Tourism in Africa
CGG3O
Different Draws
• Recreation
• Culture
• Environmental/Adventure
Recreation
• Many nice beaches and resort areas
– Moroccan coast
– Canary Islands
– Tunisia
– South Africa
• Newer tourist areas developing
– Gambia
– Senegal
– Ivory Coast
Morocco
South Africa
Culture
• Egypt
– Ancient Egyptian culture (Pyramids,
museums) along the Nile
• Giza
• Valley of the Kings
• Tunisia
– Remnants of Carthage
Valley of the Kings
Giza
Environmental/Adventure Tourism
• The African Safari Adventure
– Primarily in East and Southern Africa
• The Savannah region (tropical and subtropical
grasslands)
– Wide network of national parks and game
reserves
The African Savannah
• Covers over 30% of
Africa
• Basically all of the
middle of the
continent is
savannah except for
dense jungle areas
in the DRC and
Gabon
Vegetation
• Grasses and a few shrubs (not many
trees)
• Very dependent on rainfall
– Wettest areas average about 1270 mm of rain
– Driest areas only get about 250 mm
– More rain = longer grasses, more
trees/shrubs
• Xerophytic (drought resistant) trees
– Acacia, Baobab
Seasons
• Like the Caribbean, the African savannah
doesn’t really have 4 seasons like we do
– Rainy Season:
• Winds blow from southeast (Indian Ocean)
– Dry Season
• Winds blow from northeast (Arabian Peninsula)
• The Savannah is desert-like during the dry
season and lush and green during the wet
season
Wildlife
• The savannah is home to the greatest
variety of large mammals in the world
– Herd animals: wildebeests, zebras, gazelles
– Carnivores: lions, cheetahs, leopards, hyenas
– Other big game: elephants, rhinos, buffalo
– Hippos and crocodiles in the rivers
– Over 2300 species of birds
• Birds of prey, vultures, ducks, flamingos, pelicans,
ostriches, etc.
The Savannah Ecosystem
• Producers, Primary Consumers, Secondary
Consumers, Scavengers, Decomposers
Tourism in the Savannah
• Most concentrated in East Africa
– Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia
• Ex: Kenya
– Independent from Britain since 1963
– Developed tourism infrastructure to the point
that it attracts over a million tourists annually
– Why so popular?
• Warm climate year round, vast savannah with
numerous parks and game reserves, nice beaches
• Just as important – stable government
Kenya
• Official languages: English and Swahili
• 55 national parks and game reserves
– Tsavo National Park is one of the biggest
wildlife sanctuaries in the world
– Well maintained roads
• Nairobi and Mombasa have international
airports
• Car rental firms
• Organized tours
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Tourism in Africa