An introduction to the culture and
Comprising of 17 508 islands, Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago!
One Country many cultures
With over 300 ethnic
groups speaking 700
languages on more than
6,000 inhabited islands,
the Indonesian
archipelago is a
showcase of cultural
Indonesian performance
Indonesian art forms are greatly
influenced by religion. The famous
dance dramas of Java and Bali are
derived from Hindu mythology and
often feature fragments from the
Hindu epics such as Ramayana and
Orang-hutan; the forest people
The destruction of the tropical rain forest
in Borneo and Sumatra is the main
reason orang-utans are threatened with
extinction. This has been caused by
human activity such as illegal logging and
the conversion of forest to palm oil
plantations. Another cause is the largescale fires facilitated by the El Nino
weather phenomena. Additionally, the
illegal animal trade has been a factor in
the decline of wild orangutan
School in Indonesia
The school year begins in July and most schools run from Monday
to Saturday every week. Every morning lessons begin at seven
and finish at around one.
Getting around
The becak is a small-scale local
means of transport; it is also
known by a variety of other
names such as bike taxi,
velotaxi, pedicab, bikecab,
cyclo, trisikad, or trishaw.
Growing rice
Indonesia is one of the world's
leading rice producers, with paddy
production in 2003 of more than 50
million tonnes. Indonesians are also
big consumers of rice, averaging
more than 200 kg per head each
Padi and sawah= rice
that’s still growing
Beras= uncooked rice
Nasi= cooked rice
Tropical fruit= Buah-buahan tropis
Market day
Markets in Indonesia are very colourful and crowded places. The vendors arrive
early in the morning to set up their goods. Banana leaves are used on trays to
display different foods. Women usually sell a range of fresh foods such as
chillis, onions, fruit, rice, spices, dried fish, rice cakes, flowers or even freshly
cooked foods. Men usually sell live chickens, ducks, goats, pigs or tools.
Everywhere in the market, drinks and snack foods can be bought.
Religions of Indonesia
The majority (about 88%) of the population
follows Islam. In fact Indonesia is the nation
with largest Muslim population. However,
freedom of religion is provided by the
Indonesian Constitution, which is defined in
the First Principle of the State Philosophy'
"Pancasila", which upholds a "Belief in One
Supreme God". Others religions followed in
Indonesia are Christianity, Hinduism and
Candi Borobudur
Borobudur temple is one of the seven wonders of the world as it is the largest
Buddhist temple and was built in around 800AD. As Islam spread through Java
the temple was forgotten and became overgrown with vines however a Dutch
historian found records of the site which he found and began the tremendous
task of uncovering it.