Food Stamps
(Supplemental Nutrition Assistance
Program)
in a
Disaster
Types of
Food Stamps in a Disaster
• Disaster Food Stamps
(D-Snap)
• Expedited Food Stamps
• Replacement Food Stamps
DISASTER
FOOD STAMPS
What are
Disaster Food Stamps?
Disaster Food Stamps are Food
Stamps for persons who weren’t
getting benefits when the disaster
happened but who are in a
disaster designated county and
now in need of help for food.
Disaster Food Stamps
• Authority
– 7 C.F.R § 280.1
• Commercial channels of food
distribution must have been disrupted
by a disaster but must be available
again to meet the temporary food needs
of families
• Link to Allotment Standard for 2009:
http://www.fns.usda.gov/disasters/response/DSNAP_Handbook/2009-income_standards.pdf
The Who, WHAT, When, Where,
Why and How of D-SNAP
The Who, What, WHEN, Where,
Why and How of D-SNAP
The Who, What, When, Where,
WHY and How of D-SNAP
The WHO, What, When, Where,
Why and How of D-SNAP
The Who, What, When, WHERE,
Why and How of D-SNAP
The Who, What, When, Where,
Why and HOW of D-SNAP
Less Red Tape
• To apply
– Can pre-register:
https://dcfaccess.dcf.state.fl.u
s/FFF/foodforflorida/f
rmWelcome.do?perf
ormAction=init
– Need date of
birth, SSA #,
income, assets
and disaster
expenses
• On-line data matches
may verify identify
• EBT cards may be
issued on-site
A Comparison
SNAPv. D-SNAP
Eligibility Element
SNAP
Typical Disaster SNAP
Disaster Status
N/A
One of the Following:
-Damage to home or self-employment property
-Disaster related expenses
-Income source disrupted
-Inaccessible liquid resources
-Food loss
Residency
Florida
Disaster Area
A Comparison
SNAPv. D-SNAP
Eligibility Element
SNAP
Typical Disaster SNAP
Identity of Applicant
Verified
Verified
Social Security
Numbers (SSN)
Failure to Provide
SSNs of Household
members results in
denial
Failure to provide SSNs does
NOT result in denial
Alien Status
-Citizenship and alien Citizenship and alien status is
status is verified
NOT Applicable
-Applicant must sign
statement under
penalty of perjury that
information is correct
A Comparison
SNAPv. D-SNAP
Eligibility
Element
SNAP
Household 7 CFR 273.1(a)
Compositi
on
Typical Disaster SNAP
-Persons living and eating together at the
time of a disaster
-Does NOT include members of a
household with whom applicants are
temporarily staying during the disaster.
Students
As defined in 7 CFR
273.5
Status is not required
Benefit
Amount
Benefit calculation
according to 7 CFR
273.10
Maximum allotment for household size
A Comparison
SNAPv. D-SNAP
Eligibility
Element
SNAP
Typical Disaster SNAP
Income
-Verified
-Verified WHERE POSSIBLE
-Gross/net income limits
applied to all households
-Only net (take-home) income expected
to be received during the benefit period
counted.
-More generous
provisions for elderly and Take-home pay is defined as wages a
handicapped
household actually receives after taxes
and all payroll withholding, public
assistance payments or other unearned
income, and net self-employment
income.
-No different provisions for elderly and
handicapped
A Comparison
SNAPv. D-SNAP
Eligibility
Element
SNAP
Typical Disaster SNAP
Expenses
Deductions include: standard,
earned income, excess shelter,
dependent care, and medical
(elderly/disabled members
only).
-Maximum deductions already
incorporated into disaster
eligibility standards because
maximum allotment provided
-Cannot exceed $2,000 if there
is NOT an elderly household
member /Cannot exceed $3,000
if there is elderly household
member
-No separate resource test
Resources
-Verification sometimes
required
-Allows Disaster-related
expenses that are not expected
to be reimbursed during the 30day disaster benefit period
-Only liquid resources are
counted
-Verified WHERE POSSIBLE
A Comparison
SNAPv. D-SNAP
Eligibility
Element
SNAP
Typical Disaster SNAP
Work
Requirements
Yes (but currently
voluntary under ARRA)
No
Intentional
Violations
Penalties are 12
months, 24 months, and
permanent
disqualification for
sequential incidents of
fraud
-Disqualification status from regular
program does NOT disqualify an
applicant from the D-SNAP
-Committing IPV in the D-SNAP WILL
count towards disqualification in the
regular SNAP
*Disaster Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Guidance, April 2008
REPLACEMENT
FOOD STAMPS
What are
Replacement Food Stamps?
Replacement Food Stamps are
benefits to replace food that a
recipient purchased with Food Stamps
but lost or was ruined/spoiled due to a
disaster.
Replacement Food Stamps
can get either under special disaster rules or regular
Food Stamp program rules
• Authority
– 7 C.F.R. § 274.6
(regular program)
– ESS Manual at
3210.0213.01
– 7 C.F.R. . § 280.1
(disaster program)
gives states lots of
discretion)
Replacement Stamps
for current recipients losing food in a disaster
• Can get replacement Food Stamps for food bought
with Food Stamps that is destroyed in a house-hold
misfortune (i.e., disaster)
• Household must report loss within 10 days of
destruction and submit affidavit
• Can’t get both replacement and disaster Food
Stamps
• Get amt lost up to max of 1 month's worth allotment
– Normally family gets the maximum allotment for a family of
their size
– Often done automatically for everyone in the designated
area
• Usually benefits are good for 90 days
• Can buy hot prepared foods
• Financial requirements set disaster by
disaster
• In some disasters, everyone living in
designated county qualified financially
• When income/asset limits apply, unreimbursed
disaster-related expenses may be deducted
Expedited Stamps
What are expedited Food
Stamps?
• Expedited Food Stamps are
benefits you get more quickly
than other applicants because
your financial situation is so
bad
Expedited Service:
Who’s eligible?
• Following households are eligible:
– Households with less than $150 in monthly gross
income and liquid resources not in excess of
$100
– Migrant/seasonal households who are destitute
– Households whose combined monthly gross
income and liquid resources are less than the
household’s monthly rent or mortgage and
utilities
Expedited Service
• DCF’s application procedures must be
designed to identify expedite eligible
families
• Benefits (EBT card) must be provided within
seven calendar days
• Verification
– Identity
– Prove identity through collateral contact or
documents
• Verification other than identity can be
delayed if reasonable efforts to verify are
not successful
Think outside
the box
No Disaster Food Stamp
Program?
Try to make it happen
•
Although the decision is a joint
USDA-FL decision, The ball is in
FL’s court
•
DCF may look at whether a
particular area has been
without power for 4- 24 hours
•
But advocacy with local EM
agencies is important
– Link to contact info for local EM
is:
http://www.floridadisaster.org/fl
_county_em.asp .
No Disaster Replacement Food
Stamps?
• Use existing replacement polices to
get food lost in a disaster replaced
Client lives outside designated
county for Disaster Food Stamps
but lost income due to disaster?
Evaluate for expedited service.
THANK YOU!
The END
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