Period 1
Unit 11 Scientific achievements
Warming-up
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Electricity
Cars
Aeroplane
The Internet
I’m
Dolly!!!
Cloning
Newton
The Theory of Gravity
Solar
energy
Nuclear Science
Do these achievements have any
In common? If so, what?
period 2
Pre-reading
Reading
Paragraph one: Zhongguancun is the center
for science and technology
where many achievement will
be born
Zhongguancun
is the new center for Chinese
science and technology
is home to many universities
paragraph two:
introduction
special zone and the leader of
China’s hi-tech industry
Zhongguancun started in 1980s by Chen Chun xian
many scientific and hi-tech companie
moved there
share the spirit of creativity and
scientific skill
paragraph 3
4
5
6
7
home to a growing number of
overseas Chinese
zhongguancun
example:Xiang Yufang
follow his dreams and help the
country he loves
is home to chinese who develop
their ideas in China.
paragraph 4:
Xiang’s experience abroad
felt uncomfortable
missed everything about China
got a master’s degree
wanted to return home
paragraph 5:
Xiang came back to his country with
the help of his friends
paragraph 6:
Xiang’s feeling when coming
back to homeland
happy
wonderful
never forget how happy ….
paragraph 7:
Xiang’s achievements in Zhongguancun.
paragraph 8:
has a positive effect on business
as well as science
Zhongguancun One of the mottos – Relying on
sceince ,technology and knowledge
Another one --- Encouraging
pioneering work and accepting
failure
paragraph 9:
reach the top only by dealing with
and learning from failure
spirit and creativity are more important
than money
the researchers and scientists are excited
about all the new technology and great ideas
that are coming to life in Zhongguancun
period 3
Language points
(Warming-up, speaking ,listening)
solar energy
solar
a solar spot
solar battery
the solar calendar
the solar year
太阳能
太阳的,日光的
太阳黑子
太阳能电池
阳历
阳历年
Do these achievements have anything in common?
If so ,what?
= If these achievements have anything in common,
what is it?
if so
if not
if any
if possible
if necessary
如果这样的话
如果不是这样
假如有,即使有
如果可能的话
如要必要的话
That’s one small step for a man ,one giant
leap for mankind.
mankind [ u ] 人类,人
= man
指“全体为类”时均不能加冠词。 例如:
Man is born equal.
You want to develop new technology that
will make it possible to grow food with very
Little water.
make it +adj./ n. + to do
eg: I make it a rule to get up early.
I have made it clear that I object to the plan.
If you wanted to do research or start a
company, what kind of support and environment
would you need?
倘若每个人都懂急救,那么许多人的生命是可以
挽救的。
If everyone in the country knew first aid, many
lives would be saved.
period
4
Whatever great achievements the future may
have in store for China,it is likely that many of
them will be born in Northwestern Beijing.
(1)in store 就要到来,必将发生
例如:
I have a surprise in store for you.
那名赛跑的人为最后冲刺储存力量。
The runner kept some energy in store for
spurting at the end.
(2)likely adj. 可能的,预期的。例如:
The train is likely to be late.
= It is likely that the train will be late.
她是最有希望得奖的女孩。
She is the most likely girl to win the prize.
It is home to the Chinese Academy of Sciences
and more than ten famous universities,including
Peking University and Tsinghua University.
它是中国科学院和北京大学,清华大学等10多所
著名大学的所在地。
home[ c ]
所在地,大本营,根据地,发源地。
中国是陶器的发源地吗?
Is China the home of pottery?
Zhongguancun was set up as a special
economic zone in the late1990s and quickly
became the leader of China’s hi-tech industry.
economy
economic
economical
经济
经济的,与经济有关的
经济的,节俭的
经济学理论
economic
__________ theory
一辆经济的车
economical
an _____________car
The center itself got started in the early 1980s,
when Chen Chunxian, a researcher at the
Chinese Academy of Sciences, opened a
private research and development institute.
get started为被动句,start 为“创办 ,开始”
如: get tested
get engaged
get married
The science park is also home to a growing
number of overseas Chinese who have grasped
the opportunity to develop their ideas at home.
(1)overseas adj. 海外的,国外的
adv. 在海外的,在国外的
My brother lives overseas.
overseas students in Britian
over
在…的上面,全面的,超越
overage
overanxious
overcrowded
overhead
(2)grasp 抓住;理解
He grasped her firmly by the arm.
I don’t think you’ve grasped the seriousness
of the situation.
period 5
I wanted to return to home but
couldn’t find a company where I
could use what I had learnt.
I couldn’t find a company .
I could use what I had learnt in
the company.
…and they arranged for his return.
arrange 安排,布置
arrange sth.
整理,布置某物
arrange for sth.
安排某事
arrange for sb. to do sth.
安排某人做
eg: I have arranged for him to meet her.
He lives in Beijing and runs a small company
based in Zhongguancun together with two
friends.
base …in/at 把…安置在…
The enterprise is based in Cario.
base…on 以…为基础
Tom wrote a book based on a story of a
policeman.
One of the mottos for the park---Relying on
science,technology,and knowledge to increase
economic power---makes it clear that science
and business can and must work together
to build the future.
rely on /upon sth./sb.
rely on sb.’s doing 指望某人做
rely on sb. to do sth.
eg: You don’t rely on her to pay back the money.
As Yufang puts it , “we are not making that
much money yet, but we are excited about
all the new technology and great ideas that
are coming to life in Zhongguancun.
as sb. puts it …
正如某人所说
come to life
恢复生气,活跃起来
come to oneself 恢复知觉,恢复镇定
It is located in Haidian District , in Northwestern Beijing.
locate vt 把…设置在,使…坐落于
指出…的位置
The new building will be located in the
centre of town.
I cannot locate the shop.
period 6
Grammar:
Word Formation
构词法
转化
规则
由一个词类转化为另一个 Shop
词类
通过加前缀构成另一个词
派生
例证
通过加后缀构成另一个词
通过加前后缀构成另一个词
shop
happy
unhappy
happy
happiness
happy
unhappily
合成
由两个或者更多的词合成另一
个词
in+come
income
happy+go+lucky
happy-go-lucky
截短法
把一个词前部分截去
aeroplane
把一个词后部分截去
advertisement
ad
flu
influenza
把一个词前后各截去一部分
plane
混合
缩写
把两个词各取一部分截 Breakfast and lunch
去合成另一个词
brunch
按字母读音
FBI (联邦调查局)
按单词一样读
NATO
(北约)
(1)常见的前缀
前缀
例
anti- 反对
co-
de-
anti-imperialist 反帝的
共,同 co-operation
counter-反
词
counter-attack
反动作 decrease
合作
反击
减少
dis-
否定
discover 发现
disorder 混乱
en,em-使成为 enable 使能够
前
exex-soldier退伍军人
禁止
for- 禁,弃 forbid
embitter 使痛苦
forget
忘记
非法的
informal 非正式的 illegal
in-,il-,im-,
不,非 impossible不可能的 irregular 不规则的
ir-
inter- 相互
international
国际主义
micro微
mid中,半
mis错误
multi多
non非,不
pre先,前
microscope 显微镜
midday
中午
misuse
误用
multi-national
nonmetal
非金属
prewar
战前
midnight
半夜
mistake
错误
多民族的
return
review
re- 重,再 rewrite
重写
返回
复习
小标题 subway 地铁
subhead
sub-下,低
tele-远
telephone 电话
television 电视
un不可能的
unable
不
vice-chairman
vice-premier
副
vice副主席
副总理
bibicycle 自行车
二
三
tritriangle 三轮车
后缀
-age
状态
例
shortage
缺少
-an
American
人
美国人
-ance
appearance
出现
性
质 动作 determination
-ation
-ition
状态 决心
-dom
freedom
状态,领
自由
界
词
pupilage
学生身体
Italian
意大利人
importance
重要性
repetition
重复
kingdom
王国
Period
7
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动作
-ee 承受者 employee
雇员
-eer,-er 人 engineer
工程师
-ese 人
Chinese
语言 中国人,中文
-ess
actress
女性 女演员
-ful 充满
handful
一把,一小撮
-hood
childhood
身份 童年
状态
nominee
被提名者
worker
工人
Japanese
日本人,日文
hostess
女主人
armful
一抱,一怀
livehood
生计
-ian
musician
音乐家
人
-ism
communism
主义 共产主义
-ist
communist
主义者 共产主义者
-ity 抽象 possibility
名词 可能性
-man
postman
邮递员
人
-ness状态 kindness
性质 和善,慈祥
technician
技术员
Buddhism
佛教
specialist
专家
ability
能力
countryman
同胞
correctness
正确
-or(人,动作者)
Actor ,tractor(拖拉机)
Bravery(勇敢)
-ry,-ery(行为,性质,
地点)
Nursery(托儿所)
Friendship
-ship(状态,身份)
Hardship(苦难)
-sion,-tion
Tension(紧张状态)
(动作,状态)
Attention(注意)
形容词后缀
后缀(示意)
-able,-ible(能够)
-al(的)
列
词
Responsible(负责的)
Acceptable(可接受的)
Cultural(文化的)
National(国家的)
Important(重要的)
-ant,-ent(的)
Excellent(卓越的)
-en(的)
Golden,
wooden(木制的)
-ern(表示方向)
Northern(北方的)
Eastern
-ese(的,人)
Chinese
japanese
-fold(倍)
Towfold(两倍)
Manifold(多种的)
-ful(充满)
Beautiful
useful
-ial,-ian,-ic,ical(的)
Dictatorial(独裁的),
economic(经验的)electrical
Proletarian(无产阶级的)
-ist,-istic(主义的,的)
Idealistic(唯心主义的)
Artistic(艺术的)
-ive(性质,倾向)
-less(无,没有)
-ly(品质,的)
-most(最)
Active
Collective(集体的)
Fearless(无所畏惧的)
meaningless
Comradely(同志般的)
Friendly
Foremost(最先进的,先进的)
-ous(多)
Dangerous
Glorious(光荣的)
-y(充满,性质)
Rainy(多雨的)
Handy(手巧的,使用方便的)
动词的后缀
后缀(示意)
例
词
-ate(表示 成为,处理)
Consolidation(巩固),
isolate(使孤立)
-en(使,变得等)
Deepen(加深)
Heighten(提高)
-fy(使……化,使成为)
Classify(分类)
Simplify(简化)
-ish(表示趋向或动作等)
Establish(建立)
-ize,-ise(使成为,处理)
Industrialize(工业化)
Revolutionze(革命化)
副词的后缀
后缀(示意)
-ly(由形容词转换为副词)
例
词
Carefully(小心地)
quickly
-s(加s后转换为副词)
Outdoors(在户外)
-ward,-wards(表示方向)
Forward(向前)
Upwards(向上)
-way(表示位置,方向等)
-wise(表示状态,样子等)
Crossway(交叉的)
Clockwise(顺时针地)
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幻灯片 1 - 攀枝花市第三高级中学校