History of the English Language • English is spoken in 45 different countries around the world • Over 450 million people speak the English language Different Stages of the English Language • Old English http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y13cES7MMd8&featu re=fvw • Middle English http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QE0MtENfOMU&featu re=related • Early Modern English http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbOAz20BBM&feature=related • Modern English - Where Did We Get That Word? • The English language originated in Northern Europe, which was constantly being conquered and ruled by other groups like the Romans, Scandinavians and French The English language is made up of over 500,000 words—only 15 percent of them are native English words • Almost • Bed • Book • Hint • Land • Upload • Woman These are the 10 most used Native English Words • The • Of • And • A • To • In • Is • You • That • It How Did We Get the Rest of Our Words? • We borrowed words from other languages American Indian: chipmunk, moose, moccasin Spanish: mustang, canyon, cafeteria, patio, tuna French: gopher, pumpkin, prairie, chowder, rapids Dutch: sleigh, boss, cookie, waffle German: kindergarten, house, poodle, hamburger, noodle Etymology – the history of a word pumpkin (ˈpʌmpkɪn) — n 1. any of several creeping cucurbitaceous plants of the genus Cucurbita, esp C. pepo of North America and C. maxima of Europe 2. a. the large round fruit of any of these plants, which has a thick orange rind, pulpy flesh, and numerous seeds b. ( as modifier ): pumpkin pie 3. chiefly ( US ) ( often capital ) a term of endearment [C17: from earlier pumpion, from Old French pompon, from Latin pepo, from Greek pepōn, from pepōn ripe, from peptein to ripen] Adopted Words New words can come from sounds, they can be made from names and they can be formed by combining and shortening Onomatopoeia (Echoic Word) • Sometimes a word “echoes” or imitates the sound or thing it names BOOM! CRASH!!! CLUCK FIZZ SIZZLE OINK Name Words • Objects and ideas are sometimes named after the people who they are associated with Combined Words Word Blend Compound Word Shortened Words Clipped Words Acronyms Newest English Words • cyberbullying: n. the use of electronic communication to bully a person, typically by sending messages of an intimidating or threatening nature. • -- denialist: n. a person who refuses to admit the truth of a concept or proposition that is supported by the majority of scientific or historical evidence. • -- jeggings: pl. n. tight-fitting stretch trousers for women, styled to resemble a pair of denim jeans. • -- retweet: v. (on the social networking service Twitter) repost or forward (a message posted by another user). n. a reposted or forwarded message on Twitter. • -- woot: exclam. informal (especially in electronic communication) used to express elation, enthusiasm, or triumph. Interesting Facts No word in the English language rhymes with month. "Dreamt" is the only English word that ends in the letters "mt". The word "set" has more definitions than any other word in the English language. "Underground" is the only word in the English language that begins and ends with the letters "und." The longest one-syllable word in the English language is "screeched." There are only four words in the English language which end in"-dous": tremendous, horrendous, stupendous, and hazardous. The longest word in the English language, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis. The only other word with the same amount of letters is pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconioses, its plural. There is a seven letter word in the English language that contains ten words without rearranging any of its letters, "therein": the, there, he, in, rein, her, here, here, ere, therein, herein. No words in the English language rhyme with orange, silver or purple.