OJALÁ: SUBJUNCTIVE
Spanish uses the subjunctive to express:
What we want to happen – Quiero que vayas al supermercado.
* hope will happen - Espero que vuelvas pronto.
* in situation in which there is an emotional reaction –
Me alegro que vayas.
Ojalá que is a phrase used to express hope or wish.
Conjugate: yo form of present tense and drop the o
Hablar: hable, hables,…
Stem changing verbs: ar and er same as present tense.
(No change in the nosotros and vosotros as in the present tense.)
Volver: vuelva, vuelvas, vuelva, volvamos, volváis, vuelvan
OJALÁ: SUBJUNCTIVE
Some verbs have changes other than stem change in yo form:
Tener: tenga, tengas, tenga, tengamos, tengáis, tengan
Verbs ending in: car; gar; zar have a change.
car: que
gar: gue
zar: c
sacar: saque
pagar: pague
empezar: empiece
OJALÁ: SUBJUNCTIVE
Irregular Verbs:
dar: dé; des; dé; demos; deis; den
estar: esté; estés; esté; estemos, estéis; estén
ir: vaya; vayas; vaya, vayamos; vayáis; vayan
saber: sepa; sepas; sepa; sepamos; sepáis; sepan
ser: sea; seas; sea; seamos; séais; sean
Stem changing verbs: ir verbs:
For e changes to i verbs = the e changes to i in all
persons including in nosotros and vosotros.
e = i pedir: pida; pides; pida; pidamos; pidáis; piden
OJALÁ: SUBJUNCTIVE
For e changes to ie changing verbs:
e = ie In nosotros and vosotros e changes only to i.
preferir: prefiera; prefieras; prefiera; prefiramos;
prefiráis;
prefieran
Stem changing verb o = ue the change of o to ue except
in nosotros and vostros when o goes to u only.
dormir: duerma; duermas; duerma; durmamos; durmáis;
duerman
SUBJUNCTIVE WITH IMPERSONAL
EXPRESSION
Use some impersonal expressions to show
uncertainty that something will happen.
Use subjunctive when impersonal expression
gives an opinion that something will happen.
Use subjunctive with impersonal expressions that
denote possibility, probability, importance, or
other value judgment, necessary, preferable,
good, or bad.
SUBJUNCTIVE WITH IMPERSONAL
EXPRESSION
Impersonal Expressions:
Es necesario que…
Es preferible que…
Es bueno que…
Es malo que…
Es probable que…
Es posible que…
Es importante que…
Es mejor que…
Es lógico que…
Example: Es probable que él vaya hoy.
Pronouns are placed before the verb.
Example: Es posible que Juan te llame hoy.
SUBJUNCTIVE
HABER
Hay = There is / There are
Infinitvie of Hay is Haber
Subjunctive of Haber is Haya
haya
hayas
haya
hayamos
hayáis
hayan
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OJALÁ: SUBJUNCTIVE