Spanish First Level El abecedario Aims • To learn the difference between • Latin American Spanish and European Spanish • To learn letter combinations in Spanish • To learn the alphabet • To learn how to spell in Español! Español latino vs Castellano ¿Cuál es la diferencia? Everyone can understand each other! Some differences in vocabulary… Fall vs. Autumn Old English = feallan Autumn – comes from the latin autumnus ¿Cuál es la diferencia? Ordenador Computadora ¿Cuál es la diferencia? Coger Coger V V in Castellano = B sound V in latino – V sound e.g. ¡Vamos! CI and CE CI /CE Castellano = “th” sound CI /CE in latino – CI /CE sound e.g. Decir = to say V and WW V/ WW in Castellon = oo-bey and oobey dooble V/ WW in latino – Vay / Dooble vay CH and ELLE (LL) CH and ELLE no longer considered letters in their own right (since 2010) ¡Las vocales! Spanish Vowel sounds remain the same always! • • • • • A – AH E – EH I - EE O – Oh U – Oo A Animales E Elefante I Iguana O organután u uno Cancion de vocales ¡Salsa de vocales! El abecedario en español ah be say day ay efe ge ache Ee lo Joe-t ka ele eme ene ñ ene oh peh coo eray Es-sa teh oo Oo-be Oo-be-doo-ble ekis ee-gree- zetah El abecedario es cool! a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p q r s t u v w x y z El abecedario es cool! a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p q r s t u v w x y z El abecedario es cool! a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p q r s t u v w x y z El abecedario es cool! a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p q r s t u v w x y z El abecedario es cool! a b c d e f g h i j k l m n ñ o p q r s t u v w x y z Orale El Alfabeto Spanish alphabet song Rules of pronunciation! C The letter C sounds like a "k" when it is followed by the vowels a, o and u: casa, cosa, cuchara. It is pronounced as an "s" when it is followed by the vowels i and e: ciudad, cebra. This occurs in English as well: carrot, cold and cucumber, but celery and city. El cine La clínica Un cómico El centro Un castillo D When D is intervocalic (between two vowels) as in the word nada [nothing], or occurs at the end of a word, like verdad [truth], it is pronounced like the "th" in the English word "they": NAH-thah, ver-DATH Domingo Diamante Decidir Dentista G The letter G is hard (like the English G in "gate") when it is followed by the vowels a, o and u: gato,gordo, gusto. It is soft (like the English 'H') when it is followed by the vowels i and e gimnasio, general. (This occurs in English as well although with different "g" sounds: game, gone and gulp, but gentle and giraffe.) galería general global gente H The letter H is always silent. You might try to pretend it is invisible too, when you see words with h's. For example, the verb hay is pronounced like the English word "eye", not like the horse-food! Alcohol is pronounced "al-col" as if there were no `h' in the middle. Don't forget that ch is a separate letter that cannot be split. Ch has the same pronunciation in Spanish as it does in English helado hamburguesa hola cheque chico LL The most common pronunciation of the ELLE letter is as a Y sound. There is a lot of regional variation but using this pronunciation, you’ll be understood everywhere! la calle Me llamo… llaves Q Q never occurs without u, so think of Qu as one letter. Qu is always pronounced like a `k'. It never makes the `kw' sound as it does in English. Try to visualize a K every time you see Qu. que queso R Rr is spelled r when beginning a word: rojo [red], but is spelled rr when it occurs within a word: pelirrojo [redhead]. rojo arroz carne Me gusta comer arroz con carne. R with an "R", cigar. "R" with an "R", barrel. Rapid run the cars (of the train) loaded with the railroad's sugar. V V is pronounced the same as B. A common native speaker error is to switch these letters when writing. Do not pronounce this letter like the English letter `v'. Both V and B are pronounced like a softened version of the English letter `b'. vale vamos veinte Z Z occurs only in front of strong vowels (A, O, U.) The Z "time-shares" the vowels with C. C also has a soft "S" sound in front of the weak Vowels (I, E.) Therefore, when the Z is placed in a position where it is faced with a weak vowel, it changes into the letter C. (for example, we spell pencil "lápiz" but the plural form pencils needs to change the Z to C "lápices.") zapato zanahoria zumo de naranja 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Camino Coche Montaña Cuidad Chocolate Piscina Manzana Cumpleaños Donde Isla Pollo Feliz Cuando Conocer Quiero Gracias Porque Venir Bajo Empezar 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Path/Route Car Mountain City Chocolate Swimming pool Apple Birthday Where Island Chicken Happy When To know I want Thank you Because To come Low To start ¡Adiós!