Ergonomics and Lifting
What is Ergonomics
What causes strains/sprains
Ergonomics is the science of fitting a job to
a person
 Sprain is a twist to a muscle or ligament
that causes pain or inflammation
 Strain is an overexertion or over use of a
muscle that causes pain of inflammation
 Awkward posture
 Contact Stress (sharp edge)
 Repetition/Duration
 Vibration
Force – create smooth paths for carts, split
the weight into multiple loads, use
powered tools such as forklift, nail gun,
power mixer instead of mixing by hand,
hug your load
Take micro pause
 On break do something different – sit/stand
 Break up the tasks
Contact stress – avoid kneeling on the
edge of a stair, cushion hands at a
keyboard, back of knees should not fall
against the edge of the seat
Awkward Positions –
Wrists should not be bent
Head should be looking straight head or slightly
- tilt the screen, place phone books
under the computer screen
Do not work above your head
Twisting to lift
Far Reaching to lift
Cradling the phone with your head
Back Posture
Maintain Natural Curve
Work at a comfortable
Proper Lifting
Bend knees to pick up and put down
Proper Lifting
Proper Lifting
Plan your lift
Items blocking your way
 Where will you set the item down
 Floor surface
 Opening a door
Proper lifting
1. Get help. Don’t try to lift
heavy loads by yourself.
Proper Lifting
1. Never bend, life and twist at the same time
2. Use a cart, dolly or another mechanical aid when possible
Off Duty
Stay in good health
 Maintain flexibility with proper stretching
 Moderate exercise such as walking
according to Doctor’s orders
 Do not become overweight
Common Sense Safety
Common Sense Safety
Common Sense Safety
Common Sense Safety
Workplace Violence
Verbal Abuse
In Anger: Throwing things
Destroying property
Rape Suicide
Use of weapons
Bombing/ arson
Who commits
Violent history including domestic abuse
 Substance abuse
 Fascination with weapons like guns
 Low self esteem
 Failing to perform their duties
 Escalating behavior
Warning signs
Escalating behaviors – tone of voice,
slamming items, throwing items, punching
 Threats
 Nervous pacing
 Talking irrationally
 Changes in personal habits or behaviors
Deescalate a situation
Stay calm
Do not raise your voice to match theirs
 Call for a supervisor
 Do not isolate yourself with this person, but
attempt to remove an audience
 Watch your body language
 Walk away if the situation continues to
If violence breaks out …
Leave the area – don’t be a hero
 Call University Police ext 2111 or 911
 Give the person whatever they wantmoney, car, food ….except people
Report to your manager any restraining
 Be observant of the behaviors of
customers and coworkers
 Do not walk alone at night
 Know where the blue lights are
 Be aware of building areas that are
Do not bypass safety precautions such as
propping locked door or windows
 Report all threats and erratic behavior to
University Police
 Listen to your instinct – if suspicion
crossed your mind it is reacting to
unconscious triggers

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