Study Guide del capítulo 4
Present Progressive
You use the present progressive to describe
actions that are ON GOING/IN PROGRESS
It is formed by using the verb ESTAR with the
present participle ANDO for –ar verbs, and
IENDO for –er and –ir verbs.
Los Irregulares
CAER
DECIR
DORMIR
LEER
MENTIR
MORIR
PEDIR
TRAER
CAYENDO
DICIENDO
DURMIENDO
LEYENDO
MINTIENDO
MURIENDO
PIDIENDO
TRAYENDO
 When using an object pronoun is used with the
present progressive, place the direct object
BEFORE the first verb, or after and are ATTACHED
to the participle.
 When the object pronoun is attached to the
participle, an ACCENT mark is added.
 The progressive can be also used with ANDAR or
SEGUIR
ANDAR
SEGUIR
 Andar + present participle gives the impression
that: SOMEONE GOES AROUND CONSTANTLY
DOING SOMETHING / “ALWAYS” sometimes with a
negative connotation.
 Seguir + present participle is used to:
SAY SOMEONE IS STILL DOING SOMETHING.
Translate the following.
 1. Pepita is talking on the phone.
 PEPITA ESTÁ HABLANDO POR TELEFONO.
 2. They’re always washing their hands.
 ELLOS SE ANDAN LAVANDO LAS MANOS.
 3. I am still eating cherries.
 YO SIGO COMIENDO LAS CEREZAS.
 4. You are always preparing lobster.
 ANDAS PREPARANDO LA LANGOSTA.
 5. Claudia and I are always cooking it. (fried
chicken).
 CLAUDIA Y YO ANDAMOS COCINÁNDOLO.
 CLAUDIA Y YO LO ANDAMOS COCINANDO.
6. José is still marrying his girlfriend.
6. JOSÉ SE SIGUE CASANDO A SU NOVIA.
7. They are celebrating my sister’s engagement.
6. ELLOS ESTÁN CELEBRANDO EL COMPROMISO
DE MI HERMANA.
8. We are still mixing the yogurt.
6. SEGUIMOS MEZCLANDO EL YOGUR.
9. I am always cutting celery.
6. ANDO CORTANDO EL APIO.
10.You are still cleaning it (the bedroom).
6. SIGUES LIMPIÁNDOLO/LA.
7. LO/LA SIGUES LIMPIANDO.
Present Perfect Indicative
 To form the present perfect
indicative, use the present tense of
the helping verb HABER followed by
the PAST PARTICIPLE of the main
verb.
HABER
HE
HEMOS
HAS
HA
HAN
If the stem of an –er or –ir verb ends in a
vowel, other than U placed an accent on the
i in ido.
Traer
TRAÍDO
Leer 
LEÍDO
The present indicative is used to say WHAT
HAS/HAS NOT HAPPENED IN A PERIOD OF
TIME UP TO THE PRESENT or to talk about
what something that happened very
recently. We use the verb “ HAVE” in
English.
 MUERTO (MORIR)-TO DIE
 VUELTO (VOLVER)-TO GO BACK/RETURN
 PUESTO (PONER)-TO PUT/PLACE
 DICHO (DECIR)-TO SAY/TELL
 HECHO (HACER)-TO DO/MAKE
 DEVUELTO (DEVOLVER)-TO RETURN
 RESUELTO (RESOLVER)-TO RESOLVE
 DESCRITO (DESCRIBIR)-TO DESCRIBE
 ROTO (ROMPER)- TO BREAK
 DESCUBIERTO (DESCUBRIR)—TO DISCOVER
 ABIERTO (ABRIR)-TO OPEN
 VISTO (VER)-TO SEE
 IDO (IR)-TO GO
 ESCRITO (ESCRIBIR)-TO WRITE
When an object pronoun is used
with the present perfect, it should
always go BEFORE the conjugated
form of haber. It CANNOT be
attached to the participle, unlike the
present progressive.
 1. Sonia has arrived with her boyfriend.
SONIA HA LLEGADO CON SU NOVIO.
 2. He has taken the book to the library.
ÉL HA TOMADO EL LIBRO A LA BIBLIOTECA.
 3. My cousin Emily has gone to the family
reunion.
MI PRIMA EMILY HA IDO A LA REUNIÓN
FAMILIAR.
 4. My parents have divorced.
MIS PADRES SE HAN DIVORCIADO.
 5. Our mother-in-law has separated from her
husband.
NUESTRA SUEGRA SE HA SEPARADO DE SU
ESPOSO.
 6. We have eaten the chocolate cake.
NOSOTROS HEMOS COMIDO EL BIZCOCHO DE
CHOCOLATE.
 7. I have cooked the roast pork.
HE COCINADO EL PUERCO ASADO.
 8. She has tried (probar) the chocolate cake(use
the vocab word!)
ELLA HA PROBADO EL BIZCOCHO DE
CHOCOLATE.
 9. They have put lemon& lime in their water.
ELLOS HAN PUESTO EL LIMÓN Y LA LIMA EN
SU AGUA.
 10. You have cut the grapefruit.
HAS CORTADO LA TORONJA.
HABER-SUBJUNTIVO
HAYA
HAYAMOS
HAYAS
HAYA
HAYAN
Complete the following sentences with the present perfect
subjunctive of the verb in parentheses.
 1. Me sorprende que el profesor ______ (dar) el examen tan
pronto.
HAYA DADO
 2. Al profesor no le gusta que los estudiantes no ________
(estudiar) para el examen.
HAYAN ESTUDIADO
 3. Me da gusto que los estudiantes ________ (hablar) con el
director.
HAYAN HABLADO
 4. Me alegra que mis amigos ______ (hacer) la tarea de historia.
HAYAN HECHO
 5. A mis amigos les enoja que el entrenador ________ (cancelar)
el partido de béisbol.
HAYA CANCELADO
 6. Es una lástima que mis compañeros no ________ (poder)
terminar su trabajo.
HAYAN PODIDO
1. It’s good that they have studied for the test.
1. ES BUENO QUE HAYAN ESTUDIADO PARA EL EXAMEN.
2. It’s horrible that we have gone to 5 funerals this
year.
1. ES HORRIBLE QUE HAYAMOS IDO A 5 FUNERALES ESTE
ANO.
3. It’s logical that I have told a lie. (una mentira)
1. ES LÓGICO QUE YO HAYA DICHO UNA MENTIRA.
4. It’s marvelous that Amber has bought 10 cats.
(NOT!!)
1. ES MARAVILLOSO QUE AMBER HAYA COMPRADO 10
GATOS.
5. It makes us happy that she has divorced from her
husband.
1. NOS ALEGRA QUE ELLA SE HAYA DIVORCIADO DE SU
ESPOSO.
6. It angers me that she has forgot (olvidar) the
cucumber in the salad.
6. ME ENOJA QUE ELLA HAYA OLVIDADO EL PEPINO EN
LA ENSALADA.
7. It bothers you that she has put shrimp on the table.
6. TE MOLESTA QUE ELLA HAYA PUESTO EL CAMARÓN
EN LA MESA.
8. It surprises her that I have eaten zucchini.
6. LE SORPRENDE QUE YO HAYA COMIDO EL CALABACÍN.
9. We like that our mom has made roast pork.
6. NOS GUSTA QUE NUESTRA MADRE HAYA HECHO EL
PUERCO ASADO.
10.It’s good that you have opened the milk.
6. ES BUENO QUE HAYAS ABIERTO LA LECHE.
1. As soon as she cooked the lobster, she ate it.
1. EN CUANTO COCINÓ LA LANGOSTA, ELLA LA
COMIÓ.
2. I met my half brother last year.
1. CONOCÍ MI MEDIO HERMANO EL AÑO PASADO.
3. As soon as I tasted (probar) the peas, I said,
“That’s disgusting!”
1. EN CUANTO PROBÉ LOS CHÍCHAROS, DIJE “<<QUÉ
ASCO!>>
4. Upon going to the mall, you bought jeans.
1. AL IR AL CENTRO COMERCIAL, COMPRASTE LOS
JEANS.
5. They met her stepsister yesterday.
1. ELLOS CONOCIERON SU HERMANASTRA AYER.
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Study Guide del capítulo 4