UNESCO
five themes
four pillars
one ASPnet
Stijn Dhert
2011 April, 15
UN
• 1945: 51 countries United Nations
• 2010: 192 countries
• International governmental organization
• Cooperation:
• international law
• international security
• economic development
• social progress
• human rights
• achievement of world peace
• http://www.un.org/en/
Created by the
United Nations General Assembly
UNESCO
United Nations
Educational,
Scientific
and Cultural
Organization
An overview
What is UNESCO?
What does UNESCO do?
UNESCO on Education
The Four Pillars of Education
The Four Pillars put into Practice
What is UNESCO?
Founded on 16 November 1945
The Preamble to the Constitution of UNESCO: ‘Since
wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of
men that the defences of peace must be
constructed.”
The ‘founding fathers’ believed:
 in full and equal opportunities for education for all
 in the unrestricted pursuit of objective truth
 and in the free exchange of ideas and knowledge
What is UNESCO?
Purpose of the organization
 “To contribute to peace and security
 by promoting collaboration among nations through
education, science and culture
 in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule
of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms
 which are affirmed for the peoples of the world,
 without distinction of race, sex, language or religion,
 by the Charter of the United Nations.”
Wat does UNESCO do today
A laboratory of ideas and a standard-setter to forge
universal agreements on emerging ethical issues.
A clearinghouse – for the dissemination and sharing of
information and knowledge – while helping Member
States to build their human and institutional capacities in
diverse fields.
The promotor of international co-operation among its 193
Member States and six Associate Members in the fields
of
 Education
 Science
 Culture
 Communication
An overview
What is UNESCO?
What does UNESCO do?
What does UNESCO do?
UNESCO deploys its action in the fields of
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Education,
Natural Sciences,
Social and Human Sciences,
Culture,
Communication and Information.
Education
UNESCO works to improve education worldwide through technical
advice, standard setting, innovative projects, capacity building and
networking.
UNESCO’s educational priorities:
 Basic education for all, with special attention being given to
literacy, HIV/AIDS prevention education and teacher training in
sub-Saharan Africa
 Secondary education, including technical and vocational
education and training as well as science and technology
education
 Promoting quality education, with special reference to values
education and teacher training
 Higher education
http://www.unesco.org/en/education
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kc1KAMCrxlA
Social and Human Sciences
The social and human sciences have a vital role to play in helping to
understand and interpret the social, cultural and economic environment.
UNESCO’s priorities in the field of Social and Human Sciences:
 Ethics of science and technology, with emphasis on bioethics
 Promotion of human rights and the fight against all forms of discrimination,
racism, xenophobia and related intolerance through activities in UNESCO’s
field of competence
 Foresight, philosophy, human sciences, democracy and the enhancement
of human security
 Management of social transformation
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/social-and-human-sciences/
Culture
Preserving and respecting the specificity of each culture,
while ensuring that it preserves and respects the
specificities of another culture, and involving it in an
approach that bring them together and extends beyond
them in a more interactive and interdependent world, is
the challenge which must be met by the international
community and, on its behalf, by UNESCO and its
partners.
UNESCO’s cultural priorities:
 Promoting cultural diversity, with special emphasis on
the tangible and intangible heritage
 Cultural policies as well as intercultural and interfaith
dialogue and understanding
 Cultural industries and artistic expressions
http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/
http://www.unesco.org/en/rapprochement-of-cultures/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9fIFbJw3pks
Communication and information
Communication and Information programs are rooted in UNESCO’s
Constitution, which requires the Organization to promote the “free
flow of ideas by word and image”.
The main objective for UNESCO is to build a knowledge society
based on the sharing of knowledge and incorporating all the sociocultural and ethical dimensions of sustainable development.
UNESCO’s priorities in the field of Communication and Information:
 Empowering people through access to information and knowledge
with special emphasis on freedom of expression
 Promoting communication development
 Advancing the use of ICTs for education, science and culture
http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ivqzt1lmg3A
An overview
What is UNESCO?
What does UNESCO do?
UNESCO on Education
The millenium Goals (VN)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReRx12QUv54
Also…
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuvl9vOZedE
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yYy97YYlSdw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l4dpPNYWkYk
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icgHZKpyx-I
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v3p2VLTowAA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Qf0MC1UtvM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8wbhuVqGQ9E
…
UNESCO on Education
(at the heart of the organisation)
UNESCO's core mandate: education for all.
UNESCO believes that education is key to social and economic
development.
UNESCO works for a sustainable world with just societies that value
knowledge, promote a culture of peace, celebrate diversity and
defend human rights, achieved by providing EFA
The mission of the UNESCO Education Sector is to:
 Provide international leadership to create learning societies with
educational opportunities for all populations
 Provide expertise and foster partnerships to strengthen national
educational leadership and the capacity of countries to offer
quality education for all.
UNESCO on Education
(themes)
EFA International Coordination
Curriculum Development (UNESCO International Bureau of Education)
Early Childhood
Education for Holocaust Remembrance
Education for Sustainable Development
Education Plans & Policies
Higher Education
Human Rights Education
Inclusive Education
Languages in Education
Literacy
Primary Education
Right to Education
Science and Technology Education
Secondary Education
Teacher Education
Technical and Vocational Education and Training
Textbook Development
UNESCO HIV/AIDS
An overview
What is UNESCO?
What does UNESCO do?
UNESCO on Education
The Four Pillars of Education
Learning: the treasure within…
International Commission on
Education for the Twenty-first
Century Chairman: Jacques
Delors
“Education throughout life is
based upon four pillars”
The four pillars of education (UNESCO, 1996)
Learning to know
Learning to do
Learning to live together
Learning to be
See: http://www.unesco.org/delors/fourpil.htm
Learning to know
Learning to know lays the foundations of lifelong learning
It is about basic knowledge that we need to be able to
understand our environment and to live in dignity
It is about competences to acquire information and
search actively for knowledge
It is about arousing curiosity, allowing to experience the
pleasures of research and discovery
It is about developing the powers of concentration,
memory and thought
Learning to know is learning to learn
Learning to do
Learning to do refers to the acquisition of practical skills,
but also of social and psychological skills
It refers to an aptitude for teamwork and initiative, and a
readiness to take risks.
It is about personal initiative and the ambition to innovate
It is about the competence of putting what we have
learned into practice so as to act creatively on our
environment.
Learning to do enables us to turn our knowledge into
effective innovations.
Learning to live together
Learning to live together is the pillar that the UNESCO
Commission emphasizes more than any other.
It refers to developing an understanding of others through
dialogue – leading to empathy, respect and appreciation.
And, if we are to understand others, we must first know
ourselves.
It is about recognizing our growing interdependence,
about experiencing shared purposes, and about
implementing common projects and a joint future (peace,
education for all, environment…)
Learning to be
Learning to be is founded on the fundamental principle
that education needs to contribute to the all-round
“The end of education is
development of each individual
discover
and
It is about theto
broadening
of care
foropen
each aspect of the
personality
the talents which are hidden
It deals with the freedom of thought, feeling and
like a treasure within every person”
imagination that we need to act more independently, with
more insight, more critically, and more responsibly.
Is it…?
Learning to know, to do and to live together
in order to be…?
Learning to know, to do and to be
in order to live together…?
An overview
What is UNESCO?
What does UNESCO do?
UNESCO on Education
The Four Pillars of Education
The Four Pillars put into Practice
ASPnet:
ASPnet ‘A Quality Network for Quality Education’
ASPnet is a network of committed schools
engaged in
fostering and delivering quality education
in pursuit of
peace, liberty, justice and human development
in order to
meet the pressing educational needs of children and
young people throughout the world.
ASPnet
2009
1953
ASPnet: evolution
ASPnet schools 1992-2010
10000
9000
8000
Worldwide
Africa
Arab States
Asia/Pacific
Europe
Latin America
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
Years
Aug 10
Feb 10
Mar 09
Dec 07
Dec 06
Nov 05
Dec 04
Nov 03
Jan 03
Dec 01
Mar 01
Dec-99
Dec-98
Dec-97
Dec-96
Dec-95
Dec-94
0
Dec-93
1000
Dec-92
Number
7000
ASPnet: school levels
Nursery
& PreSchools
Latin America &
Caribbean
Primary Schools
Europe & North America
Asia & Pacific
Primary/
Secondary
Arab States
Secondary
Africa
Vocational & Technical
ED
0
1000
2000
3000
number of schools
Teacher Training
ASPnet’s comparative advantage
from the international viewpoint
broad network across all continents and involving all types
of schools
spirit of voluntarism and committed hard work at all levels
supporting intercultural learning and contacts between
schools worldwide
strong visibility of UNESCO
Dialogue of UNESCO with children and youth
potential to serve as a laboratory for pedagogical materials,
approaches and methods on UNESCO priorities
ensuring the international sharing of good practices
developing a multiplier effect in promoting QEFA
ASPnet’s comparative advantage
at the school level
for teachers
 supporting professional development as agents of change
for students:
 development of intercultural and life skills, universal values
for both:
 improvement of the content of curricula
 development of participatory methods of teaching and
learning
 enhancing the climate of the classroom
2003 Auckland Declaration outlines (a.o.)
ASPnet schools…
…are ‘navigators for peace’ and ‘agents of change’
…contribute to the achievement of the UN MDG’s
…contribute to the achievement of UNESCO´s strategies and
programmes in education, science, culture and communication
…are instrumental to achieving Education for All
…are laboratories of ideas on innovative approaches for quality EfA
…translate the 4 ‘Pillars of Education’ into reality in the classroom
…implement innovative approaches towards cooperative learning
without frontiers and commitment to international solidarity
…exchange ideas, knowledge and experience among educational
institutions locally, nationally and internationally
ASPnet membership
Pre-primary, primary, secondary and vocational schools
as well as teacher-training institutions (public or private)
An educational project on one or several of ASPnet’s
study themes
Support of the National Commission for UNESCO
Long-term commitment on the part of the school principal
and teaching staff
Involvement of students, teachers and parents
A coordinator to liaise between National Commission and
school
An annual report
ASPnet Major Themes of Study
World Concerns and the role of the United Nations
system
Education for Sustainable Development
Peace, Human Rights and Tolerance
Intercultural Learning and Intercultural Dialogue
ASPnet: good practices
First Collection of Good Practices (2008)
 Quality Education
 http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0016/001627/162766e.p
df
Second Collection of Good Practices (2009)
 Education for Sustainable Development
 http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001812/181270e.p
df
Q & A?
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