Morita (1921 — 1999) Akio Morita was a Japanese entrepreneur, cofounder of Sony Corp. In 1949, the company developed magnetic recording tape and in 1950, sold the first tape recorder in Japan. In 1957, it produced a pocket-sized radio. William Henry "Bill" Gates III (born October 28, 1955) William Henry "Bill" Gates III is an American business magnate, philanthropist, and chairman of Microsoft, the software company. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of CEO and chief software architect, and remains the largest individual shareholder. Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. Sir Ian Wilmut (born 7 July 1944) Sir Ian Wilmut is an English embryologist and is currently Director of the MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He is best known as the leader of the research group that in 1996 first cloned a mammal from an adult somatic cell, a Finnish Dorset lamb named Dolly. John Gorrie (1803 – 1855) John Gorrie was a physician, scientist, inventor, and humanitarian, is considered the father of refrigeration and air conditioning. • Dialogue INVENTION AND THEIR INVENTORS (Сard 2) • to invent telephone (Alexander Graham Bell; an American engineer; 1876) • to open the world’s first cinema (the Lumiere brothers; France; Paris; 1895) • to develop the first personal stereo — Sony Walkman (Akiо Morita; Japan) • to build the first vacuum cleaner (James M Spangler; the USA; 1908) • to create the world’s first car assembly line (Henry Ford; an automobile manufacturer; the USA; 1908) • to invent television (; 1926; Scotland) • to design the first artificial satellite (Sergei Korolyev; Russia; 1957) • to create Microsoft-DOS or Disk Operating System (Bill Gates; the USA; 1980) Listening comprehension • Inventions The way of life of a modern person is completely different from the way of a person’s life of the19th and early 20th century. Life has changed gradually — from year to year. The invention of electricity became one of the earliest. After it the steam engine was invented and on boundless spaces of the earth the railroads were stretched. With the invention of television in the 1920′s the world has changed completely and irrevocably. Of course, the cars, the airplanes, the cameras, the phones are the great and unsurpassed achievements. But I would like to mention the invention that has ravaged the world for the second time. Inventions It is Internet. As for me I can’t imagine my life without it. I meet my friends in the social networks, I receive a large assistance in my college tasks from it and, of course, thanks to Internet, I can learn foreign languages listening native speakers from my home. For somebody Internet has replaced television. Now people have a connection to the Internet from the various sources. It may be a telephone, a computer, a TV-set, a portable game console and even a refrigerator. So, some people get news using the computer, the telephone or the other gadget, not the TV-set. The development by Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee of «World Wide Web» in the 90th years of the 20th century undoubtedly was the beginning of a new era in the life of the mankind — the era of high-speed information. Task to the text: Fill in the gaps with the proper words. – The invention of __________ became one of the earliest. – After it ______ ______ was invented and on boundless spaces of the earth the railroads were stretched. – As for me I can’t imagine my life without _________. – Now people have __________to the Internet from the various sources. - The development by _________________of «World Wide Web» in the 90th years of the 20th century undoubtedly was the beginning of a new era in the life of the mankind — the era of high-speed information. HOMEWORK: PROJECT: «WHAT WOULD YOU LIKE TO INVENT?» the Motto of our today’s lesson: “Man is still the most extraordinary thing of all.” Thank you for your attention!!! GOOD BYE!