Direct Object Pronouns:
• A direct object pronoun takes the place
of a direct object in a sentence.
• First, locate a direct object in a sentence
by asking the questions “who” or “what”
according to the verb. For example, in the
sentence: I clean the kitchen ask, “What
do I clean?” The direct object is kitchen.
In the sentence: I see Joe ask, “Who do I
see?” The direct object is Joe.
There are eight direct object pronouns in
Spanish.They are:
Me = Me
Us = Nos
You = Te
You = Os
Him, It, You = Lo Them, You= Los Her, It,
You = La Them, You= Las
Once you locate the direct object, decide
which pronoun will need to replace it.
Lavas el carro. (el carro is masculine,
singular. Replace it with lo)
Canto la canción. (la canción is feminine,
singular. Replace it with la)
Direct Object Pronoun Placement
• If the verb is conjugated, place the pronoun IN
FRONT of the verb.
– Lo lavas. = You wash it.
– Práctica (hit space to show answers)
• La chica mira la ropa en la tienda.
– What does she see?
– La ropa - replace it with la
– Place la in front of the conjugated verb to mean:
She sees it in the store.
-- Ella la mira en la tienda.
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José lleva a ti al centro comercial.
Who does Joe take?
You – replace a ti with te
Place it in front of the conjugated verb.
José te lleva al centro comercial.
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María ve a nosotros los martes.
Who does María see?
Us – replace nosotros with nos
María nos ve los martes.
Infinitive verbs
• If there is an infinitive verb in the sentence,
you can attach the DOP to the end of the
infinitive or place it in front of the conjugated
verb.
• Quiero comprar ropa de invierno hoy.
– What do I want to buy?
– Winter clothes – take ropa de invierno out and
replace it with la
– Quiero comprarla hoy.
*or*
– La quiero comprar hoy.
More infinitive practice
• Necesitas llamar a nosotros mañana.
– Who do you need to call?
– Us – replace nosotros with nos
– Necesitas llamarnos mañana.
– Nos necesitas llamar mañana.
Van a comprar los calcetines y el gorro.
What are they going to buy?
Socks and hat- replace los calcetines and el gorro
with los
Van a comprarlos. - or – Los van a comprar.
They are going to buy them.
Questions using direct object pronouns
• Often, in a question, the subject of the answer
is different from the subject of the question.
• ¿Vas a invitarme al la fiesta?
– Who are you going to invite?
– I am going to invite you - replace me with te
Re-write your answer changing the subjects as
appropriate.
Sí yo voy a invitarte a la fiesta.
Yes, I am going to invite you to the party.
Práctica
(Press space to show answers)
1. Alejandro necesita comprar una chaqueta.
– Alejandro la necesita comprar.
OR
– Alejandro necesita comprarla.
2. Tú comes la pizza para el almuerzo.
– Tú la comes para el almuerzo.
3. Yo compro papel y plumas.
– Yo los compro.
Más Práctica
4. Las chicas escuchan la música en los iPods.
– Las chicas la escuchan en los iPods.
5. Mariano práctica el béisbol todos los días.
– Mariano lo práctica todos los días
6. Elena y yo queremos estudiar las ciencias.
– Elena y yo las queremos estudiar.
OR
– Elena y yo queremos estudiarlas.
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Direct Object Pronouns