“Doler” (oue) to hurt; to be
hurting (part 1 of 2)
• Just like “gustar,” “doler” (oue) is one of those
crazy backwards verbs. This means that you
only use two forms: “DUELE” or “DUELEN,”
depending on what hurts. You must also use
“me, te, le, nos, os, les.”
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¿Qué te duele? (What hurts you?)
Me duele la garganta. = My throat hurts.
Me duele la cabeza. = My head hurts.
Me duelen las piernas. = My legs hurt.
A Lupe le duelen los pies. (Lupe’s feet hurt)
Doler” (oue) to hurt; to be hurting
(part 2 of 2)
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By the way:
(el dolor = the pain)
(el dólar = dollar $)
(el dolor de cabeza = the headache)
Sentirse (eie) = to feel
• me siento
nos sentimos
• te sientes
os sentís
• se siente
se sienten
• ¿Te sientes bien?
• Sí, me siento bien.
Tener = to have
• Tener = to have
• tengo
tenemos
• tienes
tenéis
• tiene
tienen
• Form of tener + frío = to be cold
• “
calor = hot
• “
miedo = afraid
• “
sueño = to be sleepy
“
hambre = hungry
Ejemplos:
• Tengo frío = I’m cold
• Tenemos miedo = We are
afraid.
• Ud. Tiene sueño = You are
sleepy
• ¿Tienes hambre? = Are you
hungry?
• Lola y Rico tienen calor. = Lola
p. 251 #27
Estar = to be Sentirse
(ei)=to feel
Estoy
Estás
Está
Estamos
Estáis
están
Tener +
frío = cold
calor = hot
me siento,
miedo =
te sientes ,
afraid
se siente,
sueño =
nos sentimos sleepy
Sed = thirst
os sentís
Hambre =
se sienten
hungry
Form of
Negative Informal Commands
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**Remember: affirmative commands
tú form, take off “s”
easy eight (p. 252)
reflexives get attached- lávate
***First, you have to think if the verb you want to use is
one of the “EASY EIGHT.” If it is one of the “EASY
EIGHT”, simply use that form:
Decir  di (say, tell)
Tener  ten (have)
Venir  ven (come)
Poner  pon (put, place, set)
Ir  ve (go)
Ser  sé (be)
Hacer  haz (do)
Salir  sal (leave)
***If the verb is NOT one of the “EASY EIGHT” , use the “Drop the “S” Rule.” :
Take the “tú” form of the present tense and drop the “s”. Yes, it’s that easy!
Speak Spanish! = ¡Habla español!
Run, Forrest, Run! = ¡Corre, Forest, corre!
Play Soccer! = ¡Juega al fútbol!
Summary:
Steps to an affirmative TÚ command:
1. Determine if the verb is on the “Easy Eight” list. If it is, just use the “Easy Eight”
form.
2. If the verb is NOT on the “Easy Eight” list, take the tú form and drop the “s.”
SECRET HINT: You could also just use the “ÉL, ELLA, USTED” form. It’s the same
as the “tú” form minus the “s.” Tricky-tricky 
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Negative Irregulars:
1. dar no des (don’t give)
2. ir no vayas (don’t go)
3. ser no seas (don’t be)
• For most other “-ar” verbs, drop the “-o” from the
yo form and add “-es”
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fumo no fumes- don’t smoke
• For most other “-er”, “-ir” verbs, drop “o” from yo
form and add “-as”
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duermo no duermas (don’t sleep)
• Reflexives go before verb
no te laves
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Rojo 7B powerpoint notes