KS3 Spanish – Year 7
La familia y los amigos
Part 3 Unidad 2
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Contenido
La familia y los amigos
Mi mascota
Agreement of adjectives
¿De qué colores?
Adverbs of quantity: muy, bastante
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Mi mascota 1
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Mi mascota 2
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GRAMMAR
Agreement of adjectives 1
In Spanish, all adjectives agree in gender
(masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural) with
the noun or nouns that they are describing. Do you
remember which of the animals are masculine (un) and
which are feminine (una)?
gato
perro
Feminine (una)
Masculine (un)
gato
perro
hámster
conejo
puerco espín
conejillo de Indias
pájaro
pez
caballo
loro
ratón
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tortuga
serpiente
tortuga
hámster
conejo
puerco espín
conejillo de Indias
pájaro
serpiente
pez
caballo
loro
ratón
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GRAMMAR
Agreement of adjectives 2
Now that you know which animals are masculine and which
are feminine, you need to know how to describe them.
Adjectives are describing words. In English they never
change, but in Spanish they change depending on the
gender of the noun they are describing.
Look at the following pictures and text.
un conejo blanco
una gata negra
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GRAMMAR
Agreement of adjectives 3
They also change depending on the quantity of the noun
they are describing.
Look at the following pictures and text.
dos conejos blancos
Which word is the
adjective?
What do you think it
means?
dos gatas negras
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Can you see how it
changes depending
on the gender and
number?
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GRAMMAR
Agreement of adjectives 4
I’m sure you guessed that the adjective was blanco / blanca
and blancos / blancas. It means white and the feminine
version ends in -a. The plural version ends in -s.
But did you notice that in Spanish we put the adjective after
the noun, whereas in English it goes before the noun?
A white snake / Una serpiente blanca.
Two green tortoises / Dos tortugas verdes.
In Spanish, the masculine word for yellow is amarillo.
How would you say a yellow tortoise?
And how would you say three red parrots?
Una tortuga amarilla.
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Tres loros rojos.
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GRAMMAR
Agreement of adjectives 5
Not all adjectives change. Some of them are the same in
masculine and in feminine. Look at the following table.
Masc
Fem
English
blanco
gris
negro
azul
rojo
amarillo
naranja
verde
marrón
violeta
rosado
blanca
gris
negra
azul
roja
amarilla
naranja
verde
marrón
violeta
rosada
white
grey
black
blue
red
yellow
orange
green
brown
purple
pink
Which ones
just add -a?
Which ones
don’t
change?
Copy the table into your exercise book.
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GRAMMAR
Agreement of adjectives 6
Now, look at the following table for the plural.
Singular
Plural
English
blanco
gris
negro
azul
rojo
amarillo
naranja
verde
marrón
violeta
rosado
blancos
grises
negros
azules
rojos
amarillos
naranjas
verdes
marrones
violetas
rosados
white
grey
black
blue
red
yellow
orange
green
brown
purple
pink
Can you
work out the
plural of the
feminine
adjectives?
Copy the table into your exercise book.
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GRAMMAR
Agreement of adjectives 7
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¿De qué colores? 1
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¿De qué colores? 2
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¿De qué colores? 3
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Mi mascota 3
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Mi mascota 4
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Mi mascota 5
Con tu compañero/a
Describe al caballo Clive.
Cola
Patas
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Mi mascota 6
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Mi mascota 7
A ¿Tienes animales en casa?
Sí, tengo un caballo.
¿Cómo se llama?
Se llama Clive.
¿De qué color es?
Clive es blanco y marrón.
B ¿Tienes animales en casa?
Sí, tengo dos ratas.
¿Cómo se llaman?
Se llaman Algy y Bertie.
¿De qué color son?
Son marrones.
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Clive
Algy
Bertie
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Mi mascota 8
Memoria de elefante
¿Cuántos animales hay?
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GRAMMAR
Adverbs of quantity: muy, bastante 1
Muy and bastante are adverbs. Adverbs are words that
qualify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
Mi hermana es muy alta.
Mi padre es bastante delgado.
Can you guess the meaning of ‘muy’ and ‘bastante’?
Muy – very
bastante – quite
My sister is very tall.
My father is quite slim.
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GRAMMAR
Adverbs of quantity: muy, bastante 2
Can you match up the Spanish with the English in the
sentences below?
1 La historia es muy
2 Las mates son bastante
3 El español es muy
A) Spanish is very
B) History is very
C) Maths is quite
That was quite easy, but can you pick out the words for:
very
muy
quite
bastante
These are intensifiers. They are really useful when you are
giving your opinion of something, as they allow you to be
more precise and they make your writing and speaking
more natural.
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Repaso 1
Los colores
Masc
Fem
Singular
Plural
English
blanco
gris
negro
azul
rojo
amarillo
naranja
verde
marrón
violeta
rosado
blanca
gris
negra
azul
roja
amarilla
naranja
verde
marrón
violeta
rosada
blanco
gris
negro
azul
rojo
amarillo
naranja
verde
marrón
violeta
rosado
blancos
grises
negros
azules
rojos
amarillos
naranjas
verdes
marrones
violetas
rosados
white
grey
black
blue
red
yellow
orange
green
brown
purple
pink
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Repaso 2
Agreement of adjectives
All adjectives agree in gender (masculine/feminine) and
number (singular/plural) with the noun/s they describe.
In general, adjectives go after the noun.
Sometimes they are the same in the masculine and
feminine singular form.
In general, to form the plural we add an -s.
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Unidad 2 La familia Part 3