CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Partnership Team
Detective Constable Jason Morgan
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Project Azure
Female Genital Mutilation
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Senegal
Gambia
Iran
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Sierra Leone
Mauritania
Malaysia
Burkina
Benis
Chad
Iraq
Cote D’Ivore
Togo
Niger
Djibouti
UAE
Sudan
Somalia
Eritrea
Kenya
Tanzania
Pakistan
Nigeria
Central African Republic
Egypt
Ethiopia
Mali
Sudan
Uganda
Indonesia
Kurdish Communities
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Indicators - FGM maybe about to happen…
• Family from a practicing community;
• Extended holiday, particularly to a
practicing country;
• Child is going to “become a woman” or
have a “special celebration”;
• Child may begin to display a
behavioural change……
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Indicators - FGM has already taken place…
• Girl may spend long periods of time
away from the classroom associated
with bladder or menstrual problems;
• The child requiring to be excused from
physical exercise;
• Prolonged absences from School plus a
noticeable behaviour change…..
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
THE LAW


Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985
Penalty – 5 years imprisonment


Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003
Penalty – 14 years imprisonment
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
FGM Act 2003
 Offence to commit FGM [S1]
 Offence to assist a girl to commit FGM on
herself [S2]
 Offence for someone in the UK to
arrange or assist FGM outside of UK even
if carried out by a person who isn’t a UK
national or resident [S3]
 Any act done outside UK by UK National
or resident [S4]
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
The Law – the technical bits!
• NO AGE LIMIT - ‘Girl = woman’
• Defence = If it is a surgical operation
necessary for physical / mental health
• Mental health does not include belief
that FGM is required as a matter of
custom or ritual
• ‘Designer Vagina’
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
There have been NO
prosecutions under FGM
legislation in the UK…
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Some Barriers to Reporting…
 Children are unlikely to ‘tell on their parents’
 Many from loving / caring families
 Once in a lifetime event
 Honour Based
 Community Acceptance / Marriage
 Victim’s maybe too young to remember
 Language / Immigration status
 Unaware of the law
 Lack of understanding of health implications
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Summer is for Fun…
…Not for Pain!
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
London Safeguarding Children’s Board
FGM Resource Pack
•
•
•
•
•
•
National Information & Resources
Signposting for additional support
Specialised information for Health
Available On-line / Hard Copies
Complement the GEO FGM Factsheet
Suitable for practicing communities
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Project Azure
•
•
•
•
•
•
Prevention campaigns
Awareness & Training
Advice & Guidance
Intelligence opportunities
Partnership working
Stop FGM Now! (DVD)
CHILD ABUSE INVESTIGATION COMMAND
Thank you for listening…
Any questions?
[email protected]
020 7161 2888
Descargar

Female genital Mutilation - FGM National Clinical Group