Identify at least
three spanishspeaking
countries from
the map of South
Los anuncios
Tutorial mañana (jueves) until 4!
Un repaso …
Los verbos
 Verbs in Spanish all end in either –ar,
–er, or –ir
 Bailar- to dance
 Caminar- to walk
 Vivir- to live
Today, we’re only going to talk about
verbs that end in –ar
El infinitivo
The infinitive: The basic, unconjugated
form, the one that corresponds to the
English “to do” (something). For example,
to speak, to work, to sing, etc.
The Spanish infinitive always ends in r
Los verbos
 The stem of a verb is what comes
before the –ar
 Hablar (to talk)
 Bailar (to dance)
 Nadar (to swim)
 Caminar (to walk)
Vamos a conjugar
To conjugate a verb, all you have to
do is remove the stem and add an
ending based on the subject (who is
doing the action of the verb)
You are just changing it to match the
person that is doing the action.
Let me show you …
Verb endings
Stem + o
Stem + as
Él, ella, usted
Stem + a
Stem + amos
Ellos, ellas, ustedes
Stem + an
Caminar (to walk)
Vamos a practicar
Conjugate these verbs!
1. Hablar
2. Cantar
3. Bailar
4. Manejar
5. Besar
Verbos importantes
(escriben en un “flip sheet”)
Ayudar – to help
Contestar – to answer
Preparar – to prepare
Llevar – to wear/to carry
Llegar – to arrive
Usar – to use
Mirar – to watch
Enseñar – to teach
Entrar – to enter
Practica guidada
The verb estudiar = to study
Directions: Say what each person studies
Yo __estudio__
Mis amigos _________
Frederico __________
(computer science)
Tú ________
Ellas __________
(physical education)
Nosotros _________
Ustedes __________
(Escriben en un flipsheet!)
To talk about how often you do something, you use
expressions of frecuency:
Siempre: always
Todos los días: every day
Mucho: often
A veces: sometimes
Poco: a little
Rara vez: rarely
Nunca: never
Los ejemplos
Expressions that go before the verb: (write “before verb”)
Isabel siempre llega tarde a la escuela
Isabel rara vez habla en la clase
Isabel nunca usa un diccionario
Expressions that go after the verb: (write “after verb”)
Ricardo estudia mucho
Ricardo habla poco en la clase
Expressions that go at the beginning of the sentence:
(write “beginning of sentence”)
Todos los días Isabel llega tarde
A veces Isabel llega tarde
How often …. (en grupo)
 Write how often you do the following things
Bailo (I dance…)
Hablo por telefono (I talk…)
Llego tarde a la escuela (I come late…)
Camino a la escuela (I walk…)
Nado en el agua (I swim…)
Estudio el español (I study…)
Más practica (independiente)
Exit ticket
Using your notes, translate the following to English:
Ella baila todos los días
Yo hablo mucho en la clase de español
Nosotros cantamos en la escuela
Tú miras la televisión
Actividades 8 y 9 on p. 110 en tu
libro de texto.
For both.. You don’t need to do the
“question/asking” part, just the
answer, because you are writing it
instead of speaking it.