ConsLeg
The consolidation of the
European legislation
Dr. Holger Bagola
Publications Office
Dir A – Methods and development
‘Formats’
Consolidation of EU legislation:
why?
Consolidation of legislative acts is an
important help for the citizens as well as
their juridical counselors to collect
information on the life of a given law.
Consolidation offers the possibilities to know
about the provisions of a law at a given time
and a given place.
Consolidation plays an important role in the
politics of simplification and transparency.
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Types of simplification
processes
• Consolidation brings together a basic law
and all its modifiers, amendments and
corrigenda
The result is a readable text with
bibliographic references to the origin of a
document component.
The result is without any legal value, but
for information reasons only.
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Types of simplification
processes
• Codification is generally based on the
consolidation of a family of acts, is revised
by the competent services, controlled by
the legal service and finally adopted and
published
Generally a codified act replaces the
complete original family.
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Types of simplification
processes
• Recast redrafts a single act or a collection
of acts of a given legislative domain thus
creating a single new act.
The procedure is generally based on the
consolidation of all basic acts of the group.
The legal act is redrafted and enters into
the normal legislative procedure.
The single act is finally adopted and
published, thus replacing the complete
collection of original acts.
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Definition of a consolidation
family
• Basic act
+ At least one amendment
+ Or at least one corrigenda
• Average relation: 1 basic act : 5 modifiers
(amendments and corrigenda)
• Peaks: > 50 modifiers
• Generally several modifications expressed
by the same modifier: example 10
modifiers define more than 500
modifications.
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Consolidation production
• Daily consolidation
Integration of the provisions of an
amendment into a basic act or already
formerly consolidated family version
About 3,000 families of the acquis
communautaire (since 2003) are kept upto-date in all languages for which the
necessary basis is available (sometimes
only 11, sometimes up to 19/20).
The consolidation process in all languages
takes 6 weeks in average.
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Consolidation production
• Backlog consolidation
Concerns the consolidation of the
Secondary Legislation in the new language
versions after 2004 accession.
By end of 2005 about 800 families had
been updated, the remaining ones will be
finished until end of March 2007.
Consolidation of Bulgarian and Romanian
will follow on the same way.
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Consolidation production
• Consolidation work flow
– Pre-production
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Daily analysis of the Official Journal
Identification of family for consolidation
Preparation of working instructions
Compilation of source files (Formex, TIFF images)
Registration in the management system
Internal validation of these steps
Request for consolidation of identified family to
external contractor
• Sending working instructions and sources to external
contractor
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Consolidation production
• Consolidation work flow
– Production (stricto sensu)
The execution of the consolidation is completely
outsourced. The external contractor is charged with the
consolidation and the preparation of the results in
Formex and PDF
– Post-production
• Reception of consolidated families in a weekly rhythm
• Automatic validation of coherence of the delivered
formats leading to acceptation or rejection
• Validation of contents
• Updating of the management system
• Publication of PDF version on EUR-Lex
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Types of modification
• Structural modifications
–
–
–
–
Replacement of a structural component
Insertion
Deletion
Restructuring
• Sequential/Textual modifications
–
–
–
–
Replacement of an expression
Insertion
Deletion
Secondary modifications (grammatical update)
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Some statistics
• Consolidation production
– 10,000 pages a week for daily consolidation
– 6,000 pages a week for backlog consolidation
– Acts concerned by consolidation
• Basic acts (as parents of a consolidation family:
3,005 corresponding to 51,077 pages a language
• Modifiers in force: 8,049 on 66,136 pages a
language
• Corrigenda in force: 2,351 or 3,946 pages a
language
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Some statistics
• Consolidation production in the context of
codification
– Codified acts by end of 2006: 250 families in 20
languages
– Reduction of about 1,000 acts
– 10% less in volume of the acquis by
December 2006
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Example of consolidated text (PDF)
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Example of consolidated text (PDF)
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Example of consolidated text (XML)
• Insertion of an article
<?CLG.MDFO ID="O001001M001000" IDREF="C001001M001000"
ACTION="INSERTED" LEVEL="STRUCTURE"
COMMAND="EXPLICIT" ACTIVE.DOC="32005D0755"
ACTIVE.LOC="AR:1;PT:1" MOD.LEVEL="1"?>
<ARTICLE IDENTIFIER="002A">
<TI.ART>Article 2a</TI.ART>
<ALINEA>
...
</ALINEA>
</ARTICLE>
<?CLG.MDFC ID="C001001M001000"
IDREF="O001001M001000"?>
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Example of consolidated text (XML)
• Opening processing instruction
<?CLG.MDFO
ID="O001001M001000"
IDREF="C001001M001000"
ACTION="INSERTED"
LEVEL="STRUCTURE"
COMMAND="EXPLICIT"
ACTIVE.DOC="32005D0755"
ACTIVE.LOC="AR:1;PT:1"
MOD.LEVEL="1"?>
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Example of consolidated text (XML)
• Closing processing instruction
<?CLG.MDFC
ID="C001001M001000"
IDREF="O001001M001000"?>
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Example of consolidated text (XML)
• Replacement of an alinea
...
<?CLG.MDFO ID="O001001M002000" IDREF="C001001M002000"
ACTION="REPLACED" LEVEL="STRUCTURE"
COMMAND="EXPLICIT" ACTIVE.DOC="32005D0755"
ACTIVE.LOC="AR:1;PT:2" MOD.LEVEL="1"?>
<ALINEA>All costs of such destruction shall be chargeable to the
person responsible for the consignment.</ALINEA>
<?CLG.MDFC ID="C001001M002000"
IDREF="O001001M002000"?>
...
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Example of consolidated text (XML)
• Opening processing instruction
<?CLG.MDFO
ID="O001001M002000"
IDREF="C001001M002000"
ACTION="REPLACED"
LEVEL="STRUCTURE"
COMMAND="EXPLICIT"
ACTIVE.DOC="32005D0755"
ACTIVE.LOC="AR:1;PT:2"
MOD.LEVEL="1"?>
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ConsLeg The consolidation of the European legislation