U.S. Office of
Foreign
Disaster Assistance
(O F D A)
WHAT IS OFDA ?
• Part of the U.S. Agency for International
Development (USAID)/Bureau for
Democracy, Conflict, and
Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA).
• DCHA/OFDA is responsible for
coordinating the USG response to
international disasters.
2
Legal Authority
• USAID is the U.S. federal agency authorized
under Chapter 9, Section 493 of the Foreign
Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961, to provide
International Disaster Assistance.
• The USAID Administrator is appointed by the
President of the United States as the Special
Coordinator for International Disaster Assistance.
• USAID may coordinate and chair the inter-agency
working group during major disasters.
USAID Organization
U.S. Agency for International Development
Transition
Initiating
Food
for Peace
Bureau for Democracy, Conflict,
and Humanitarian Assistance
Private
Volunteers
Cooperation
Operations
Support
Office of Foreign
Disaster Assistance
Disaster Response
& Mitigation
Africa Region
LATAM & Caribbean
Office-Costa Rica
American Schools
and Hospitals
Abroad
Program
Support
Asia-Pacific Region
USAID
• Provides assistance to developing
nations in the areas of :
• Improving health and population
conditions
• Protecting the environment
• Promoting economic growth
• Supporting democracy
and ...
USAID
• Provides humanitarian
assistance to victims of
natural and manmade
disasters through OFDA
OFDA LAC Office
Senior
Regional Coordinator
Support
Staff
Consultants
*Emergency Operations Center
Advisor
SOUTHAM
Advisor
CENTAM/
Mexico
Communications
Support
Regional Disaster
Response
Information/Reports
Officer
Advisor
Caribbean
(Barbados Office)
Military Liaison/
Logistics Officer
•*EOC has DSN, CNN, SAT Phones, teleconferencing, & Internet/Email via SAT
Links
OFDA Latin America & Caribbean Office
The Region We Assist
Historical OFDA Funding
• Direct Assist: 15%
12.1 Million
Square Miles
•IO Grants: 27%
• NGO: 58%
1/6 World’s
Landmass
31.3 Million
Square
Kilometers
OFDA/LAC Main Office in San Jose, Costa Rica
OFDA’s Mission is To:
• Save lives.
• Alleviate suffering of disaster victims
• Support prevention, mitigation, and
preparedness activities.
• Reduce the economic impact of the
disaster.
Comparison
FEMA and OFDA
• FEMA - responsible for the
coordination of federal assistance to
domestic disasters in the U.S. and its
territories.
• OFDA - responsible for coordinating
USG foreign disaster relief activities.
U.S. Military
Involvement Process
SECSTATE
Head
of
Government $50K Limit
National
Emergency
Management
Office
Local Disaster
Office
Disaster
Site
SECDEF
USAID/OFDA
Joint Staff (JCS)
U.S. Ambassador
OFDA/LAC
(Costa Rica)
Most Probable DoD Request
SOUTHCOM
Component
USMILGP or JTF
OFDA Response Options
• Initial provision of up to $50,000 to
the Ambassador/CM
• Fund NGO/PVO/IO/UN directly, or
provide funds through the Embassy
or USAID Mission
• Provide disaster relief commodities
OFDA Response Options
• Deploy
• Regional Advisors
• Assessment Teams
• Disaster Assistance Response Team
(DART) or portions of DART
OFDA Relief Commodities
• Located in 5 stockpiles: Guam, Italy,
Honduras, Homestead, and Maryland
• Types of commodities
• Blankets: wool and polyester
• Body bags, chainsaws, gloves
• Plastic sheeting
• Water containers: 5 - 3,000 gal.
Regional Advisors
• Regional Disaster Management
Specialists
• Language skills
• Located in:
• Latin America-Caribbean
• Africa
• Asia-Pacific
Assessment Teams
• Assess disaster situation
• Define needs and priorities
• Recommend USG response actions
• OFDA responses are demand driven
and are based on reliable assessments
What is a Disaster Assistance
Response Team (DART) ?
It is a rapid response
management team
made up of disaster
relief specialists
What is the purpose of a DART?
• Assist the Ambassador or Chief of
Mission.
• Identify and prioritize needs
• Report on the situation.
• Recommend response actions.
• Coordinate with the affected country
and other response organizations.
When Disaster Strikes !
Conditions under which the U.S.
Government (through USAID/OFDA)
may respond:
• Disaster is beyond the ability of the
affected country to respond
• Affected country requests (or will
accept) outside assistance
• It is in the interest of the U.S.
Government
Disaster Declared
By the Ambassador, who may
request assistance up to $50,000.
Further assistance requires OFDA
review and approval.
USG Disaster
Response Coordination
• Coordinated with/through the
U.S. Ambassador or Chief of
Mission of the affected country.
• Based on the support and the
needs of the affected country.
International Humanitarian
Relief Community
Affected
“The Fog of Relief”
Country
OFDA
USG
ICRC
Red Cross
PVO’S
NGO’S
IO’S
DONOR
GOVERMENTS
UN Agencies/PAHO
OFDA Disaster Preparedness Training
Program
• Through its regional office in San Jose, Costa
Rica, OFDA supports disaster management
training.
• OFDA/LAC spends the majority of its time in
disaster mitigation and preparedness efforts.
Program Background
• OFDA/LAC's training activities commenced in
1989 with the Disaster Management Training
Program (DPM).
• Beginning with its anchor course, Training for
Instructors (TFI), OFDA/LAC began the DPM as
a multi-course venture with instruction in disaster
management concepts, training capacity
strengthening, and technical disciplines such as
search and rescue and fire management.
Program Background
• The DPM was divided into four series of courses:
– Training Management, teaches effective instruction
skills, focusing on organization of materials, lesson
planning, and classroom presentation.
– Disaster Program Administration/Management,
presents an introductory survey of disaster management
concepts and definitions designed to teach participants
a uniform approach to managing disasters in order to
better coordinate and administer programs.
Program Background
• DPM Continued:
– Event Management, provides technical training in
areas such as damage assessment, needs analysis, and
shelters.
– Technical/Skills Support, emphasizes specific
emergency response knowledge in technical areas such
as fire suppression, search and rescue, and hazardous
materials handling.
Training for Instructors (TFI)
5 Days long
• Participants learn training methodologies, how to establish
teaching goals, performance objectives, and how to
manage a classroom environment; course includes:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Informing vs. instructing
Communication and platform skills
Purpose and objectives
Lesson plans
Methods of instruction
Audio-visual equipment/Classroom facilities
Testing and evaluation methods
Damage Assessment and
Needs Analysis (“EDAN”)
3 Days long
• This course includes many key elements of disaster
program management:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Disaster Cycle
Characteristics of events that generate adverse events
Team work and group dynamics
Operation and logistics
Data gathering techniques
Information analysis and interpretation
Measurement of the impact of an event
Critical decision-making
Use of assessment forms
Damage Assessments and Needs
Analysis for Discision-Making
3 Days long
(“DANA/DM”)
• This is a follow-on (“advanced”) DANA course
with focus decision-making.
• Participants must be graduates of DANA to be
eligible for this course.
School Security Course
(“CUSE”)
5 Days long
• Provides and prepares participants with
knowledge required to promote and execute
school security; course includes:
–
–
–
–
–
–
Country and community risks
Country and community resources
Cycles of disasters
Educational system and disasters
School Security Plan
Stress management
Advanced Course for First Aid Assistants
12 Days long
(APAA-”EMT”)
• Provides participants the necessary knowledge and
techniques to provide first aid at an accident scene.
• Course also covers proper care of sick person,
how to stabilize, and properly transport a patient
to a hospital or clinic.
• This course is also known as Emergency Medical
Technician (EMT).
Disaster Management Course
5 Days long
• This basically a management course with some
focus on disaster management (such as cycle of
disasters).
• Discusses ideal characteristics of a disaster
manager.
• Exposes participants to the qualities and attitudes
expected of a disaster manager.
Forest Fire Fighting
6 Days long
• This Basic Course of Prevention and Control of
Forest Fires is comprised of 16 lessons and a
duration of six days.
• The course employs the interactive method of
teaching and the practical demonstrative way and
is based on objectives.
• Course includes classroom exercises and field
practice.
Hazardous Material Handling Training
3 Days long
(HAZMAT)
• Introduces participants to directive/regulations and
knowledge necessary to:
– Recognize presence of HAZMAT
– Be able to take initial proper steps to ensure safety and
protect the environment
• Course includes U.S. procedures to use in case of
a HAZMAT emergency and how to secure an
incident site.
Collapsed Structures
Search & Rescue
8 Days long
• Purpose of the course is to teach participants on
techniques to find, stabilize, and extract trapped
victims from collapsed structures.
• Course includes how to organize and start a SAR
mission.
• Course focuses on using local tools and local
capacity vs “high tech” that maybe unavailable in
the the affected country.
Incident Command System (ICS)
(Currently Offered by PAHO)
3 Days long
• Teaches participants first response and efficient
command of an emergency scene.
• The course includes the following:
–
–
–
–
–
–
ICS
Basic system structure
Human relations at the scene
System installation
Plan of action and organization
Execution, control, closure, and evaluation
Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
Management Training
• This is currently basically the FEMA EOC course
(in English only) with minor adjustments for use
outside the U.S.
• OFDA is coordinating with countries and other
organizations to determine need for an EOC
course in Spanish.
• If needed, the course will be redesigned to reflect
political and resources realities of Latin America.
Questions ?
www.usaid.gov/hum_response/ofda/
www.ofdalac.org
Descargar

Document