U3 E2: El subjuntivo con
“nonexistent and indefinite
clauses” (pg. 210)
• You have learned to use the subjunctive with
expressions of emotion and doubt, and when
you’re not sure something will definitely
happen.
• Now you will learn how to use the subjunctive
in order to say that something may not exist.
1. Before we begin in Spanish, let’s see how the concept works
in English:
• I’m looking for a car that is fast. The speaker is looking for a
car that is fast. Does this fast car definitely exist? No. What
part of the sentence is subjunctive? Well, the speaker is
definitely looking, but the idea of the car being fast is only a
possibility. Maybe at the dealership where he’s looking there
are only slow, rusty cars. Therefore, the “is fast” part of the
sentence has to be subjunctive. Underline the part of the
English sentence that should be subjunctive. Here’s the
sentence in Spanish: Busco un coche que sea rápido.
•
• There is no shirt here in this store that I like. The speaker
indicates that the shirt he/she might like does not exist, at
least not in this store. What part of this sentence would be
subjunctive in English? Underline it. Here’s the sentence in
Spanish:
• No hay ninguna camisa aquí en esta tienda que me guste
(that might be pleasing to me).
• Try these! Underline the part of the sentence
that requires the subjunctive.
•
1.There are no dresses here that I like.
2.There is no car that can fly!
3.There is no one at the meeting who feels happy
right now.
1. Use the subjunctive when you are not sure that
something exists (there may not be/there is no)
• Words and expressions that trigger this use
of the subjunctive in Spanish:
No hay………..que _____There is no ___
that_________
• No hay nadie que There is no one that
• No hay nada que___There is nothing that
__________
• No hay ningún / ninguna ……que _____There
is no / not any ___ that ________
*** What’s the difference between saying “No
hay ninguna fruta que me guste” and “No hay
fruta que me guste” is this: If you specify by
using NINGUNA, you are implying that you are in
front of a bunch of fruit and out of that display,
you don’t like any of them. If you don’t use
ninguna and instead say “No hay fruta que me
guste,” what you are saying is that NO FRUIT
EXISTS that you like, in GENERAL.
Try these! Traduce.
1.There is no penguin that eats flowers.
______________________________________
2.There isn’t anyone who (will) go out with you.
(jaja) __________________________________
3.There is no roast suckling pig that I (will)
buy.______________________________________
4.There is nothing here that we want.
_________________________________________
• 2. Use the subjunctive when you are looking
for, wanting, or needing something that may
not exist
1. When your sentence says that someone looks
for, wants, or needs something that may or may
not exist, we also need the subjunctive. (What
will these triggers be in Spanish?
________________,
________________________,
_________________________ + que
Circle the part of the sentence that opens the
door for the subjunctive, and underline the
subjunctive part.
1. I need a book that is not heavy.
2.You want a meal that costs nothing.
3.We are looking for flowers that won’t die in 3
days.
You already know how to form the present
subjunctive: present yo form, drop the O, add
opposite ending.
• There is no one who dances like you: No hay
nadie que baile como tú.
If you used the indicative here (baila), that would
imply that such a person definitely exists. The rest of
the statement says that there is NO ONE who can
dance like you, so the subjunctive must be used.
• Buscamos músicos que sepan tocar música
mariachi. We don’t know if these musicians exist.
For all we know, no one knows how to play
mariachi. That’s why you can’t use “saben.”
“Sepan” is the subjunctive form of “Saber.”
Words and expressions that trigger this use of the
subjunctive in Spanish:
Buscar/querer/necesitar………que
I want/am looking for/need (something) that (subj)
¿Hay algo/alguien que…?
___Is there something/someone that (subj)?__
¿Conoces a alguien que…? __Do you know
someone who / that (subj)_?____
¿Tienes algo que …? __Do you have something that
(subj)?
(note: the expressions with question marks are
subjunctive only when used in a question. In these
cases, the question also implies doubt that
something exists)
Try these!
1.Do you have something that (might) alleviate
(aliviar) my cough (tos)?
________________________________________
_____________________________________
2.She needs an ocelot that can run.
________________________________________
_________________________________________
3. Do all of you know someone who beautifies
communities?
________________________________________
________________________________
4.My dad wants a tie that (will) make him
handsome.
_______________________________________
___________________________
5.My mom is looking for a book club that reads
interesting material.
_______________________________________
___________________________
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U3 E2: El subjuntivo con *nonexistent and indefinite clauses* (pg. 210)