Direct Object Pronouns
• A direct object receives the action of
the verb or shows the result of the
action.
• Direct objects answer the question
“What” or “Whom” after an action
verb.
• Direct object pronouns (DOPs)
replace direct objects in a sentence.
Here are some English examples:
• Mary gave me the
book.
• We can see the signs.
• I like apples.
• Please invite me to
the party.
• Tom and Brandy
called us yesterday.
• What did Mary
give?
• What can we see?
• What do I like?
• Who are you
inviting?
• Who did Tom and
Brandy call?
Did you understand?
•
•
•
•
•
Mary gave me the book.
We can see the signs.
I like apples.
Please invite me to the party.
Tom and Brandy called us yesterday.
Now we convert to Spanish. First, you
must learn the 7 DOPs in Spanish:
• ME
• TE
• LO,LA
• NOS
• LOS,LAS
(These words replace the direct object in the
sentence. You won’t use a DOP and the
direct object at the same time.)
Change the following direct objects
to DOPs:
E l ch ico
U sted y T in a
E llos y yo
L a casa
L as m och ilas
Yo
Tú
P aco y L ilia
M i tarea
How did you do?
E l ch ico
Lo
U sted y T in a
L os (m a y b e L a s)
E llos y y o
N os
L a casa
La
L as m och ilas
L as
Yo
Me
Tú
Te
P aco y L ilia
L os
M i tarea
La
If you did well, you are ready to
move on by translating simple
sentences. If you didn’t do well,
go back and review up to this
point.
Try to translate these sentences
into Spanish:
•
•
•
•
We talk to you often.
He watches it (television).
I have them (the papers).
Juan and his sister prepare it (the
lunch).
How did you do?
• We talk to you often
Te hablamos a menudo.
• He watches it (television).
La mira. OR La ve.
• I have them (the papers).
Los tengo.
• Juan and his sister prepare it (the
lunch).
Juan y su hermana lo preparan.
There are four rules in
regards to placement of
DOPs in the sentence. Each
rule will be covered
individually.
Rule #1 - The DOP is placed
BEFORE the conjugated verb.
Pablo lo quiere.
Nosotros te vamos a llamar.
Ellos me buscan.
Notice the DOP before the conjugated
verb.
Rule #2 - If an infinitive is present, the
DOP can be ATTACHED to the end of
the infinitive.
Manuel quiere invitarnos.
Julia y yo vamos a decirlo.
Tú tienes que limpiarlo.
You will not add in a written accent
when attaching to an infinitive.
Rule #3 - When a present participle is
in the sentence, you can ATTACH the
DOP to the end of the participle.
Mi tía y yo estamos cocinándola.
Ellos están hablándome.
Ella está mirándonos.
Notice the written accent mark. Count
three vowels back from the end of the
participle to place over the correct letter.
Rule #4 - When using an affirmative
command and a DOP, the DOP gets
ATTACHED to the end of the command.
Llévalo.
Tómanos.
Háblame.
A written accent is also required if the
command is more than one syllable
(count back three vowels).
By now you have some
understanding of DOPs. Try to do
these on your own.
• Listen to me!
• He is writing it
(the letter).
• I will see you later.
• They aren’t
familiar with it
(the city).
• Learn it (the
vocabulary)!
• I am riding it (the
bike).
• Escúchame!
• Está
escribiéndola.
• Voy a verte luego.
• No lo conocen.
• Apréndelo!
• Estoy paseándola.
If you have any other questions,
you need to make arrangements
to come in for help!
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Direct Object Pronouns