MIGRATION Aisling Boyhan What is migration? WE WORK TOGETHER “THEM AND US” MIGRATION IS THE PERMANENT MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE FROM ONE REGION TO ANOTHER FOR VARIOUS REASONS i.e. FAMINE, WAR, POLITICAL DISEASE. Aisling Boyhan Racism Towards Migrants “Racism is something that people can transcend through friendship.” -Gandhi “Of all the doctoral degrees awarded in 1990, just 3.5% went to black men and women” www.rohan.sdsu.edu/~rgibson/RACESTAT.htm Aisling Boyhan Integration • Integrating with migrants broadens our ethnical and cultural horizons. • Integration begins at junior school level. It should involve teachers, parents, and students engaging with each other. • Valuing our immigrants and treating them with dignity will bridge the gap of resentment. A “them and us” attitude to foreign migrants will be eradicated. • By opening up language classes for newcomers in local unused parish halls we can help immigrants learn the language and adapt to the traditions of the host country. We can also learn about the immigrants and their own customs. This will ease the settling period and create a mutual relationship between many ignorant Irish people Aisling Boyhanand the immigrants. How can we integrate with migrants? Aisling Boyhan Aisling Boyhan Unsafe Countries Unsafe Countries Chad 11/21/2012 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 11/21/2012 Honduras 11/21/2012 Mexico 11/20/2012 Yemen 11/19/2012 Saudi Arabia 11/19/2012 Niger 11/16/2012 Cote d'Ivoire 11/16/2012 Burundi 11/08/2012 Tunisia 10/19/2012 Colombia 10/03/2012 Pakistan 09/19/2012 Lebanon 09/17/2012 Sudan 09/15/2012 Algeria 09/13/2012 Libya 09/12/2012 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 09/11/2012 Republic of South Sudan 09/10/2012 Guinea 09/07/2012 Mali 08/29/2012 Syria 08/28/2012 Israel, the West Bank and Gaza 08/10/2012 Iraq 08/09/2012 Central African Republic 07/11/2012 Kenya 07/05/2012 Afghanistan 06/27/2012 Nigeria 06/21/2012 Haiti 06/18/2012 Somalia 06/15/2012 Philippines 06/14/2012 Mauritania 05/24/2012 Iran 04/27/2012 Eritrea 04/18/2012 An unsafe country is any country that poses a threat to its citizens i.e. Uganda Sudan etc. All countries on the left have been deemed unsafe by www.travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/t w/tw_1764.html Aisling Boyhan However… Its not just migrants that are victims of racism, members of the travelling community are also faced with ethnic slur words like “tinker” or “knacker”. One source recalled her experience of seeing three toddlers being washed in a swimming pool toilet by their mother whilst she trying to feed a new-born baby girl. The source said that settled children were calling the two children tinkers and knackers. In 2012/3, I think it is a disgrace. Their way of life is culturally different to ours- that’s doesn’t mean that they are wrong and people should not assume so. Aisling Boyhan Scary Statistics… Between 2000 and 2006 the rate of suicide among Irish Travellers at 3.70:10,000 was over three times that of the total population, peaking in 2005 when it was over five times the national rate. The actual number of deaths by suicide among Travellers in this period was 74. Suicide is predominantly a male issue. For the total population, male suicide is four times as common as female suicide. For Travellers the male suicide rate is 91%, over nine times as common as female suicide. 52% of those who died by suicide had never married, with a further 15% being separated or widowed. Over 65% of Traveller suicides occurred among those aged under 30. (National figures over the same period showed almost 34% of all suicides since 2000 occurred among the under 30’s). The age group most at risk for Travellers is 25-29, which accounts for 26% of Traveller suicides. Suicide amongst Travellers aged 40 and over at 12% is relatively infrequent compared with the total population, where over 46% of all suicides occur amongst those aged over 40. 80% die by hanging, with poisoning being the second most used method at 9%. Aisling Boyhan Asylum Seekers and Refugees A refugee in Irish law is someone who "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his or her nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country......" (section 2 of the Refugee Act 1996, mirroring Article 1 of the 1951 Geneva Convention). The Refugee Act 1996 explicitly states that 'social group' can include membership of a trade union or a group of people whose defining characteristic is their belonging to the female or male sex or having a particular sexual orientation. Refugee status is granted if an applicant meets the requirements set out in the above definition. If granted, this status provides protection against return to the person's country of origin or residence, and includes the right to family reunification of immediate family members. A recognised refugee is entitled to work or operate a business and to access medical, social welfare and education services on the same basis as Irish citizens. They are also provided with a residence permit by the Immigration authorities and may apply for a 1951 Convention Travel Document. -according to www.orac.ie Aisling Boyhan On a Positive Note Cultural Exchange Immigration can lead to an exchange of values, knowledge, expertise and perspectives. Because of immigration, people are exposed to diverse languages and cultures that are different from their own, adding to the richness of any given society. The Economy Whether immigrants make up the brains behind research and technological development or help meet a country's demand for labour, they are often seen as a boon to the economy of the recipient nation. Many immigrants represent the most intelligent, hard-working and ambitious people of their native countries. Allowing them to bring their talents and skills to another country can be enriching for immigrants and the recipient nation. In addition, immigrants add to the country's consumer base, helping the economy. Fighting Poverty While some believe that the jobs and wealth of a country are its own private property, others believe immigration is a key to opening the global market and spreading wealth into less-developed countries. Thus, immigration can be viewed as a valuable tool in combating world poverty. Larger Gene Pool What comes with an influx of immigrants? Change in physical appearance of a nation, Less risk of genetic diseases like Down Syndrome and XXY Syndrome. This Is a huge positive effect as less money will be spent on pre and aftercare of such patients leading to an all the more efficient Health Service. Positive Image A welcoming nation that allows for reasonable immigration and treats immigrants fairly will more likely be known for such virtues and respected throughout the Aisling Boyhan world.