Direct Object Pronouns • A direct object receives the action of the verb or shows the result of the action. • Direct objects answer the question “What” or “Whom” after an action verb. • Direct object pronouns (DOPs) replace direct objects in a sentence. Here are some English examples: • Mary gave me the book. • We can see the signs. • I like apples. • Please invite me to the party. • Tom and Brandy called us yesterday. • What did Mary give? • What can we see? • What do I like? • Who are you inviting? • Who did Tom and Brandy call? Did you understand? • • • • • Mary gave me the book. We can see the signs. I like apples. Please invite me to the party. Tom and Brandy called us yesterday. Now we convert to Spanish. First, you must learn the 7 DOPs in Spanish: • ME • TE • LO,LA • NOS • LOS,LAS (These words replace the direct object in the sentence. You won’t use a DOP and the direct object at the same time.) Change the following direct objects to DOPs: E l ch ico U sted y T in a E llos y yo L a casa L as m och ilas Yo Tú P aco y L ilia M i tarea How did you do? E l ch ico Lo U sted y T in a L os (m a y b e L a s) E llos y y o N os L a casa La L as m och ilas L as Yo Me Tú Te P aco y L ilia L os M i tarea La If you did well, you are ready to move on by translating simple sentences. If you didn’t do well, go back and review up to this point. Try to translate these sentences into Spanish: • • • • We talk to you often. He watches it (television). I have them (the papers). Juan and his sister prepare it (the lunch). How did you do? • We talk to you often Te hablamos a menudo. • He watches it (television). La mira. OR La ve. • I have them (the papers). Los tengo. • Juan and his sister prepare it (the lunch). Juan y su hermana lo preparan. There are four rules in regards to placement of DOPs in the sentence. Each rule will be covered individually. Rule #1 - The DOP is placed BEFORE the conjugated verb. Pablo lo quiere. Nosotros te vamos a llamar. Ellos me buscan. Notice the DOP before the conjugated verb. Rule #2 - If an infinitive is present, the DOP can be ATTACHED to the end of the infinitive. Manuel quiere invitarnos. Julia y yo vamos a decirlo. Tú tienes que limpiarlo. You will not add in a written accent when attaching to an infinitive. Rule #3 - When a present participle is in the sentence, you can ATTACH the DOP to the end of the participle. Mi tía y yo estamos cocinándola. Ellos están hablándome. Ella está mirándonos. Notice the written accent mark. Count three vowels back from the end of the participle to place over the correct letter. Rule #4 - When using an affirmative command and a DOP, the DOP gets ATTACHED to the end of the command. Llévalo. Tómanos. Háblame. A written accent is also required if the command is more than one syllable (count back three vowels). By now you have some understanding of DOPs. Try to do these on your own. • Listen to me! • He is writing it (the letter). • I will see you later. • They aren’t familiar with it (the city). • Learn it (the vocabulary)! • I am riding it (the bike). • Escúchame! • Está escribiéndola. • Voy a verte luego. • No lo conocen. • Apréndelo! • Estoy paseándola. If you have any other questions, you need to make arrangements to come in for help!
nepieces • spanish • 2013