Factors Affecting
Growth In Tourism
Transport And Communications
• The advent of jet airliners, in particular the
wide-bodied jets with increased passenger
capacity and extended range, halved both
journey times and the real cost of air travel.
• Tourism to distant destinations would not
have grown to the extent that it has if
passengers were still being offered the fares,
travel times, and comfort of the 1950’s.
Economic And Political Stability
• Across large areas of the world, general levels
of prosperity have been rising since the
1950’s.
• Political stability is important too.
• In Western Europe, from the Second World
War until the late 1990’s, there was almost a
complete absence of major political and
military conflict; this is not the case in Eastern
Europe, however, where tourism is less
important.
The Increase
Tourism has increased because the tourists are
more competent at travel, are more relaxed about
travelling and wish to travel more because of…
• increased education levels and better training of
personnel within the tourist industry.
• Increased aquisition of foreign languages.
• Travel procedures such as customs and airport
check-in counters becoming less of a constraint.
The Increase
• The use of IT (computers) to provide details on
availability of flights, accommodation etc.
• Globalisation of credit cards, facilitating financial
transactions and purchases.
• Improved telecommunications, making it easier to
keep in touch with developments at home.
• Standardised forms of accommodation and other
services in international hotels, restaurant chains
and car-hire offices, reducing the sense of
dislocation that foreign travel might create.
The Decrease
• In recent years, the growth of tourism has
slowed. This is due to…
•
•
•
•
The tightening up of airport security.
Rises in the price of oil.
Decreased disposable incomes.
Increased awareness of individual carbon
expenditure.
Activity
Using Advanced Geography P411-412, answer
the following…
1. Suggest reasons to explain the pattern of
tourist destinations shown in figure 20.6.
2. How does this contrast and differ to the
information in figure 20.8? Why?
3. How are British holiday patterns changing as
shown in figures 20.9 and 20.10? Give
reasons for your answer.
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Factors Affecting Growth In Tourism