El verbo ser y adjetivos en
español
INTRODUCCIÓN Y CONTINUACIÓN DEL GÉNERO…
Ojalá que estuviera en la playa…. I wish I were at the beach…. :)
Ser y los adjetivos en español ~ objetivos
• To learn and practice with the forms of the verb “ser”, to be
• To learn, understand and practice different adjective forms (masculine and
feminine)
• Put your knowledge to the test!
El verbo ser
• SER is the infinitive (remember our lesson on infinitives? Verbs that begin “to”
do something”?) for the English “to be”.
• It is VERY helpful in descriptions (ie: John is tall) as well as identifying things
(Zach is my cat). Here we will see “ser” used to describe people, friends and
family.
• SER conjugations. A conjugation is when you change the verb from its infinitive
so that it “matches” its person, for example we don’t say “I to be” but “I am”.
yo soy (I am)
nosotros somos (we are)
tú eres (you are)
vosotros sois (you all are)
él es (he is)
ellos son (they are)
ella es (she is)
ellas son (they-f are)
usted es (you are)
ustedes son (you all are)
El verbo ser (continuado)
• Do you see how “ser” changed from its “to be” to various forms of the verb (am,
is are)? We do that in English and of course they do that in Spanish too!
• Do you remember seeing & hearing that in the videohistoria and in A Primera
Vista?
• How would you fill in the blanks here?
• Elena ____ artística, pero también ____ perfeccionista
• Tomás ___ reservado y muy trabajador
• ¡Tú ___ atrevido y atlético!
• Y yo ____ ordenada y estudiosa
Los adjetivos y el género
• Did you notice that sometimes the adjectives ended in –o and sometimes in –a?
Why do you think that is? What do you remember from the introductory chapter
that deals with a term called “gender”?
• Gender is the masculine or feminine representation of ANY noun in Spanish,
even things that aren’t “alive”.
• Adjectives when used to describe nouns must match that noun’s gender. Here
are a couple of examples to consider:
• El chico simpático
• La chica simpática
• What happened to our word “simpatico”??
Adjetivos y género continuado
• OK: so adjectives (most, anyway) have this pretty cool flexibility. They can
change to match their noun in both gender (masculine/feminine) and number
(if the noun they’re playing with is singular or plural). Look….
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ordenado
simpático
atlético
estudioso
ordenados
simpáticos
atléticos
estudiosos
El amigo
La chica
Los
profesores
Las
señoras
•
•
•
•
ordenada
simpática
atlética
estudiosa
•
•
•
•
ordenadas
simpáticas
atléticas
estudiosas
Adjetivos y género (conclusión)…
• There’s just one.more.detail… ;-) and this is something you will have to get used
to in Spanish… there always seems to be one exception to the rule….
• There WILL be adjectives that do NOT change for gender, and you will simply
have to study those – lo siento (I’m sorry!)
• Typically adjectives that end in the letter –e and/or consonants do not change
for gender (m/f). But, good news ALL adjectives change for NUMBER (phew :)
• Ejemplos:
• Interesante, popular, emocionante, inteligente, verde, paciente
Now, don’t you really wish you were at the beach? Ah, ojalá.. (if only!)
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soy