Passive/Active Voice
Gramática inglesa …
Active voice
My brother kicked the ball
Passive voice
The ball was kicked by my brother
In other words…
In a passive sentence, the object (the ball) becomes the
subject and the subject (My brother) becomes what is
known as the object.
Form of passive in past
The passive in Spanish is formed in a similar way to the
English passive:
The relevant form of “to be” + past participle
(was/were) + TAUGHT
Form past participle in Spanish
☻Drop the –ar, -er, -ir ending.
☻–ar verbs take the ending -ado(s), ada(s
Example: tallar
Past participle: tallado(s) or tallada(s)
☻–er and -ir verbs take the ending -ido(s), ida(s)
Example: construir Past participle: construido(s) or
In Spanish you must make the past participle agree
with the subject (femenine/masculine, sing/plural).
Let’s change the original sentences into
Active voice
My brother kicked the ball
Voz Activa
Mi hermano pateo la pelota
patear= to kick
Voz Pasiva
la pelota fue pateada por mi hermano.
Let’s practice...
1. Almodóvar dirigio la película.
2. El profesor controlo los alumnos.
3. The sculptures were carved by Michelangelo.
4. The bridge was built in 1937.
5. Those surrealist paintings were painted by Dali.
¿Ser o estar with past participle?
•It is important to know whether to use ser or
estar with past participle:
La puerta fue abierta por el señor
La puerta estaba abierta
Los documentos fueron firmados
Los documentos estaban firmados
Use ser to indicate the action being done
Use estar to describe the result of a previous action

Passive voice - Sra. Torres Anderson