Spanish First Level
El abecedario
Aims
• To learn the difference between
• Latin American Spanish and European
Spanish
• To learn letter combinations in
Spanish
• To learn the alphabet
• To learn how to spell in Español!
Español latino vs Castellano
¿Cuál es la diferencia?
Everyone can understand each
other!
Some differences in vocabulary…
Fall vs. Autumn
Old English = feallan
Autumn – comes from the latin autumnus
¿Cuál es la diferencia?
Ordenador
Computadora
¿Cuál es la diferencia?
Coger
Coger
V
V in Castellano = B sound
V in latino – V sound
e.g. ¡Vamos!
CI and CE
CI /CE Castellano = “th” sound
CI /CE in latino – CI /CE sound
e.g. Decir = to say
V and WW
V/ WW in Castellon = oo-bey and oobey dooble
V/ WW in latino – Vay / Dooble vay
CH and ELLE (LL)
CH and ELLE no longer considered
letters in their own right (since 2010)
¡Las vocales!
Spanish Vowel sounds remain
the same always!
•
•
•
•
•
A – AH
E – EH
I - EE
O – Oh
U – Oo
A
Animales
E
Elefante
I
Iguana
O
organután
u
uno
Cancion de vocales
¡Salsa de vocales!
El abecedario en español
ah
be
say
day
ay
efe
ge
ache
Ee lo
Joe-t
ka
ele
eme
ene
ñ
ene
oh
peh
coo
eray
Es-sa
teh
oo
Oo-be
Oo-be-doo-ble
ekis
ee-gree-
zetah
El abecedario es cool!
a b c d
e f g
h i j k
l m n ñ o p
q r s t
u v w
x y z
El abecedario es cool!
a b c d
e f g
h i j k
l m n ñ o p
q r s t
u v w
x y z
El abecedario es cool!
a b c d
e f g
h i j k
l m n ñ o p
q r s t
u v w
x y z
El abecedario es cool!
a b c d
e f g
h i j k
l m n ñ o p
q r s t
u v w
x y z
El abecedario es cool!
a b c d
e f g
h i j k
l m n ñ o p
q r s t
u v w
x y z
Orale El Alfabeto
Spanish alphabet song
Rules of pronunciation!
C
The letter C sounds like a "k" when it is
followed by the vowels a, o and
u: casa, cosa, cuchara.
It is pronounced as an "s" when it is followed
by the vowels i and e: ciudad, cebra. This
occurs in English as well: carrot, cold and
cucumber, but celery and city.
El cine
La clínica
Un cómico
El centro
Un castillo
D
When D is intervocalic (between two
vowels) as in the word nada [nothing], or
occurs at the end of a word, like verdad
[truth], it is pronounced like the "th" in the
English word "they": NAH-thah, ver-DATH
Domingo
Diamante
Decidir
Dentista
G
The letter G is hard (like the English G in
"gate") when it is followed by the vowels a,
o and u: gato,gordo, gusto.
It is soft (like the English 'H') when it is
followed by the vowels i and e gimnasio, general.
(This occurs in English as well although with different "g"
sounds: game, gone and gulp, but gentle and giraffe.)
galería
general
global
gente
H
The letter H is always silent. You might try to
pretend it is invisible too, when you see words
with h's. For example, the verb hay is
pronounced like the English word "eye", not like
the horse-food! Alcohol is pronounced "al-col"
as if there were no `h' in the middle.
Don't forget that ch is a separate letter that
cannot be split. Ch has the same pronunciation
in Spanish as it does in English
helado
hamburguesa
hola
cheque
chico
LL
The most common pronunciation of
the ELLE letter is as a Y sound.
There is a lot of regional variation but
using this pronunciation, you’ll be
understood everywhere!
la calle
Me llamo…
llaves
Q
Q never occurs without u, so think
of Qu as one letter. Qu is always
pronounced like a `k'. It never makes
the `kw' sound as it does in English. Try
to visualize a K every time you see Qu.
que
queso
R
Rr is spelled r when beginning a
word: rojo [red], but is spelled rr when
it occurs within a word: pelirrojo
[redhead].
rojo
arroz
carne
Me gusta comer
arroz con carne.
R with an "R", cigar. "R" with an "R",
barrel. Rapid run the cars (of the train)
loaded with the railroad's sugar.
V
V is pronounced the same as B. A
common native speaker error is to
switch these letters when writing. Do
not pronounce this letter like the
English letter `v'. Both V and B are
pronounced like a softened version of
the English letter `b'.
vale
vamos
veinte
Z
Z occurs only in front of strong vowels (A, O, U.)
The Z "time-shares" the vowels with C.
C also has a soft "S" sound in front of the weak Vowels
(I, E.) Therefore, when the Z is placed in a position
where it is faced with a weak vowel, it changes into the
letter C. (for example, we spell pencil "lápiz" but the
plural form pencils needs to change the Z to C "lápices.")
zapato
zanahoria
zumo de naranja
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Camino
Coche
Montaña
Cuidad
Chocolate
Piscina
Manzana
Cumpleaños
Donde
Isla
Pollo
Feliz
Cuando
Conocer
Quiero
Gracias
Porque
Venir
Bajo
Empezar
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Path/Route
Car
Mountain
City
Chocolate
Swimming pool
Apple
Birthday
Where
Island
Chicken
Happy
When
To know
I want
Thank you
Because
To come
Low
To start
¡Adiós!
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V - Edinburgh Modern Languages