DRIVER - Supporting Institutional
Repositories in Europe
Mary Robinson
[email protected]
SHERPA, University of Nottingham, UK
Wolfram Horstmann
[email protected]
University of Goettingen, Germany
ELPUB June 2007
Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research
Agenda
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
14.00 -- Welcome, Introductions & Aims of Workshop
14.15 -- DRIVER Objectives Repository Networking
14.45 -- DRIVER Advocacy and Support Activities
15.15 -- DRIVER Software Architecture
15.30 -- Coffee
16.00 -- Presentations by Workshop Participants
16.30 -- Open Discussion, Questions & Answers
17:15 -- Wrap-up
DRIVER – Objectives, Repository
Networking
Wolfram Horstmann
[email protected]
University of Goettingen, Germany
ELPUB June 2007
Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research
The current situation for digital
repositories
• More than 850 institutional repositories
worldwide
– Many others: disciplinary, national, …
– Many types: Primary data, textual documents,
learning materials, multimedia objects, Code
etc.
– Documents: incl. pre-prints, postprints,
technical papers, dissertations, theses
What is known about repositories?
• Many have the OAI-PMH implemented
– small but relevant local specialties
• Some international registries exist
– OpenDOAR, ROAR …
• Some search engines exist
– BASE, OAIster, Google Scholar …
Collaboration in repositories
• Very few mature national repository
organisations/collaborations
• No trans-national repository
organisation/collaboration
• Lack of data harmonization, orchestration
of services
From the user point of view
[ talking about researchers ]
• Fragmented, obscure information
landscape
• content can be (partly) searched and
found
• quality and re-use differs from repository
to repository
Need for Repository
Infrastructure
• Organisational Networking
– Forum for stakeholders
• Data harmonization
– Cleaned and enriched „information space“
– Offered for re-use by service providers
Organisation
Data
• Software orchestration
– Open, scalable technical architecture
– Re-use of existing services
– Facilitate interactions between services
Software
DRIVER Vision
• Build a pan-European Digital Repository
Infrastructure
• and provide the European Hub in a Global
Repository Network
for
•
•
•
•
any type of document, data and object,
of any format,
involving all European countries and
covering all academic disciplines
DRIVER now!
A Digital Repository Infrastructure Testbed
• Textual documents
• from 5 Countries (BE, FR,GE, NL,UK)
• Distributed, high-quality content provision
• Distributed software deployment
• All open and re-usable
DRIVER Current Activities
Network of
“Content-Providers”
Content
Test Bed for
Repository-Services
Focused Studies
Technology
Planning
“Advocacy and Awareness
Raising”
Outreach
Repository networking
Organisation being
synergetic with data
infratstructure
Organisation
Data
Software
“Make it workable”
• Focus on existing repositories and
services
• Focus on Institutional Repositories
– Rapid progress over the last years
– Inherent sustainability (e.g. libraries)
– Adequate technical homogeneity (OAI-PMH)
• Focus on textual materials
• Focus on specific (test-bed) countries
Networking test-bed
• 5 countries
– DRIVER exemplars
– BE, DE, FR, NL, UK
• Different
–
–
–
–
Maturity
Policies
Technologies
…
The Netherlands
– National Federation
– Aggregated Network
– Outsourced
– “Cream of Science”
>> Model for Distributed
Network
Germany
– National Policies
– Pro-active, individual
approach
– High quality certificate
>> Model for quality assurance
Great Britain
– National federation
– Advocacy focus
– ROMEO IPR lookup
– OpenDoar Registry
>> Model for advocacy / added value services
France
centralized
scheme
>> Model for centralized network
Belgium
– 2006 no national
federation
– 13 Rectors signed
Berlin Declaration
>> Model for network construction
Networking test-bed
• 50+ “organized”
repositories
• Is there a simple
technical recipe
for networking
these repositories?
All publications in a repository
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
…
Aggregate with OAI-PMH
OAI-PMH
Aggregator
Feed back to research
OAI-PMH
Aggregator
search engine
Lift to an international scale
…
…
Aggregator
search engine
Problems remain
Building of aggregations is not trivial!
• An example: Full-text availability
– Full-text not homogeneously offered
• metadata only, jump-off pages, authorization
• full-text URLs in varying locations
Full-text guidelines
• Help to improve the
repository landscape
– Support of “sets”
– Clear location of URL
– Resource harvesting
• Studies say:
– International retrieval
– Guidelines
Next Steps
•
Help 50+ repositories
– Guidelines release
– Help Desk (WP8)
– …
•
Help more repositories
– “DRIVER countries”
– other countries
– …
DEMO
• Disclaimer
– Test version
– Some interfaces for administrators only
• Repository Landscape
– DEMO1
– DEMO2
DEMO OF TEST-VERSION
DEMO OF TEST-VERSION
DEMO OF TEST-VERSION
DEMO OF TEST-VERSION
DRIVER Current Activities
Network of
“Content-Providers”
Content
Test Bed for
Repository-Services
Focused Studies
Technology
Planning
“Advocacy and Awareness
Raising”
Outreach
DRIVER – Software
Architecture
Wolfram Horstmann
[email protected]
University of Goettingen, Germany
ELPUB June 2007
Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research
DRIVER Software
Organisation
Data
Software
EU Knowledge Infrastructural Vision
• Build and maintain a sustainable European
environment where content and
functionality resources can be openly
shared and integrated for use by any
Application
• Sustainability means:
- Maintainability, Scalability, Reusability
Service-based Repository Systems
• Environment and tools for building servicebased Repository Systems
– Sets of services running at different network sites,
possibly in multiple instances, interacting,
dynamic, sharable, open
European Information Space
• Includes the DRIVER Repository System
– Providing registered users with advanced
functionalities over a uniform European
Information Space formed by aggregating
multiple Repositories
• Repositories
– Can join or leave the infrastructure at any time
– Are dynamically/automatically aggregated to
populate and keep updated the DRIVER
Information Space
Run-Time DRIVER Infrastructure
• European Information Space Repository System
– Scalable, reusable, self-maintained
Functionality Layer
Data Layer
Enabling Layer
Enabling Layer
• Infrastructure management: common to all Repository
Systems
– Service Registration (P2P-like) and Discovery
– Subscription and notification on Service-related events
– Orchestration of Services: coordination of Service interactions
Functionality Layer
Data Layer
Enabling Layer
Information
Service
Manager
Service
Authz&Authn
Service
Data Layer
• DRIVER Information Space Management
Functionality Layer
DRIVER
Objects
Index
Service
Store
Service
Collection
Service
Aggregator
Service
Data Layer
Repositories
Enabling Layer
OAI-PMH
Service
Functionality Layer
• User-oriented functionalities
Functionality Layer
Enabling Layer
User Interface
Service
Recomm.
Service
Search
Service
Community
Service
User
Service
Data Layer
DRIVER infrastructure: the benefits
Repository
System
Functionality Layer
Repositories
Data Layer
Enabling Layer
DEMO
• Disclaimer
– Test version
– Some interfaces for administrators only
• Repository Landscape
– DEMO1
– DEMO2
Application Scenarios
End-User / Researcher
• not the primary target group
• but exemplary applications being built
– Search Service (pan-European)
– Recommender Service
–…
• Third parties shall join!
Local Repository Operator
• Register Repository
• Monitor Data Quality
– Comply with Guidelines (full-text)
– Enrich data (provenance)
Local Repository Developer
• Re-use services for local system
– Information space
•
•
•
•
Search
Index
Collections
…
Repository network manager
• Manage clusters of repositories
• Build a regional, national thematic data
network
– Re-use collections
• Develop individual GUIs
Repository platform developer
• Align developments with DRIVER
– Better harvesting
– Data quality
– Service integration
Service Provider
• Integrate service into DRIVER infrastructure
• Benefit from service orchestration
• Allow to „speak“ with other services
Service Developer
• Develop services that run also with DRIVER
–
–
–
–
–
Citation analyis
Workflow systems
Text-Mining / Data-Mining
Classification systems
…
DRIVER- Advocacy & Support
Activities
Mary Robinson
[email protected]
SHERPA, University of Nottingham
ELPUB DRIVER Workshop
June 2007
Repositories Worldwide
http://www.opendoar.org/
Repositories in Europe
http://www.opendoar.org/
DRIVER - Inventory study into the present
type and level of OAI compliant Digital
Repository activities in the EU
a d v a n c e d s ta g e
e a rly s ta g e
s ta rtin g
n o d a ta / n o D R
http://www.driversupport.eu/en/about.html
M a lta
C y p ru s
Stakeholder & Information Gap
Analysis
• Academics
– as authors
– as researchers
• Institution Administrators
• Repository Administrators
• Library & Support Staff
• Funding Agencies
– National government
– European
– Other
• Publishers
• National research
bodies
• European research
bodies
• General Public
Questions common to all
Stakeholders
•
•
•
•
What are the benefits?
How will this affect the peer review process?
Where can I go for more information?
Where can I go to discuss this issue?
Approach
•
•
•
•
Advocacy Materials
Attendance at conferences
Contacting professional groups
Resources, Support and Community
Building
– DRIVER Support website
– DRIVER Guideline Helpdesk
– Mentor Service
– DRIVER Wiki
DRIVER Support website
www.driver-support.eu
• Information Dissemination
– Infrastructure reports
– Materials for re-use
– Advocacy for stakeholders
• Support & Facilitate Communication
– Point of contact with project & national
contacts
– Wiki
– Mentor
– News, Events and Links of interest
DRIVER- Advocacy & Support
Activities
www.driver-support.eu
[email protected]
DRIVER Workshop
Participant Contributions
DAREnet, CRIS and NARCIS:
Access to research information
in the Netherlands
Elly Dijk
KNAW Research Information
ELPUB, Vienna, 13-15 June 2007
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Outline
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
DARE programme and DAREnet
Integration of DAREnet and NARCIS
Linking CRIS information, publications and datasets
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
KNAW Research Information
Academy's mission: to ensure the quality of scientific
research in the Netherlands and to promote the open
accessibility of scientific information
Our mission: national focal point of research information
Dutch Research Database (NOD)
DAREnet
NARCIS
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
The Mission of DARE
Better access to the results of publicly funded
research in the Netherlands
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
DARE Programme
Approved:
Name:
Period:
Budget:
Standards:
Partners:
14 June 2002
DARE [Digital Academic REpositories]
1 Jan. 2003 – 31 Dec. 2006
€ 5.9 M
OAI-PMH 2.0; Dublin Core
All the universities, KNAW, NWO,
KB and SURF
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Two Layers
Research
Subject repositories, refereed
portals, databases, collaboratories,
(Open Access) journals, ...
Society
Education
Institutional windows, expertise,
professional journals, personal
Web sites, national windows, ...
Virtual Learning Environments,
Course Ware, Readers, ...
Harvesters
Institutional
Repository
NWO
TUDelft
Academy
.....
CNRS
MIT
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Milestone #1
27 January 2004
DAREnet
Nationwide (13 universities, KNAW, NWO)
Initially 17,000 publications (currently 128,000)
Institutional
Repository
CNR-ISTI
Amsterdam
.....
.....
CERN
ArXiv
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Milestone #2
Cream of Science
10 May 2005
www.creamofscience.org
Entire output of +10 top
academics per DARE participant
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Some figures of Cream of Science
16 institutions
229 authors
47,000 records = 205 per author (from 3 to 1,224)
60% full text = 28,000 records
25% copyright obstructed, 15% only metadata
available at the moment
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Milestone #3
One HunDAREd Thousand
100,000 new OA publications before the end of 2006
of which 10,000 doctoral theses under the heading of
Promise of Science
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Milestone #4
Promise of Science
September 2006: Dutch national site for e-theses officially
launched
June 2007: nearly 15,000 doctoral e-theses from all Dutch
universities
Annual production: c. 2,500 e-theses
1995: some 17% accessible
2006: some 77% accessible
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Lessons learned
Cooperation
Academy of Science, university libraries, National Library, SURF,
National Research Council (NWO)
Agreement on open standards and harvesting
Internet, Web, XML, OAI PMH, DC ++, (IEEE LOM, DIDL, SOA)
New actions to feed the repositories
Cream of Science, Promise of Science
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Success factors
DAREnet with 128,000 objects
IRs are embedded in the local and national knowledge
infrastructure
Copyright toolbox, including a licence to publish
http://copyrighttoolbox.surf.nl/copyrighttoolbox/authors
Communication toolkit for acquisition of doctoral etheses
DRIVER
1-1-2007: Academy assumed responsibility for DAREnet
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Next step
Integration of CRIS and repositories by
integrating DAREnet and NARCIS
What is NARCIS?
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
NARCIS
National Academic Research and Collaborations
Information System
Project of KNAW Research Information in
collaboration with NWO
It is a portal giving access to:
 Research Information: research programmes, research institutes,
researchers
 Dutch repositories: full text publications
 News from scientific organisations
 Extra feature: RSS feed
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Integrating DAREnet and NARCIS
 NARCIS combines roughly the Dutch Research
Database and DAREnet, but.......
 DAREnet has unique features
 NARCIS-DAREnet integration project to combine the
best of both worlds
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Steps in the integration process
Integrated backend by using the DAREnet
backend system
Advanced search
Special access to Cream of Science and Promise
of Science
Google
New look-and-feel; and a new name?
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Linking CRIS information, publications
and datasets
Academy: current research
National Library: e-depot
DANS: research data (humanities and social
sciences)
Linking by:
Digital author identifiers in the NOD
Persistent identifiers of publications
Persistent identifiers of datasets
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
www.DAREnet.nl
www.researchinformation.nl
www.NARCIS.info
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Institutional Repositories in
Latin America and Syria:
2 European Commission
sponsored projects
Ian Johnson
 América Latina Formación Académica
 Academic links
 3+ Universities in Latin America
 3+ Universities in European Union
Biblioteca
de
Babel
BIBLIOTECA DE BABEL
Coordinator
 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de
Valparaiso, Chile
Partners
 15 universities in Latin America
 9 universities in Europe
Associated member
 Columbus Group
 European Universities
Association
 Unión de Universidades de
América Latina y el Caribe
BIBLIOTECA DE BABEL
Aims:
Guidelines on best practice for
university libraries
BIBLIOTECA DE BABEL
Outputs – guidelines on
Institutional repositories
Information literacy
Digital reference
TEMPUS MEDA
1 university in North Africa or the
Middle East
1 university in the European Union
Joint European Projects
Structural and Complementary
Measures
SYReLIB
Coordinator
The Robert Gordon University
Partners
Middlesex University, London
2 universities in Syria
eIFL.net
SYReLIB
Aims
Establishing a national strategic
framework for electronic
libraries
SYReLIB
Outputs
Pilot projects in 2 universities
 Enhanced e-journal collection
 Integrated Library
Management Systems
 Institutional Repositories
Proposal for second project
http://www.rgu.ac.uk/abs
Thank you for your attention
Questions?
Comments?
DRIVER Workshop- Supporting Institutional
Repositories in Europe
Mary Robinson
[email protected]
SHERPA, University of Nottingham, UK
Wolfram Horstmann
[email protected]
University of Goettingen, Germany
www.driver-support.eu
[email protected]
ELPUB June 2007
Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research
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