El verbo DOLER
El verbo DOLER (o → ue)
● Literally, it means to cause pain, but in English we
use it in translating sentences with hurt.
● It is used like the verb GUSTAR.
o Used with indirect object pronouns (IOP)
 me, te, le, nos, os, les
 The IOP refers to the individual(s) experiencing the pain
and not the object causing the pain.
o Example: Me duele la cabeza. NOT, Mi cabeza duele.
(Pronoun comes before the conjugated verb)
o Remember, if what is causing the pain is plural (knees, feet,
legs) then you must use the 3rd person plural (ellos) form
of DOLER. Example: Me duelen los pies.
Cómo usar el verbo DOLER
● (Clarifier) + IOP + duele/duelen + body
o Clarifiers only necessary in 3rd person
forms (a él, a ellas, etc.)
El verbo DOLER
● Like with “GUSTAR” you will typically
only use the third person singular (él &
ella) and plural (ellos & ellas) forms of
the verb.
o Examples: Te duele (duelen) la garganta (las
o DOLER is a stem changing verb in the
present tense
 (O to UE).
El verbo DOLER
● In the imperfect tense, there are no changes during
o IMPERFECT-dolía, dolían
o La semana pasada, me dolía el pie.
o Last week, my foot was hurting me.
● It is more common to place the direct object of the verb
(whatever is causing pain) after the verb. However, it is
also acceptable to place it before the verb.
o Examples:
 A ella le duele el estómago.
 El estómago le duele a ella.
Referring to body parts
● Use the direct article (el/la/los/las) when referring to your
or somebody else’s body parts.
● Do not use possessive adjectives like my, your, his/her,
etc. (mi/mis, tu/tus, su/sus, etc.)
ENGLISH: My knees hurt.
ESPAÑOL CORRECTO: Me duelen las rodillas.
ESPAÑOL DE GRINGO: Me duelen mis rodillas.
ENGLISH: Your ankle hurts.
ESPAÑOL: Te duele el tobillo.
Questions with DOLER
¿Qué te duele? → What hurts?
¿Te duele el/la/los/las (parte del
cuerpo)? → Does your (body part)
Practice sentences
1. My leg hurts.
2. Your (tú) back hurts.
3. Her head hurts.
4. Your (Ud.) ankles hurt.
5. The kids throats hurt.
6. Our stomach (belly) hurts.
7. Your (ustedes) knees hurt.
8. His feet hurt.
Practice sentences
Me duele la pierna.
Te duele la espalda.
(A ella) Le duele la cabeza.
(A usted) le duelen los tobillos.
(A los niños) les duele la garganta.
Nos duele la panza.
Les duelen las rodillas.
(A él) le duelen los pies.
What would you say in the
following situations?
1. You fall down while playing basketball.
2. You have a horrible case of the flu.
3. You have food poisoning.
4. You’ve been writing for too long and you
have a cramp.
5. You have strep throat.
6. You have been lifting a lot of heavy boxes.
7. You’ve been walking for a long time without
a rest.

El verbo DOLER