History of the English Language
• English is spoken in
45 different countries
around the world
• Over 450 million
people speak the
English language
Different Stages of the English
• Old English http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y13cES7MMd8&featu
• Middle English http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QE0MtENfOMU&featu
• Early Modern English http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbOAz20BBM&feature=related
• Modern English -
Where Did We Get That Word?
• The English language originated in
Northern Europe, which was constantly
being conquered and ruled by other
groups like the Romans, Scandinavians
and French
The English language is
made up of over 500,000
words—only 15 percent
of them are native
English words
• Almost
• Bed
• Book
• Hint
• Land
• Upload
• Woman
These are the 10 most used
Native English Words
• The
• Of
• And
• A
• To
• In
• Is
• You
• That
• It
How Did We Get the Rest of Our
• We borrowed words from other languages
American Indian: chipmunk, moose, moccasin
Spanish: mustang, canyon, cafeteria, patio, tuna
French: gopher, pumpkin, prairie, chowder, rapids
Dutch: sleigh, boss, cookie, waffle
German: kindergarten, house, poodle, hamburger, noodle
Etymology – the history of a word
pumpkin (ˈpʌmpkɪn) — n 1. any of several
creeping cucurbitaceous plants of the genus
Cucurbita, esp C. pepo of North America and
C. maxima of Europe 2. a. the large round fruit
of any of these plants, which has a thick orange
rind, pulpy flesh, and numerous seeds b. ( as
modifier ): pumpkin pie 3. chiefly ( US ) ( often
capital ) a term of endearment
[C17: from earlier pumpion, from Old French
pompon, from Latin pepo, from Greek
pepōn, from pepōn ripe, from peptein to ripen]
Adopted Words
New words can come from sounds, they can
be made from names and they can be
formed by combining and shortening
Onomatopoeia (Echoic Word)
• Sometimes a word “echoes” or imitates
the sound or thing it names
Name Words
• Objects and ideas are sometimes named
after the people who they are associated
Combined Words
Word Blend
Compound Word
Shortened Words
Clipped Words
Newest English Words
• cyberbullying: n. the use of electronic communication to
bully a person, typically by sending messages of an
intimidating or threatening nature.
• -- denialist: n. a person who refuses to admit the truth of
a concept or proposition that is supported by the majority
of scientific or historical evidence.
• -- jeggings: pl. n. tight-fitting stretch trousers for women,
styled to resemble a pair of denim jeans.
• -- retweet: v. (on the social networking service Twitter)
repost or forward (a message posted by another user).
n. a reposted or forwarded message on Twitter.
• -- woot: exclam. informal (especially in electronic
communication) used to express elation, enthusiasm, or
Interesting Facts
No word in the English language rhymes with month.
"Dreamt" is the only English word that ends in the letters "mt".
The word "set" has more definitions than any other word in the English language.
"Underground" is the only word in the English language that begins and ends with the letters
The longest one-syllable word in the English language is "screeched."
There are only four words in the English language which end in"-dous": tremendous, horrendous,
stupendous, and hazardous.
The longest word in the English language, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is
The only other word with the same amount of letters is
pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconioses, its plural.
There is a seven letter word in the English language that contains ten words without rearranging
any of its letters, "therein": the, there, he, in, rein, her, here, here, ere, therein, herein.
No words in the English language rhyme with orange, silver or purple.

History of the English Language