The Numbers 101–3,000,000
The Multiples of One Hundred
We already know that one hundred is . . .
To form the multiples of one hundred, we simply start with
the numbers two, three, four, etc. . . . and add cientos
100 cien
200 doscientos
300 trescientos
400 cuatrocientos
500 *quinientos
cinco
Five hundred, seven
hundred and nine
hundred are exceptions.
We don’t say
cincocientos, but
rather . . .
The Multiples of One Hundred
600 seiscientos
700 * siete
setecientos
800 ochocientos
900 * novecientos
nueve
1000 mil
We don’t say
sietecientos, but
rather . . .
We don’t say
nuevecientos, but
rather . . .
Notice that we simply say
“thousand,” not “one thousand.”
(mil, not un mil)
The Larger Numbers
cien = 100 even
100 cien
101 ciento uno
110 ciento diez
cien > ciento
with any number
over 100 even
Notice that “y” (and) is
not used between the
hundreds’ and tens’
places.
115 ciento quince, etc.
The Larger Numbers
“Y” is used, however, between the
tens’ and ones’ places when there is a
digit other than 0 in the tens’ place.
131 ciento treinta y uno
157 ciento cincuenta y siete
The Larger Numbers
See if you can write and say the following
numbers in Spanish.
248
591
888
doscientos cuarenta y
ocho
quinientos noventa y
uno
ochocientos ochenta y
ocho
The Multiples of One Thousand
The multiples of one thousand are formed simply by the
counting numbers two, three, seven, etc. plus mil. Mil is
invariable when used for counting.
1000
2000
7000
20.000
100.000
500.000
mil (Remember, one thousand is just mil.)
dos mil
siete mil
veinte mil
cien mil
quinientos mil
Notice that a decimal point is used with large numbers
instead of a comma as in English.
The Larger Numbers
With one thousand and its multiples in combination with
hundreds, we must spell and read the number starting with
the number of thousands and then the number of hundreds,
since there is no way in Spanish to say fourteen hundred,
thirty-five hundred, etc.
1492
In English we can say:
In Spanish we must say:
fourteen hundred
ninety-two
mil cuatrocientos
noventa y dos
(one thousand four
hundred ninety-two)
The Larger Numbers–some practice
1810
2525
1789
3008
mil ochocientos diez
dos mil quinientos
veinticinco
mil setecientos
ochenta y nueve
tres mil ocho
The Larger Numbers–some practice
1984
1100
1111
2001
9090
mil novecientos
ochenta y cuatro
mil cien
mil ciento once
dos mil uno
nueve mil noventa
The Larger Numbers
999.999
novecientos noventa y
nueve mil novecientos
noventa y nueve
As opposed to one thousand, one million is expressed with
the indefinite article un.
1.000.000 un millón
Multiples of one million are expressed with the counting
number and the plural form millones. Notice that the plural
form loses the written accent.
2.000.000 dos millones
3.000.000 tres millones
Counting numbers are always
invariable
uno
dos
tres
cuatro
veinte
cuarenta
cien
doscientos
quinientos
mil
tres mil
un millón
cien millones
etc.
But some numbers agree in gender
when used as adjectives
1
the multiples of one hundred
2
un, una
740.361 libros
setecientos cuarenta mil trescientos
sesenta y un libros
740.361 plumas
setecientas cuarenta mil trescientas
sesenta y una plumas
The numbers as adjectives
Millón and millones are followed by de when used
with a noun.
millón, millones
de
before a
+ noun
BUT only with round numbers.
87.000.000 libros
ochenta y siete millones de libros
BUT . . . 87.000.022 libros
ochenta y siete millones veintidós libros
FIN
Descargar

Numbers, 101-3,000,000