Unit 6
Describing Places
2007
I. Objectives




To learn how to describe a country in terms of
population, language, area and location
To learn to talk about the weather and climate
To understand the different diagrams of statistics
Writing discourse: finding out irrelevant sentence
Research work
 How
does climate shape our daily life?
(Psychology, Thinking, behaviour)
 Interactions between climate changes and
the affection of our emotions
III. Topics
 Different
countries
 The weather in my hometown
 My hometown’s geographical features
IV. Vocabulary
 Geographical
names p.304-305
 Names of countries, nationalities and
languages p.310-311
 Words about the geographical location P.
328-329
 Words about weather reports P. 330-331
 Words about weather condition p. 335-337
 Words about climate P.338-340
V. Grammar
 Numbers to a million and numbers to a
billion — how to read.
 Prepositions used in the description of
location & weather.
  Verbs with irregular past tense and past
participle forms
VI. Word Formation
 Names
of countries, languages, person
(sing. & pl.) and nation. (p.310-311)
Day One

What kind of information must be involved in
the description of a country?
 Its name;
 Its location and neighbors;
 Its climate
 Its area
 Its population
 Its language
 Its geographical features
 Its economic features (industry/agriculture)
2.2 Geographical names
 typography.ppt
3. Chinese place names
 Wades_Giles_system_conversion_table.doc
Day Two
 Word
formation.doc
Exception
∎the Danes (used in newspaper headlines)
the Danish people (used in the daily life)
∎ He is a Finn/They are Finns (used in
newspaper headlines)
He is Finnish/They are Finnish (used in the
daily life)
Nation: people in land under single
government: a community of people
or peoples who live in a defined
territory and are organized under a
single government
2.1 Language work
Population:
 The
population of ____ is _______.
 ____’s population is _________.
 ______ is inhabited by ________ people.
 ______ has ________ inhabitants.
2.1 Language work
Population (ranking):
 ______
is the first/second/third largest country
in the world/Asia/Europe in/as regards/in
regard to/regarding population.
 ______ ranks first/second in the world in
population.
 ______ has the largest number of inhabitants.
Its population is approximately the same as
the populations of _____ and _____ put
together.
2.1 Language work
Area:
 ____
covers an area of _______.
 The area of ____ is _______.
 ____ is a large country with an area of ____.
 ______ is inhabited by ________ people.
 ______ has ________ inhabitants.
2.1 Language work
Area (ranking):
The country with the largest area is________.
 The country which has the second largest area is ___.
 ______ ranks fifth in the world in/as regards/in regard
to/regarding population.
 ______ is the tenth largest country in the world in
area.
 ______ ranks among the five largest countries in the
world, with an area larger than _____ but smaller
than _____.

4 Pie chart
Percentage:
 To
make up
 To account for
 To amount to
 To occupy
 To have _% of the world’s population/area
Day Three
Questions:

— Which state has the largest population/area?

— Which has the next/second largest?
— The population/area of California is larger/smaller
than that of Texas. So it should rank higher/lower.
— We don’t want Ohio here. Its population/area does not
come into the five largest.
— What percentage of the total does the population/area
of California make up/account for?
— What about that of Texas?




3.2 Listening to Geographical
descriptions
1.
 2.
 3.
 4.

5.
 6.
 7.
 8.

Austria lies to the east of Switzerland.
France is next to Italy to the west.
Germany lies directly to the south of Denmark.
The Netherlands is situated to the north of
Belgium.
Greece is next to Bulgaria to the south.
Russia is located to the east of Finland.
Slovakia lies between Poland and Hungary.
Italy is next to France to the Southeast.
Day Four
 Weather
and Climate
Weather & Climate
Weather: state of the atmosphere: the state of the
atmosphere with regard to temperature,
cloudiness, rainfall, wind, and other meteorological
conditions
Climate:METEOROLOGY typical weather in region:
the average weather or the regular variations in
weather in a region over a period of years
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Unit 6