SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY
AND GENDER: AN
INTERNATIONAL REPORT
Eduardo Martinez *
*Science and Technology Studies & Strategic Planning
UNESCO SC/PSD Division
1 rue Miollis (B6.33)
75015 Paris, France
Tel. (33) 1-45684075, 4164; Fax (33) 1-4568 5827
[email protected]
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IRSTG
BACKGROUND
a. The IRSTG is an ongoing technical study
b. UNESCO coordinates an inter-institutional
collaborative process
c. The IRSTG incorporates substantive, technical
inputs from relevant institutions involved in
science, technology and gender studies and
policy worldwide.
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IRSTG
Some Partner Organizations
AAAS, ANWST, CYTED, EC, ECLAC, GenTeC,
ICSU,INWES, OAS, OECD, RESGEST,
SIDA/SAREC, UIS, TWOWS, WFEO,
GAB/WIGSAT, WISENET
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IRSTG
PROCESS
1. A worldwide consultation was carried out with
relevant institutions involved in science,
technology and gender studies and policy, aimed
at elaborating, discussing, disseminating, and
following-up the IRSTG
2. The International Report on Science, Technology
and Gender was drafted, discussed and
published
3. IRSTG Follow-up: Media dissemination, regional
and national presentation and discussion forums,
and follow-up studies.
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IRSTG
IRSTG OBJECTIVES:
a. Produce a solid and rigorous report based on
empirical research and data. The Report aims at
being both a conceptual and analytical tool, and
a framework for action (at a national and regional
levels)
b. Elaborate a sound message and document
addressed to national and international scientific
and academic communities, promoting the
dissemination and serious discussion of gender,
S&T issues
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IRSTG
IRSTG OBJECTIVES:
c. Policy recommendations focused on:
- Gender in science and technology for
development
- Social awareness and public understanding of
science, technology and gender
- Education in science and technology
- Scientific and technological research
- Science and technology labour market
- Information on science, technology and gender
- Science, technology and gender strategies and
policies
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IRSTG
IRSTG Outline
0. Overview
1. Science & Technology Policy and Gender
2. Gender and Science & Technology Education
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IRSTG
IRSTG Outline
3. Employment and Careers in Science &
Technology
4. Women in Scientific and Technological
Research
5. Information on Science, Technology and
Gender: Data, Statistics and Indicators
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IRSTG
IRSTG Outline
Annexes
1. Glossary: Science, Technology and Gender
2. Bibliography
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IRSTG
FUTURE RESEARCH NEEDS on
science, technology and gender
It seems important to develop a suitable
framework and approaches regarding most
urgent future research areas on science,
technology and gender, including identifying
some missing links, data gaps, key issues
and critical shortcomings that should be
addressed in the near future.
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IRSTG
FUTURE RESEARCH NEEDS on science,
technology and gender





Examples of some issues:
women participation in S&T (&R&D) top decisionmaking
career entry and exit points
redesigning of workplace (childcare on premises)
effects of short absences on a career span
comparing different types of leave and its impact on
career structures (long service leave is a similar span
to maternity leave yet there are no negative
connotations with time of absence yet strident
objections to maternity leave still exist)
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IRSTG
FOLLOW-UP
In order to contribute building worldwide
Science, Technology and Gender Equity,
major social actors, including science and
technology institutions, should work together
and be mobilized at a global scale.
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IRSTG
FOLLOW-UP
The road ahead: Thirteen Major Social
Actors have been identified to actively
participate in the dissemination, debate, fund
raising, implementation, monitoring and
evaluation of the Key Issues and Policy
Recommendations of IRSTG Report. Each
Agenda could encompass some policy
recommendations, actions, specific
initiatives, “to do” items, etc.
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IRSTG
FOLLOW-UP
Major Social Actors:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
National, regional and local governments
(Ministries/National Councils of Science and Technology / R&D,
Ministries of Education, Ministries of Labour)
Parliaments
S-T-G Coordinating networks, committees, and gender national
organisms
Higher education institutions and faculties of sciences and
engineering
R&D centres
Scientific associations, societies, academies
United Nations agencies
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IRSTG
FOLLOW-UP
H. International and regional inter-governmental
organizations
I. International, regional and sub regional development
banks
J. Multilateral and bilateral development-assistance
organizations
K. NGOs – Nongovernmental organizations
L. Foundations
M. Major companies, private and public
N. The media
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IRSTG
FOLLOW-UP
IRSTG dissemination and debate at regional and
national levels

IRSTG should evolve and be periodically updated
(constant work and improvement) and continue to be
the collective product of a wide international
institutional collaboration, prepared with the active
partnership of specialists from numerous science,
technology and gender related institutions worldwide,
under the technical coordination of UNESCO's
Science Policy and Sustainable Development
Division (the Internet six-language version of the Report
will be periodically updated).
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IRSTG
FOLLOW-UP
IRSTG dissemination and debate at regional and national levels

The full English Report and Executive summaries of the
Report have already been published in the six official
languages of United Nations, i.e. Arabic, Chinese,
English, French, Russian and Spanish.
Download them from:
www.unesco.org/science/psd/focus/focus07/gender_rep.shtml
www.unesco.org/science/psd/download/IRSTG-FULLversion.pdf
And it is expected that the full Report will also be
published in those languages (Chinese, Arabic, Russian
and Spanish translations will be available in March 2008).
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IRSTG
FOLLOW-UP
IRSTG dissemination and debate at regional
and national levels

National and regional forums will be organized to
present, debate, disseminate and follow-up the
IRSTG Report. Regional forums could be
organized in: Latin America and the Caribbean,
Africa, Arab region, Central Asia, South-East
Asia, India, China, Oceania, North America,
Eastern Europe, Western Europe.
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IRSTG
FOLLOW-UP
Training at regional and national levels

National and regional training seminarworkshops will be organized to analyze and
discuss the key issues and policy
recommendations of the IRSTG Report. Regional
events could be organized in: Latin America and
the Caribbean, Africa, Arab region, Central Asia,
South-East Asia, India, China, Oceania, North
America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe.
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IRSTG
Technical Secretariat
Dr. Eduardo Martinez
S&T Studies & Strategic Planning
Science Policy and Sustainable Development Division
Natural Sciences Sector
UNESCO
1 rue Miollis
75015 Paris
France
Tel.: +(33) (0) 1-4568 4075, 4164
Fax: +(33) (0) 1-4568 5827
[email protected]
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eduardo martinez
science and technology
studies & strategic planning
[email protected]
phone: (33) 1-45684075
fax: (33) 1-45685827
1 rue Miollis
75015 paris
france
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Science, Technology and Gender: an International Report