Los verbos TENER
y VENIR
TENER
(e  ie)
Tener means “to have” and is a very common verb to use in
the Spanish language.
Tener is irregular. It is a “YO-GO”
verb (the yo form ends with “go”) and
it is a “low top” boot verb!
TENER (eie)
yo
nosotros
tengo
tú
tenemos
vosotros
tienes
él
ella
Ud.
tiene
tenéis
ellos
ellas
Uds.
tienen
Tener is used to tell how old someone is:
(TENER + # + AÑOS):
1.
Yo tengo dieciocho años.
2.
Ellos tienen dos años.
Tener is also used in
certain expressions:
Tener hambre
To be hungry
Tener sed
To be thirsty
To be lucky
Tener suerte
More tener expressions:
Tener frío
To be cold
Tener calor
To be hot
To be
in a hurry
Tener
prisa
More tener expressions:
Tener ganas de + infinitive
To feel like doing
something
Tener sueño
To be sleepy
Tomiedo
be scared
Tener
More tener expressions:
Tener razón
To be right
Tocuidado
be careful
Tener
2 +2 = 4
VAMOS A PRACTICAR
Conjugate TENER to match the subject.
1. Luisa y Juan
tienen
5. tú
tienes
tiene
2. Emilia
tiene
6. Usted
3. Yo
tengo
tenemos
7. Ustedes tienen
4. Raúl y yo
8. Yo
tengo
VENIR = TO
COME
(e  ie)
VENIR is almost exactly like
TENER
VENIR is a “YO-GO” verb
and a “low-top” boot verb.
The BIG difference is that
TENER is an –ER verb and
VENIR is an –IR verb.
VENIR (e  ie)
Yo
Nosotros
vengo
Tú
venimos
Vosotros
vienes
Él
Ella
Ud.
viene
venís
Ellos
Ellas
Uds.
vienen
VENIR is typically used
with “de” and “a” .
Venir + de =
to come from
Yo vengo del auditorio.
Venir + a =
to come to
Tú vienes al gimnasio.
VAMOS A PRACTICAR
Conjugate the verb VENIR to match each subject:
1. Tú
2. Elena
vienes
viene
3. Carmen y yo
venimos
4. Mis amigas
vienen
5. Yo
vengo
6. Usted
viene
Ser vs. Estar
Las formas y usos en contexto
SER VS. ESTAR
You already know the
verb ESTAR. It means
“to be”
SER VS. ESTAR
There is another verb
in Spanish that means
“to be.” It is the verb
SER.
SER VS. ESTAR
SER is an irregular verb,
just like ESTAR, so you
must memorize all its
forms.
SER VS. ESTAR
There are certain occasions
in which you will use either
SER or ESTAR.
Let’s review ESTAR first!
ESTAR
Used for telling
LOCATION.
For example:
ESTAR
El libro está en la mesa.
The book is on the table.
Yo estoy en Guatemala.
I am in Guatemala.
ESTAR
Used to tell
CONDITION.
For example:
ESTAR
Eduardo está ocupado.
Eduardo is busy.
Ana y Luisa están enfermas.
Ana and Luisa are sick.
TO BE (In English)
I
am
You
are
We
are
They
are
He
She
It
is
ESTAR
Yo
estoy
Nosotros
Tú
estás
Vosotros
Ud.
Él
Ella
estamos
estáis
Uds.
está Ellos
Ellas
están
Ok, now let’s see what
the verb SER looks like.
Remember, all it’s forms
are totally irregular and
they follow NO pattern.
You must memorize them!
SER
Yo
soy
Nosotros
Tú
eres
Vosotros
Ud.
Él
Ella
somos
sois
Uds.
es
Ellos
Ellas
son
SER
Used to tell TIME and DATE.
Son las dos y media.
It is two thirty.
Es el veinte de noviembre.
It is the twentieth of November.
SER
Used to tell
NATIONALITY.
For example:
Yo soy americana.
Él es puertorriqueño.
SER
Used to tell WHERE
SOMEONE OR SOMETHING
IS FROM.
Tú eres de Nicaragua.
Ellas son de Costa Rica.
SER
Used to connect a noun or
pronoun to another noun or
pronoun.
Eduardo es un hombre.
Coquí y Sultán son gatos.
SER
Used to describe
CHARACTERISTICS.
Rebeca es alta.
Enrique y yo somos guapos.
SER
 You CANNOT use “un or una” with SER
when describing someone’s profession.
Yo soy profesora.
Tú eres estudiante.
Don’t be LoCo!
 Description
 Occupation
 Nationality
 Time
 be
 Location
 Condition
Don’t be LoCo!
 With ser, the descriptions are of something
permanent
 With estar, the condition is something temporary
Contexts for using ser
1.
Expressing origin - saying where someone is from
2.
Expressing possession - indicating that something belongs to someone (there is
no ‘s to denote possession in Spanish)
3.
Expressing material - indicating what something is made out of (leather, wood,
cotton, etc.)
4.
Telling time - indicating the time of day
5.
Talking about the location of an event - indicating where something (e.g.
concert, meeting, dance) takes place
6.
Expressing permanent characteristics – indicating inherent traits that do not
result from a change.
Here are a few examples of each context…
Expressing origin
1.
Julia es de Puerto Rico. Julia is from Puerto Rico.
Expressing possession
2. Las mochilas son de los chicos. The backpacks are the
children’s. (Remember there is no ‘s in Spanish)
Expressing material
3. El suéter es de lana. The sweater is made of
wool.
Telling time
4. Son las ocho y media. It is eight thirty.
Talking about the
location of an event
5. El concierto es en el parque. The concert is in
the park.
Expressing permanent
characteristics
El perro es grande y negro. The dog is big and
black.
Contexts for using estar
1.
Expressing location. Indicating where
something is located or positioned temporarily.
2.
Expressing condition. Indicating a state
resulting from a change.
3.
Expressing the progressive tenses. Indicating
that an event is in progress.
Always remember “Location, Condition” when you
are trying to remember the contexts for using
estar. Again let’s look at some examples.
Location
Los chicos están en la clase. The children
are in the class.
Location continued
Las casas están en la ciudad. The houses are in
the city.
Condition
La chica está triste./ The girl is sad.
Present progressive
Ellos están jugando al fútbol. / They are playing soccer.
Aqui te toca a ti…/ Your
turn…
See if you can predict the correct verb in each
sentence.
Click the mouse and the correct form will appear.
¡Buena suerte! /Good luck!
1.
Los libros ________ en el escritorio.
Los libros están en el escritorio. The books are on the desk.
Location
El gato ________ gordo.
2.
El gato es gordo. / The cat is fat. Characteristic
3.
La fiesta ________ en el patio.
La fiesta es en el patio. / The party is in the patio.
Location of an event. (Remember indicating the location of an event is
different from indicating where something is permanently located.)
4.
Los hombres ________ cansados.
Los hombres están cansados./ The men are tired. Condition
5.
La blusa ________ de seda.
La blusa es de seda. / The blouse is made of silk. Material
6.
El helado ________ de la chica.
El helado es de la chica. /It is the girl’s ice cream. Possession
7.
________ las cinco de la tarde.
Son las cinco de la tarde./ It is five o’clock in the afternoon.
Telling time
Ellos ________ corriendo.
8.
Ellos están corriendo. /They are running. Present progressive
es
son
están
es
está/es
eres
estoy
está
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